Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Periods Gross production (mln kWh) Own consumption for electr. production (mln kWh) Net production Net production, total (mln kWh) Net production Nuclear energy (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Fuels, total (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Coal (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Petroleum products (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Natural gas (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Biomass (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Other fuels (non-renewable) (mln kWh) Net production Hydro power (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy, total (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy on shore (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy off shore (mln kWh) Net production Solar photovoltaic (mln kWh) Net production Other sources (mln kWh) Imports Imports, total (mln kWh) Imports Belgium (mln kWh) Imports Denmark (mln kWh) Imports Germany (mln kWh) Imports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Imports Norway (mln kWh) Exports Exports, total (mln kWh) Exports Belgium (mln kWh) Exports Denmark (mln kWh) Exports Germany (mln kWh) Exports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Exports Norway (mln kWh) Distribution losses (mln kWh) Net consumption (calculated) (mln kWh)
2023 January** 10,421 319 10,102 361 6,199 1,438 130 3,783 725 123 12 3,152 2,046 1,106 329 42 2,129 433 297 1,100 45 255 2,082 768 100 609 534 72 454 9,696
2023 February** 10,027 315 9,712 326 6,592 1,484 123 4,143 723 119 10 2,055 1,331 724 685 37 1,384 134 287 599 3 362 2,122 924 86 560 545 6 407 8,567
2023 March** 10,885 292 10,593 346 6,190 1,345 95 4,020 603 128 12 2,765 1,691 1,074 1,234 39 1,520 240 179 843 12 246 2,401 937 163 588 633 80 418 9,294
2023 1st quarter** 31,334 926 30,408 1,033 18,980 4,266 348 11,946 2,051 370 34 7,973 5,069 2,904 2,249 119 5,033 807 763 2,542 59 863 6,605 2,628 349 1,757 1,712 159 1,279 27,557
2023** 121,413 3,201 118,212 3,767 64,706 10,146 1,491 44,874 6,776 1,419 68 29,164 17,615 11,549 19,993 434 19,547 4,395 2,552 8,115 1,560 2,924 25,206 8,405 1,744 10,032 4,355 671 4,869 107,684
2024 January* 11,774 245 11,529 362 6,745 1,005 104 4,940 567 129 3 3,854 2,251 1,604 519 40 1,616 342 110 936 98 131 2,293 943 123 748 360 120 454 10,398
2024 February* 10,408 212 10,196 338 5,369 864 117 3,594 652 143 3 3,791 2,197 1,595 649 40 1,633 239 261 829 59 245 1,978 785 99 657 400 37 407 9,444
2024 March* 10,765 223 10,542 361 5,659 857 115 3,863 710 115 7 2,851 1,493 1,357 1,616 42 1,562 159 207 863 92 242 2,389 1,138 164 587 429 71 418 9,297
2024 1st quarter* 32,946 680 32,267 1,060 17,773 2,726 336 12,397 1,928 386 12 10,496 5,940 4,556 2,784 122 4,812 740 578 2,627 249 617 6,661 2,865 386 1,993 1,189 229 1,279 29,138
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table shows the supply of electricity. Consumption of electricity is calculated from the supply variables. The supply of electricity primarily includes production plus imports minus exports. The majority of the electricity produced is supplied to the public electricity grid by, for example, power stations and wind turbines. A smaller part is generated by companies themselves for the benefit of their own business processes. For example, many greenhouse companies generate their own electricity for the lighting of their greenhouses.

The net production is determined as gross production minus the own consumption of electricity. Own consumption is the amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production. The net production is broken down in this table into the following energy sources from which the electricity is produced: nuclear energy, coal, petroleum products, natural gas, biomass, other fuels (non-renewable), hydro power, wind energy, solar photovoltaic and other sources.

Imports and exports are further broken down by country of origin or destination.

The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.

Data available:
From 1936 per year and from 1976 per month only the total production, imports and exports are known.
Full data per month is available from 2015.

Status of the figures:
- All figures up to and including reporting year 2021 are definite.
- Figures for 2022 and 2023 are revised provisional.
- Figures for 2024 are provisional.

Changes as of June 7th 2024:
Revised provisional figures for 2023 have been added.

Changes as of May 31st 2024:
Figures for March 2024 have been added.

Changes as of November 14th 2023:
Figures of 2015-2020 have been revised. The revisions relate to the introduction of an improved analysis method in 2022, which has been carried back to 2015. The most remarkable diffrences are in 2018. In this year the relative difference on a monthly basis are up to 15%. However, on a yearly basis the numbers remains constant.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: the second month after the end of the reporting period.
Revised provisional figures: June of the year following the reporting year.
Definite figures: not later than November of the second following year.

Description topics

Gross production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands. This is without deduction of the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Own consumption for electr. production
The amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production.
Net production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands minus the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Net production, total
Nuclear energy
Energy released by nuclear fusion.

The energy is used to heat water, which is transformed into high pressure steam. This is used to generate electricity through a steam turbine.
Fuels
Product of which by means of combustion energy is extracted.
Fuels, total
Coal
Coal consists of hard coal, brown coal (lignite) and coal products. Hard coal and brown coal are solid fossil fuels that exist of carbonized rests of vegetal origin. The carbonization is a result of prolonged exposure to high temperature and pressure. The most important coal products in the Netherlands are coke-oven cokes, coke oven gas, blast furnace gas and coal tar. For the production of electricity in the Netherlands hard coal (steam coal), coke oven gas and blast furnace gas are used.
Petroleum products
Liquid and gaseous fuels that are made of crude oil and natural gas liquids.
Some examples of petroleum products are motor gasoline, gas and diesel oil, kerosene, fuel oil, LPG, naphtha and residual gases. For the production of electricity in the Netherlands residual gases and some other petroleum products is used.
Natural gas
Gas of natural origin that mainly consists of methane. It arises from the same process that leads to the formation of petroleum. Natural gas is liquefied for transport over long distances by ship.
Biomass
Substances derived from vegetable or animal material of recent origin and used for the production of energy. Examples are wood, manure and waste from the food processing industry.
Other fuels (non-renewable)
The non-renewable part of household and industrial waste.
Hydro power
Energy produced by flowing or falling water.
Wind energy
Wind energy, total
Energy produced with wind turbines

Wind turbines can be placed on land, inland waters and off shore.

Off shore is more expensive. However, there is more wind at sea. In addition, placing off shore wind turbines is often considered less problematic from the landscape point of view.
Wind energy on shore
Wind energy on shore and inland waters.
Wind energy off shore
Energy produced with off shore wind turbines.

Off shore electricity production from wind energy started in the autumn of 2006.
Solar photovoltaic
Energy form the sun converted into electricity.
Other sources
Examples are expansion turbines (in which gases expand under high pressure, as a result of which the turbine produces electricity), (residual) steam, feed water
Imports
Electricity that enters the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Norway and Denmark.
Imports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Exports
Electricity that leaves the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom and Norway. A connection with Denmark is under construction. This will be put into operation according to plan in 2019.
Exports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Distribution losses
Total distribution losses, including physical losses due to the transport of electricity and administrative losses due to fraud, measurement errors and administrative deficiencies.
Net consumption (calculated)
The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.