# Avoided use of fossil energy and emission of CO2

Energy sources/techniques | Energy application | Periods | Avoided use of fossil energy Avoided energy (TJ) | Avoided use of fossil energy Avoided energy relative (% total energy cons.) | Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission (kton) | Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2) Avoided emission relative (% of total CO2 emission) |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Total energy sources | Total energy applications | 2018 | 218,590 | 7.01 | 14,743 | 9.18 |

Total energy sources | Total energy applications | 2019** | 254,781 | 8.31 | 16,549 | 10.57 |

Hydro power | Total energy applications | 2018 | 748 | 0.02 | 53 | 0.03 |

Hydro power | Total energy applications | 2019** | 713 | 0.02 | 46 | 0.03 |

Wind energy, total | Total energy applications | 2018 | 82,553 | 2.65 | 5,836 | 3.63 |

Wind energy, total | Total energy applications | 2019** | 84,017 | 2.74 | 5,377 | 3.43 |

Wind energy on shore | Total energy applications | 2018 | 54,381 | 1.74 | 3,845 | 2.39 |

Wind energy on shore | Total energy applications | 2019** | 56,519 | 1.84 | 3,617 | 2.31 |

Wind energy off shore | Total energy applications | 2018 | 28,172 | 0.90 | 1,992 | 1.24 |

Wind energy off shore | Total energy applications | 2019** | 27,498 | 0.90 | 1,760 | 1.12 |

Solar energy | Total energy applications | 2018 | 30,621 | 0.98 | 2,148 | 1.34 |

Solar energy | Total energy applications | 2019** | 42,226 | 1.38 | 2,693 | 1.72 |

Solar photovoltaic | Total energy applications | 2018 | 29,413 | 0.94 | 2,080 | 1.29 |

Solar photovoltaic | Total energy applications | 2019** | 40,961 | 1.34 | 2,622 | 1.67 |

Solar thermal, total | Total energy applications | 2018 | 1,208 | 0.04 | 68 | 0.04 |

Solar thermal, total | Total energy applications | 2019** | 1,265 | 0.04 | 72 | 0.05 |

Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 | Total energy applications | 2018 | ||||

Solar thermal, covered systems <= 6 m2 | Total energy applications | 2019** | ||||

Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 | Total energy applications | 2018 | ||||

Solar thermal, covered systems > 6 m2 | Total energy applications | 2019** | ||||

Solar thermal, uncovered systems | Total energy applications | 2018 | ||||

Solar thermal, uncovered systems | Total energy applications | 2019** | ||||

Total geothermal energy | Total energy applications | 2018 | 7,907 | 0.25 | 414 | 0.26 |

Total geothermal energy | Total energy applications | 2019** | 9,920 | 0.32 | 547 | 0.35 |

Deep geothermal heat | Total energy applications | 2018 | 3,734 | 0.12 | 206 | 0.13 |

Deep geothermal heat | Total energy applications | 2019** | 5,589 | 0.18 | 312 | 0.20 |

Total deep geothermal | Total energy applications | 2018 | 4,173 | 0.13 | 208 | 0.13 |

Total deep geothermal | Total energy applications | 2019** | 4,331 | 0.14 | 235 | 0.15 |

Shallow geothermal heat, total | Total energy applications | 2018 | 3,072 | 0.10 | 128 | 0.08 |

Shallow geothermal heat, total | Total energy applications | 2019** | 3,389 | 0.11 | 167 | 0.11 |

Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps | Total energy applications | 2018 | 2,905 | 0.09 | 118 | 0.07 |

Shallow geothermal heat, heat pumps | Total energy applications | 2019** | 3,241 | 0.11 | 158 | 0.10 |

Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps | Total energy applications | 2018 | 167 | 0.01 | 9 | 0.01 |

Shal geothermal heat, without heat pumps | Total energy applications | 2019** | 149 | 0.00 | 8 | 0.01 |

Shallow geothermal cold | Total energy applications | 2018 | 1,102 | 0.04 | 81 | 0.05 |

Shallow geothermal cold | Total energy applications | 2019** | 942 | 0.03 | 69 | 0.04 |

Aerothermal heat, total | Total energy applications | 2018 | 1,598 | 0.05 | 1 | 0.00 |

Aerothermal heat, total | Total energy applications | 2019** | 2,370 | 0.08 | 74 | 0.05 |

Total biomass | Total energy applications | 2018 | 95,162 | 3.05 | 6,291 | 3.92 |

Total biomass | Total energy applications | 2019** | 115,534 | 3.77 | 7,812 | 4.99 |

Municipal waste; renewable fraction | Total energy applications | 2018 | 21,660 | 0.69 | 1,422 | 0.89 |

Municipal waste; renewable fraction | Total energy applications | 2019** | 20,806 | 0.68 | 1,271 | 0.81 |

Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants | Total energy applications | 2018 | 5,674 | 0.18 | 537 | 0.33 |

Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants | Total energy applications | 2019** | 15,525 | 0.51 | 1,470 | 0.94 |

Total biomass households | Total energy applications | 2018 | 11,115 | 0.36 | 629 | 0.39 |

Total biomass households | Total energy applications | 2019** | 11,168 | 0.36 | 632 | 0.40 |

Biomass households, open fireplaces | Total energy applications | 2018 | 221 | 0.01 | 13 | 0.01 |

Biomass households, open fireplaces | Total energy applications | 2019** | 211 | 0.01 | 12 | 0.01 |

Biomass households, inserts | Total energy applications | 2018 | 1,672 | 0.05 | 95 | 0.06 |

