Compensation of employees, employment; economic activity, National Accounts

Compensation of employees, employment; economic activity, National Accounts

Sector/branches (SIC 2008) Periods Compensation of employees Amount Wages and salaries (million euros) Compensation of employees Amount Wage costs (million euros) Compensation of employees Year-on-year change Wages and salaries (%) Compensation of employees Year-on-year change Wage costs (%) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per fte Wages per fte (1,000 euro) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per fte Wage costs per fte (1,000 euro) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per hour worked Wages per hour worked (euro) Compensation per labour volume Amount Compensation per hour worked Wage costs per hour worked (euro) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per fte Wages per fte (%) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per fte Wage costs per fte (%) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per hour worked Wages per hour worked (%) Compensation per labour volume Year-on-year change Compensation per hour worked Wage costs per hour worked (%)
A-U All economic activities 2020* 314,766 385,532 3.4 -0.4 49.0 60.1 29.7 36.4 3.3 -0.4 7.0 3.1
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2020* 3,006 3,645 3.5 1.1 35.0 42.4 19.3 23.4 0.3 -2.0 1.8 -0.5
01 Agriculture 2020* 2,836 3,443 3.5 1.2 34.2 41.6 18.9 22.9 0.2 -2.0 1.7 -0.5
02 Forestry and logging 2020* 88 112 2.0 0.1 47.8 60.8 29.5 37.5 0.6 -1.2 1.8 0.0
03 Fishing and aquaculture 2020* 82 90 7.9 -1.0 63.7 70.0 30.8 33.8 3.9 -4.7 6.4 -2.4
B Mining and quarrying 2020* 661 843 -1.3 4.4 88.2 112.4 49.4 62.9 -0.5 5.2 5.3 11.3
B-E Industry (no construction), energy 2020* 39,731 48,428 1.4 -1.9 52.5 64.0 31.0 37.7 1.8 -1.4 5.4 2.0
C Manufacturing 2020* 35,608 43,155 1.3 -2.4 51.6 62.5 30.6 37.1 1.9 -1.8 5.6 1.8
10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages 2020* 5,612 6,983 -0.8 -3.0 50.0 62.2 28.8 35.9 -0.1 -2.3 1.4 -0.7
13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts 2020* 577 651 6.2 -6.2 45.1 50.9 26.8 30.3 2.2 -9.8 4.4 -7.8
16-18 Man. wood en paperprod., printing 2020* 1,927 2,294 -0.8 -6.6 45.3 53.9 27.3 32.6 0.5 -5.4 4.6 -1.6
16 Manufacture of wood products 2020* 500 617 6.7 3.6 39.9 49.2 23.0 28.4 1.5 -1.4 2.5 -0.5
17 Manufacture of paper 2020* 901 1,097 -0.8 -4.3 52.5 63.9 31.8 38.7 0.4 -3.2 5.7 2.0
18 Printing and reproduction 2020* 526 580 -7.0 -19.0 40.9 45.0 25.8 28.4 -0.1 -12.9 5.8 -7.8
19 Manufacture of coke and petroleum 2020* 450 634 -3.3 9.0 85.4 120.2 49.7 70.0 -1.9 10.6 -1.4 11.2
20 Manufacture of chemicals 2020* 3,183 4,051 -0.5 2.4 75.5 96.1 42.9 54.6 0.7 3.6 1.2 4.1
20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals 2020* 4,098 5,174 1.7 3.8 74.1 93.5 42.2 53.2 1.1 3.2 1.5 3.6
21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2020* 915 1,123 10.1 9.2 69.5 85.3 39.7 48.7 3.4 2.6 3.4 2.6
22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2020* 1,465 1,763 2.5 -3.0 48.3 58.1 31.0 37.3 1.7 -3.8 14.9 8.6
22-23 Man. plastics and constructionprod 2020* 2,493 3,054 2.9 -1.6 49.0 60.1 29.6 36.3 1.9 -2.6 9.7 4.9
23 Manufacture of building materials 2020* 1,028 1,291 3.5 0.5 50.1 62.9 27.9 35.0 2.1 -0.8 3.0 0.1
24 Manufacture of basic metals 2020* 1,186 1,405 -3.4 -9.1 57.8 68.5 32.9 39.0 -0.5 -6.3 1.5 -4.5
24-25 Man. of basic metals and -products 2020* 4,930 5,972 1.3 -3.3 48.9 59.2 27.8 33.7 1.8 -2.9 3.2 -1.5
25 Manufacture of metal products 2020* 3,744 4,567 2.9 -1.4 46.6 56.9 26.5 32.3 2.7 -1.6 4.0 -0.4
