Key figures by sector; National Accounts

Table description


This table presents a number of key figures of the sector accounts. These main indicators provide the most important information on the total economy and on the main institutional sectors of the economy: non-financial corporations, financial corporations, general government, households including non-profit institutions serving households and the rest of the world.

Data available from:
Annual figures from 1995.
Quarterly figures from first quarter 1999.

Status of the figures:
The figures from 1995 up to and including 2017 are final. Data of 2018, 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of December 24th, 2020:
Data on the third quarter of 2020 heve been added to this table.

When will new figures be published?
Annual figures: Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.
Quarterly figures: The first quarterly estimate is available 85 days after the end of each reporting quarter. The first quarter may be revised in September, the second quarter in December. Should further quarterly information become available thereafter, the estimates for the first three quarters may be revised in March. If (new) annual figures become available in June, the quarterly figures will be revised again to bring them in line with the annual figures.

Description topics

Non-financial corporations
The non-financial corporations sector consists of institutional units which are independent legal entities and market producers, and whose principal activity is the production of goods and non-financial services.
Non-financial corporations include:
- all corporations, quasi-corporations and co-operative organisations which do not belong to the financial corporations.
- all non-profit institutions which do not pertain to the other sectors. Examples are old people's homes, hospitals and housing corporations.
- public enterprises, which are fully or partly owned by the government, like Dutch Rail-ways (NS).

Gross value added
The value of all goods and services produced (production value' or 'output'), minus those that have been intermediately used upon production. Value added is rated at basic prices, the prices experienced by the producer: per branch product-related taxes have been subtracted from the original prices, and subsidies haven been added to them.
Gross operating surplus
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.

In the system of national accounts 'gross' means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, 'net' is used. Depreciation must be paid for from the gross operating surplus.
Gross profits before taxes
The gross profits before taxes of non-financial corporations is calculated as follows:
Gross operating surplus
plus property income (interest, dividends, etc.) received
minus interest paid
minus rent paid
Profits from foreign subsidiaries
Profits of foreign subsidiaries from non-financial corporations. The profits include both dividends received as well as reinvested earnings on foreign direct investment.

Profit ratio
The profit ratio is calculated as the gross operating surplus divided by the gross value added. This profitability-type indicator shows the part of the value added which is generated by capital during the production process. It is the complement of the share of labour costs (plus net taxes on production) in value added. The gross operating surplus is an approximation of operating profit including consumption of fixed capital.
Capital formation ratio
Capital formation ratio is calculated as gross fixed capital formation divided by gross value added.
Labour input of employees
The amount of labour that is deployed by employees in a given period. Employees are persons who during a reference period performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind. The volume of labour can be expressed in jobs, in full-time equivalent jobs or in labour hours worked.
Financial corporations
The financial corporations sector consists of institutional units which are independent legal entities and market producers, and whose principal activity is the production of financial services. Such institutional units comprise all corporations and quasi-corporations which are principally engaged in:
- financial intermediation (financial intermediaries); and/or
- auxiliary financial activities (financial auxiliaries).

Financial intermediation is the activity in which an institutional unit acquires financial assets and incurs liabilities on its own account by engaging in financial transactions on the market. The assets and liabilities of financial intermediaries are transformed or repackaged in relation to, for example, maturity, scale, risk, etc. in the financial intermediation process. Auxiliary financial activities are activities related to financial intermediation but which do not involve financial intermediation themselves.
The financial corporations sector is subdivided into the following subsectors:
- central bank
- deposit-taking corporations except the central bank
- money market funds (MMFs)
- non-MMF investment funds
- other financial intermediaries, except insurance corporations and pension funds
- financial auxiliaries
- captive financial institutions and money lenders
- insurance corporations
- pension funds
Gross value added
The value of all goods and services produced (production value' or 'output'), minus those that have been intermediately used upon production. Value added is rated at basic prices, the prices experienced by the producer: per branch product-related taxes have been subtracted from the original prices, and subsidies haven been added to them.
Gross profits before taxes
The gross profits before taxes of financial corporations excluding captive financial institutions and money lenders, is calculated as follows:
Gross operating surplus
plus property income (interest, dividends, etc.) received
minus interest paid
minus other investment income paid
minus rent paid
Profits from foreign subsidiaries
Profits of foreign subsidiaries from financial corporations, excluding captive financial institutions and money lenders. The profits include both dividends received as well as reinvested earnings on foreign direct investment received.
Financial net worth
Financial net worth is the balancing item of financial assets and liabilities. Financial assets mainly contain bank deposits, securities and lendings. Liabilities include mainly borrowing.
If financial assets exceed liabilities, financial net worth is positive. If liabilities exceed financial assets, financial net worth is negative, which can also be referred to as net debt.



Property income received
Property income received contains interest, dividends, withdrawals of income from quasi-corporations and rent. Property income received as a percentage of total financial assets is a measure for the returns on investments.
Property income paid
Property income paid contains interest, dividends, withdrawals of income from quasi-corporations and rent. Property income paid as a percentage of total liabilities is a measure for the cost of liabilities.
Liquidity ratio mon. fin. institutions
The liquidity ratio of monetary financial institutions is a measure of liquidity. The indicator divides deposits by total assets.

Financial assets of pension funds
Financial assets consist of all financial claims, equity and the gold bullion component of monetary gold. The financial assets of pension funds consists mainly financial investments in securities.

Labour input of employees
The amount of labour that is deployed by employees in a given period. Employees are persons who during a reference period performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind. The volume of labour can be expressed in jobs, in full-time equivalent jobs or in labour hours worked.