Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Periods Gross production (mln kWh) Own consumption for electr. production (mln kWh) Net production Net production, total (mln kWh) Net production Nuclear energy (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Fuels, total (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Coal (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Petroleum products (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Natural gas (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Biomass (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Other fuels (non-renewable) (mln kWh) Net production Hydro power (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy, total (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy on shore (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy off shore (mln kWh) Net production Solar photovoltaic (mln kWh) Net production Other sources (mln kWh) Imports Imports, total (mln kWh) Imports Belgium (mln kWh) Imports Denmark (mln kWh) Imports Germany (mln kWh) Imports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Imports Norway (mln kWh) Exports Exports, total (mln kWh) Exports Belgium (mln kWh) Exports Denmark (mln kWh) Exports Germany (mln kWh) Exports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Exports Norway (mln kWh) Distribution losses (mln kWh) Net consumption (calculated) (mln kWh)
2020 4th quarter** 32,006 902 31,104 1,013 23,787 3,237 300 17,519 2,322 409 13 5,419 2,889 2,529 753 120 5,359 928 0 3,027 86 1,318 5,376 2,957 1 1,294 1,117 8 1,260 29,827
2020** 123,553 3,397 120,157 3,865 91,681 9,586 1,315 71,266 7,900 1,615 46 15,339 9,856 5,484 8,765 461 19,773 3,782 2,082 8,748 541 4,621 22,433 7,806 1,053 8,677 4,787 110 4,744 112,753
2021 October** 9,774 326 9,448 314 6,232 2,003 126 3,176 816 111 4 2,216 1,297 920 637 45 1,938 267 358 841 18 454 1,569 638 11 375 528 17 407 9,410
2021 November** 10,827 366 10,461 346 8,171 1,835 119 5,224 875 118 3 1,609 875 733 290 43 1,647 172 336 653 17 470 2,013 879 46 527 555 6 417 9,678
2021 December** 11,366 359 11,007 358 8,290 2,211 99 5,012 825 143 5 2,137 1,285 852 177 40 1,764 330 283 822 14 316 2,289 909 80 600 621 78 436 10,047
2021 4th quarter** 31,966 1,050 30,916 1,019 22,693 6,049 344 13,412 2,516 372 12 5,962 3,457 2,505 1,103 127 5,350 769 977 2,316 48 1,240 5,871 2,427 138 1,502 1,704 101 1,260 29,135
2021 ** 121,546 3,668 117,877 3,618 84,387 16,502 1,302 55,299 9,718 1,566 88 17,980 10,028 7,952 11,332 471 20,885 5,218 3,006 9,085 76 3,501 20,632 7,320 875 7,641 4,432 364 4,744 113,386
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows the supply of electricity. Consumption of electricity is calculated from the supply variables. The supply of electricity primarily includes production plus imports minus exports. The majority of the electricity produced is supplied to the public electricity grid by, for example, power stations and wind turbines. A smaller part is generated by companies themselves for the benefit of their own business processes. For example, many greenhouse companies generate their own electricity for the lighting of their greenhouses.

The net production is determined as gross production minus the own consumption of electricity. Own consumption is the amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production. The net production is broken down in this table into the following energy sources from which the electricity is produced: nuclear energy, coal, petroleum products, natural gas, biomass, other fuels (non-renewable), hydro power, wind energy, solar photovoltaic and other sources.

Imports and exports are further broken down by country of origin or destination.

The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.

Data available:
Full data per month is available from 2015. From 1936 per year and from 1976 per month only the total production, imports and exports are known.
Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including reporting year 2019 are definite. Data for 2020 and 2021 are revised provisional and figures for 2022 are provisional.

Changes as of June 2022:
Provisional figures for April 2022 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: the second month after the end of the reporting period.
Revised provisional figures: not later than December of the year following the reporting year.
Definite figures: not later than December of the second following year.

Description topics

Gross production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands. This is without deduction of the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Own consumption for electr. production
The amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production.
Net production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands minus the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Net production, total
Nuclear energy
Energy released by nuclear fusion.

The energy is used to heat water, which is transformed into high pressure steam. This is used to generate electricity through a steam turbine.
Fuels
Product of which by means of combustion energy is extracted.
Fuels, total
Coal
Coal consists of hard coal, brown coal (lignite) and coal products. Hard coal and brown coal are solid fossil fuels that exist of carbonized rests of vegetal origin. The carbonization is a result of prolonged exposure to high temperature and pressure. The most important coal products in the Netherlands are coke-oven cokes, coke oven gas, blast furnace gas and coal tar. For the production of electricity in the Netherlands hard coal (steam coal), coke oven gas and blast furnace gas are used.
Petroleum products
Liquid and gaseous fuels that are made of crude oil and natural gas liquids.
Some examples of petroleum products are motor gasoline, gas and diesel oil, kerosene, fuel oil, LPG, naphtha and residual gases. For the production of electricity in the Netherlands residual gases and some other petroleum products is used.
Natural gas
Gas of natural origin that mainly consists of methane. It arises from the same process that leads to the formation of petroleum. Natural gas is liquefied for transport over long distances by ship.
Biomass
Substances derived from vegetable or animal material of recent origin and used for the production of energy. Examples are wood, manure and waste from the food processing industry.
Other fuels (non-renewable)
The non-renewable part of household and industrial waste.
Hydro power
Energy produced by flowing or falling water.
Wind energy
Wind energy, total
Energy produced with wind turbines

Wind turbines can be placed on land, inland waters and off shore.

Off shore is more expensive. However, there is more wind at sea. In addition, placing off shore wind turbines is often considered less problematic from the landscape point of view.
Wind energy on shore
Wind energy on shore and inland waters.
Wind energy off shore
Energy produced with off shore wind turbines.

Off shore electricity production from wind energy started in the autumn of 2006.
Solar photovoltaic
Energy form the sun converted into electricity.
Other sources
Examples are expansion turbines (in which gases expand under high pressure, as a result of which the turbine produces electricity), (residual) steam, feed water
Imports
Electricity that enters the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Norway and Denmark.
Imports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Exports
Electricity that leaves the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom and Norway. A connection with Denmark is under construction. This will be put into operation according to plan in 2019.
Exports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Distribution losses
Total distribution losses, including physical losses due to the transport of electricity and administrative losses due to fraud, measurement errors and administrative deficiencies.
Net consumption (calculated)
The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.