Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy commodities Sectors Periods From supply Total Primary Energy Supply (PJ) From supply Receipts of energy (PJ) From supply Deliveries of energy (-) (PJ) From consumption Total energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Net electricity/CHP transformation (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Net other transformation (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Energy transformation input (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Electricity and CHP transformation input (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Other transformation input (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Energy transformation output (-) (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Electricity/CHP transformation output (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Other transformation output (PJ) From consumption Final energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Non-energy use (PJ)
Total energy commodities Total energy sector and final users 2021** 3,021.4 18,948.0 17,513.9 3,023.7 459.6 330.9 128.7 5,058.5 942.0 4,116.5 4,598.9 611.2 3,987.7 1,803.5 534.4
Total energy commodities Total energy sector 2021** 567.7 8,240.4 8,775.2 567.6 346.2 246.4 99.8 3,353.7 610.0 2,743.7 3,007.5 363.6 2,643.9
Total energy commodities Energy companies 2021** 282.2 3,833.5 3,864.4 282.1 242.9 240.2 2.8 609.7 586.9 22.7 366.7 346.8 19.9
Total energy commodities Total final users of energy 2021** 2,456.1 10,707.6 8,738.7 2,456.1 113.4 84.5 29.0 1,704.8 332.0 1,372.8 1,591.4 247.6 1,343.9 1,803.5 534.4
Total energy commodities Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 1,075.4 1,385.9 415.0 1,075.4 20.6 20.6 0.0 279.3 98.4 180.9 258.7 77.8 180.9 537.5 516.5
Renewable energy Total energy sector and final users 2021** 341.6 572.3 555.9 341.4 289.2 237.0 52.2 289.2 237.0 52.2 52.2
Renewable energy Total energy sector 2021** 151.6 67.3 15.8 151.6 151.6 136.4 15.2 151.6 136.4 15.2
Renewable energy Energy companies 2021** 143.2 58.1 143.2 143.2 136.4 6.8 143.2 136.4 6.8
Renewable energy Total final users of energy 2021** 189.8 505.0 540.1 189.8 137.6 100.6 37.0 137.6 100.6 37.0 52.2
Renewable energy Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 10.9 16.1 74.3 10.9 6.8 5.9 0.8 6.8 5.9 0.8 4.2
Ambient energy Total energy sector and final users 2021** 15.9 15.9 15.9
Ambient energy Total energy sector 2021**
Ambient energy Energy companies 2021**
Ambient energy Total final users of energy 2021** 15.9 15.9 15.9
Ambient energy Industry (no energy sector) 2021**
Total solar energy Total energy sector and final users 2021** 42.0 42.0 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 1.2
Total solar energy Total energy sector 2021** 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Total solar energy Energy companies 2021** 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Total solar energy Total final users of energy 2021** 34.3 34.3 33.1 33.1 33.1 33.1 1.2
Total solar energy Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Wind energy Total energy sector and final users 2021** 64.7 64.7 64.7 64.7 64.7 64.7
Wind energy Total energy sector 2021** 59.4 59.4 59.4 59.4 59.4 59.4
Wind energy Energy companies 2021** 59.4 59.4 59.4 59.4 59.4 59.4
Wind energy Total final users of energy 2021** 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Wind energy Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Total other energy commodities Total energy sector and final users 2021** 86.8 4.7 1.5 86.8 86.7 72.9 13.8 86.7 72.9 13.8 0.1
Total other energy commodities Total energy sector 2021** 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.5 0.1 38.6 38.5 0.1
Total other energy commodities Energy companies 2021** 38.1 38.1 38.1 38.0 0.1 38.1 38.0 0.1
Total other energy commodities Total final users of energy 2021** 48.2 4.7 1.5 48.2 48.1 34.5 13.7 48.1 34.5 13.7 0.1
Total other energy commodities Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 14.2 14.2 14.1 0.5 13.7 14.1 0.5 13.7 0.1
Nuclear energy Total energy sector and final users 2021** 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3
Nuclear energy Total energy sector 2021** 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3
Nuclear energy Energy companies 2021** 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.3
Nuclear energy Total final users of energy 2021**
Nuclear energy Industry (no energy sector) 2021**
Waste and other energy sources Total energy sector and final users 2021** 49.5 4.7 1.5 49.5 49.4 35.7 13.8 49.4 35.7 13.8 0.1
Waste and other energy sources Total energy sector 2021** 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 0.1 1.3 1.2 0.1
Waste and other energy sources Energy companies 2021** 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.7 0.1
Waste and other energy sources Total final users of energy 2021** 48.2 4.7 1.5 48.2 48.1 34.5 13.7 48.1 34.5 13.7 0.1
Waste and other energy sources Industry (no energy sector) 2021** 14.2 14.2 14.1 0.5 13.7 14.1 0.5 13.7 0.1
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.