26 Manufacture of electronic products 2020* 1,753 2,037 0.7 -3.0 70.4 81.8 40.9 47.6 3.3 -0.5 4.3 0.5
26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry 2020* 3,011 3,562 3.1 -0.3 64.7 76.5 37.6 44.5 2.3 -1.1 3.8 0.4
27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2020* 1,258 1,525 6.5 3.4 58.1 70.4 33.8 41.0 1.7 -1.3 3.8 0.8
28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2020* 5,187 6,063 4.6 0.2 60.3 70.5 36.4 42.6 2.1 -2.2 10.5 5.9
29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2020* 1,286 1,462 4.1 -6.1 54.0 61.4 41.1 46.7 7.9 -2.6 41.0 27.3
29-30 Transport equipment 2020* 2,209 2,536 2.4 -6.0 54.5 62.5 36.4 41.8 5.3 -3.4 22.8 12.7
30 Manufacture of other transport 2020* 923 1,074 0.2 -6.0 55.1 64.1 31.4 36.5 1.8 -4.5 3.5 -2.9
31-33 Other manufacturing and repair 2020* 5,114 6,232 -1.1 -6.7 37.3 45.5 22.6 27.6 2.1 -3.7 4.2 -1.7
31-32 Manufacture of furniture; other 2020* 3,183 3,915 -0.7 -4.7 32.3 39.7 20.2 24.8 2.5 -1.6 4.1 -0.1
33 Repair and installation of machinery 2020* 1,931 2,317 -1.8 -9.9 50.3 60.4 28.3 34.0 1.4 -7.0 4.6 -4.1
D Energy supply 2020* 1,788 2,262 2.6 2.9 69.0 87.3 40.0 50.5 1.2 1.5 3.1 3.4
35 Energy supply 2020* 1,788 2,262 2.6 2.9 69.0 87.3 40.0 50.5 1.2 1.5 3.1 3.4
E Water supply and waste management 2020* 1,674 2,168 2.4 1.0 50.3 65.2 27.1 35.1 1.5 0.2 2.1 0.8
36 Water collection and distribution 2020* 292 382 3.4 4.3 58.4 76.4 36.1 47.2 1.8 2.7 2.0 2.9
37-39 Sewerage and waste treatment 2020* 1,382 1,786 2.1 0.3 48.9 63.2 25.7 33.2 1.4 -0.4 2.1 0.3
F Construction 2020* 15,322 19,278 4.0 2.1 50.0 62.9 29.5 37.1 2.0 0.1 8.6 6.7
41 Construction buildings, development 2020* 4,566 5,773 5.2 3.4 53.5 67.7 31.5 39.8 2.6 0.9 7.1 5.3
42 Civil engineering 2020* 2,754 3,441 -0.9 -2.0 58.0 72.4 31.8 39.7 0.6 -0.6 3.8 2.6
43 Specialised construction activities 2020* 8,002 10,064 5.1 2.8 46.1 58.0 27.8 35.0 2.3 0.2 11.1 8.7
G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering 2020* 62,257 72,479 0.4 -6.6 41.3 48.1 25.2 29.3 1.2 -5.9 8.7 1.1
G Wholesale and retail trade 2020* 40,196 48,297 2.0 -1.9 41.5 49.8 24.9 29.9 0.9 -3.0 5.5 1.5
45 Sale and repair of motor vehicles 2020* 4,122 4,829 1.1 -6.3 41.3 48.4 25.0 29.3 2.1 -5.3 8.7 0.8
46 Wholesale trade (no motor vehicles) 2020* 23,397 27,880 1.8 -2.4 53.0 63.1 30.4 36.3 0.9 -3.3 3.1 -1.2
47 Retail trade (not in motor vehicles) 2020* 12,677 15,588 2.8 0.6 29.7 36.5 18.6 22.8 0.8 -1.3 7.8 5.6
H Transportation and storage 2020* 15,809 18,672 0.4 -7.9 49.0 57.9 28.1 33.2 1.0 -7.3 7.5 -1.4
49 Land transport 2020* 6,835 8,342 -4.0 -10.0 44.7 54.5 24.0 29.3 0.0 -6.3 6.2 -0.5
50 Water transport 2020* 825 925 4.3 -1.2 56.3 63.2 34.2 38.4 3.1 -2.3 12.4 6.5
51 Air transport 2020* 1,806 1,566 -1.4 -32.9 76.6 66.4 64.9 56.2 0.5 -31.6 39.5 -5.0
52 Warehousing, services for transport 2020* 4,985 6,115 3.1 -1.3 53.0 65.0 30.8 37.7 1.1 -3.3 3.9 -0.6
53 Postal and courier activities 2020* 1,358 1,724 15.7 11.7 36.5 46.3 21.4 27.1 7.4 3.7 7.0 3.3
I Accommodation and food serving 2020* 6,252 5,510 -8.7 -32.2 29.1 25.7 21.2 18.6 0.0 -25.8 24.9 -7.3
J Information and communication 2020* 17,230 20,224 5.5 2.5 65.6 77.1 37.4 43.9 2.0 -1.0 2.1 -0.8
58 Publishing 2020* 1,148 1,363 1.2 -2.5 58.8 69.8 35.2 41.8 3.8 0.0 3.8 0.0
58-60 Publishing, movie, radio and TV 2020* 2,183 2,538 1.9 -3.8 58.6 68.2 34.5 40.1 4.2 -1.6 4.4 -1.4
59-60 Movies, TV and radio 2020* 1,035 1,175 2.6 -5.3 58.5 66.3 33.7 38.3 4.6 -3.4 5.1 -3.0
61 Telecommunications 2020* 1,750 2,146 -3.1 -5.0 69.7 85.4 40.2 49.3 0.1 -1.8 0.6 -1.4
62-63 IT- and information services 2020* 13,297 15,540 7.4 4.7 66.4 77.7 37.6 43.9 1.8 -0.7 1.9 -0.6
