Labour participation; key figures

Labour participation; key figures

Sex Age Highest educational level Periods Labour force and not in the labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployed labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployment rate (%) Labour force Employed labour force Employed labour force (x 1 000) Not in the labour force (x 1 000) Gross labour participation rate (%) Net labour participation rate (%)
Total male and female 15 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 13,232 9,939 366 3.7 9,573 3,293 75.1 72.3
Total male and female 15 to 74 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 3,290 1,938 116 6.0 1,822 1,352 58.9 55.4
Total male and female 15 to 74 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 4,966 3,829 128 3.3 3,701 1,137 77.1 74.5
Total male and female 15 to 74 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 4,877 4,120 118 2.9 4,001 757 84.5 82.0
Total male and female 15 to 74 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 99 52 4 7.9 48 47 52.5 48.4
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,138 1,778 148 8.3 1,630 360 83.2 76.2
Total male and female 15 to 24 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 836 657 73 11.1 584 179 78.5 69.8
Total male and female 15 to 24 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 990 849 54 6.3 795 141 85.8 80.3
Total male and female 15 to 24 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 311 272 21 7.9 251 39 87.6 80.7
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 1 1 0 . 1 1 . .
Total male and female 15 to 64 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 11,299 9,607 352 3.7 9,256 1,691 85.0 81.9
Total male and female 15 to 64 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 2,522 1,834 113 6.1 1,721 688 72.7 68.2
Total male and female 15 to 64 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 4,314 3,718 122 3.3 3,596 596 86.2 83.3
Total male and female 15 to 64 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 4,381 4,006 113 2.8 3,894 375 91.4 88.9
Total male and female 15 to 64 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 82 49 4 8.3 45 32 60.4 55.4
Total male and female 25 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 4,414 3,966 116 2.9 3,850 448 89.9 87.2
Total male and female 25 to 44 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 540 395 18 4.5 377 145 73.1 69.8
Total male and female 25 to 44 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 1,495 1,337 38 2.8 1,299 159 89.4 86.8
Total male and female 25 to 44 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 2,351 2,215 57 2.6 2,158 136 94.2 91.8
Total male and female 25 to 44 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 27 19 2 . 17 7 . .
Total male and female 25 to 34 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,287 2,069 74 3.6 1,995 217 90.5 87.3
Total male and female 25 to 34 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 229 163 11 6.7 152 66 71.0 66.2
Total male and female 25 to 34 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 762 684 24 3.5 660 78 89.7 86.6
Total male and female 25 to 34 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 1,284 1,215 38 3.2 1,176 69 94.6 91.6
Total male and female 25 to 34 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 12 8 1 . 7 4 . .
Total male and female 35 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,127 1,897 42 2.2 1,855 230 89.2 87.2
Total male and female 35 to 44 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 311 232 7 3.0 225 79 74.7 72.4
Total male and female 35 to 44 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 733 653 14 2.2 638 81 89.0 87.1
Total male and female 35 to 44 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 1,068 1,001 19 1.9 982 67 93.7 91.9
Total male and female 35 to 44 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 15 11 2 . 10 4 . .
Total male and female 45 to 54 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,329 2,041 36 1.8 2,006 287 87.7 86.1
Total male and female 45 to 54 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 433 316 7 2.3 309 118 72.9 71.2
Total male and female 45 to 54 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 902 805 11 1.4 794 97 89.3 88.1
Total male and female 45 to 54 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 965 903 17 1.9 886 62 93.5 91.8
Total male and female 45 to 54 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 28 17 1 . 17 11 . .
Total male and female 45 to 64 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 4,747 3,863 88 2.3 3,775 884 81.4 79.5
Total male and female 45 to 64 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 1,146 782 22 2.8 761 364 68.3 66.4
Total male and female 45 to 64 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 1,829 1,533 31 2.0 1,502 296 83.8 82.1
Total male and female 45 to 64 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 1,719 1,519 34 2.2 1,485 200 88.4 86.4
Total male and female 45 to 64 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 54 29 2 . 28 24 54.8 51.7
Total male and female 45 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 6,681 4,195 102 2.4 4,092 2,486 62.8 61.3
Total male and female 45 to 74 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 1,913 886 25 2.8 862 1,027 46.3 45.0
Total male and female 45 to 74 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 2,481 1,644 36 2.2 1,607 837 66.3 64.8
Total male and female 45 to 74 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 2,215 1,633 40 2.4 1,593 583 73.7 71.9
Total male and female 45 to 74 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 71 32 2 5.1 30 39 45.1 42.8
Total male and female 55 to 64 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 2,418 1,822 52 2.8 1,770 597 75.3 73.2
Total male and female 55 to 64 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 712 466 14 3.1 452 246 65.4 63.4
Total male and female 55 to 64 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 927 727 19 2.7 708 199 78.5 76.4
Total male and female 55 to 64 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 753 616 17 2.8 599 138 81.7 79.5
Total male and female 55 to 64 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 26 12 1 . 11 14 . .
Total male and female 65 to 74 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,934 332 15 4.4 317 1,602 17.1 16.4
Total male and female 65 to 74 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 768 104 3 2.8 101 663 13.6 13.2
Total male and female 65 to 74 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 652 111 6 5.2 105 541 17.0 16.2
Total male and female 65 to 74 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 497 114 6 5.2 108 383 22.9 21.7
Total male and female 65 to 74 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 17 3 0 . 3 15 . .
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,008 805 83 10.3 723 203 79.9 71.7
Total male and female 15 to 19 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 704 552 66 12.0 486 153 78.3 68.9
Total male and female 15 to 19 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 297 248 16 6.5 231 49 83.3 77.9
Total male and female 15 to 19 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 7 6 0 . 6 1 . .
Total male and female 15 to 19 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 0 0 0 . 0 0 . .
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,130 973 66 6.7 907 157 86.1 80.3
Total male and female 20 to 24 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 132 105 7 6.7 98 27 79.7 74.4
Total male and female 20 to 24 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 693 601 37 6.2 564 92 86.8 81.4
Total male and female 20 to 24 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 304 266 21 7.9 245 38 87.6 80.7
Total male and female 20 to 24 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 1 1 0 . 1 1 . .
Total male and female 25 to 29 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,132 1,019 46 4.5 972 113 90.0 85.9
Total male and female 25 to 29 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 100 65 7 10.8 58 34 65.5 58.4
Total male and female 25 to 29 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 396 355 18 5.1 337 41 89.6 85.1
Total male and female 25 to 29 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 633 597 21 3.5 576 37 94.2 90.9
Total male and female 25 to 29 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 3 1 0 . 1 1 . .
Total male and female 30 to 34 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,155 1,051 28 2.7 1,023 104 91.0 88.6
Total male and female 30 to 34 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 129 97 4 4.0 93 32 75.3 72.2
Total male and female 30 to 34 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 366 329 6 1.8 323 37 89.8 88.2
Total male and female 30 to 34 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 650 618 17 2.8 601 32 95.1 92.4
Total male and female 30 to 34 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 9 6 1 . 6 3 . .
Total male and female 35 to 39 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,083 965 25 2.6 940 118 89.1 86.8
Total male and female 35 to 39 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 154 112 5 4.5 107 42 72.7 69.4
Total male and female 35 to 39 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 359 317 8 2.5 310 42 88.3 86.1
Total male and female 35 to 39 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 561 531 12 2.2 519 31 94.5 92.4
Total male and female 35 to 39 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 8 5 0 . 5 3 . .
Total male and female 40 to 44 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,044 932 17 1.8 915 113 89.2 87.6
Total male and female 40 to 44 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 157 120 2 1.6 119 37 76.6 75.4
Total male and female 40 to 44 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 374 335 6 1.8 329 39 89.7 88.0
Total male and female 40 to 44 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 506 470 7 1.6 463 36 92.9 91.4
Total male and female 40 to 44 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 7 6 2 . 5 1 . .
Total male and female 45 to 49 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,059 936 16 1.7 920 123 88.4 86.8
Total male and female 45 to 49 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 165 121 3 2.7 117 44 73.3 71.4
Total male and female 45 to 49 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 400 357 5 1.4 352 43 89.2 88.0
Total male and female 45 to 49 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 485 452 8 1.7 444 32 93.3 91.7
Total male and female 45 to 49 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 11 7 0 . 7 4 . .
Total male and female 50 to 54 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,269 1,105 20 1.8 1,086 164 87.1 85.5
Total male and female 50 to 54 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 269 195 4 2.1 191 74 72.6 71.1
Total male and female 50 to 54 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 502 449 6 1.4 443 54 89.3 88.1
Total male and female 50 to 54 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 481 451 9 2.0 442 30 93.8 91.9
Total male and female 50 to 54 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 17 11 1 . 10 7 . .
Total male and female 55 to 59 years Total 2022 3rd quarter 1,256 1,037 18 1.8 1,019 219 82.6 81.1
Total male and female 55 to 59 years 1 Lower education 2022 3rd quarter 331 239 4 1.9 234 92 72.3 70.9
Total male and female 55 to 59 years 2 Intermediate education 2022 3rd quarter 508 435 7 1.6 428 73 85.7 84.2
Total male and female 55 to 59 years 3 Higher education 2022 3rd quarter 402 355 7 1.9 348 47 88.3 86.6
Total male and female 55 to 59 years Unknown 2022 3rd quarter 16 8 0 . 8 7 . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains quarterly and yearly figures on labour participation in the Netherlands. The population of 15 to 74 years of age (excluding the institutionalized population) is divided into the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force and those not in the labour force. The employed labour force is subdivided on the basis of the professional status, and the average working hours. A division by sex, age and level of education is available.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are final.

