Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy commodities Sectors Periods From supply Total Primary Energy Supply (PJ) From supply Indigenous production (PJ) From supply Receipts of energy (PJ) From supply Deliveries of energy (-) (PJ) From supply Stock change (PJ) From supply Statistical differences (PJ) From consumption Total energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) From consumption Energy sector own use (PJ) From consumption Distribution losses (PJ) From consumption Final energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Non-energy use (PJ)
Total energy commodities L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019** . 0.2 . 0.1 . . . .
Total energy commodities N Renting and other business support 2019** . 0.2 . 0.1 . . . .
Total coal and coal products L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Total coal and coal products N Renting and other business support 2019**
Primary coals L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Primary coals N Renting and other business support 2019**
Total coal products L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Total coal products N Renting and other business support 2019**
Coke oven gas L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Coke oven gas N Renting and other business support 2019**
Blast furnace gas L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Blast furnace gas N Renting and other business support 2019**
Other coal products L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Other coal products N Renting and other business support 2019**
Total crude and petroleum products L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019** . . . . . . . .
Total crude and petroleum products N Renting and other business support 2019** . . . . .
Total crude L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Total crude N Renting and other business support 2019**
Total petroleum products L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Total petroleum products N Renting and other business support 2019**
Residual gas L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Residual gas N Renting and other business support 2019**
Lpg L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Lpg N Renting and other business support 2019**
Naphtha L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Naphtha N Renting and other business support 2019**
Gasoline L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Gasoline N Renting and other business support 2019**
Kerosene L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Kerosene N Renting and other business support 2019**
Heating and other gasoil L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Heating and other gasoil N Renting and other business support 2019**
Fuel oil L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Fuel oil N Renting and other business support 2019**
Other petroleum products L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Other petroleum products N Renting and other business support 2019**
Natural gas L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019** . 3.8 . . . .
Natural gas N Renting and other business support 2019** . 2.7 . . .
Renewable energy L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019** . . . .
Renewable energy N Renting and other business support 2019** . . . .
Hydro power L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Hydro power N Renting and other business support 2019**
Deep geothermal heat L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Deep geothermal heat N Renting and other business support 2019**
Ambient energy L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Ambient energy N Renting and other business support 2019**
Total solar energy L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019** 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Total solar energy N Renting and other business support 2019** 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Solar thermal L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Solar thermal N Renting and other business support 2019**
Solar photovoltaic L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019** 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Solar photovoltaic N Renting and other business support 2019** 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Wind energy L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Wind energy N Renting and other business support 2019**
Total biomass L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Total biomass N Renting and other business support 2019** . . . .
Municipal waste; renewable fraction L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Municipal waste; renewable fraction N Renting and other business support 2019**
Solid and liquid biomass L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Solid and liquid biomass N Renting and other business support 2019**
Biogas L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Biogas N Renting and other business support 2019** . . . .
Total other energy commodities L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Total other energy commodities N Renting and other business support 2019**
Nuclear energy L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Nuclear energy N Renting and other business support 2019**
Waste and other energy sources L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Waste and other energy sources N Renting and other business support 2019**
Electricity L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019** . 3.7 0.1 . -0.2 .
Electricity N Renting and other business support 2019** . 2.3 . . . .
Heat L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019**
Heat N Renting and other business support 2019** . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use in the energy sector, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.

For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.

The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification. There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In accordance with international conventions, own use of energy companies only occurs within the energy sector and final energy consumption only for energy consumers. In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.

The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.

Data available:
From: 1990.

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2018 are definite. Figures of 2019 are revised provisional.

Changes of 16 December 2020:
Figures of 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted. Figures for 2015, 2016 and 2017 have been revised.
The most important items for the revision are:
- As a result of comparison with administrative sources the figures natural gas consumption in chemistry and food industry have been improved. In the food industry final consumption of natural gas is about 5 PJ lower now and chemistry it is 1-2 PJ lower in 2016 and 2017 and about 10 PJ lower in 2015.
- For stocks of natural gas we have introduced a new method using the data of the national grid operator in a different way and including data from AGSI (Aggregated gas storage inventory). For 2017 the new method results in a shift from primary production to stock change of 20 PJ.
- New insights of a study on district heating were incorporated in the data. More information you find in the link below in chapter 4 for Warmtemonitor 2019. This resulted including auxiliary boilers with natural gas (1-2 PJ), 4-5 PJ higher distribution losses and improved data on heat production. However, not all improvements were incorporated yet, resulting in a break in the time series for final consumption of heat in the services sector, which is now probably a few PJ too low in 2015 and 2016.
- Because of increased interest in heat from chemical processes we had a closer look at this data for some companies. As a result production is now about 3 PJ higher.
- With regard to refinery gas we have improved insight in the efficiency of the conversion of these gases to natural gas. This result in lower primary production and transformation input of refinery gas.

Changes as of 17 June 2020:
Revised provisional figures of 2019 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: June of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July and December of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

From supply
Calculated from supply energy consumption is indigenous production plus supply of energy minus delivery of energy plus stock change plus statistical differences
Total Primary Energy Supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Indigenous production
Extraction of energy commodities from nature.

Fossil energy commodities - coal, crude oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
Receipts of energy
Energy imported, bought or received in the Netherlands.
Deliveries of energy (-)
Energy exported, sold or delivered in the Netherlands.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Statistical differences
The difference between the energy sypply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.

This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.
From consumption
Calculated from consumption energy consumption is net energy transformation plus own use energy sector plus distribution losses plus final energy consumption plus non-energy use.
Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Energy sector own use
Own use of the energy sector in the Netherlands.
Distribution losses
Distribution losses of electricity and heat.

For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.

Natural gas, non-energy use

To cope with differences in demand for natural gas in summer and winter there is a need for storage of natural gas.

An empty gas field could be adapted to be used as underground storage for natural gas (UGS). For this purpose a certain pressure is needed to facilitate quick extraction of stored natural gas.

The natural gas that has been injected in the empty field to raise the pressure is called cushion gas. This cushion gas is not part of natural gas as stocks, because it stays in the storage during the entire life time of the UGS.

The amount of natural gas injected in the field to be used as cushion gas is reflected in the energy balance sheet as part of non-energy use of natural gas.