K Financial institutions 2020* 14,695 18,519 5.7 5.0 77.0 97.0 45.2 56.9 1.4 0.7 2.2 1.5
64 Financial institutions, no insurance 2020* 7,772 9,675 5.0 3.4 85.0 105.9 49.9 62.1 2.1 0.6 2.6 1.0
65 Insurance and pension funding 2020* 3,946 5,128 6.5 7.2 72.4 94.1 43.1 56.1 0.6 1.2 1.7 2.3
66 Other financial services 2020* 2,977 3,716 6.4 6.3 66.1 82.5 38.1 47.6 1.2 1.1 2.4 2.3
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2020* 3,170 3,998 4.7 2.9 56.3 71.1 33.7 42.6 2.9 1.1 3.3 1.4
68 Renting, buying, selling real estate 2020* 3,170 3,998 4.7 2.9 56.3 71.1 33.7 42.6 2.9 1.1 3.3 1.4
M-N Business services 2020* 56,809 67,543 -1.7 -5.2 47.0 55.9 27.1 32.2 2.9 -0.8 4.8 1.0
M Other specialised business services 2020* 32,633 39,037 2.2 0.1 65.6 78.4 37.4 44.8 1.2 -0.9 2.0 -0.1
69-70 Legal and management consultancy 2020* 20,802 25,263 1.2 0.4 72.6 88.1 41.3 50.2 1.2 0.5 1.4 0.7
69-71 Management, technical consultancy 2020* 27,026 32,571 1.8 0.4 68.4 82.4 38.8 46.8 1.1 -0.2 1.4 0.1
71 Architects, technical services etc. 2020* 6,224 7,308 3.8 0.4 57.4 67.4 32.3 37.9 1.1 -2.2 1.8 -1.5
72 Research and development 2020* 2,410 2,868 5.4 3.1 64.1 76.2 37.2 44.2 0.6 -1.6 0.8 -1.4
73 Advertising and market research 2020* 1,796 1,984 1.1 -9.3 50.6 55.9 28.8 31.8 3.1 -7.4 3.8 -6.8
73-75 Advertising, design and other 2020* 3,197 3,598 3.2 -5.4 49.2 55.4 28.9 32.5 2.9 -5.7 6.7 -2.2
74-75 Other specialised services 2020* 1,401 1,614 6.0 -0.3 47.5 54.7 29.0 33.4 2.8 -3.3 10.5 4.0
N Renting and other business support 2020* 24,176 28,506 -6.5 -11.6 34.1 40.1 19.8 23.3 1.6 -4.0 4.2 -1.5
77 Renting and leasing of tangible goods 2020* 1,721 2,067 15.4 8.7 52.2 62.7 29.6 35.6 8.4 2.0 11.7 5.2
78 Employment activities 2020* 15,863 18,707 -10.5 -14.9 31.9 37.6 18.0 21.2 0.9 -4.1 1.3 -3.7
79 Travel agencies, tour operators etc 2020* 987 940 -5.0 -24.8 57.6 54.8 36.9 35.1 6.4 -15.8 17.3 -7.2
80-82 Security, other business services 2020* 5,605 6,792 -0.1 -4.7 34.5 41.8 21.9 26.6 -1.2 -5.7 7.7 2.7
O-Q Government and care 2020* 93,990 121,872 9.1 6.3 50.8 65.9 32.7 42.4 6.2 3.4 7.6 4.8
O Public administration and services 2020* 26,930 36,693 7.0 5.1 56.5 77.0 34.5 47.0 3.8 2.0 3.7 1.8
84 Public administration and services 2020* 26,930 36,693 7.0 5.1 56.5 77.0 34.5 47.0 3.8 2.0 3.7 1.8
P Education 2020* 21,334 28,064 7.5 5.7 53.3 70.1 34.5 45.3 5.8 4.0 7.3 5.5
85 Education 2020* 21,334 28,064 7.5 5.7 53.3 70.1 34.5 45.3 5.8 4.0 7.3 5.5
Q Health and social work activities 2020* 45,726 57,115 11.1 7.4 47.0 58.7 31.1 38.8 7.8 4.2 10.1 6.4
86 Human health activities 2020* 23,391 28,555 12.2 7.4 55.3 67.6 35.4 43.2 9.3 4.7 10.7 6.0
87-88 Care and social work 2020* 22,335 28,560 10.0 7.4 40.6 51.9 27.6 35.3 6.3 3.8 9.3 6.7
R-U Culture, recreation, other services 2020* 8,556 9,546 1.4 -8.5 43.9 49.0 27.9 31.1 2.5 -7.5 10.0 -0.8
R Culture, sports and recreation 2020* 3,441 3,527 -2.4 -19.6 43.4 44.5 29.8 30.6 1.8 -16.1 18.6 -2.3
90-92 Arts, culture and lotteries 2020* 1,791 1,868 -0.6 -18.6 45.8 47.8 34.3 35.8 1.6 -16.7 27.3 4.3
93 Sports and recreation 2020* 1,650 1,659 -4.3 -20.7 41.0 41.3 26.1 26.2 1.7 -15.7 11.1 -8.0
S Other service activities 2020* 4,248 5,105 2.6 -2.5 44.9 53.9 27.2 32.7 3.1 -2.1 5.3 0.0
94 Membership organisations 2020* 2,911 3,647 4.5 2.5 54.9 68.7 33.4 41.9 2.6 0.6 3.3 1.3
95 Repair computers and consumergoods 2020* 148 173 -3.7 -10.3 35.3 41.2 20.1 23.4 -1.0 -7.7 -0.6 -7.3
96 Other personal services 2020* 1,189 1,285 -1.0 -13.6 31.8 34.4 19.4 20.9 2.5 -10.5 6.7 -6.8
