|Energy commodities||Sectors||Periods||From supply Total Primary Energy Supply (PJ)||From supply Indigenous production (PJ)||From supply Receipts of energy (PJ)||From supply Deliveries of energy (-) (PJ)||From supply Stock change (PJ)||From supply Statistical differences (PJ)||From consumption Total energy consumption (PJ)||From consumption Energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ)||From consumption Own use (PJ)||From consumption Distribution losses (PJ)||From consumption Final energy consumption (PJ)||From consumption Non-energy use (PJ)|
|Total energy commodities||Total energy sector and final users||2021**||3,031.5||1,131.7||18,945.1||17,520.9||464.3||11.4||3,020.1||457.2||205.4||25.9||1,795.3||536.2|
|Total energy commodities||Total energy sector||2021**||568.0||826.4||8,231.5||8,766.4||276.5||568.0||341.5||200.5||25.9|
|Total energy commodities||Extraction of crude petroleum and gas||2021**||28.4||685.9||185.0||841.1||-1.3||28.4||0.0||28.5|
|Total energy commodities||Coke-oven plants||2021**||12.9||81.0||66.2||-1.9||12.9||4.3||8.6|
|Total energy commodities||Blast furnaces||2021**||64.2||0.5||90.4||30.6||3.9||64.2||52.0||12.2|
|Total energy commodities||Oil refineries||2021**||184.0||16.6||4,052.2||3,970.6||85.9||184.0||46.4||137.5|
|Total energy commodities||Energy companies||2021**||278.5||123.5||3,823.0||3,857.9||189.9||278.5||238.8||13.8||25.9|
|Total energy commodities||Total final users of energy||2021**||2,452.1||305.2||10,713.6||8,754.5||187.8||2,452.1||115.7||4.9||1,795.3||536.2|
|Total energy commodities||Industry (no energy sector)||2021**||1,086.3||109.0||1,398.0||417.4||-3.3||1,086.3||21.4||0.9||545.9||518.1|
|Total energy commodities||Mining and quarrying, incl services||2021**||5.1||.||5.1||.||.||5.1||5.1|
|Total energy commodities||08 Mining and quarrying (no oil and gas)||2021**||4.8||.||4.8||.||.||4.8||4.8|
|Total energy commodities||099 Services for other mining||2021**||0.3||.||0.3||.||.||0.3||0.3|
|Total energy commodities||10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages||2021**||84.6||.||85.1||.||.||84.6||3.5||0.2||80.6||0.3|
|Total energy commodities||10 Manufacture of food products||2021**||79.1||.||79.8||.||.||79.1||3.4||0.1||75.2||0.3|
|Total energy commodities||101 Slaughtering, processing of meat||2021**||5.3||.||5.3||.||.||5.3||5.3|
|Total energy commodities||102 Processing of fish||2021**||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||103 Processing of vegetables and fruit||2021**||11.3||.||11.0||.||.||11.3||0.1||0.0||11.2|
|Total energy commodities||104 Manufacture of edible oils and fats||2021**||6.9||.||7.3||.||.||6.9||0.6||0.0||6.3|
|Total energy commodities||105 Manufacture of dairy products||2021**||15.4||.||15.2||.||.||15.4||0.3||0.0||15.1|
|Total energy commodities||106 Grain milling and starch products||2021**||12.0||.||13.6||.||.||12.0||1.4||0.1||10.5|
|Total energy commodities||107 Manufacture of bakery products||2021**||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||108 Manufacture of other food||2021**||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||109 Manufacture of animal foods||2021**||7.0||.||6.4||.||.||7.0||0.2||0.0||6.7|
|Total energy commodities||11 Manufacture of beverages||2021**||5.2||.||4.9||.||.||5.2||0.1||0.0||5.0|
|Total energy commodities||12 Manufacture of tobacco products||2021**||0.4||.||0.4||.||.||0.4||0.4|
|Total energy commodities||13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts||2021**||4.1||.||4.2||.||.||4.1||4.1|
|Total energy commodities||13 Manufacture of textiles||2021**||3.7||.||3.6||.||.||3.7||3.7|
|Total energy commodities||14 Manufacture of wearing apparel||2021**||0.1||.||0.1||.||.||0.1||0.1|
|Total energy commodities||15 Manufacture of leather and footwear||2021**||0.3||.||0.4||.||.||0.3||0.3|
|Total energy commodities||16 Manufacture of wood products||2021**||3.7||.||1.9||.||.||3.7||0.3||0.1||3.3|
