Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Periods Gross production (mln kWh) Own consumption for electr. production (mln kWh) Net production Net production, total (mln kWh) Net production Nuclear energy (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Fuels, total (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Coal (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Oil products (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Natural gas (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Biomass (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Other fuels (non-renewable) (mln kWh) Net production Hydro power (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy, total (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy on shore (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy off shore (mln kWh) Net production Solar photovoltaic (mln kWh) Net production Other sources (mln kWh) Imports Imports, total (mln kWh) Imports Belgium (mln kWh) Imports Denmark (mln kWh) Imports Germany (mln kWh) Imports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Imports Norway (mln kWh) Exports Exports, total (mln kWh) Exports Belgium (mln kWh) Exports Denmark (mln kWh) Exports Germany (mln kWh) Exports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Exports Norway (mln kWh) Distribution losses (mln kWh) Net consumption (calculated) (mln kWh)
2020 December** 10,939 312 10,626 357 8,273 1,073 106 6,121 830 143 7 1,819 949 870 131 39 1,727 336 0 917 14 460 1,597 919 0 555 123 0 436 10,322
2021 January* 11,608 334 11,274 358 8,861 1,589 107 6,086 939 139 7 1,815 947 868 199 34 1,542 184 153 1,075 0 130 1,667 1,146 97 368 0 56 442 10,707
2021 February* 10,888 300 10,588 321 7,910 1,036 99 5,860 813 101 4 1,856 943 913 459 38 1,378 460 180 730 7 0 1,977 600 152 845 380 0 396 9,594
2021 December* 11,342 360 10,982 358 8,286 2,216 96 5,007 823 144 5 2,106 1,254 852 180 47 1,764 330 283 822 14 316 2,289 909 80 600 621 78 436 10,022
2022 January* 11,134 359 10,774 361 7,858 1,699 90 5,064 868 136 9 2,255 1,418 836 241 50 1,913 186 394 920 45 368 2,104 1,102 30 416 502 54 442 10,141
2022 February* 9,549 302 9,247 326 5,275 924 127 3,486 645 93 5 3,078 1,995 1,083 520 43 1,927 216 400 983 12 315 1,793 823 8 406 523 33 396 8,984
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows the supply of electricity. Consumption of electricity is calculated from the supply variables. The supply of electricity primarily includes production plus imports minus exports. The majority of the electricity produced is supplied to the public electricity grid by, for example, power stations and wind turbines. A smaller part is generated by companies themselves for the benefit of their own business processes. For example, many greenhouse companies generate their own electricity for the lighting of their greenhouses.

The net production is determined as gross production minus the own consumption of electricity. Own consumption is the amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production. The net production is broken down in this table into the following energy sources from which the electricity is produced: nuclear energy, coal, oil products, natural gas, biomass, other fuels (non-renewable), hydro power, wind energy, solar photovoltaic and other sources.

Imports and exports are further broken down by country of origin or destination.

The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.

Data available:
Full data per month is available from 2015. From 1936 per year and from 1976 per month only the total production, imports and exports are known.
Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including reporting year 2019 are definite. Data for 2020 are revised provisional and figures for 2021 and 2022 are provisional.

Changes as of April 29th 2022:
Provisional figures for February 2022 have been added.

Changes as of 17 of December 2021:
Figures of 2015 up to and including 2018 have been revised.
Total production per year is adjusted for approximately 200 million kWh.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: the second month after the end of the reporting period.
Revised provisional figures: not later than December of the year following the reporting year.
Definite figures: not later than December of the second following year.

Description topics

Gross production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands. This is without deduction of the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Own consumption for electr. production
The amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production.
Net production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands minus the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Net production, total
Nuclear energy
Energy released by nuclear fusion.

The energy is used to heat water, which is transformed into high pressure steam. This is used to generate electricity through a steam turbine.
Fuels
Product of which by means of combustion energy is extracted.
Fuels, total
Coal
Fossil fuel existing of carbonised rests of vegetal origin. The carbonization is a result of prolonged exposure to high temperature and pressure. Various products can be derived from coal, such as coke-oven cokes and blast furnace gas. Types of coal are anthracite, coking coal and steam coal.
Oil products
A liquid, fossil fuel consisting of chains of hydrocarbons. Crude oil is extracted from nature. In refineries, crude oil is converted into various petroleum products.
Natural gas
Gas of natural origin that mainly consists of methane. It arises from the same process that leads to the formation of petroleum. Natural gas is liquefied for transport over long distances by ship.
Biomass
Substances derived from vegetable or animal material of recent origin and used for the production of energy. Examples are wood, manure and waste from the food processing industry.
Other fuels (non-renewable)
The non-renewable part of household and industrial waste.
Hydro power
Energy produced by flowing or falling water.
Wind energy
Wind energy, total
Energy produced with wind turbines

Wind turbines can be placed on land, inland waters and off shore.

Off shore is more expensive. However, there is more wind at sea. In addition, placing off shore wind turbines is often considered less problematic from the landscape point of view.
Wind energy on shore
Wind energy on shore and inland waters.
Wind energy off shore
Energy produced with off shore wind turbines.

Off shore electricity production from wind energy started in the autumn of 2006.
Solar photovoltaic
Energy form the sun converted into electricity.
Other sources
Examples are expansion turbines (in which gases expand under high pressure, as a result of which the turbine produces electricity), (residual) steam, feed water
Imports
Electricity that enters the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Norway and Denmark.
Imports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Exports
Electricity that leaves the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom and Norway. A connection with Denmark is under construction. This will be put into operation according to plan in 2019.
Exports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Distribution losses
Total distribution losses, including physical losses due to the transport of electricity and administrative losses due to fraud, measurement errors and administrative deficiencies.
Net consumption (calculated)
The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.