Avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2

Avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2

Energy sources/techniques Energy application Periods Avoided use of fossil energy Avoided energy (TJ) Avoided use of fossil energy Avoided energy relative (% total energy cons.) Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission (kton) Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission relative (% of total CO2 emission)
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2019** 254,781 8.31 16,549 10.57
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2020* 330,375 11.12 22,036 15.76
Hydro power Total energy applications 2019** 713 0.02 46 0.03
Hydro power Total energy applications 2020* 692 0.02 44 0.03
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2019** 84,017 2.74 5,377 3.43
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2020* 111,328 3.75 7,125 5.10
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2019** 56,519 1.84 3,617 2.31
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2020* 64,613 2.18 4,135 2.96
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2019** 27,498 0.90 1,760 1.12
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2020* 46,715 1.57 2,990 2.14
Solar energy Total energy applications 2019** 42,226 1.38 2,693 1.72
Solar energy Total energy applications 2020* 63,781 2.15 4,073 2.91
Solar photovoltaic Total energy applications 2019** 40,961 1.34 2,622 1.67
Solar photovoltaic Total energy applications 2020* 62,513 2.11 4,001 2.86
Solar thermal, total Total energy applications 2019** 1,265 0.04 72 0.05
Solar thermal, total Total energy applications 2020* 1,268 0.04 72 0.05
Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 Total energy applications 2019**
Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 Total energy applications 2020*
Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 Total energy applications 2019**
Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 Total energy applications 2020*
Solar thermal, uncovered systems Total energy applications 2019**
Solar thermal, uncovered systems Total energy applications 2020*
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2019** 9,920 0.32 547 0.35
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2020* 10,777 0.36 593 0.42
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2019** 5,589 0.18 312 0.20
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2020* 6,180 0.21 345 0.25
Total shallow geothermal energy Total energy applications 2019** 4,331 0.14 235 0.15
Total shallow geothermal energy Total energy applications 2020* 4,597 0.15 249 0.18
Shallow geothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2019** 3,389 0.11 167 0.11
Shallow geothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2020* 3,655 0.12 180 0.13
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps Total energy applications 2019** 3,241 0.11 158 0.10
Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps Total energy applications 2020* 3,506 0.12 171 0.12
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps Total energy applications 2019** 149 0.00 8 0.01
Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps Total energy applications 2020* 149 0.01 8 0.01
Shallow geothermal cold Total energy applications 2019** 942 0.03 69 0.04
Shallow geothermal cold Total energy applications 2020* 942 0.03 69 0.05
Aerothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2019** 2,370 0.08 74 0.05
Aerothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2020* 3,063 0.10 95 0.07
Total biomass Total energy applications 2019** 115,534 3.77 7,812 4.99
Total biomass Total energy applications 2020* 140,735 4.74 10,106 7.23
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2019** 20,806 0.68 1,271 0.81
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2020* 21,357 0.72 1,308 0.94
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2019** 15,525 0.51 1,470 0.94
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2020* 40,621 1.37 3,847 2.75
Total biomass households Total energy applications 2019** 11,168 0.36 632 0.40
Total biomass households Total energy applications 2020* 11,215 0.38 635 0.45
Biomass households, open fireplaces Total energy applications 2019** 211 0.01 12 0.01
Biomass households, open fireplaces Total energy applications 2020* 202 0.01 11 0.01
Biomass households, inserts Total energy applications 2019** 1,613 0.05 91 0.06
Biomass households, inserts Total energy applications 2020* 1,617 0.05 92 0.07
Biomass households, wood stoves Total energy applications 2019** 8,168 0.27 462 0.30
Biomass households, wood stoves Total energy applications 2020* 7,894 0.27 447 0.32
Biomass households, pellet stoves Total energy applications 2019** 1,175 0.04 67 0.04
Biomass households, pellet stoves Total energy applications 2020* 1,503 0.05 85 0.06
Biomass households, charcoal use Total energy applications 2019**
Biomass households, charcoal use Total energy applications 2020*
Biomass boilers companies, total Total energy applications 2019** 25,975 0.85 1,516 0.97
Biomass boilers companies, total Total energy applications 2020* 28,061 0.94 1,637 1.17
Biomass boilers companies, CHP Total energy applications 2019** 14,059 0.46 842 0.54
Biomass boilers companies, CHP Total energy applications 2020* 15,004 0.51 898 0.64
Biomass boilers companies, heat only Total energy applications 2019** 11,916 0.39 674 0.43
Biomass boilers companies, heat only Total energy applications 2020* 13,057 0.44 739 0.53
Total biogas Total energy applications 2019** 13,623 0.44 839 0.54
Total biogas Total energy applications 2020* 15,153 0.51 937 0.67
Biogas from landfills Total energy applications 2019** 368 0.01 22 0.01
Biogas from landfills Total energy applications 2020* 368 0.01 23 0.02
Biogas from sewage water purification Total energy applications 2019** 2,052 0.07 128 0.08
Biogas from sewage water purification Total energy applications 2020* 2,343 0.08 145 0.10
Biogas, co-digestion of manure Total energy applications 2019** 5,995 0.20 371 0.24
Biogas, co-digestion of manure Total energy applications 2020* 6,574 0.22 410 0.29
Other biogas Total energy applications 2019** 5,209 0.17 317 0.20
Other biogas Total energy applications 2020* 5,869 0.20 359 0.26
Liquid biofuels for transport, total Total energy applications 2019** 28,437 0.93 2,083 1.33
Liquid biofuels for transport, total Total energy applications 2020* 24,328 0.82 1,742 1.25
Biogasoline Total energy applications 2019** 8,321 0.27 530 0.34
Biogasoline Total energy applications 2020* 9,481 0.32 592 0.42
Biodiesel Total energy applications 2019** 20,116 0.66 1,553 0.99
Biodiesel Total energy applications 2020* 14,847 0.50 1,150 0.82
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


