Avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2

Avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2

Energy sources/techniques Energy application Periods Avoided use of fossil energy Avoided energy (TJ) Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission (kton)
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2021** . .
Total energy sources Electricity 2021** . .
Total energy sources Heat 2021** . .
Total energy sources Transport 2021** . .
Hydro power Total energy applications 2021** 665 38
Hydro power Electricity 2021** 665 38
Hydro power Heat 2021**
Hydro power Transport 2021**
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2021** 142,601 8,085
Wind energy, total Electricity 2021** 142,601 8,085
Wind energy, total Heat 2021**
Wind energy, total Transport 2021**
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2021** 78,818 4,469
Wind energy on shore Electricity 2021** 78,818 4,469
Wind energy on shore Heat 2021**
Wind energy on shore Transport 2021**
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2021** 63,783 3,616
Wind energy off shore Electricity 2021** 63,783 3,616
Wind energy off shore Heat 2021**
Wind energy off shore Transport 2021**
Solar energy Total energy applications 2021** 86,259 4,891
Solar energy Electricity 2021** 84,993 4,819
Solar energy Heat 2021** 1,266 71
Solar energy Transport 2021**
Solar photovoltaic Total energy applications 2021** 84,993 4,819
Solar photovoltaic Electricity 2021** 84,993 4,819
Solar photovoltaic Heat 2021**
Solar photovoltaic Transport 2021**
Solar thermal, total Total energy applications 2021** 1,266 71
Solar thermal, total Electricity 2021**
Solar thermal, total Heat 2021** 1,266 71
Solar thermal, total Transport 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 Total energy applications 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 Electricity 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 Heat 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 Transport 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 Total energy applications 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 Electricity 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 Heat 2021**
Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 Transport 2021**
Solar thermal, uncovered systems Total energy applications 2021**
Solar thermal, uncovered systems Electricity 2021**
Solar thermal, uncovered systems Heat 2021**
Solar thermal, uncovered systems Transport 2021**
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2021** 11,616 654
Total geothermal energy Electricity 2021**
Total geothermal energy Heat 2021** 11,616 654
Total geothermal energy Transport 2021**
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2021** 6,292 355
Deep geothermal heat Electricity 2021**
Deep geothermal heat Heat 2021** 6,292 355
Deep geothermal heat Transport 2021**
Total shallow geothermal energy Total energy applications 2021** 5,324 300
Total shallow geothermal energy Electricity 2021**
Total shallow geothermal energy Heat 2021** 5,324 300
Total shallow geothermal energy Transport 2021**
Shallow geothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2021** 4,086 229
Shallow geothermal heat, total Electricity 2021**
Shallow geothermal heat, total Heat 2021** 4,086 229
Shallow geothermal heat, total Transport 2021**
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps Total energy applications 2021** 3,901 219
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps Electricity 2021**
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps Heat 2021** 3,901 219
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps Transport 2021**
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps Total energy applications 2021** 185 10
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps Electricity 2021**
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps Heat 2021** 185 10
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps Transport 2021**
Shallow geothermal cold Total energy applications 2021** 1,238 70
Shallow geothermal cold Electricity 2021**
Shallow geothermal cold Heat 2021** 1,238 70
Shallow geothermal cold Transport 2021**
Aerothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2021** 4,587 254
Aerothermal heat, total Electricity 2021**
Aerothermal heat, total Heat 2021** 4,587 254
Aerothermal heat, total Transport 2021**
Total biomass Total energy applications 2021** . .
Total biomass Electricity 2021** . .
Total biomass Heat 2021** . .
Total biomass Transport 2021** . .
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2021** 22,623 1,280
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Electricity 2021** 12,870 730
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Heat 2021** 9,753 550
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Transport 2021**
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2021** . .
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Electricity 2021** . .
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Heat 2021** . .
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Transport 2021**
Total biomass households Total energy applications 2021** 11,389 642
Total biomass households Electricity 2021**
Total biomass households Heat 2021** 11,389 642
Total biomass households Transport 2021**
Biomass households, open fireplaces Total energy applications 2021** 194 11
Biomass households, open fireplaces Electricity 2021**
Biomass households, open fireplaces Heat 2021** 194 11
Biomass households, open fireplaces Transport 2021**
Biomass households, inserts Total energy applications 2021** 1,631 92
Biomass households, inserts Electricity 2021**
Biomass households, inserts Heat 2021** 1,631 92
Biomass households, inserts Transport 2021**
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


The use of renewable energy avoids the use of fossil energy and as a consequence avoids emission of CO2. Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, heat from outdoor air and biomass. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total emission of carbon dioxide in the Netherlands.

Avoiding the use of fossil energy and avoiding emission of carbon dioxide are important underlying aims for stimulation of the use of renewable energy.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from:
1990

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures up to and including 2019 and revised provisional figures for 2020 and 2021.

Changes as of July 2022:
Revised provisional figures added for 2021.
From reporting year 2021, new sustainability criteria for solid and gaseous biomass will apply in the context of the EU Renewable Energy Directive (2018). It is currently unclear whether all biomass consumed in the Netherlands meets these new sustainability criteria. This has an impact on the calculation of the avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2. For the cases where this uncertainty applies a “.“ is displayed.


When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: June of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: December of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

Avoided use of fossil energy
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the amount of fossil (and nuclear) energy that would have been used if renewable energy was not used.
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the sum of:
1. The avoided use of fossil primary energy by the domestic production of electricity, heat and gas from renewable sources.
2. The avoided use of fossil energy by the biofuels for road transport sold on the domestic market.
Imports and exports of green electricity is not included.
Avoided energy
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2)
The amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted if no use is made of renewable energy technology. The amount of carbon dioxide is calculated in accordance with the methodology of the Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy (AgentschapNL, 2010). It covers domestic production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. Imports of green electricity is not included.
This methodology only considers the avoided emission by the use of the renewable energy at the final stage: production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. The earlier stages are not included. For biofuels for road transport greenhouse gas emissions of the earlier stages may be substantial. Therefore, for these biofuels no avoided CO2 emissions are published.
Avoided emission
1 kton = 1,000 ton = 1 million kg.