|Total energy commodities||17-18 Manufacture of paper and printing||2021**||23.2||.||22.3||.||.||23.2||2.1||0.1||20.3||0.6|
|Total energy commodities||17 Manufacture of paper||2021**||21.6||.||20.7||.||.||21.6||2.1||0.1||18.8||0.6|
|Total energy commodities||18 Printing and reproduction||2021**||1.6||.||1.6||.||.||1.6||1.6|
|Total energy commodities||20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals||2021**||814.9||.||1,050.3||.||.||814.9||14.7||0.6||297.7||501.9|
|Total energy commodities||20 Manufacture of chemicals||2021**||810.9||.||1,046.1||.||.||810.9||14.6||0.6||293.8||501.9|
|Total energy commodities||201 Manufacture of basic chemicals||2021**||793.8||.||1,023.4||.||.||793.8||14.4||0.6||279.4||499.4|
|Total energy commodities||2011 Manufacture of industrial gases||2021**||47.7||.||53.3||.||.||47.7||1.0||0.1||21.9||24.7|
|Total energy commodities||2012 Manufacture of dyes and pigments||2021**||2.7||.||3.0||.||.||2.7||2.0||0.7|
|Total energy commodities||2013 Manuf. other inorganic basic chemic||2021**||44.5||.||50.1||.||.||44.5||4.1||0.1||23.0||17.3|
|Total energy commodities||2014 Manufacture organic basic chemicals||2021**||578.3||.||795.8||.||.||578.3||7.7||0.3||173.3||397.0|
|Total energy commodities||2015 Manufacture of fertilisers||2021**||89.3||.||89.3||.||.||89.3||0.8||0.0||29.1||59.3|
|Total energy commodities||Plastics and synthetic rubber industry||2021**||31.2||.||31.9||.||.||31.2||0.8||0.0||30.0||0.3|
|Total energy commodities||202-206 Other chemical industry||2021**||17.2||.||22.7||.||.||17.2||0.3||14.4||2.5|
|Total energy commodities||21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals||2021**||4.0||.||4.2||.||.||4.0||0.0||0.0||3.9|
|Total energy commodities||22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products||2021**||9.9||.||9.9||.||.||9.9||9.9|
|Total energy commodities||23 Manufacture of building materials||2021**||25.0||.||24.9||.||.||25.0||0.0||0.0||24.9|
|Total energy commodities||231 Manufacture of glass||2021**||8.5||.||8.5||.||.||8.5||8.5|
|Total energy commodities||Refractory, other ceramic industry||2021**||0.3||.||0.3||.||.||0.3||0.3|
|Total energy commodities||233 Manufacture clay building materials||2021**||7.9||.||7.9||.||.||7.9||0.0||7.9|
|Total energy commodities||235 Manufacture of cement, lime, plaster||2021**||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||236 Manufacture concrete etc. products||2021**||3.4||.||3.4||.||.||3.4||0.0||0.0||3.4|
|Total energy commodities||Stone dressing, other mineral products||2021**||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||Total basic metals, no blast furnaces||2021**||42.8||.||122.8||.||.||42.8||0.8||0.0||42.0||0.0|
|Total energy commodities||Iron and steel industry||2021**||32.3||.||112.2||.||.||32.3||0.8||0.0||31.5||0.0|
|Total energy commodities||Non-ferrous metal industry||2021**||10.5||.||10.6||.||.||10.5||10.5|
|Total energy commodities||25-28 Metal products and machine indus..||2021**||30.7||.||30.6||.||.||30.7||0.0||22.0||8.7|
|Total energy commodities||25 Manufacture of metal products||2021**||12.1||.||12.0||.||.||12.1||0.0||12.1|
|Total energy commodities||26 Manufacture of electronic products||2021**||1.8||.||1.8||.||.||1.8||1.8|
|Total energy commodities||27 Manufacture of electric equipment||2021**||12.1||.||12.1||.||.||12.1||3.4||8.7|
|Total energy commodities||28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c.||2021**||4.8||.||4.7||.||.||4.8||4.8|
|Total energy commodities||29-30 Transport equipment||2021**||4.3||.||4.2||.||.||4.3||4.3|
|Total energy commodities||29 Manufacture of cars and trailers||2021**||2.6||.||2.6||.||.||2.6||2.6|
|Total energy commodities||30 Manufacture of other transport||2021**||1.6||.||1.6||.||.||1.6||1.6|
|Total energy commodities||31 Manufacture of furniture||2021**||1.5||.||1.5||.||.||1.5||1.5|
|Total energy commodities||32 Manufacture of other products||2021**||1.0||.||1.0||.||.||1.0||1.0|
