Consumption by type of goods and services; National Accounts

Consumption by type of goods and services; National Accounts

Periods Value at current prices Total final consumption expenditure (million euros) Value at current prices Total actual individual consumption (million euros) Value at current prices Consumption households and NPISHs Total (million euros) Value at current prices Individual consumption by government Total (million euros) Value at current prices Collective consumption by government (million euros)
1995 236,115 205,530 162,211 43,319 30,585
2000 320,406 283,791 227,496 56,295 36,615
2001 340,804 301,278 239,644 61,634 39,526
2002 361,580 319,233 250,713 68,520 42,347
2003 373,652 329,146 256,214 72,932 44,506
2004 380,762 336,690 261,633 75,057 44,072
2005 391,614 346,742 268,879 77,863 44,872
2006 411,440 365,572 275,889 89,683 45,868
2007 430,679 381,973 286,818 95,155 48,706
2008 447,484 395,631 295,433 100,198 51,853
2009 447,976 393,477 285,532 107,945 54,499
2010 458,253 403,854 290,509 113,345 54,399
2011 464,525 411,071 296,819 114,252 53,454
2012 467,112 413,141 297,167 115,974 53,971
2013 470,767 415,691 300,441 115,250 55,076
2014 476,709 420,772 304,244 116,528 55,937
2015 483,170 427,351 310,816 116,535 55,819
2016 490,883 433,259 316,041 117,218 57,624
2017 506,752 448,239 327,261 120,978 58,513
2018 530,171 468,974 341,560 127,414 61,197
2019 553,681 489,979 353,547 136,432 63,702
2020 543,029 475,395 335,490 139,905 67,634
2021 585,149 513,496 360,910 152,586 71,653
2022* 651,573 574,394 411,073 163,321 77,179
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.

This table contains detailed data on final consumption expenditure which are divided into categories of goods and services.
Total final consumption expenditure consist of actual individual final consumption, the final consumption expenditure by households including non-profit institutions, individual and collective final consumption of general government.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2021 are final. Data of 2022 are provisional.

Changes as of June 23rd 2023:
Data of 2022 have been added to this table.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

Value at current prices
The values are expressed at prices of the reporting period. Alternatively, values may be expressed at constant prices. In this case, prices of a reference period are used.
Total final consumption expenditure
Expenditure on goods or services that are used for the direct satisfaction of individual or collective needs. Expenses may be made at home or abroad, but they are always made by resident institutional units, that are households or institutions residing in the Netherlands. By definition only households, non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs) and government institutions consume. Enterprises do not: expenses they make on goods and services are thought to serve production and are therefore classified as intermediate consumption of fixed capital formation. The general government is a special case. The government also has intermediate consumption, just like enterprises. But the output delivered by the government which is not directly paid for, non-market output (like safety), is classified as consumption by the general government. It is said that the government 'consumes its own production'. The system of national accounts demands that all that is produced is also consumed (or serves as an investment). By convention, government output is consumed by the government itself. This is not the only consumption by the general government. It also contains social transfers in kind. In the Netherlands this mainly concerns health care bills paid for by the government and an allowance for the rent.
Total actual individual consumption
Goods and services for individual consumption ('individual goods and services') are goods and services acquired by a household and used to satisfy the needs and wants of members of that household. Individual goods and services have the following characteristics:
- it is possible to observe and record the acquisition of the goods and services by an individual household or member thereof and also the time at which the acquisition took place;
- the household has agreed to the provision of the goods and services and takes the action necessary to consume the goods and services, for example by attending a school or clinic;
- the goods and services are such that their acquisition by one household or person, or by a group of persons, precludes its acquisition by other households or persons.
Consumption households and NPISHs
Consumption expenditure by households and non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs). Not all expenses made by households are seen as consumptive, households may invest as well. These investments mainly concern the purchase of houses and substantial costs on maintenance. Small costs on maintenance, indoor painting and the purchase of furniture are classified as consumption. This also applies to the purchase of cars and car maintenance.
Individual consumption by government
Consumption expenditure by the government in the field of education, health, social security and welfare, sport and recreation and culture are treated as individual consumption. These goods and services are financed by the general government but then divided to individuals.
Collective consumption by government
Collective services are services for collective consumption that are provided simultaneously to all members of the community or all members of a particular section of the community, such as all households living in a particular region. Collective services have the following characteristics:
- they can be delivered simultaneously to every member of the community or to particular sections of the community, such as those in a particular region or locality;
- the use of such services is usually passive and does not require the agreement or active participation of all the individuals concerned;
- the provision of a collective service to one individual does not reduce the amount available to other in the same community or section of the community.