Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy commodities Sectors Periods From supply Total Primary Energy Supply (PJ) From supply Indigenous production (PJ) From supply Receipts of energy (PJ) From supply Deliveries of energy (-) (PJ) From supply Stock change (PJ) From supply Statistical differences (PJ) From consumption Total energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) From consumption Energy sector own use (PJ) From consumption Distribution losses (PJ) From consumption Final energy consumption (PJ) From consumption Non-energy use (PJ)
Total energy commodities Total energy sector and final users 2019 3,045.2 1,425.6 19,937.3 18,215.6 -88.6 -13.5 3,058.7 494.4 187.3 23.1 1,857.9 496.1
Total energy commodities Total energy sector 2019 540.9 1,163.8 8,714.9 9,316.2 -21.6 540.9 330.5 187.3 23.1
Total energy commodities Industry (no energy sector) 2019 1,127.8 108.5 1,409.7 389.4 -1.0 1,127.8 69.5 566.7 491.7
Total energy commodities Total domestic transport 2019 460.3 460.3 0.0 460.3 457.5 2.8
Total energy commodities Other sectors, total 2019 929.8 153.3 9,352.4 8,509.9 -66.0 929.8 94.4 833.8 1.6
Total energy commodities Sector for the statistical difference 2019 -13.5 -13.5
Total coal and coal products Total energy sector and final users 2019 268.9 373.0 98.4 -5.8 268.9 238.2 7.7 20.3 2.7
Total coal and coal products Total energy sector 2019 180.8 256.5 69.4 -6.3 180.8 173.1 7.7
Total coal and coal products Industry (no energy sector) 2019 88.0 116.4 28.9 0.6 88.0 65.1 20.2 2.7
Total coal and coal products Total domestic transport 2019
Total coal and coal products Other sectors, total 2019 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Total coal and coal products Sector for the statistical difference 2019
Total crude and petroleum products Total energy sector and final users 2019 1,104.9 65.7 13,362.5 12,236.6 -74.2 -12.5 1,117.4 23.0 100.5 610.9 383.0
Total crude and petroleum products Total energy sector 2019 125.1 37.7 4,262.0 4,165.2 -9.5 125.1 24.5 100.5
Total crude and petroleum products Industry (no energy sector) 2019 503.0 28.0 722.0 245.2 -1.9 503.0 -2.9 127.4 378.6
Total crude and petroleum products Total domestic transport 2019 450.0 450.0 450.0 447.2 2.8
Total crude and petroleum products Other sectors, total 2019 39.3 7,928.5 7,826.3 -62.9 39.3 1.4 36.3 1.6
Total crude and petroleum products Sector for the statistical difference 2019 -12.5 -12.5
Natural gas Total energy sector and final users 2019 1,344.1 1,006.5 4,941.0 4,592.9 -8.8 -1.7 1,345.8 576.6 42.8 616.1 110.4
Natural gas Total energy sector 2019 462.0 1,006.5 3,734.3 4,273.1 -5.8 462.0 419.1 42.8
Natural gas Industry (no energy sector) 2019 359.6 363.1 3.5 359.6 61.6 187.6 110.4
Natural gas Total domestic transport 2019 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Natural gas Other sectors, total 2019 521.6 841.0 316.4 -3.0 521.6 95.8 425.8
Natural gas Sector for the statistical difference 2019 -1.7 -1.7
Renewable energy Total energy sector and final users 2019 231.8 267.8 353.3 389.2 0.2 -0.3 232.1 186.6 45.5
Renewable energy Total energy sector 2019 78.7 81.2 13.0 15.4 0.0 78.7 78.7
Renewable energy Industry (no energy sector) 2019 8.8 61.7 14.6 67.8 0.3 8.8 4.0 4.8
Renewable energy Total domestic transport 2019
Renewable energy Other sectors, total 2019 144.6 124.9 325.8 306.0 -0.2 144.6 103.9 40.7
Renewable energy Sector for the statistical difference 2019 -0.3 -0.3
Nuclear energy Total energy sector and final users 2019 38.1 38.1 38.1 38.1
Nuclear energy Total energy sector 2019 38.1 38.1 38.1 38.1
Nuclear energy Industry (no energy sector) 2019
Nuclear energy Total domestic transport 2019
Nuclear energy Other sectors, total 2019
Nuclear energy Sector for the statistical difference 2019
Waste and other energy sources Total energy sector and final users 2019 54.3 47.4 8.4 1.6 54.3 52.3 2.0
Waste and other energy sources Total energy sector 2019 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Waste and other energy sources Industry (no energy sector) 2019 . . . . 0.7
Waste and other energy sources Total domestic transport 2019
Waste and other energy sources Other sectors, total 2019 35.2 28.4 8.4 1.6 35.2 33.8 1.3
Waste and other energy sources Sector for the statistical difference 2019
Electricity Total energy sector and final users 2019 3.1 741.2 739.1 1.0 2.1 -424.2 20.8 19.2 386.3
Electricity Total energy sector 2019 -292.6 389.9 682.5 -292.6 -332.6 20.8 19.2
Electricity Industry (no energy sector) 2019 107.5 120.9 13.4 107.5 -19.5 127.0
Electricity Total domestic transport 2019 7.6 7.6 0.0 7.6 7.6
Electricity Other sectors, total 2019 179.6 222.8 43.2 179.6 -72.1 251.7
Electricity Sector for the statistical difference 2019 1.0 1.0
Heat Total energy sector and final users 2019 157.8 157.8 -196.1 15.5 3.9 176.8
Heat Total energy sector 2019 -51.5 59.1 110.6 -51.5 -70.8 15.5 3.9
Heat Industry (no energy sector) 2019 42.2 72.9 30.7 42.2 -56.9 99.1
Heat Total domestic transport 2019
Heat Other sectors, total 2019 9.3 25.8 16.6 9.3 -68.5 77.7
Heat Sector for the statistical difference 2019
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use in the energy sector, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.