|Total energy commodities||Manufacturing unknown||2021**||3.1||.||2.3||.||.||3.1||1.0||2.1|
|Total energy commodities||F Construction||2021**||32.6||1.1||32.0||0.5||32.6||28.2||4.4|
|Total energy commodities||Total domestic transport||2021**||387.5||387.5||387.5||384.8||2.7|
|Total energy commodities||Domestic aviation||2021**||0.4||0.4||0.4||0.4||0.0|
|Total energy commodities||Road transport||2021**||370.5||370.5||370.5||367.9||2.6|
|Total energy commodities||Rail transport||2021**||6.7||6.7||6.7||6.7||0.0|
|Total energy commodities||Pipeline transport||2021**|
|Total energy commodities||Domestic navigation||2021**||9.9||9.9||9.9||9.9||0.1|
|Total energy commodities||Transport non-specified||2021**|
|Total energy commodities||Other sectors, total||2021**||978.3||196.2||8,928.0||8,337.1||191.2||978.3||94.3||4.0||864.6||15.4|
|Total energy commodities||Services, waste, water and repair||2021**||358.4||126.5||8,328.2||8,287.5||191.2||358.4||82.4||3.2||271.3||1.5|
|Total energy commodities||33 Repair and installation of machinery||2021**||1.8||.||1.8||.||.||1.8||1.8|
|Total energy commodities||E Water supply and waste management||2021**||70.9||103.2||23.7||56.0||70.9||52.8||3.1||15.0|
|Total energy commodities||36 Water collection and distribution||2021**||2.6||.||2.6||.||.||2.6||2.6|
|Total energy commodities||37 Sewerage||2021**||5.4||.||3.1||.||.||5.4||1.0||0.0||4.4|
|Total energy commodities||38 Waste collection and treatment||2021**||62.5||.||17.9||.||.||62.5||51.8||3.1||7.7|
|Total energy commodities||39 Remediation, other waste management||2021**||0.2||.||0.1||.||.||0.2||0.1||0.0||0.1|
|Total energy commodities||Water supply, waste management unknown||2021**||0.1||.||0.1||.||0.1||0.1|
|Total energy commodities||G-S, U Services||2021**||285.6||23.3||8,302.6||8,231.4||191.2||285.6||29.6||0.0||254.5||1.5|
|Total energy commodities||G Wholesale and retail trade||2021**||47.5||2.7||2,473.5||2,432.3||3.5||47.5||-4.7||0.0||.|
|Total energy commodities||H Transportation and storage||2021**||53.5||2.3||5,655.8||5,792.2||187.6||53.5||33.7||.|
|Total energy commodities||I Accommodation and food serving||2021**||.||0.3||25.5||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||J Information and communication||2021**||.||0.1||18.9||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||K Financial institutions||2021**||.||0.7||7.7||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||L Renting, buying, selling real estate||2021**||.||0.5||7.1||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||M Other specialised business services||2021**||.||1.0||10.8||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||N Renting and other business support||2021**||.||0.4||4.7||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||O Public administration and services||2021**||.||0.8||16.3||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||P Education||2021**||.||0.4||15.0||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||Q Health and social work activities||2021**||.||0.5||32.8||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||R Culture, sports and recreation||2021**||.||0.5||11.0||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||S Other service activities||2021**||.||0.2||6.6||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||U Extraterritorial organisations||2021**||.||0.4||.||.||.||.||.|
|Total energy commodities||Services unknown||2021**||.||12.9||16.6||.||.||.||.||.||1.5|
|Total energy commodities||Dwellings||2021**||423.7||41.3||393.4||11.1||423.7||423.7|
This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.
For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.
The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.
The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.
Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2020 are definite. Figures for 2021 are revised provisional.