The use of renewable energy avoids the use of fossil energy and as a consequence avoids emission of CO2. Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, heat from outdoor air and biomass. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total emission of carbon dioxide in the Netherlands.

Avoiding the use of fossil energy and avoiding emission of carbon dioxide are important underlying aims for stimulation of the use of renewable energy.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from:
1990

Status of the figures:
- up to and including 2018 definite;
- 2019 revised provisional;
- 2020 provisional.

Changes as of July 2021:
Provisional figures of 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: June of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: December of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

Avoided use of fossil energy
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the amount of fossil (and nuclear) energy that would have been used if renewable energy was not used.
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the sum of:
1. The avoided use of fossil primary energy by the domestic production of electricity, heat and gas from renewable sources.
2. The avoided use of fossil energy by the biofuels for road transport sold on the domestic market.
Imports and exports of green electricity is not included.
Avoided energy
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Avoided energy relative
Primary energy equivalents as percentage of the total domestic energy consumption. Total domestic energy consumption is defined as the supply of energy (primary production plus imports) minus the flows that leave the country (exports, bunkers for international transport) plus or minus stock changes.
Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2)
The amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted if no use is made of renewable energy technology. The amount of carbon dioxide is calculated in accordance with the methodology of the Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy (AgentschapNL, 2010). It covers domestic production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. Imports of green electricity is not included.
This methodology only considers the avoided emission by the use of the renewable energy at the final stage: production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. The earlier stages are not included. For biofuels for road transport greenhouse gas emissions of the earlier stages may be substantial. Therefore, for these biofuels no avoided CO2 emissions are published.
Avoided emission
1 kton = 1,000 ton = 1 million kg.
Avoided emission relative
Avoided emission of carbon dioxide as percentage of the total Dutch CO2 emission according to the IPCC guidelines (Kyoto Protocol).

CO2 emission figures are provisional.