Renewable energy; final use

Renewable energy; final use

Energy sources and techniques Energy application Periods Final consumption (TJ) Final consumption relative (% total energy cons.)
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2019** 184,394 8.77
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2020* 219,038 11.06
Hydro power Total energy applications 2019** 335 0.02
Hydro power Total energy applications 2020* 324 0.02
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2019** 38,785 1.85
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2020* 50,201 2.54
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2019** 26,743 1.27
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2020* 32,254 1.63
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2019** 12,042 0.57
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2020* 17,946 0.91
Solar energy Total energy applications 2019** 20,417 0.97
Solar energy Total energy applications 2020* 29,981 1.51
Solar photovoltaic Total energy applications 2019** 19,210 0.91
Solar photovoltaic Total energy applications 2020* 28,774 1.45
Solar thermal, total Total energy applications 2019** 1,207 0.06
Solar thermal, total Total energy applications 2020* 1,207 0.06
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2019** 10,279 0.49
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2020* 11,250 0.57
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2019** 5,564 0.27
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2020* 6,152 0.31
Total shallow geothermal energy Total energy applications 2019** 4,715 0.22
Total shallow geothermal energy Total energy applications 2020* 5,097 0.26
Aerothermal heat Total energy applications 2019** 6,168 0.29
Aerothermal heat Total energy applications 2020* 7,999 0.40
Total biomass Total energy applications 2019** 108,409 5.16
Total biomass Total energy applications 2020* 119,279 6.02
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2019** 16,648 0.79
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2020* 17,073 0.86
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2019** 7,925 0.38
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2020* 19,722 1.00
Total biomass households Total energy applications 2019** 16,278 0.78
Total biomass households Total energy applications 2020* 16,168 0.82
Biomass households, open fireplaces Total energy applications 2019** 2,008 0.10
Biomass households, open fireplaces Total energy applications 2020* 1,917 0.10
Biomass households, inserts Total energy applications 2019** 2,266 0.11
Biomass households, inserts Total energy applications 2020* 2,241 0.11
Biomass households, wood stoves Total energy applications 2019** 10,421 0.50
Biomass households, wood stoves Total energy applications 2020* 10,059 0.51
Biomass households, pellet stoves Total energy applications 2019** 1,313 0.06
Biomass households, pellet stoves Total energy applications 2020* 1,679 0.08
Biomass households, charcoal use Total energy applications 2019** 270 0.01
Biomass households, charcoal use Total energy applications 2020* 270 0.01
Biomass boilers companies, total Total energy applications 2019** 26,659 1.27
Biomass boilers companies, total Total energy applications 2020* 28,087 1.42
Biomass boilers companies, CHP Total energy applications 2019** 14,100 0.67
Biomass boilers companies, CHP Total energy applications 2020* 14,755 0.75
Biomass boilers companies, heat only Total energy applications 2019** 12,559 0.60
Biomass boilers companies, heat only Total energy applications 2020* 13,332 0.67
Total biogas Total energy applications 2019** 12,461 0.59
Total biogas Total energy applications 2020* 13,900 0.70
Biogas from landfills Total energy applications 2019** 297 0.01
Biogas from landfills Total energy applications 2020* 296 0.01
Biogas from sewage water purification Total energy applications 2019** 2,187 0.10
Biogas from sewage water purification Total energy applications 2020* 2,222 0.11
Biogas, co-digestion of manure Total energy applications 2019** 5,063 0.24
Biogas, co-digestion of manure Total energy applications 2020* 5,732 0.29
Other biogas Total energy applications 2019** 4,916 0.23
Other biogas Total energy applications 2020* 5,648 0.29
Liquid biofuels for transport, total Total energy applications 2019** 28,437 1.35
Liquid biofuels for transport, total Total energy applications 2020* 24,328 1.23
Biogasoline Total energy applications 2019** 8,321 0.40
Biogasoline Total energy applications 2020* 9,480 0.48
Biodiesel Total energy applications 2019** 20,116 0.96
Biodiesel Total energy applications 2020* 14,847 0.75
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table expresses the use of renewable energy as gross final consumption of energy. Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total energy use in the Netherlands.

Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, biomass and heat from outdoor air. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from:
1990

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures up to and including 2018 and revised provisional for 2019. Figures of 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 31st of May 2021:
Provisional figures of 2020 have been added.

Changes as of March 2021:
- description “Biomass boilers companies, electricity” has become “Biomass boilers companies, CHP”; the explanation has also been adjusted;
- description “Total deep geothermal” has become “Total shallow geothermal energy”; the explanation has also been adjusted;
- description "Aerothermal heat, total" has become "Aerothermal heat".

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures on the gross final consumption of renewable energy in broad outlines for the previous year are published each year in May.
Revised provisional figures for the previous year appear each year in June, except for figures on shallow geothermal cold and shallow geothermal heat without heat pumps.

In December all figures on the consumption of renewable energy in the previous year will be published. These figures will be definite in December. However, the figures on the share of total energy consumption in the Netherlands can still be changed by the availability of adjusted figures on total energy consumption.

Description topics

Final consumption
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Final consumption relative
Gross final consumption of renewable energy as percentage of total gross final energetic energy consumption, calculated according the definitions from the EU directive on renewable energy from 2009. Total gross final energetic energy consumption is the sum of three parts:
1. Energetic final use of the end use sectors manufacturing industry (excluding refineries), households, services, agriculture, fishing and transport.
2. Distribution losses of electricity and heat
3. Own use of electricity and heat by the producers of electricity and sold heat.