Changes as of December 15th 2022:
Figures for 1990 up to and including 2019 have been revised. The revision mainly concerns the consumption of gas- and diesel oil and energy commodities higher in the classification (total petroleum products, total crude and petroleum produtcs and total energy commodities).
The revision is twofold:
- New data for the consumption of diesel oil in mobile machine have been incorporated. Consequently, the final energy consumption of gas- and diesel oil in construction, services and agriculture increases. The biggest change is in construction (+10 PJ from 1990-2015, decreasing to 1 PJ in 2019. In agriculture the change is about 0.5-1.5 PJ from 2010 onwards and for services the change is between 0 and 3 PJ for the whole period.
- The method for dealing with the statistical difference has been adapted. Earlier from 2013 onwards a difference of about 3 percent was assumed, matching old data (up to and including 2012) on final consumption of diesel for road transport based on the dedicated tax specifically for road that existed until 2012. In the new method the statistical difference is eliminated from 2015 onwards. Final consumption of road transport is calculated as the remainder of total supply to the market of diesel minus deliveries to users other than road transport.
The first and second item affect both final consumption of road transport that decreases consequently about 5 percent from 2015 onwards. Before the adaption of the tax system for gas- and diesel oil in 2013 the statistical difference was positive (more supply than consumption). With the new data for mobile machines total consumption has been increased and the statistical difference has been reduced and is even negative for a few years.
Changes as of 1 March 2022:
Figures for 1990 up to and including 2020 have been revised. The most important change is a different way of presenting own use of electricity of power-generating installations. Previously, this was regarded as electricity and CHP transformation input. From now on, this is seen as own use, as is customary in international energy statistics. As a result, the input and net energy transformation decrease and own use increases, on average about 15 PJ per year. Final consumers also have power generating installations. That's why final consumers now also have own use, previously this was not so. In the previous revision of 2021, the new sector blast furnaces was introduced for the years 2015 up to and including 2020, which describes the transformation of coke oven coke and coking coal into blast furnace gas that takes place in the production of pig iron from iron ore. This activity was previously part of the steel industry. With this revision, the change has been put back to 1990.
When will new figures be published?
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.
- From supply
- Calculated from supply energy consumption is indigenous production plus supply of energy minus delivery of energy plus stock change plus statistical differences.
- Total Primary Energy Supply
- The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
- Indigenous production
- Extraction of energy commodities from nature.
Fossil energy commodities - hard coal, crude oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
- Receipts of energy
- Energy imported, bought or received in the Netherlands.
- Deliveries of energy (-)
- Energy exported, sold or delivered in the Netherlands.
- Stock change
- Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
- Statistical differences
- The difference between the energy supply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.
This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.
- From consumption
- Calculated from consumption energy consumption is net energy transformation plus own use plus distribution losses plus final energy consumption plus non-energy use.
- Total energy consumption
- The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.
- Energy transformation
- Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
- Total net energy transformation
- The difference between transformation input and transformation output.
Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.
For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and hard coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
- Own use
- The consumption of energy in installations for the production or transformation of energy and the consumption of energy by companies in the energy sector. This only concerns the necessary auxiliary energy, not the energy transformation input itself. The energy sector includes the extraction of crude petroleum and gas, coke-oven plants, blast furnaces, oil refineries and energy companies (sector D of the Standard Business Classification (SBI)). Examples of this own use are the combustion of fuels in oil refinery steam boilers to produce steam that brings the refining process to the desired temperature, the consumption of electricity for pumping natural gas from the ground, the consumption of electricity for transporting hard coal in a coal plant and the consumption of electricity by a waste incinerator for flue gas cleaning.
- Distribution losses
- Distribution losses of electricity and heat.
For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
- Final energy consumption
- Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.
Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
- Non-energy use
- Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.
Natural gas, non-energy use
To cope with differences in demand for natural gas in summer and winter there is a need for storage of natural gas.
An empty gas field could be adapted to be used as underground storage for natural gas (UGS). For this purpose a certain pressure is needed to facilitate quick extraction of stored natural gas.
The natural gas that has been injected in the empty field to raise the pressure is called cushion gas. This cushion gas is not part of natural gas as stocks, because it stays in the storage during the entire life time of the UGS.
The amount of natural gas injected in the field to be used as cushion gas is reflected in the energy balance sheet as part of non-energy use of natural gas.