Changes as of November 11, 2022:
The figures for 3rd quarter 2022 are added.

Changes as of August 17, 2022:
None, this is a new table. This table has been compiled on the basis of the Labor Force Survey (LFS). Due to changes in the research design and the questionnaire of the LFS, the figures for 2021 are not automatically comparable with the figures up to and including 2020. The key figures in this table have therefore been made consistent with the (non-seasonally adjusted) figures in the table Arbeidsdeelname, kerncijfers seizoengecorrigeerd (see section 4), in which the outcomes for the period 2013-2020 have been recalculated to align with the outcomes from 2021. When further detailing the outcomes according to job and personal characteristics, there may nevertheless be differences from 2020 to 2021 as a result of the new method.

When will new figures be released?
New figures will be published on February 14, 2023.

Description topics

Labour force and not in the labour force
People who are part of the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force or who are not in the labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 75 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Unemployed labour force
People who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Unemployment rate
The unemployed labour force as a percentage of the (employed and unemployed) labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.
Not in the labour force
People who don’t have paid work, who haven’t recently looked for work recently or are not directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.

Gross labour participation rate
The percentage of the (employed and unemployed) labour force in the population (labour force and not in the labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.
Net labour participation rate
The percentage of the employed labour force in the population (labour force and not in the labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.