Income distribution of households; National Accounts

Income distribution of households; National Accounts

Characteristics of households Periods Total amount Resources Compensation of employees Employers' social contributions (million euros) Total amount Resources Social contributions and benefits Total (million euros) Total amount Resources Social contributions and benefits Employers' imputed social contributions (million euros) Total amount Resources Social contributions and benefits Social benefits in cash Total (million euros) Total amount Resources Social contributions and benefits Social benefits in cash Social sec. non-pension benefits in cash (million euros) Total amount Resources Social contributions and benefits Social benefits in cash Other social insurance benefits (million euros) Total amount Resources Social contributions and benefits Social benefits in cash Social assistance benefits in cash (million euros) Total amount Resources Social transfers in kind (million euros) Total amount Uses Social contributions and benefits Total (million euros) Total amount Uses Social contributions and benefits Other social insurance benefits (million euros) Total amount Uses Social contributions and benefits Net social contributions Total (million euros) Total amount Uses Social contributions and benefits Net social contributions Employers' actual social contributions (million euros) Total amount Uses Social contributions and benefits Net social contributions Employers' imputed social contributions (million euros) Total amount Uses Social contributions and benefits Net social contributions Households' actual social contributions (million euros)
Total 2019* 82,460 136,034 353 135,681 54,987 56,877 23,817 142,357 190,730 353 190,377 67,689 14,771 80,073
Disposable income: 1st 20%-group 2019* 1,697 21,385 5 21,380 10,137 1,817 9,426 29,227 9,823 5 9,818 1,393 304 7,024
Disposable income: 2nd 20%-group 2019* 6,298 30,680 14 30,666 15,971 7,889 6,806 31,004 18,347 14 18,333 5,170 1,128 9,965
Disposable income: 3rd 20%-group 2019* 15,632 28,802 27 28,775 12,650 12,634 3,491 29,766 35,474 27 35,447 12,832 2,800 15,035
Disposable income: 4th 20%-group 2019* 25,246 27,628 52 27,576 9,285 15,806 2,485 27,794 53,329 52 53,277 20,724 4,522 20,422
Disposable income: 5th 20%-group 2019* 33,587 27,539 255 27,284 6,944 18,731 1,609 24,566 73,757 255 73,502 27,570 6,017 27,627
Type: Single man 2019* 8,269 16,473 34 16,439 6,727 6,188 3,524 11,140 19,904 34 19,870 6,788 1,481 9,143
Type: Single woman 2019* 5,315 23,991 14 23,977 12,095 8,652 3,230 20,498 16,402 14 16,388 4,363 952 7,916
Type: One-parent family 2019* 4,667 8,864 16 8,848 1,968 1,906 4,974 11,847 9,958 16 9,942 3,831 836 4,518
Type: Couple, with child(ren) 2019* 40,195 23,868 186 23,682 6,211 9,777 7,694 53,632 77,401 186 77,215 32,994 7,200 30,402
Type: Couple, no children 2019* 21,194 55,100 88 55,012 24,719 28,245 2,048 34,378 60,130 88 60,042 17,398 3,797 24,472
Other types of households 2019* 2,820 7,738 15 7,723 3,267 2,109 2,347 10,862 6,935 15 6,920 2,315 505 3,622
Source of income: mixed income 2019* 2,669 6,587 280 6,307 2,564 2,212 1,531 13,537 13,448 280 13,168 2,191 478 8,131
Source of income: compensation of employ 2019* 78,538 35,394 60 35,334 8,392 18,876 8,066 67,522 144,854 60 144,794 64,469 14,069 52,462
Source of income: old age benefits 2019* 497 71,284 9 71,275 35,039 34,711 1,525 45,701 23,778 9 23,769 408 89 12,090
Source of income: other 2019* 756 22,769 4 22,765 8,992 1,078 12,695 15,597 8,650 4 8,646 621 135 7,390
Main earner: to 35 years 2019* 16,908 10,068 51 10,017 1,444 3,101 5,472 19,793 29,231 51 29,180 13,879 3,029 13,130
Main earner: 35 to 50 years 2019* 31,007 19,833 138 19,695 4,676 6,502 8,517 40,246 57,493 138 57,355 25,453 5,554 23,467
Main earner: 50 to 65 years 2019* 32,718 31,422 137 31,285 10,784 12,765 7,736 33,113 76,647 137 76,510 26,857 5,861 29,824
Main earner: 65 years or older 2019* 1,827 74,711 27 74,684 38,083 34,509 2,092 49,205 27,359 27 27,332 1,500 327 13,652
Home ownership: Owner-occupied home 2019* 63,560 81,334 279 81,055 30,791 43,256 7,008 82,377 144,105 279 143,826 52,175 11,385 55,448
Home ownership: Rent with rent subsidy 2019* 2,155 22,559 11 22,548 9,337 2,024 11,187 24,695 8,198 11 8,187 1,769 386 6,188
Home ownership: Rent: no rent subsidy 2019* 16,210 27,914 62 27,852 13,052 10,700 4,100 28,947 36,630 62 36,568 13,306 2,904 17,150
Home ownership: Other 2019* 535 4,227 1 4,226 1,807 897 1,522 6,338 1,797 1 1,796 439 96 1,287
Net worth: 1st 20%-group 2019* 8,255 15,042 4 15,038 4,241 1,669 9,128 23,146 15,995 4 15,991 6,776 1,479 8,677
Net worth: 2nd 20%-group 2019* 11,108 22,744 10 22,734 11,454 4,402 6,878 27,988 22,766 10 22,756 9,118 1,990 11,565
Net worth: 3rd 20%-group 2019* 19,882 22,696 34 22,662 11,086 8,347 3,229 28,565 38,883 34 38,849 16,321 3,562 16,299
Net worth: 4th 20%-group 2019* 21,402 29,008 80 28,928 13,296 12,971 2,661 31,431 47,052 80 46,972 17,568 3,834 19,131
Net worth: 5th 20%-group 2019* 21,813 46,544 225 46,319 14,910 29,488 1,921 31,227 66,034 225 65,809 17,906 3,906 24,401
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table describes the income distribution of the sector households in the national accounts over different household groups. Households are identified by main source of income, living situation, household composition, age classes of the head of the household, income class by 20% groups, and net worth class by 20% groups.