For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.

The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification. There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In accordance with international conventions, own use of energy companies only occurs within the energy sector and final energy consumption only for energy consumers. In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.

The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.

Data available:
From: 1990.

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2017 are definite. Figures of 2018 and 2019 are revised provisional.

Changes of 16 July:
Figures of 2019 have been adjusted.

Changes as of 17 June 2020:
Revised provisional figures of 2019 have been added.

Changes as of 13 December 2019:
The Energy balance from 1990 onwards has been revised. The revision of final energy consumption in the residential sector concerns the consumption of biomass in households, which is about 2 PJ lower in 2014-2016. For older yeaers the adaptations are less than 1 PJ. Thes adaptations also affect primary production, total energy consumption and higher aggregates that contain biomassa and the residential sector.

Reason for the revision is the new calibration of the model of TNO that delivers the data for biomassa in households. The calibration of the model has been renewed, because new survey results (WoON) on biomass consumption by houesholds has become available. Furthermore, for 2015 and 2016 an error in the data for final electricity consumption in the chemical industry has been repaired. Consequently, this consumption is now about 2 PJ less. Also this adaptation affects higher aggregates.

Definite figures of 2017 and revised provisional figures of 2018 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: April of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July and December of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

From supply
Calculated from supply energy consumption is indigenous production plus supply of energy minus delivery of energy plus stock change plus statistical differences
Total Primary Energy Supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Indigenous production
Extraction of energy commodities from nature.

Fossil energy commodities - coal, crude oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
Receipts of energy
Energy imported, bought or received in the Netherlands.
Deliveries of energy (-)
Energy exported, sold or delivered in the Netherlands.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Statistical differences
The difference between the energy sypply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.

This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.
From consumption
Calculated from consumption energy consumption is net energy transformation plus own use energy sector plus distribution losses plus final energy consumption plus non-energy use.
Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Energy sector own use
Own use of the energy sector in the Netherlands.
Distribution losses
Distribution losses of electricity and heat.

For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.

Natural gas, non-energy use

To cope with differences in demand for natural gas in summer and winter there is a need for storage of natural gas.

An empty gas field could be adapted to be used as underground storage for natural gas (UGS). For this purpose a certain pressure is needed to facilitate quick extraction of stored natural gas.

The natural gas that has been injected in the empty field to raise the pressure is called cushion gas. This cushion gas is not part of natural gas as stocks, because it stays in the storage during the entire life time of the UGS.

The amount of natural gas injected in the field to be used as cushion gas is reflected in the energy balance sheet as part of non-energy use of natural gas.