Government Finance Statistics; key figures

Dataset is not available.


This table contains information on the finances of the general government sector. The terms and definitions used are in accordance with the framework of the National Accounts. The National Accounts are based on the international definitions of the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010). Small temporary differences with publications of the National Accounts may occur due to the fact that the government finance statistics are sometimes more up to date.

In this publication there are differences between the national accounts and government finance statistics in 2021. The national accounts will be aligned with government finance statistics on 24 June 2024.

Data available from:
Yearly figures from 1995, quarterly figures from 1999.

Status of the figures:
The figures for the period 1995-2020 are final. The quarterly figures for 2021 are provisional. The annual figures for 2021 are final. The figures for 2022 and 2023 are provisional.

Changes as of 19 June 2024:
The natural gas revenues have been adjusted for the period 2017 to 2023. A different definition of natural gas revenues was used for the years 2020-2023 compared to the years prior to 2020, because of this the figures were not comparable across the years. With the current change, the later years have been adjusted to align with the earlier definition. Furthermore, some mistakes in the calculation have been corrected for the period 2017-2019.

Changes as of 25 March 2024:
Figures on the fourth quarter of 2023 and annual figures on 2023 are available. The figures for the first three quarters of 2023 have been adjusted.
(Seasonal adjusted) government revenue, (seasonal adjusted) government expenditure and (seasonal adjusted) balance of general government have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
Initial quarterly figures are published three months after the end of the quarter. In September the figures on the first quarter are revised, in December the figures on the second quarter are revised and in March the first three quarters are revised. Yearly figures are published for the first time three months after the end of the year concerned. Yearly figures are revised two times: 6 and 18 months after the end of the year. Please note that there is a possibility that adjustments might take place at the end of March or September, in order to provide the European Commission with the latest figures. Revised yearly figures are published in June each year. Quarterly figures are aligned to revised years at the end of June. More information on the revision policy of National Accounts can be found under 'relevant articles' under paragraph 3.

Description topics

Key figures (million euros)
Some important figures on government finance statistics.
Balance of the general government sector
Balance of revenue and expenditure of the general government sector. In national accounts it equals net lending/net borrowing of the general government sector. The balance of the general government sector is often presented as percentage of GDP.

The balance of the general government sector (or EMU-balance) is an element of the Stability and Growth Pact. A positive figure indicates a surplus, a negative figure indicates a deficit.
Final consumption of general government
Expenditure incurred by the general government sector on goods or services that are used for the direct satisfaction of individual needs or wants or the collective needs of members of the community.

Final consumption expenditure by general government includes two categories of expenditures:
(a) the value of the goods and services produced by general government itself other than own-account capital formation, market output and payments for non-market output or sales of goods and services. Consumption of typical services of government, like defence, safety and education, belong to this category;
(b) purchases by general government of goods and services produced by market producers that are supplied to households, without any transformation, as social transfers in kind. General government pays for these goods and services that the sellers provide to households.
Key figures (% of GDP)
Some important figures on government finance statistics, presented as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP).

The gross domestic product (market value) is the result of the productive activities of residential production units. It equals the added value (basic prices) of all industries, completed with some transactions that cannot be attributed to industries.
Balance of the general government sector
Balance of revenue and expenditure of the general government sector, presented as percentage of GDP. In the national accounts it equals net lending/net borrowing of the general government sector.

The balance of the general government sector (or EMU-balance) is an element of the Stability and Growth Pact. A positive figure indicates a surplus, a negative figure indicates a deficit.

Quarterly balance of the general government sector as a percentage of GDP is a progressive yearly total. It is calculated as the sum of the balance of the quarter considered plus three preceding quarters, divided by the sum of GDP of the quarter considered plus three preceding quarters. The figure for the fourth quarter equals the yearly figure.
Final consumption of general government
Final consumption of general government, presented as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP).

Expenditure incurred by the general government sector on goods or services that are used for the direct satisfaction of individual needs or wants or the collective needs of members of the community.

Final consumption expenditure by general government includes two categories of expenditures:
(a) the value of the goods and services produced by general government itself other than own-account capital formation, market output and payments for non-market output or sales of goods and services. Consumption of typical services of government, like defence, safety and education, belong to this category;
(b) purchases by general government of goods and services produced by market producers that are supplied to households, without any transformation, as social transfers in kind. General government pays for these goods and services that the sellers provide to households.

Quarterly final consumption of general government as a percentage of GDP is a progressive yearly total. It is calculated as the sum of the final consumption of the quarter considered plus three preceding quarters, divided by the sum of GDP of the quarter considered plus three preceding quarters. The figure for the fourth quarter equals the yearly figure.