Approaches of domestic product (GDP); National Accounts

Approaches of domestic product (GDP); National Accounts

Periods GDP from the output Value at current prices Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes less subsidies on products (million euros) GDP from the output Value at current prices Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes on products (million euros) GDP from the output Value at current prices Taxes and subsidies on products Subsidies on products (million euros) GDP from the output Value at prices of 2015 Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes less subsidies on products (million euros) GDP from the output Value at prices of 2015 Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes on products (million euros) GDP from the output Value at prices of 2015 Taxes and subsidies on products Subsidies on products (million euros) GDP from the output Volume changes on previous year Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes less subsidies on products (%) GDP from the output Volume changes on previous year Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes on products (%) GDP from the output Volume changes on previous year Taxes and subsidies on products Subsidies on products (%) GDP from the output Price indices Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes less subsidies on products (2015 =100) GDP from the output Price indices Taxes and subsidies on products Taxes on products (2015 =100) GDP from the output Price indices Taxes and subsidies on products Subsidies on products (2015 =100)
2019* 88,097 89,397 1,300 77,580 78,726 1,123 2.0 2.1 8.8 113.6 113.6 115.8
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents annual data on the output components, the final expenditure categories and the income components of gross domestic product of the Netherlands. In the national accounts gross domestic product is approached from three points of view: from the output, from the generation of income and from the final expenditure. Gross domestic product is a main macroeconomic indicator. The volume change of gross domestic product is a measure for the economic growth of a country.

Data available from: 1995.

Status of the figures:
Data from 1995 up to and including 2018 are final. Data of 2019 are provisional.

Changes as of June 24th 2020:
Data of 2019 have been added to this table.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional data are published 6 months after the end of the reporting year. Final data are released 18 months after the end of the reporting year.

Description topics

GDP from the output
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called production approach. In this approach GDP equals the sum of value added over all branches (including non-commercial ones). Value added is thereby registered at basic prices. GDP at market prices is obtained by adding taxes less subsidies on production and the difference between imputed and paid VAT. The included taxes and subsidies apply both to produced and imported goods and services. Examples of these are VAT and taxes on import.
Value at current prices
The values are expressed at prices of the reporting period. Alternatively, values may be expressed at constant prices. In this case, prices of a reference period are used.
Taxes and subsidies on products
Taxes on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They are levied on domestically produced or trans acted products and on imported products. Taxes on products are classified into taxes on domestic products, taxes on imports and VAT.
Subsidies on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They can be distinguished between subsidies on domestic products and subsidies on imports.
Taxes less subsidies on products
Taxes on products less subsidies on products.
Taxes on products
Taxes that are payable per unit of a given good or service produced or imported. The tax may be a specific amount of money per unit of quantity of a good or service, or it may be calculated as a specified percentage of the price per unit or value of the goods and services produced or traded.
Subsidies on products
Subsidies payable per unit of a good or service produced or imported. The amount of subsidies is related to the value or amount of product.
Value at prices of 2015
The values are expressed at prices of the reference period 2015 by taking account of inflation. Alternatively, values may be expressed at prices of the reporting period.
Taxes and subsidies on products
Taxes on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They are levied on domestically produced or trans acted products and on imported products. Taxes on products are classified into taxes on domestic products, taxes on imports and VAT.
Subsidies on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They can be distinguished between subsidies on domestic products and subsidies on imports.
Taxes less subsidies on products
Taxes on products less subsidies on products.
Taxes on products
Taxes that are payable per unit of a given good or service produced or imported. The tax may be a specific amount of money per unit of quantity of a good or service, or it may be calculated as a specified percentage of the price per unit or value of the goods and services produced or traded.
Subsidies on products
Subsidies payable per unit of a good or service produced or imported. The amount of subsidies is related to the value or amount of product.
Volume changes on previous year
Volume changes on previous year
The weighted average of the changes in the quantity and quality of the components of a certain goods or service transaction or balancing item, annual percentage changes.
Taxes and subsidies on products
Taxes on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They are levied on domestically produced or trans acted products and on imported products. Taxes on products are classified into taxes on domestic products, taxes on imports and VAT.
Subsidies on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They can be distinguished between subsidies on domestic products and subsidies on imports.
Taxes less subsidies on products
Taxes on products less subsidies on products.
Taxes on products
Taxes that are payable per unit of a given good or service produced or imported. The tax may be a specific amount of money per unit of quantity of a good or service, or it may be calculated as a specified percentage of the price per unit or value of the goods and services produced or traded.
Subsidies on products
Subsidies payable per unit of a good or service produced or imported. The amount of subsidies is related to the value or amount of product.
Price indices
The weighted average of the price changes of the components of a certain variable. Deflators relative to the reference year 2015.
Taxes and subsidies on products
Taxes on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They are levied on domestically produced or trans acted products and on imported products. Taxes on products are classified into taxes on domestic products, taxes on imports and VAT.
Subsidies on products are related to the value or the volume of products. They can be distinguished between subsidies on domestic products and subsidies on imports.
Taxes less subsidies on products
Taxes on products less subsidies on products.
Taxes on products
Taxes that are payable per unit of a given good or service produced or imported. The tax may be a specific amount of money per unit of quantity of a good or service, or it may be calculated as a specified percentage of the price per unit or value of the goods and services produced or traded.
Subsidies on products
Subsidies payable per unit of a good or service produced or imported. The amount of subsidies is related to the value or amount of product.