Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Periods Gross production (mln kWh) Own consumption for electr. production (mln kWh) Net production Net production, total (mln kWh) Net production Nuclear energy (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Fuels, total (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Coal (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Oil products (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Natural gas (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Biomass (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Other fuels (non-renewable) (mln kWh) Net production Hydro power (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy, total (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy on shore (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy off shore (mln kWh) Net production Solar photovoltaic (mln kWh) Net production Other sources (mln kWh) Imports Imports, total (mln kWh) Imports Belgium (mln kWh) Imports Denmark (mln kWh) Imports Germany (mln kWh) Imports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Imports Norway (mln kWh) Exports Exports, total (mln kWh) Exports Belgium (mln kWh) Exports Denmark (mln kWh) Exports Germany (mln kWh) Exports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Exports Norway (mln kWh) Distribution losses (mln kWh) Net consumption (calculated) (mln kWh)
2020 May* 9,494 271 9,223 311 6,772 500 77 5,383 655 157 4 789 581 208 1,310 38 1,899 843 195 398 56 407 2,244 264 159 1,345 450 26 400 8,479
2021 January* 11,603 335 11,268 358 8,860 1,589 107 6,085 937 142 7 1,819 950 868 189 30 1,542 184 153 1,075 0 130 1,667 1,146 97 368 0 56 472 10,671
2021 February* 10,856 301 10,556 321 7,909 1,036 99 5,859 811 103 4 1,857 944 913 426 28 1,378 460 180 730 7 0 1,977 600 152 845 380 0 422 9,534
2021 March* 11,513 314 11,199 360 8,382 1,211 97 6,070 869 135 12 1,640 909 731 765 32 1,269 393 242 605 0 30 2,199 595 104 1,296 204 0 435 9,835
2021 April* 9,673 286 9,387 333 6,383 797 127 4,528 796 135 8 1,366 738 628 1,250 36 1,384 253 279 473 0 380 1,711 666 73 924 0 47 397 8,663
2021 May* 9,127 262 8,865 210 5,906 716 109 4,230 708 144 9 1,280 761 519 1,412 34 1,868 833 252 414 0 370 1,492 435 73 913 0 71 398 8,842
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows the supply of electricity. Consumption of electricity is calculated from the supply variables. The supply of electricity primarily includes production plus imports minus exports. The majority of the electricity produced is supplied to the public electricity grid by, for example, power stations and wind turbines. A smaller part is generated by companies themselves for the benefit of their own business processes. For example, many greenhouse companies generate their own electricity for the lighting of their greenhouses.

The net production is determined as gross production minus the own consumption of electricity. Own consumption is the amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production. The net production is broken down in this table into the following energy sources from which the electricity is produced: nuclear energy, coal, oil products, natural gas, biomass, other fuels (non-renewable), hydro power, wind energy, solar photovoltaic and other sources.

Imports and exports are further broken down by country of origin or destination.

The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.

Data available:
Full data per month is available from 2015. From 1936 per year and from 1976 per month only the total production, imports and exports are known.
Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including reporting year 2018 are definite. Data of 2019 and 2020 are revised provisional and figures of 2021 are provisional.

Changes as of 23th of July 2021:
Provisional figures for May 2021 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: the second month after the end of the reporting period.
Revised provisional figures: not later than December of the year following the reporting year.
Definite figures: not later than December of the second following year.

Description topics

Gross production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands. This is without deduction of the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Own consumption for electr. production
The amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production.
Net production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands minus the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Net production, total
Nuclear energy
Energy released by nuclear fusion.

The energy is used to heat water, which is transformed into high pressure steam. This is used to generate electricity through a steam turbine.
Fuels
Product of which by means of combustion energy is extracted.
Fuels, total
Coal
Fossil fuel existing of carbonised rests of vegetal origin. The carbonization is a result of prolonged exposure to high temperature and pressure. Various products can be derived from coal, such as coke-oven cokes and blast furnace gas. Types of coal are anthracite, coking coal and steam coal.
Oil products
A liquid, fossil fuel consisting of chains of hydrocarbons. Crude oil is extracted from nature. In refineries, crude oil is converted into various petroleum products.
Natural gas
Gas of natural origin that mainly consists of methane. It arises from the same process that leads to the formation of petroleum. Natural gas is liquefied for transport over long distances by ship.
Biomass
Substances derived from vegetable or animal material of recent origin and used for the production of energy. Examples are wood, manure and waste from the food processing industry.
Other fuels (non-renewable)
The non-renewable part of household and industrial waste.
Hydro power
Energy produced by flowing or falling water.
Wind energy
Wind energy, total
Energy produced with wind turbines

Wind turbines can be placed on land, inland waters and off shore.

Off shore is more expensive. However, there is more wind at sea. In addition, placing off shore wind turbines is often considered less problematic from the landscape point of view.
Wind energy on shore
Wind energy on shore and inland waters.
Wind energy off shore
Energy produced with off shore wind turbines.

Off shore electricity production from wind energy started in the autumn of 2006.
Solar photovoltaic
Energy form the sun converted into electricity.
Other sources
Examples are expansion turbines (in which gases expand under high pressure, as a result of which the turbine produces electricity), (residual) steam, feed water
Imports
Electricity that enters the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom and Norway. A connection with Denmark is under construction. This will be put into operation according to plan in 2019.
Imports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Exports
Electricity that leaves the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom and Norway. A connection with Denmark is under construction. This will be put into operation according to plan in 2019.
Exports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Distribution losses
Total distribution losses, including physical losses due to the transport of electricity and administrative losses due to fraud, measurement errors and administrative deficiencies.
Net consumption (calculated)
The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.