T Activities of households 2020* 867 914 12.5 12.9 41.3 43.5 24.5 25.8 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
U Extraterritorial organisations 2020* . . . . . . . . . . . .
99 Extraterritorial organisations 2020* . . . . . . . . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides annual data about the compensation of employees, the wage costs and the labour volume of employees. Compensation of employees is classified in wages and salaries and employers' social contributions. The wage costs are the total of wages, social contributions paid by employers and taxes on wage costs minus wage cost subsidies. The labour volume is given in jobs (by sex and by full-time or part-time), full-time equivalent (fte), hours paid, hours agreed and hours worked. The table additionally provides the compensation of employees, wages and salaries and wage costs related to full-time equivalents and hours worked.

Data available from: 1995

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2019 are final. Data over 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of June 24th 2021:
Data of 2020 have been added. Data of 2019 have been revised.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Compensation of employees
Compensation of employees is the total remuneration paid by employers to their employees in return for work done. Compensation of employees is classified in wages and salaries and employers' social contributions.
Amount
Wages and salaries
Wages and salaries include income taxes and employees' social contributions even if they are actually withheld by the employer and paid directly to tax authorities, social security schemes and pension schemes. Besides wages that are periodically and directly paid to employees, wages and salaries also contain wages in kind and holiday allowances. Furthermore, certain refunds for costs made by the employee are included as well.
Wage costs
The total of wages, social contributions paid by employers and taxes on wage costs minus wage cost subsidies.
Year-on-year change
%-change with respect to the previous year
Wages and salaries
Wages and salaries include income taxes and employees' social contributions even if they are actually withheld by the employer and paid directly to tax authorities, social security schemes and pension schemes. Besides wages that are periodically and directly paid to employees, wages and salaries also contain wages in kind and holiday allowances. Furthermore, certain refunds for costs made by the employee are included as well.
Wage costs
The total of wages, social contributions paid by employers and taxes on wage costs minus wage cost subsidies.
Compensation per labour volume
Compensation of employees per labour volume.
Amount
Compensation per fte
Compensation of employees per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wages per fte
Wages and salaries per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wage costs per fte
Wage costs per full-time equivalent (fte).
Compensation per hour worked
Compensation of employees per hour worked.
Wages per hour worked
Wages and salaries per hour worked.
Wage costs per hour worked
Wage costs per hour worked.
Year-on-year change
%-change with respect to the previous year
Compensation per fte
Compensation of employees per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wages per fte
Wages and salaries per full-time equivalent (fte).
Wage costs per fte
Wage costs per full-time equivalent (fte).
Compensation per hour worked
Compensation of employees per hour worked.
Wages per hour worked
Wages and salaries per hour worked.
Wage costs per hour worked
Wage costs per hour worked.