For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.

The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.

The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.

Data available:
From: 1990.

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2019 are definite. Figures of 2020 and 2021 are revised provisional.

Changes as of June 16th 2022:
Revised provisional figures added for 2021.

Changes as of 4 March 2022:
For period 2012 up to and including 2020 adjusted figures for deliveries of energy of electricity and total energy commodities for sector Water supply and waste management unknown have been added.

Changes as of 1 March 2022:
Figures for 1990 up to and including 2020 have been revised. The most important change is a different way of presenting own use of electricity of power-generating installations. Previously, this was regarded as electricity and CHP transformation input. From now on, this is seen as own use, as is customary in international energy statistics. As a result, the input and net energy transformation decrease and own use increases, on average about 15 PJ per year. Final consumers also have power generating installations. That's why final consumers now also have own use, previously this was not so. In the previous revision of 2021, the new sector blast furnaces was introduced for the years 2015 up to and including 2020, which describes the transformation of coke oven coke and coking coal into blast furnace gas that takes place in the production of pig iron from iron ore. This activity was previously part of the steel industry. With this revision, the change has been put back to 1990.

Changes as of 16th of December 2021:
Figures for 2015 until and including 2018 have been revised and the structure of table has been adapted. Major items are the following:
Blast furnaces have been introduced from 2015 onwards as separate sector and are not any more part of the iron and steel industry. Consequently, own use of the energy sector has increased about 10 PJ and final energy consumption has decreased about 10 PJ. This concerns the energy products cokes oven gas, blast furnace gas, natural gas and electricity. The transformation of coking coal and cokes into blast furnace gas is now part of the sector blast furnaces and not any more of iron and steel industry. An other item is the shift of transformation output of other oil products in the chemical industry outside the petrochemical industry to indigenous production (0.4 to 4 PJ each year). Both items are intended to more completely fulfill the international methodological standards on energy statistics. Additionally, for 2015 up to and including 2018 a few other improved insights in the energy balance of individual companies have been incorporated.

When will new figures be published?
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

From supply
Calculated from supply energy consumption is indigenous production plus supply of energy minus delivery of energy plus stock change plus statistical differences.
Total Primary Energy Supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Receipts of energy
Energy imported, bought or received in the Netherlands.
Deliveries of energy (-)
Energy exported, sold or delivered in the Netherlands.
From consumption
Calculated from consumption energy consumption is net energy transformation plus own use plus distribution losses plus final energy consumption plus non-energy use.
Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and hard coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Net electricity/CHP transformation
Input minus output of energy transformation into:
- electricity only,
- electricity and useful heat, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat has the form of steam or warm water.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and hard coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Net other transformation
Input minus output of energy transformation into:
- another fuel, e.g. production of coal and petroleum products.
- heat only, i.e. at companies supplying heat to another company. Excludes use for CHP transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and hard coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or motor gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Energy transformation input
The amount of energy used to produce other energy commodities. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.

Total energy transformation input is the sum of:
- Electricity and CHP transformation input
- Other transformation input.
Electricity and CHP transformation input
The amount of energy used for the production of
- electricity only,
- electricity and useful heat, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat is in the form of steam or warm water.
Other transformation input
The amount of energy used for the production of:
- fuel from another fuel, e.g. use of crude oil as feedstock for the production of petroleum products, like motor gasoline.
- heat only, i.e. at companies supplying heat to another company. Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Energy transformation output (-)
The amount of energy transformed from another energy commodity. This may be heat or power made from another fuel. It may also be the production of a fuel by a physical processing of another fuel, e.g. production of motor gasoline from crude oil.

Total energy transformation output is the sum of:
- Electricity/CHP transformation output
- Other transformation output
Electricity/CHP transformation output
The production of heat and power through electricity and CHP transformation.
Includes production of:
- electricity only
- electricity and useful heat combined, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat has the form of steam or warm water
Other transformation output
The production of energy from other transformations.
Includes:
- coal and oil products made from other fuels, e.g. production of petroleum products like motor gasoline from crude oil.
- heat of companies supplying heat to another company. Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Excludes heat from CHP.
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.

Natural gas, non-energy use

To cope with differences in demand for natural gas in summer and winter there is a need for storage of natural gas.

An empty gas field could be adapted to be used as underground storage for natural gas (UGS). For this purpose a certain pressure is needed to facilitate quick extraction of stored natural gas.

The natural gas that has been injected in the empty field to raise the pressure is called cushion gas. This cushion gas is not part of natural gas as stocks, because it stays in the storage during the entire life time of the UGS.

The amount of natural gas injected in the field to be used as cushion gas is reflected in the energy balance sheet as part of non-energy use of natural gas.