Compensation of employees, employment; economic activity, National Accounts

Compensation of employees, employment; economic activity, National Accounts

Sector/branches (SIC 2008) Periods Compensation of employees Amount Wages and salaries (million euros) Compensation of employees Amount Wage costs (million euros) Compensation of employees Year-on-year change Wages and salaries (%) Compensation of employees Year-on-year change Wage costs (%) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per fte Wages per fte (1,000 euro) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per fte Wage costs per fte (1,000 euro) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per hour worked Wages per hour worked (euro) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per hour worked Wage costs per hour worked (euro) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per fte Wages per fte (%) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per fte Wage costs per fte (%) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per hour worked Wages per hour worked (%) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per hour worked Wage costs per hour worked (%)
A-U All economic activities 2021* 328,443 410,653 4.4 5.5 50.3 62.9 29.8 37.3 2.2 3.3 0.1 1.3
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2021* 3,151 3,895 4.0 5.9 36.2 44.8 19.9 24.6 2.1 3.9 2.1 3.9
01 Agriculture 2021* 2,968 3,672 3.9 5.9 35.4 43.8 19.5 24.1 2.0 3.9 2.2 4.1
02 Forestry and logging 2021* 96 122 5.4 3.6 52.0 66.2 31.7 40.4 4.2 2.5 -4.5 -6.1
03 Fishing and aquaculture 2021* 87 101 5.7 10.8 64.4 74.9 30.5 35.5 1.1 6.0 -1.4 3.4
B Mining and quarrying 2021* 600 767 -9.2 -8.9 87.8 112.2 48.1 61.5 -0.9 -0.7 -3.9 -3.6
B-E Industry (no construction), energy 2021* 41,203 51,336 3.2 4.1 54.4 67.8 31.4 39.1 3.4 4.3 1.0 1.8
C Manufacturing 2021* 36,933 45,854 3.2 4.1 53.5 66.5 31.1 38.6 3.6 4.5 1.0 1.9
10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages 2021* 6,073 7,670 3.5 4.3 52.5 66.4 30.3 38.3 3.5 4.3 3.3 4.1
13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts 2021* 558 698 3.0 8.5 45.9 57.5 26.8 33.5 2.7 8.2 1.3 6.6
16-18 Man. wood en paperprod., printing 2021* 2,018 2,494 3.3 5.3 47.0 58.1 27.4 33.9 3.4 5.4 -0.9 1.0
16 Manufacture of wood products 2021* 538 679 8.0 9.0 40.8 51.5 23.5 29.7 2.4 3.3 1.9 2.8
17 Manufacture of paper 2021* 938 1,163 3.8 5.4 55.2 68.5 32.0 39.7 4.9 6.6 -0.7 0.9
18 Printing and reproduction 2021* 542 652 -1.6 1.5 42.4 51.0 25.3 30.4 2.4 5.6 -3.6 -0.6
19 Manufacture of coke and petroleum 2021* 405 549 -3.0 -7.3 84.6 114.7 49.4 66.9 0.0 -4.3 0.1 -4.3
20 Manufacture of chemicals 2021* 3,277 3,995 3.1 -2.4 77.9 95.0 44.3 54.0 3.3 -2.2 2.9 -2.6
20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals 2021* 4,285 5,232 4.7 0.3 76.3 93.1 43.4 52.9 3.0 -1.4 2.6 -1.7
21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2021* 1,008 1,237 9.9 10.0 71.3 87.6 40.5 49.7 2.3 2.4 1.9 2.0
22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2021* 1,514 1,893 3.6 5.2 49.8 62.2 30.1 37.6 3.2 4.8 -3.1 -1.6
22-23 Man. plastics and constructionprod 2021* 2,560 3,235 3.3 4.7 50.4 63.7 29.5 37.2 3.1 4.5 -0.7 0.6
23 Manufacture of building materials 2021* 1,046 1,342 2.8 3.9 51.3 65.8 28.6 36.7 3.1 4.2 2.5 3.6
24 Manufacture of basic metals 2021* 1,234 1,562 4.5 9.8 61.9 78.3 35.2 44.5 7.0 12.5 6.2 11.7
24-25 Man. of basic metals and -products 2021* 5,080 6,384 3.1 6.2 50.7 63.7 28.8 36.2 3.7 6.8 3.2 6.2
25 Manufacture of metal products 2021* 3,846 4,822 2.7 5.1 47.9 60.1 27.3 34.2 2.8 5.1 2.3 4.7
