|Energy sources and techniques||Energy application||Periods||Final consumption (TJ)||Final consumption relative (% total energy cons.)|
|Total energy sources||Total energy applications||2018||156,304||7.34|
|Total energy sources||Total energy applications||2019**||184,394||8.77|
|Hydro power||Total energy applications||2018||340||0.02|
|Hydro power||Total energy applications||2019**||335||0.02|
|Wind energy, total||Total energy applications||2018||36,106||1.70|
|Wind energy, total||Total energy applications||2019**||38,785||1.85|
|Wind energy on shore||Total energy applications||2018||23,681||1.11|
|Wind energy on shore||Total energy applications||2019**||26,743||1.27|
|Wind energy off shore||Total energy applications||2018||12,426||0.58|
|Wind energy off shore||Total energy applications||2019**||12,042||0.57|
|Solar energy||Total energy applications||2018||14,510||0.68|
|Solar energy||Total energy applications||2019**||20,417||0.97|
|Solar photovoltaic||Total energy applications||2018||13,354||0.63|
|Solar photovoltaic||Total energy applications||2019**||19,210||0.91|
|Solar thermal, total||Total energy applications||2018||1,156||0.05|
|Solar thermal, total||Total energy applications||2019**||1,207||0.06|
|Total geothermal energy||Total energy applications||2018||8,114||0.38|
|Total geothermal energy||Total energy applications||2019**||10,279||0.49|
|Deep geothermal heat||Total energy applications||2018||3,731||0.18|
|Deep geothermal heat||Total energy applications||2019**||5,564||0.27|
|Total deep geothermal||Total energy applications||2018||4,383||0.21|
|Total deep geothermal||Total energy applications||2019**||4,715||0.22|
|Aerothermal heat, total||Total energy applications||2018||4,668||0.22|
|Aerothermal heat, total||Total energy applications||2019**||6,168||0.29|
|Total biomass||Total energy applications||2018||92,566||4.35|
|Total biomass||Total energy applications||2019**||108,409||5.16|
|Municipal waste; renewable fraction||Total energy applications||2018||16,588||0.78|
|Municipal waste; renewable fraction||Total energy applications||2019**||16,648||0.79|
|Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants||Total energy applications||2018||2,886||0.14|
|Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants||Total energy applications||2019**||7,925||0.38|
|Total biomass households||Total energy applications||2018||16,446||0.77|
|Total biomass households||Total energy applications||2019**||16,278||0.78|
|Biomass households, open fireplaces||Total energy applications||2018||2,103||0.10|
|Biomass households, open fireplaces||Total energy applications||2019**||2,008||0.10|
|Biomass households, inserts||Total energy applications||2018||2,421||0.11|
|Biomass households, inserts||Total energy applications||2019**||2,266||0.11|
|Biomass households, wood stoves||Total energy applications||2018||10,713||0.50|
|Biomass households, wood stoves||Total energy applications||2019**||10,421||0.50|
|Biomass households, pellet stoves||Total energy applications||2018||939||0.04|
|Biomass households, pellet stoves||Total energy applications||2019**||1,313||0.06|
|Biomass households, charcoal use||Total energy applications||2018||270||0.01|
|Biomass households, charcoal use||Total energy applications||2019**||270||0.01|
|Biomassboilers companies, total||Total energy applications||2018||22,484||1.06|
|Biomassboilers companies, total||Total energy applications||2019**||26,659||1.27|
|Biomassboilers companies, electricity||Total energy applications||2018||11,002||0.52|
|Biomassboilers companies, electricity||Total energy applications||2019**||14,100||0.67|
|Biomassboilers companies, heat only||Total energy applications||2018||11,482||0.54|
|Biomassboilers companies, heat only||Total energy applications||2019**||12,559||0.60|
|Total biogas||Total energy applications||2018||11,295||0.53|
|Total biogas||Total energy applications||2019**||12,461||0.59|
|Biogas from landfills||Total energy applications||2018||279||0.01|
|Biogas from landfills||Total energy applications||2019**||297||0.01|
|Biogas from sewage water purification||Total energy applications||2018||2,073||0.10|
|Biogas from sewage water purification||Total energy applications||2019**||2,187||0.10|
|Biogas, co-digestion of manure||Total energy applications||2018||4,474||0.21|
|Biogas, co-digestion of manure||Total energy applications||2019**||5,063||0.24|
|Other biogas||Total energy applications||2018||4,469||0.21|
|Other biogas||Total energy applications||2019**||4,916||0.23|
|Liquid biofuels for transport, total||Total energy applications||2018||22,868||1.07|
|Liquid biofuels for transport, total||Total energy applications||2019**||28,437||1.35|
|Biogasoline||Total energy applications||2018||7,146||0.34|
|Biogasoline||Total energy applications||2019**||8,321||0.40|
|Biodiesel||Total energy applications||2018||15,722||0.74|
|Biodiesel||Total energy applications||2019**||20,116||0.96|
This table expresses the use of renewable energy as gross final consumption of energy. Figures are presented in an absolute way, as well as related to the total energy use in the Netherlands.
Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, biomass and heat from outdoor air. This is energy from natural processes that is replenished constantly.
The figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).
Data available from:
Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures up to and including 2018 and revised provisional for 2019.
Changes as of February 2021:
None. This is a new table that succeeds Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy (see section 3.). Revised provisional figures for 2019 have been adjusted.
When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures on the gross final consumption of renewable energy in broad outlines for the previous year are published each year in May.
Revised provisional figures for the previous year appear each year in June, except for figures on shallow geothermal cold and shallow geothermal heat without heat pumps.
In December all figures on the consumption of renewable energy in the previous year will be published. These figures will be definite in December. However, the figures on the share of total energy consumption in the Netherlands can still be changed by the availability of adjusted figures on total energy consumption.
- Final consumption
- In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
- Final consumption relative
- Gross final consumption of renewable energy as percentage of total gross final energetic energy consumption, calculated according the definitions from the EU directive on renewable energy from 2009. Total gross final energetic energy consumption is the sum of three parts:
1. Energetic final use of the end use sectors manufacturing industry (excluding refineries), households, services, agriculture, fishing and transport.
2. Distribution losses of electricity and heat
3. Own use of electricity and heat by the producers of electricity and sold heat.