Approaches of domestic product (GDP); National Accounts

Approaches of domestic product (GDP); National Accounts

Periods GDP from the generation of income Value at current prices Gross operating surplus / mixed income Total (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Value at current prices Gross operating surplus / mixed income Consumption of fixed capital (-) (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Value at current prices Gross operating surplus / mixed income Net operating surplus / mixed income (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Value at prices of 2015 Gross operating surplus / mixed income Total (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Value at prices of 2015 Gross operating surplus / mixed income Consumption of fixed capital (-) (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Value at prices of 2015 Gross operating surplus / mixed income Net operating surplus / mixed income (million euros) GDP from the generation of income Volume changes on previous year Gross operating surplus / mixed income Total (%) GDP from the generation of income Volume changes on previous year Gross operating surplus / mixed income Consumption of fixed capital (-) (%) GDP from the generation of income Volume changes on previous year Gross operating surplus / mixed income Net operating surplus / mixed income (%) GDP from the generation of income Price indices Gross operating surplus / mixed income Total (2015 =100) GDP from the generation of income Price indices Gross operating surplus / mixed income Consumption of fixed capital (-) (2015 =100) GDP from the generation of income Price indices Gross operating surplus / mixed income Net operating surplus / mixed income (2015 =100)
2019* 332,012 133,376 198,636 . 126,062 . . 2.0 . . 105.8 .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents annual data on the output components, the final expenditure categories and the income components of gross domestic product of the Netherlands. In the national accounts gross domestic product is approached from three points of view: from the output, from the generation of income and from the final expenditure. Gross domestic product is a main macroeconomic indicator. The volume change of gross domestic product is a measure for the economic growth of a country.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2018 are final. Data of 2019 are provisional.

Changes as of June 24th 2020:
Data of 2019 have been added to this table.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

GDP from the generation of income
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called income approach. In this approach the components are the incomes generated from production activities: compensation of employees and operating surplus / mixed income. To remain consistent with GDP at market prices, taxes less subsidies on production and imports (not necessarily product-related) are added.
Value at current prices
The values are expressed at prices of the reporting period. Alternatively, values may be expressed at constant prices. In this case, prices of a reference period are used.
Gross operating surplus / mixed income
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used. Depreciation must be paid for from the gross operating surplus.

Total
Consumption of fixed capital (-)
The decline in value of fixed assets owned, as a result of normal wear and tear and obsolescence.

For the estimation of the consumption of fixed capital the perpetual inventory method (PIM) is applied. The capital stock at the beginning of the year is brought to replacement value because of price changes. The fixed capital formation during the year is added to this capital stock. Next it is diminished with the value of capital goods discarded. This gives to value of capital stock at the end of the year. The consumption of fixed obtained by applying a depreciation percentage.
This method may differ considerably from the method used to calculate depreciation in business accounts, which is based on historical costs or fiscal life span.

Net operating surplus / mixed income
Net operating surplus / mixed income is gross operating surplus minus consumption of fixed capital.
Value at prices of 2015
The values are expressed at prices of the reference period 2015 by taking account of inflation. Alternatively, values may be expressed at prices of the reporting period.
Gross operating surplus / mixed income
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used. Depreciation must be paid for from the gross operating surplus.

Total
Consumption of fixed capital (-)
The decline in value of fixed assets owned, as a result of normal wear and tear and obsolescence.

For the estimation of the consumption of fixed capital the perpetual inventory method (PIM) is applied. The capital stock at the beginning of the year is brought to replacement value because of price changes. The fixed capital formation during the year is added to this capital stock. Next it is diminished with the value of capital goods discarded. This gives to value of capital stock at the end of the year. The consumption of fixed obtained by applying a depreciation percentage.
This method may differ considerably from the method used to calculate depreciation in business accounts, which is based on historical costs or fiscal life span.
Net operating surplus / mixed income
Net operating surplus / mixed income is gross operating surplus minus consumption of fixed capital.
Volume changes on previous year
The weighted average of the changes in the quantity and quality of the components of a certain goods or service transaction or balancing item, annual percentage changes.
Gross operating surplus / mixed income
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used. Depreciation must be paid for from the gross operating surplus.

Total
Consumption of fixed capital (-)
The decline in value of fixed assets owned, as a result of normal wear and tear and obsolescence.

For the estimation of the consumption of fixed capital the perpetual inventory method (PIM) is applied. The capital stock at the beginning of the year is brought to replacement value because of price changes. The fixed capital formation during the year is added to this capital stock. Next it is diminished with the value of capital goods discarded. This gives to value of capital stock at the end of the year. The consumption of fixed obtained by applying a depreciation percentage.
This method may differ considerably from the method used to calculate depreciation in business accounts, which is based on historical costs or fiscal life span.
Net operating surplus / mixed income
Net operating surplus / mixed income is gross operating surplus minus consumption of fixed capital.
Price indices
The weighted average of the price changes of the components of a certain variable. Deflators relative to the reference year 2015.
Gross operating surplus / mixed income
The surplus that remains after compensation of employees and taxes less subsidies on production and imports have been subtracted from the sum of value added at basic prices. For the self-employed (who are part of the sector households) the surplus is called mixed income, it is partly a reward for their entrepreneurship compensation for their labour.

In the system of national accounts gross means that consumption of fixed capital (depreciation) has not been subtracted. When it has, net is used. Depreciation must be paid for from the gross operating surplus.
Total
Consumption of fixed capital (-)
The decline in value of fixed assets owned, as a result of normal wear and tear and obsolescence.

For the estimation of the consumption of fixed capital the perpetual inventory method (PIM) is applied. The capital stock at the beginning of the year is brought to replacement value because of price changes. The fixed capital formation during the year is added to this capital stock. Next it is diminished with the value of capital goods discarded. This gives to value of capital stock at the end of the year. The consumption of fixed obtained by applying a depreciation percentage.
This method may differ considerably from the method used to calculate depreciation in business accounts, which is based on historical costs or fiscal life span.
Net operating surplus / mixed income
Net operating surplus / mixed income is gross operating surplus minus consumption of fixed capital.