26 Manufacture of electronic products 2021* 1,899 2,294 6.3 7.3 72.9 88.1 42.3 51.2 4.8 5.8 4.3 5.3
26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry 2021* 3,159 3,876 6.2 6.8 67.5 82.8 39.2 48.1 4.5 5.2 3.9 4.5
27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2021* 1,260 1,582 6.0 6.1 60.7 76.2 35.2 44.2 4.1 4.2 3.3 3.4
28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2021* 5,593 6,818 7.4 9.4 63.2 77.0 36.0 43.9 4.9 6.8 -1.9 -0.1
29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2021* 1,145 1,428 -11.0 0.9 53.0 66.1 32.1 40.0 -2.1 11.0 -23.1 -12.8
29-30 Transport equipment 2021* 2,074 2,527 -6.1 3.0 54.4 66.3 32.0 39.0 -0.1 9.7 -12.7 -4.1
30 Manufacture of other transport 2021* 929 1,099 0.7 6.0 56.3 66.6 32.0 37.9 2.4 7.8 1.8 7.1
31-33 Other manufacturing and repair 2021* 5,128 6,371 0.5 -1.2 38.4 47.7 23.0 28.6 2.9 1.2 1.6 0.0
31-32 Manufacture of furniture; other 2021* 3,234 4,063 1.7 1.8 33.5 42.1 20.7 26.0 4.0 4.1 2.8 2.9
33 Repair and installation of machinery 2021* 1,894 2,308 -1.6 -6.1 51.1 62.2 28.5 34.7 1.2 -3.4 -0.1 -4.7
D Energy supply 2021* 1,912 2,413 6.4 6.6 72.2 91.1 40.2 50.7 3.7 3.9 2.2 2.4
35 Energy supply 2021* 1,912 2,413 6.4 6.6 72.2 91.1 40.2 50.7 3.7 3.9 2.2 2.4
E Water supply and waste management 2021* 1,758 2,302 4.8 5.8 51.2 67.1 27.8 36.3 1.6 2.6 1.7 2.7
36 Water collection and distribution 2021* 302 397 3.2 4.4 58.5 76.9 35.8 47.0 0.1 1.3 -0.7 0.4
37-39 Sewerage and waste treatment 2021* 1,456 1,905 5.1 6.1 49.9 65.3 26.5 34.7 1.9 2.9 2.1 3.1
F Construction 2021* 16,000 20,310 4.5 4.8 51.2 65.0 28.9 36.6 2.4 2.7 -1.9 -1.5
41 Construction buildings, development 2021* 4,733 5,993 4.9 4.9 54.9 69.5 31.6 40.0 2.6 2.6 0.5 0.5
42 Civil engineering 2021* 2,864 3,605 2.5 2.1 59.7 75.2 32.3 40.7 2.6 2.2 2.9 2.5
43 Specialised construction activities 2021* 8,403 10,712 4.9 5.7 47.1 60.1 26.6 33.9 2.3 3.1 -4.3 -3.5
G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering 2021* 64,683 78,280 3.8 5.7 42.7 51.7 25.0 30.3 2.7 4.6 -0.9 0.9
G Wholesale and retail trade 2021* 42,194 52,071 4.6 6.2 43.1 53.2 25.3 31.3 3.0 4.6 1.6 3.1
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2021* 4,340 5,362 5.4 7.4 43.3 53.5 25.1 31.1 4.9 6.9 0.3 2.2
46 Wholesale trade (no motor vehicles) 2021* 24,748 30,401 5.1 6.8 55.0 67.6 31.3 38.5 2.7 4.3 2.1 3.7
47 Retail trade (not in motor vehicles) 2021* 13,106 16,308 3.5 4.7 30.6 38.0 18.7 23.2 2.5 3.7 1.0 2.2
H Transportation and storage 2021* 16,322 20,170 3.9 5.9 50.0 61.7 27.6 34.1 2.1 4.0 -2.1 -0.2
49 Land transport 2021* 7,268 9,386 4.3 5.4 45.2 58.4 23.8 30.7 2.0 3.1 -1.9 -0.8
50 Water transport 2021* 827 959 0.4 1.8 57.7 66.9 32.9 38.1 2.3 3.7 -4.5 -3.2
51 Air transport 2021* 1,638 1,486 -8.0 0.3 82.6 74.9 55.8 50.6 4.5 13.9 -13.6 -5.8
52 Warehousing, services for transport 2021* 5,287 6,654 6.2 7.3 54.7 68.8 31.0 39.0 3.1 4.1 0.5 1.5
53 Postal and courier activities 2021* 1,302 1,685 11.4 10.1 37.1 48.0 21.6 28.0 4.8 3.6 4.8 3.6
I Accommodation and food serving 2021* 6,167 6,039 -1.7 1.0 29.5 28.9 18.8 18.4 0.4 3.3 -12.1 -9.6
J Information and communication 2021* 18,981 22,704 10.4 12.0 69.2 82.8 39.5 47.2 5.2 6.8 5.5 7.0
58 Publishing 2021* 1,163 1,415 1.5 3.3 60.9 74.1 36.3 44.2 3.7 5.4 3.6 5.4
58-60 Publishing, movie, radio and TV 2021* 2,269 2,736 3.8 6.4 60.2 72.7 35.3 42.6 2.6 5.2 2.4 5.1
59-60 Movies, TV and radio 2021* 1,106 1,321 6.2 10.0 59.6 71.2 34.3 41.0 1.5 5.2 1.4 5.0
61 Telecommunications 2021* 1,744 2,149 -0.5 -0.2 70.5 86.8 40.1 49.4 0.1 0.4 -0.3 0.1
62-63 IT- and information services 2021* 14,968 17,819 12.9 14.6 70.6 84.1 40.1 47.8 6.2 7.8 6.7 8.3
