Social protection expenditure; functions, in kind or cash, means-test

Social protection expenditure; functions, in kind or cash, means-test

Periods Total social protection expenditure (million euros) Functions Sickness/Health care (million euros) Functions Disability (million euros) Functions Old age (million euros) Functions Survivors’ (million euros) Functions Family/children (million euros) Functions Unemployment (million euros) Functions Housing (million euros) Functions Social exclusion not elsewhere classif.. (million euros) Benefits in cash or in kind Benefits in cash (million euros) Benefits in cash or in kind Benefits in kind (million euros) Means-testing Means-tested (million euros) Means-testing Non means-tested (million euros)
1995 92,421 26,744 11,725 31,347 5,624 4,335 8,746 1,247 2,653 69,219 23,202 7,727 84,694
2000 102,543 29,866 12,123 38,548 5,629 4,984 6,751 1,545 3,097 73,636 28,907 10,194 92,349
2005 130,979 41,638 12,958 49,054 7,256 6,639 8,710 1,712 3,012 90,486 40,493 12,295 118,684
2010 175,059 63,176 14,949 63,548 7,497 7,348 8,294 2,241 8,006 111,040 64,019 22,813 152,246
2015 194,122 64,058 18,455 74,492 7,865 7,501 10,117 3,104 8,530 124,731 69,391 28,125 165,997
2016 198,458 65,320 18,621 76,590 7,920 7,995 9,391 3,345 9,276 127,227 71,231 29,269 169,189
2017 203,407 68,457 18,661 77,856 7,685 8,494 8,207 3,439 10,608 129,476 73,931 30,072 173,335
2018 209,726 72,064 19,367 80,066 7,676 8,869 7,396 3,508 10,780 131,697 78,029 31,277 178,449
2019 219,000 76,185 20,337 83,420 7,754 9,959 6,817 3,555 10,973 135,699 83,301 32,814 186,186
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides an overview of social protection expenditure in the Netherlands. Social protection encompasses all interventions from public or private bodies intended to relieve households and individuals of the burden of a defined set of risks or needs, provided that there is neither a simultaneous reciprocal nor an individual arrangement involved. This includes benefits provided by social assistance schemes, social insurance funds, pension funds, benefits directly paid by employers, and direct service provision to households. Benefits can be provided in kind or in cash, and benefits can be means-tested or non means-tested.

The defined set of risks and needs within social protection can be classified in eight functions according to the European System of Integrated Social PROtection Statistics (ESSPROS). In addition, social protection expenditure is classified as provided in cash or in kind, or provided as means-tested or non means-tested benefits. Social protection expenditure is allocated to the period in which the rights for the transaction arose (transaction basis), and not to the period in which the transaction actually took place (cash basis).

Data available from:
Yearly figures from 1995

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are final figures for the time series 1995-2019

Changes as of 25 May 2022:
None, this is a new table

When will new figures be published?
New figures will be published 23 months after the respective calendar year ends

Description topics

Total social protection expenditure
Social protection encompasses all interventions from public or private bodies intended to relieve households and individuals of the burden of a defined set of risks or needs, provided that there is neither a simultaneous reciprocal nor an individual arrangement involved. The social protection benefits are drawn up within the framework of ESSPROS and are established in the ESSPROS manual.
Functions
The functional classification of social protection expenditure classifies the benefits of social protection schemes according to their respective risks and needs (functions). A scheme can cover several functions, the expenditure is then distributed over several functions, but double counting does not occur. The sum of expenditure from all functions therefore always gives the total amounts paid out from all social protection schemes in the selected year.
Sickness/Health care
Income maintenance and support in cash in connection with physical or mental illness, excluding disability. Health care intended to maintain, restore or improve the health of the people protected irrespective of the origin of the disorder.
Disability
Income maintenance and support in cash or kind (except health care) in connection with the inability of physically or mentally disabled people to engage in economic and social activities.
Old age
Income maintenance and support in cash or kind (except health care) in connection with old age.
Survivors’
Income maintenance and support in cash or kind in connection with the death of a family member.
Family/children
Support in cash or kind (except health care) in connection with the costs of pregnancy, childbirth and adoption, bringing up children and caring for other family members.
Unemployment
Income maintenance and support in cash or kind in connection with unemployment.
Housing
Help towards the cost of housing, such as rent benefits.
Social exclusion not elsewhere classif..
Social exclusion not elsewhere classified.
Benefits in cash or kind (except health care) specifically intended to combat social exclusion where they are not covered by one of the other functions.
Benefits in cash or in kind
Social protection benefits can be classified as cash benefits or benefits in kind. The sum of both cash and in-kind benefits always gives the total amounts paid out from all social protection schemes in the selected year.
Benefits in cash
Persons entitled to benefits receive support in the form of cash that is paid out to the beneficiaries.
Benefits in kind
Benefits are provided directly to the beneficiary in the form of services or goods, but not in the form of money.
Means-testing
For some benefits, an income test can take place, whereby the entitlement to benefits depends on the individual income situation. Social protection benefits are classified for benefits for which an income test is required and for which no income test is applicable. As with the distribution by functions and distribution by money or in kind, the sum of the benefits is always the same as the total amounts paid out of all social protection schemes in the selected year because double counting does not occur.
Means-tested
An income test does take place when determining whether a benefit recipient is eligible for the benefit.
Non means-tested
There is no income test when determining whether a beneficiary is eligible for the benefit.