Output and income components of GDP; activities, National Accounts

Output and income components of GDP; activities, National Accounts

Sector branches (SIC 2008) Periods Value added from the output Value at current prices Output basic prices (million euros) Value added from the output Value at current prices Intermediate consumption (-) (million euros) Value added from the output Value at current prices Gross value added basic prices (million euros) Value added from the output Volume changes on previous year Output basic prices (%) Value added from the output Volume changes on previous year Intermediate consumption (-) (%) Value added from the output Volume changes on previous year Gross value added basic prices (%) Value added from the output Price indices Output basic prices (2021 =100) Value added from the output Price indices Intermediate consumption (-) (2021 =100) Value added from the output Price indices Gross value added basic prices (2021 =100) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Compensation of employees Total (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Compensation of employees Wages and salaries (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Compensation of employees Employers' social contributions (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Gross operating surplus Gross (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Gross operating surplus Consumption of fixed capital (-) (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Gross operating surplus Net (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Other taxes, subsidies on production Taxes less subsidies (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Other taxes, subsidies on production Other taxes on production (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Other taxes, subsidies on production Other subsidies on production (million euros) Value added from generation of income Value at current prices Gross value added basic prices (million euros)
A-U All economic activities 1995 592,653 292,906 299,747 . . . 62.8 61.5 64.1 165,560 138,950 26,610 133,337 52,832 80,505 850 3,165 2,315 299,747
A-U All economic activities 2000 844,418 438,445 405,973 4.8 5.1 4.4 69.5 68.5 70.4 226,797 178,788 48,009 180,662 69,098 111,564 -1,486 4,067 5,553 405,973
A-U All economic activities 2005 1,014,469 522,228 492,241 2.5 2.8 2.1 78.4 77.0 79.8 265,911 209,140 56,771 227,405 88,843 138,562 -1,075 5,295 6,370 492,241
A-U All economic activities 2010 1,192,983 617,278 575,705 0.8 0.1 1.5 86.3 86.2 86.3 311,900 247,258 64,642 267,402 109,569 157,833 -3,597 6,578 10,175 575,705
A-U All economic activities 2015 1,357,585 729,959 627,626 3.8 5.5 1.9 89.5 89.7 89.3 330,994 260,224 70,770 295,263 115,177 180,086 1,369 9,503 8,134 627,626
A-U All economic activities 2020 1,573,914 847,765 726,149 -3.7 -3.4 -4.0 95.2 92.9 97.8 406,330 314,084 92,246 340,593 137,280 203,313 -20,774 12,928 33,702 726,149
A-U All economic activities 2021 1,740,104 948,374 791,730 5.2 4.0 6.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 423,799 327,960 95,839 385,948 144,622 241,326 -18,017 13,356 31,373 791,730
A-U All economic activities 2022 2,010,010 1,121,836 888,174 4.8 4.1 5.7 110.2 113.7 106.2 454,769 348,914 105,855 441,318 157,385 283,933 -7,913 12,972 20,885 888,174
A-U All economic activities 2023* 2,089,999 1,127,915 962,084 0.2 0.2 0.1 114.4 114.0 114.9 489,593 377,580 112,013 474,793 167,048 307,745 -2,302 12,780 15,082 962,084
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table shows how total value added has been generated from production and income. It provides figures on the output and income components of total value added at basic prices by economic activities.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2022 are final. Data of 2023 are provisional.

Changes as of June 24th 2024:
This is a new table. Statistics Netherlands has carried out a revision of the national accounts. The Dutch national accounts are recently revised. New statistical sources, methods and concepts are implemented in the national accounts, in order to align the picture of the Dutch economy with all underlying source data and international guidelines for the compilation of the national accounts. This table contains revised data. For further information see section 3.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Value added from the output
The way value added is formed by underlying components in the so-called production approach. In this approach value added equals the sum of value added over all branches (including non-commercial ones). Value added is thereby registered at basic prices.
Value at current prices
The values are expressed at prices of the reporting period. Alternatively, values may be expressed at constant prices. In this case, prices of a reference period are used.
Output basic prices
The ensemble of goods and services produced. Also called production. Three types of output are distinguished:
- market output: goods and services sold at a market or intended for sale at a market
- the own-account production of all goods that are retained by their producers for their own final consumption or gross fixed capital formation.
- non-market output: goods and services delivered for free or at economically non-significant prices to other units

Output is valued at basic prices. These are the prices experienced by the producers: product-related taxes have been subtracted from the original prices, subsidies haven been added to them. Costs of transportation, when charged separately by the producer, are not included. Changes in the values of financial and non-financial assets during the reference period are not included either.

Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, including those that are held by foreign owners. The kind-of-activity units include general government units and other non-commercial units.
Intermediate consumption (-)
Goods and services used as input in a production process, with the exception of capital goods. Intermediate consumption consists of goods reshaped into other goods or consumed entirely in the course of the production process (by definition, this holds for all hired services). According to international standards an acquired good or hired service is classified as a fixed asset rather than intermediate consumption when it lasts over one year in a production process. Goods and services that are part of intermediate consumption are valued at market prices at the time they were used.
Gross value added basic prices
The value of all goods and services produced (production value or output), minus those that have been intermediately used upon production (intermediate consumption). Value added is rated at basic prices: purchaser's prices minus trade and transport margins and taxes on products paid and plus subsidies on products received. Intermediate consumption is rated at purchaser's prices minus deductible VAT.
Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, also those that are held by foreign owners.
Net value added can be obtained by deducting consumption of fixed capital from gross value added.

Volume changes on previous year
The weighted average of the changes in the quantity and quality of the components of a certain goods or service transaction or balancing item, annual percentage changes.
Output basic prices
The ensemble of goods and services produced. Also called production. Three types of output are distinguished:
- market output: goods and services sold at a market or intended for sale at a market
- the own-account production of all goods that are retained by their producers for their own final consumption or gross fixed capital formation.
- non-market output: goods and services delivered for free or at economically non-significant prices to other units

Output is valued at basic prices. These are the prices experienced by the producers: product-related taxes have been subtracted from the original prices, subsidies haven been added to them. Costs of transportation, when charged separately by the producer, are not included. Changes in the values of financial and non-financial assets during the reference period are not included either.

Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, including those that are held by foreign owners. The kind-of-activity units include general government units and other non-commercial units.
Intermediate consumption (-)
Goods and services used as input in a production process, with the exception of capital goods. Intermediate consumption consists of goods reshaped into other goods or consumed entirely in the course of the production process (by definition, this holds for all hired services). According to international standards an acquired good or hired service is classified as a fixed asset rather than intermediate consumption when it lasts over one year in a production process. Goods and services that are part of intermediate consumption are valued at market prices at the time they were used.
Gross value added basic prices
The value of all goods and services produced (production value or output), minus those that have been intermediately used upon production (intermediate consumption). Value added is rated at basic prices: purchaser's prices minus trade and transport margins and taxes on products paid and plus subsidies on products received. Intermediate consumption is rated at purchaser's prices minus deductible VAT.
Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, also those that are held by foreign owners.
Net value added can be obtained by deducting consumption of fixed capital from gross value added.


Price indices
The weighted average of the price changes of the components of a certainvariable. Deflators relative to the reference year 2021.
Output basic prices
The ensemble of goods and services produced. Also called production. Three types of output are distinguished:
- market output: goods and services sold at a market or intended for sale at a market
- the own-account production of all goods that are retained by their producers for their own final consumption or gross fixed capital formation.
- non-market output: goods and services delivered for free or at economically non-significant prices to other units

Output is valued at basic prices. These are the prices experienced by the producers: product-related taxes have been subtracted from the original prices, subsidies haven been added to them. Costs of transportation, when charged separately by the producer, are not included. Changes in the values of financial and non-financial assets during the reference period are not included either.

Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, including those that are held by foreign owners. The kind-of-activity units include general government units and other non-commercial units.