K Financial institutions 2021* 15,384 19,769 6.2 7.2 80.2 103.1 46.7 60.0 3.4 4.4 3.1 4.1
64 Financial institutions, no insurance 2021* 8,110 10,373 5.8 6.7 86.3 110.3 50.1 64.1 2.6 3.4 1.9 2.7
65 Insurance and pension funding 2021* 3,918 5,234 0.9 3.4 74.7 99.9 44.7 59.7 1.4 3.9 2.7 5.2
66 Other financial services 2021* 3,356 4,162 14.0 13.7 74.0 91.7 42.1 52.2 8.0 7.8 7.0 6.8
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2021* 3,283 4,125 4.0 3.0 57.2 71.8 34.1 42.8 1.8 0.8 1.5 0.5
68 Renting, buying, selling real estate 2021* 3,283 4,125 4.0 3.0 57.2 71.8 34.1 42.8 1.8 0.8 1.5 0.5
M-N Business services 2021* 60,029 73,117 5.3 6.6 48.8 59.4 27.6 33.6 2.4 3.6 0.8 2.0
M Other specialised business services 2021* 34,509 41,814 4.8 4.8 67.4 81.6 38.3 46.5 2.7 2.7 2.2 2.3
69-70 Legal and management consultancy 2021* 21,933 26,760 4.1 3.1 74.1 90.5 42.1 51.4 2.5 1.6 2.4 1.4
69-71 Management, technical consultancy 2021* 28,406 34,536 4.1 3.6 70.0 85.1 39.7 48.2 2.5 2.0 2.2 1.7
71 Architects, technical services etc. 2021* 6,473 7,776 4.4 5.5 58.9 70.7 33.1 39.8 2.4 3.5 1.9 3.0
72 Research and development 2021* 2,739 3,293 9.5 10.9 66.1 79.5 38.2 45.9 2.5 3.9 2.2 3.6
73 Advertising and market research 2021* 1,860 2,183 3.5 8.1 53.2 62.5 30.3 35.5 4.7 9.3 4.5 9.1
73-75 Advertising, design and other 2021* 3,364 3,985 6.3 10.4 51.7 61.2 29.9 35.4 4.6 8.7 2.7 6.7
74-75 Other specialised services 2021* 1,504 1,802 9.9 13.5 49.9 59.8 29.4 35.2 4.6 8.0 0.4 3.7
N Renting and other business support 2021* 25,520 31,303 6.1 9.0 35.6 43.6 20.0 24.6 2.6 5.4 0.2 3.0
77 Renting and leasing of tangible goods 2021* 1,512 1,841 2.1 2.5 51.2 62.3 28.3 34.4 4.1 4.5 1.7 2.1
78 Employment activities 2021* 17,140 21,163 7.4 10.7 33.6 41.5 18.7 23.0 2.2 5.3 1.6 4.8
79 Travel agencies, tour operators etc 2021* 918 941 -8.6 6.0 67.8 69.5 34.0 34.8 16.1 34.7 -6.0 9.0
80-82 Security, other business services 2021* 5,950 7,358 6.1 6.4 36.2 44.8 21.6 26.7 3.9 4.2 -2.4 -2.1
O-Q Government and care 2021* 96,916 126,904 3.4 4.5 50.8 66.5 32.2 42.2 0.0 1.1 -1.1 -0.1
O Public administration and services 2021* 28,162 38,199 4.6 4.3 57.1 77.5 34.7 47.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.5
84 Public administration and services 2021* 28,162 38,199 4.6 4.3 57.1 77.5 34.7 47.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.5
P Education 2021* 22,151 29,229 4.1 4.3 53.2 70.2 33.6 44.3 0.0 0.3 -2.1 -1.9
85 Education 2021* 22,151 29,229 4.1 4.3 53.2 70.2 33.6 44.3 0.0 0.3 -2.1 -1.9
Q Health and social work activities 2021* 46,603 59,476 2.3 4.6 46.6 59.5 30.3 38.7 -0.6 1.6 -1.8 0.4
86 Human health activities 2021* 23,790 29,943 1.4 4.4 54.6 68.7 34.5 43.5 -0.9 2.1 -1.7 1.2
87-88 Care and social work 2021* 22,813 29,533 3.3 4.9 40.5 52.4 26.9 34.9 -0.2 1.3 -1.6 -0.1
R-U Culture, recreation, other services 2021* 8,813 10,213 3.0 4.1 45.3 52.5 27.9 32.4 3.0 4.0 0.1 1.0
R Culture, sports and recreation 2021* 3,515 3,873 2.2 4.3 44.9 49.5 29.0 32.0 3.4 5.4 -3.1 -1.2
90-92 Arts, culture and lotteries 2021* 1,821 2,029 1.9 3.5 47.2 52.6 31.7 35.4 3.1 4.6 -7.4 -6.0
93 Sports and recreation 2021* 1,694 1,844 2.6 5.2 42.7 46.5 26.6 28.9 3.7 6.3 0.9 3.4
S Other service activities 2021* 4,330 5,359 2.1 3.2 46.2 57.2 27.9 34.5 2.8 3.9 2.2 3.3
94 Membership organisations 2021* 2,978 3,789 2.9 3.5 56.0 71.2 33.9 43.1 2.1 2.7 1.9 2.5
95 Repair computers and consumergoods 2021* 151 189 -0.9 1.8 36.5 45.6 20.9 26.1 1.5 4.3 1.8 4.6
96 Other personal services 2021* 1,201 1,381 0.7 2.6 33.1 38.1 19.9 22.9 3.4 5.3 2.0 3.9