Data available from: 2015.

Status of the figures:
Data of 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019 are provisional.

Changes as of September 10th 2021:
The figures of 2015-2018 are revised, because national accounts figures are changed due to the revision policy of Statistics Netherlands. For 2018 also microdata are added that were not available before. Results for 2019 are added to the table.

When will new figures be published?
New figures will be released in September 2022.

Description topics

Total amount
Resources
Resources are transactions which add to the economic value of sectors.
Compensation of employees
The compensation of employees is the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an employer to an employee in return for work done by the latter during an accounting period. The compensation of employees is equal to the sum of wages and salaries and employers' social contributions.
Employers' social contributions
Employers' social contributions are social contributions payable by employers to social security schemes or other employment-related social insurance schemes to secure social benefits for their employees. Employer's social contributions may be either actual or imputed. As set out by the ESA 2010, pay over periods in which no work is done due to illness or bad weather is registered as part of employers' social contributions.
Social contributions and benefits
Social contributions and benefits are transfers to households, in cash or in kind, intended to relieve them from the financial burden of a number of risks or needs, made through collectively organized schemes, or outside such schemes by government units and NPISHs; they include payments from general government to producers which individually benefit households and which are made in the context of social risks or needs.
Social benefits are transfers to households, intended to relieve them from the financial burden of a number of risks or needs, such as sickness, invalidity, disability, old age, survivors and unemployment.
Total
Employers' imputed social contributions
Imputed social contributions represent the counterpart to the 'unfunded employee social benefits' (less any employees' social contributions) paid directly by employers to their (former) employees. It is necessary to introduce this imputation because the direct payments are recorded twice. Firstly they are recorded as employers' social contributions (part of the compensation of employees). Secondly they are recorded as social benefits.
Social benefits in cash
Social benefits other than social transfers in kind is made up of three sub-headings:
- social security benefits in cash
- other social insurance benefits
- social assistance benefits in cash.
Total
Social sec. non-pension benefits in cash
Social security non-pension benefits in cash.
Other social insurance benefits
Other private social insurance benefits are benefits paid by employers out of special reserves, which are segregated from their other reserves.
Social assistance benefits in cash
Social assistance benefits are payments of the central and local government to households, for which no quid pro quo by the beneficiary is expected. These benefits are based on a number of Dutch laws, such as the Act on Labor and Social Assistance.
Social transfers in kind
Social transfers in kind consist of individual goods and services provided for free or at prices that are not economically significant to individual households by government units and NPISHs, whether purchased on the market or produced as non-market output by government units or NPISHs. They are financed out of taxation, other government income or social security contributions, or out of donations and property income in the case of NPISHs.
Uses
Uses are transactions appear which deduces the economic value of sectors.
Social contributions and benefits
Social contributions and benefits are transfers to households, in cash or in kind, intended to relieve them from the financial burden of a number of risks or needs, made through collectively organized schemes, or outside such schemes by government units and NPISHs; they include payments from general government to producers which individually benefit households and which are made in the context of social risks or needs.
Social benefits are transfers to households, intended to relieve them from the financial burden of a number of risks or needs, such as sickness, invalidity, disability, old age, survivors and unemployment.
Total
Net social contributions
Social contributions include social security contributions, private social contributions (among which contributions to pension schemes) and imputed social contributions. Employers, employees, self-employed persons and non-active persons pay these contributions. Actually, the employers' part is paid directly to the insurers. However, in the national accounts, the employers' contributions are supposed to be part of primary income of households (i.e. the income from direct participation in the production process). Therefore, in first instance these contributions are treated as payments by employers to households as compensation of employees, who are deemed to pay them to the insurers in the income account.
Total
Employers' actual social contributions
Payments by employers, enforced by laws or (collective) labor agreement, in order to make social benefits possible.
Employers' imputed social contributions
Imputed social contributions represent the counterpart to the 'unfunded employee social benefits' (less any employees' social contributions) paid directly by employers to their (former) employees. It is necessary to introduce this imputation because the direct payments are recorded twice. Firstly they are recorded as employers' social contributions (part of the compensation of employees). Secondly they are recorded as social benefits.
Households' actual social contributions
Households' actual social contributions are social contributions payable on their own behalf by employees, self-employed or non-employed persons to social insurance schemes.
Other social insurance benefits
Other private social insurance benefits are benefits paid by employers out of special reserves, which are segregated from their other reserves.