Intermediate consumption (-)
Goods and services used as input in a production process, with the exception of capital goods. Intermediate consumption consists of goods reshaped into other goods or consumed entirely in the course of the production process (by definition, this holds for all hired services). According to international standards an acquired good or hired service is classified as a fixed asset rather than intermediate consumption when it lasts over one year in a production process. Goods and services that are part of intermediate consumption are valued at market prices at the time they were used.
Gross value added basic prices
The value of all goods and services produced (production value or output), minus those that have been intermediately used upon production (intermediate consumption). Value added is rated at basic prices: purchaser's prices minus trade and transport margins and taxes on products paid and plus subsidies on products received. Intermediate consumption is rated at purchaser's prices minus deductible VAT.
Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, also those that are held by foreign owners.
Net value added can be obtained by deducting consumption of fixed capital from gross value added.
Value added from generation of income
The way total value added is formed by underlying components in the so-called income approach. In this approach the components are the incomes generated from production activities: compensation of employees and operating surplus / mixed income.
Value at current prices
The values are expressed at prices of the reporting period. Alternatively, values may be expressed at constant prices. In this case, prices of a reference period are used.
Compensation of employees
The compensation of employees is the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an employer to an employee in return for work done by the latter during an accounting period. The compensation of employees is equal to the sum of wages and salaries and employers' social contributions.

Total
Wages and salaries
Wages and salaries are the remunerations an employee receives in return for work done during an accounting period. Wages and salaries include social contributions, income taxes and other payments payable by the employee, including those withheld by the employer and paid directly to social insurance schemes, tax authorities etc. on behalf of the employee. The most important form of wages and salaries is wages in cash (including withheld income taxes and social contributions). Wages in cash are composed of regular gross wages, standard extra allowances (for instance for hazardous work), bonuses, overtime pay, tips and compensation for costs related to employment (for instance refunds of fares to and from work). Bonuses include holiday pay, tantième, gratifications, profit shares and a thirteenth or fourteenth month. Wages in kind occur if an employee benefits from his or her job besides being paid wages. Examples of payment in kind are private use of a company car, free housing, free food, lower interest rates on mortgages, free or cheap use of the company's products or services, and company supplied or subsidised child care.
Employers' social contributions
Employers' social contributions are social contributions payable by employers to social security schemes or other employment-related social insurance schemes to secure social benefits for their employees. Employer's social contributions may be either actual or imputed. As set out by the ESA 2010, pay over periods in which no work is done due to illness or bad weather is registered as part of employers' social contributions.
Gross operating surplus
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used. Depreciation must be paid for from the gross operating surplus.
Gross
Consumption of fixed capital (-)
The decline in value of fixed assets owned, as a result of normal wear and tear and obsolescence.

For the estimation of the consumption of fixed capital the perpetual inventory method (PIM) is applied. The capital stock at the beginning of the year is brought to replacement value because of price changes. The fixed capital formation during the year is added to this capital stock. Next it is diminished with the value of capital goods discarded. This gives to value of capital stock at the end of the year. The consumption of fixed obtained by applying a depreciation percentage.
This method may differ considerably from the method used to calculate depreciation in business accounts, which is based on historical costs or fiscal life span.
Net
Gross operating surplus minus consumption of fixed capital.
Other taxes, subsidies on production
Other taxes on production, other subsidies on production and the difference between taxes and subsidies on production.
Taxes less subsidies
Other taxes on production less other subsidies on production.
Other taxes on production
Other taxes on production include all taxes on production paid by producers, not related to the value or volume of products produced or transacted. Examples are real estate tax and sewerage charges paid by producers.
Other subsidies on production
Other subsidies on production include all subsidies on production paid to producers, not related to the value or volume of products domestically produced or transacted. These are subsidies on agricultural products, subsidies on R&D and wage subsidies.
Gross value added basic prices
The value of all goods and services produced (production value or output), minus those that have been intermediately used upon production (intermediate consumption). Value added is rated at basic prices: purchaser's prices minus trade and transport margins and taxes on products paid and plus subsidies on products received. Intermediate consumption is rated at purchaser's prices minus deductible VAT.
Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, also those that are held by foreign owners.
Net value added can be obtained by deducting consumption of fixed capital from gross value added.