Renewable energy; final use

Renewable energy; final use

Energy sources and techniques Energy application Periods Final consumption (TJ) Final consumption relative (% total energy cons.)
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2018 156,304 7.34
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2019** 184,394 8.77
Hydro power Total energy applications 2018 340 0.02
Hydro power Total energy applications 2019** 335 0.02
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2018 36,106 1.70
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2019** 38,785 1.85
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2018 23,681 1.11
Wind energy on shore Total energy applications 2019** 26,743 1.27
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2018 12,426 0.58
Wind energy off shore Total energy applications 2019** 12,042 0.57
Solar energy Total energy applications 2018 14,510 0.68
Solar energy Total energy applications 2019** 20,417 0.97
Solar photovoltaic Total energy applications 2018 13,354 0.63
Solar photovoltaic Total energy applications 2019** 19,210 0.91
Solar thermal, total Total energy applications 2018 1,156 0.05
Solar thermal, total Total energy applications 2019** 1,207 0.06
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2018 8,114 0.38
Total geothermal energy Total energy applications 2019** 10,279 0.49
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2018 3,731 0.18
Deep geothermal heat Total energy applications 2019** 5,564 0.27
Total deep geothermal Total energy applications 2018 4,383 0.21
Total deep geothermal Total energy applications 2019** 4,715 0.22
Aerothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2018 4,668 0.22
Aerothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2019** 6,168 0.29
Total biomass Total energy applications 2018 92,566 4.35
Total biomass Total energy applications 2019** 108,409 5.16
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2018 16,588 0.78
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2019** 16,648 0.79
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2018 2,886 0.14
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2019** 7,925 0.38
Total biomass households Total energy applications 2018 16,446 0.77
Total biomass households Total energy applications 2019** 16,278 0.78
Biomass households, open fireplaces Total energy applications 2018 2,103 0.10
Biomass households, open fireplaces Total energy applications 2019** 2,008 0.10
Biomass households, inserts Total energy applications 2018 2,421 0.11
Biomass households, inserts Total energy applications 2019** 2,266 0.11
Biomass households, wood stoves Total energy applications 2018 10,713 0.50
Biomass households, wood stoves Total energy applications 2019** 10,421 0.50
Biomass households, pellet stoves Total energy applications 2018 939 0.04
Biomass households, pellet stoves Total energy applications 2019** 1,313 0.06
Biomass households, charcoal use Total energy applications 2018 270 0.01
Biomass households, charcoal use Total energy applications 2019** 270 0.01
Biomassboilers companies, total Total energy applications 2018 22,484 1.06
Biomassboilers companies, total Total energy applications 2019** 26,659 1.27
Biomassboilers companies, electricity Total energy applications 2018 11,002 0.52
Biomassboilers companies, electricity Total energy applications 2019** 14,100 0.67
Biomassboilers companies, heat only Total energy applications 2018 11,482 0.54
Biomassboilers companies, heat only Total energy applications 2019** 12,559 0.60
Total biogas Total energy applications 2018 11,295 0.53
Total biogas Total energy applications 2019** 12,461 0.59
Biogas from landfills Total energy applications 2018 279 0.01
Biogas from landfills Total energy applications 2019** 297 0.01
Biogas from sewage water purification Total energy applications 2018 2,073 0.10
Biogas from sewage water purification Total energy applications 2019** 2,187 0.10
Biogas, co-digestion of manure Total energy applications 2018 4,474 0.21
Biogas, co-digestion of manure Total energy applications 2019** 5,063 0.24
Other biogas Total energy applications 2018 4,469 0.21
Other biogas Total energy applications 2019** 4,916 0.23
Liquid biofuels for transport, total Total energy applications 2018 22,868 1.07
Liquid biofuels for transport, total Total energy applications 2019** 28,437 1.35
Biogasoline Total energy applications 2018 7,146 0.34
Biogasoline Total energy applications 2019** 8,321 0.40
Biodiesel Total energy applications 2018 15,722 0.74
Biodiesel Total energy applications 2019** 20,116 0.96
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table expresses the use of renewable energy as gross final consumption of energy. Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total energy use in the Netherlands.

Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, biomass and heat from outdoor air. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.

The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from:
1990

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures up to and including 2018 and revised provisional for 2019.

Changes as of February 2021:
None. This is a new table that succeeds Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy (see section 3.). Revised provisional figures for 2019 have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures on the gross final consumption of renewable energy in broad outlines for the previous year are published each year in May.
Revised provisional figures for the previous year appear each year in June, except for figures on shallow geothermal cold and shallow geothermal heat without heat pumps.

In December all figures on the consumption of renewable energy in the previous year will be published. These figures will be definite in December. However, the figures on the share of total energy consumption in the Netherlands can still be changed by the availability of adjusted figures on total energy consumption.

Description topics

Final consumption
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Final consumption relative
Gross final consumption of renewable energy as percentage of total gross final energetic energy consumption, calculated according the definitions from the EU directive on renewable energy from 2009. Total gross final energetic energy consumption is the sum of three parts:
1. Energetic final use of the end use sectors manufacturing industry (excluding refineries), households, services, agriculture, fishing and transport.
2. Distribution losses of electricity and heat
3. Own use of electricity and heat by the producers of electricity and sold heat.