T Activities of households 2021* 968 981 10.8 7.9 42.8 43.4 24.8 25.2 3.2 0.5 2.5 -0.1
U Extraterritorial organisations 2021* . . . . . . . . . . . .
99 Extraterritorial organisations 2021* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides annual data about the compensation of employees, the wage costs and the labour volume of employees. Compensation of employees is classified in wages and salaries and employers' social contributions. The wage costs are the total of wages, social contributions paid by employers and taxes on wage costs minus wage cost subsidies. The labour volume is given in jobs (by sex and by full-time or part-time), full-time equivalent (fte), hours paid, hours agreed and hours worked. The table additionally provides the compensation of employees, wages and salaries and wage costs related to full-time equivalents and hours worked.

Data available from: 1995

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2020 are final. Data over 2021 are provisional.

Changes as of June 24th 2022:
Data of 2021 have been added. Data of 2020 have been revised.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Compensation of employees
Compensation of employees is the total remuneration paid by employers to their employees in return for work done. Compensation of employees is classified in wages and salaries and employers' social contributions.
Amount
Wages and salaries
Wages and salaries include income taxes and employees' social contributions even if they are actually withheld by the employer and paid directly to tax authorities, social security schemes and pension schemes. Besides wages that are periodically and directly paid to employees, wages and salaries also contain wages in kind and holiday allowances. Furthermore, certain refunds for costs made by the employee are included as well.
Wage costs
The total of wages, social contributions paid by employers and taxes on wage costs minus wage cost subsidies.
Year-on-year change
%-change with respect to the previous year
Wages and salaries
Wages and salaries include income taxes and employees' social contributions even if they are actually withheld by the employer and paid directly to tax authorities, social security schemes and pension schemes. Besides wages that are periodically and directly paid to employees, wages and salaries also contain wages in kind and holiday allowances. Furthermore, certain refunds for costs made by the employee are included as well.
Wage costs
The total of wages, social contributions paid by employers and taxes on wage costs minus wage cost subsidies.
Compensation per labour volume
Compensation of employees per labour volume.
Amount
Compensation per fte
Compensation of employees per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wages per fte
Wages and salaries per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wage costs per fte
Wage costs per full-time equivalent (fte).
Compensation per hour worked
Compensation of employees per hour worked.
Wages per hour worked
Wages and salaries per hour worked.
Wage costs per hour worked
Wage costs per hour worked.
Year-on-year change
%-change with respect to the previous year
Compensation per fte
Compensation of employees per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wages per fte
Wages and salaries per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wage costs per fte
Wage costs per full-time equivalent (fte).
Compensation per hour worked
Compensation of employees per hour worked.
Wages per hour worked
Wages and salaries per hour worked.
Wage costs per hour worked
Wage costs per hour worked.