Biomass households, inserts | Total energy applications | 2019** | 1,613 | 0.05 | 91 | 0.06 |

Biomass households, wood stoves | Total energy applications | 2018 | 8,382 | 0.27 | 474 | 0.30 |

Biomass households, wood stoves | Total energy applications | 2019** | 8,168 | 0.27 | 462 | 0.30 |

Biomass households, pellet stoves | Total energy applications | 2018 | 840 | 0.03 | 48 | 0.03 |

Biomass households, pellet stoves | Total energy applications | 2019** | 1,175 | 0.04 | 67 | 0.04 |

Biomass households, charcoal use | Total energy applications | 2018 | ||||

Biomass households, charcoal use | Total energy applications | 2019** | ||||

Biomassboilers companies, total | Total energy applications | 2018 | 21,191 | 0.68 | 1,277 | 0.79 |

Biomassboilers companies, total | Total energy applications | 2019** | 25,975 | 0.85 | 1,516 | 0.97 |

Biomassboilers companies, electricity | Total energy applications | 2018 | 10,972 | 0.35 | 698 | 0.43 |

Biomassboilers companies, electricity | Total energy applications | 2019** | 14,059 | 0.46 | 842 | 0.54 |

Biomassboilers companies, heat only | Total energy applications | 2018 | 10,219 | 0.33 | 578 | 0.36 |

Biomassboilers companies, heat only | Total energy applications | 2019** | 11,916 | 0.39 | 674 | 0.43 |

Total biogas | Total energy applications | 2018 | 12,653 | 0.41 | 822 | 0.51 |

Total biogas | Total energy applications | 2019** | 13,623 | 0.44 | 839 | 0.54 |

Biogas from landfills | Total energy applications | 2018 | 376 | 0.01 | 24 | 0.02 |

Biogas from landfills | Total energy applications | 2019** | 368 | 0.01 | 22 | 0.01 |

Biogas from sewage water purification | Total energy applications | 2018 | 1,963 | 0.06 | 132 | 0.08 |

Biogas from sewage water purification | Total energy applications | 2019** | 2,052 | 0.07 | 128 | 0.08 |

Biogas, co-digestion of manure | Total energy applications | 2018 | 5,604 | 0.18 | 371 | 0.23 |

Biogas, co-digestion of manure | Total energy applications | 2019** | 5,995 | 0.20 | 371 | 0.24 |

Other biogas | Total energy applications | 2018 | 4,710 | 0.15 | 295 | 0.18 |

Other biogas | Total energy applications | 2019** | 5,209 | 0.17 | 317 | 0.20 |

Liquid biofuels for transport, total | Total energy applications | 2018 | 22,868 | 0.73 | 1,604 | 1.00 |

Liquid biofuels for transport, total | Total energy applications | 2019** | 28,437 | 0.93 | 2,083 | 1.33 |

Biogasoline | Total energy applications | 2018 | 7,146 | 0.23 | 415 | 0.26 |

Biogasoline | Total energy applications | 2019** | 8,321 | 0.27 | 530 | 0.34 |

Biodiesel | Total energy applications | 2018 | 15,722 | 0.50 | 1,189 | 0.74 |

Biodiesel | Total energy applications | 2019** | 20,116 | 0.66 | 1,553 | 0.99 |

Source: CBS. |

## Table description

The use of renewable energy avoids the use of fossil energy and as a consequence avoids emission of CO2. Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, biomass and heat from outdoor air. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total emission of carbon dioxide in the Netherlands.

Avoiding the use of fossil energy and avoiding emission of carbon dioxide are important underlying aims for stimulation of the use of renewable energy.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from:

1990

Status of the figures:

This table contains definite figures up to and including 2018 and revised provisional for 2019.

Changes as of February 2021:

None. This is a new table that succeeds Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy (see section 3.). Revised provisional figures for 2019 have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?

Provisional figures for the previous year appear each year in June, except for figures on shallow geothermal cold and shallow geothermal heat without heat pumps.

In December all figures on the consumption of renewable energy in the previous year will be published. These figures will be definite. However, the figures on the share of the avoided CO2 can still be changed by the availability of adjusted figures on total CO2 emissions.

## Description topics

- Avoided use of fossil energy
- The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the amount of fossil (and nuclear) energy that would have been used if renewable energy was not

used.

The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the sum of:

1. The avoided use of fossil primary energy by the domestic production of electricity, heat and gas from renewable sources.

2. The avoided use of fossil energy by the biofuels for road transport sold on the domestic market.

Imports and exports of green electricity is not included.- Avoided energy
- In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.

- Avoided energy relative
- Primary energy equivalents as percentage of the total domestic energy consumption. Total domestic energy consumption is defined as the supply of energy (primary production plus imports) minus the flows that leave the country (exports, bunkers for international transport) plus or minus stock changes.

- Avoided carbon dioxide emission (CO2)
- The amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted if no use is made of renewable energy technology. The amount of carbon dioxide is calculated in accordance with the methodology of the Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy (AgentschapNL, 2010). It covers domestic production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. Imports of green electricity is not included.

This methodology only considers the avoided emission by the use of the renewable energy at the final stage: production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. The earlier stages are not included. For biofuels for road transport greenhouse gas emissions of the earlier stages may be substantial. Therefore, for these biofuels no avoided CO2 emissions are published.- Avoided emission
- 1 kton = 1,000 ton = 1 million kg.

- Avoided emission relative
- Avoided emission of carbon dioxide as percentage of the total Dutch CO2 emission according to the IPCC guidelines (Kyoto Protocol).

CO2 emission figures are provisional.