Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector


This table contains figures on the supply and consumption of energy broken down by sector and by energy commodity. The energy supply is equal to the indigenous production of energy plus the receipts minus the deliveries of energy plus the stock changes. Consumption of energy is equal to the sum of own use in the energy sector, distribution losses, final energy consumption, non-energy use and the total net energy transformation. For each sector, the supply of energy is equal to the consumption of energy.

For some energy commodities, the total of the observed domestic deliveries is not exactly equal to the sum of the observed domestic receipts. For these energy commodities, a statistical difference arises that can not be attributed to a sector.

The breakdown into sectors follows mainly the classification as is customary in international energy statistics. This classification is based on functions of various sectors in the energy system and for several break downs on the international Standard Industrial Classification. There are two main sectors: the energy sector (companies with main activity indigenous production or transformation of energy) and energy consumers (other companies, vehicles and dwellings). In accordance with international conventions, own use of energy companies only occurs within the energy sector and final energy consumption only for energy consumers. In addition to a breakdown by sector, there is also a breakdown by energy commodity, such as coal, various petroleum products, natural gas, renewable energy, electricity and heat.

The definitions used in this table are exactly in line with the definitions in the Energy Balance table; supply, transformation and consumption. That table does not contain a breakdown by sector (excluding final energy consumption), but it does provide information about imports, exports and bunkering and also provides more detail about the energy commodities.

Data available:
From: 1990.

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2017 are definite. Figures of 2018 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 13 December 2019:
The Energy balance from 1990 onwards has been revised. The revision of final energy consumption in the residential sector concerns the consumption of biomass in households, which is about 2 PJ lower in 2014-2016. For older yeaers the adaptations are less than 1 PJ. Thes adaptations also affect primary production, total energy consumption and higher aggregates that contain biomassa and the residential sector.

Reason for the revision is the new calibration of the model of TNO that delivers the data for biomassa in households. The calibration of the model has been renewed, because new survey results (WoON) on biomass consumption by houesholds has become available. Furthermore, for 2015 and 2016 an error in the data for final electricity consumption in the chemical industry has been repaired. Consequently, this consumption is now about 2 PJ less. Also this adaptation affects higher aggregates.

Definite figures of 2017 and revised provisional figures of 2018 have been added.

Changes as of 27 February 2019:
There are two corrections:
The first correction relates to figures for supply of natural gas and electricity in services sectors for 2016. Consequently, final energy consumption of natural gas is now 6 PJ higher and of electricity 1 PJ lower for 2016. This correction was needed because something went wrong in compiling the input file for the energy balance database for figures on services. This correction affects higher aggregates like total energy consumption and all energy products.
The second correction relates to final energy consumption in the period 1990 up to and including 2014. The own use of some energy products by companies in the energy sector was accidently also shown as final energy consumption, whereas final energy consumption is by definition not possible for the energy sector. Additionally some sectors data for final energy consumption was missing. This correction was needed, because something went wrong in the translation from the Energy balance database to StatLine. This correction does not affect aggregates at the highest level.
Furthermore, the underlying codes of the classifications used in this table have been adjusted. These are now in line with the standard codes set by Statistics Netherlands. The structure of the table is not adjusted.
Finally, the use of the symbols '.' and 'Empty cell' for period 1990 up to and including 2017 has been adjusted.

Changes as of 18 December 2018:

In December 2018 the Energy balance has been revised and corrected, concerning the following items:

1. Energy consumption in the chemical industry has been corrected for the years 2012 up to and including 2017. The adjustment results from a correction in the underlying energy data of a few large chemical enterprises. The supplied data from these companies for energy statistics appeared not complete, because the demarcation of the companies was unclear. This incompleteness was discovered by comparing data supplied to Statistics Netherlands with data supplied to the ETS system and data supplied to environmental annual reports. A result of this correction is that final consumption of natural gas is on average 22 PJ higher for the years 2012 up to and including 2017, final consumption of refinery gas is on average 12 PJ higher and electricity consumption is 1 PJ higher. These corrections affect calculated emissions of carbon dioxide which on average are 1.3 Mton higher for the years 2012 up to and including 2017.
2. Non-energy consumption in the chemical industry for the years 1990 up to and including 2017 has been adjusted downwards. A large not plausible change in the use of non-energy consumption of one company triggered additional research on the data of this company considering historical capacity, the rate of utilisation of the capacity, the efficiency and the relation with a neighbouring company. Result of this research was mainly a decrease of the non-energy use and the imports of oil with on average 50 PJ per year.
3. For the years 2015 up to and including 2017 data on bunkers of heavy fuel oil were not plausible. Additional research resulted in improvement of underlying data and figures are now about 20 PJ lower for 2015 and 2016.
4. For coal transit to other countries and stock changes of trading companies have been eliminated from published data. The reasons for this is a request from Eurostat to interpret the statistical regulation in such way that imports only relate to coal for inland consumption. Consequently, the exports of coal is now zero. Coal consumption has not been adapted.
5. In the energy balance (supply and consumption) now three types of coal are distinguished for the years 1990 up to and including 2014. This was already the case for the more recent years.
6. For solar photovoltaic Statistics Netherlands introduced a new method using administrative data. Consequently, the data for the production of solar photovoltaic have been adapted from 2012 onwards. In addition there is improved insight in which part of the solar photovoltaic is consumed by the producers resulting in an increased final consumption of electricity, mainly in the services sector, up to 1 PJ in 2017.
7. Within renewable energy a new energy commodity has been added: ambient energy. This is energy from below the soil surface, the atmosphere or surface water extracted by heat pumps. This adaptation follows Eurostat as a consequence of the adaptation of the EU regulation on energy statistics. The amount of ambient energy, produced and consumed in the sectors services, households and agriculture increases from almost negligible to 7 PJ in 2017.
8. Electricity consumption of the coke-oven plants has been shifted from input for transformations to own use to better follow the Eurostat method.

Further the aggregate 'Total other energy commodities' and the sector 'Water supply, waste management unknown' have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Revised provisional figures: June/July and December of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Energy balance sheet; supply and consumption, sector

Energy commodities Sectors Periods From supplyTotal Primary Energy Supply (PJ) From supplyIndigenous production (PJ) From supplyReceipts of energy (PJ) From supplyDeliveries of energy (-) (PJ) From supplyStock change (PJ) From supplyStatistical differences (PJ) From consumptionTotal energy consumption (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationTotal net energy transformation (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationNet electricity/CHP transformation (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationNet other transformation (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationEnergy transformation input (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationElectricity and CHP transformation input (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationOther transformation input (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationEnergy transformation output (-) (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationElectricity/CHP transformation output (PJ) From consumptionEnergy transformationOther transformation output (PJ) From consumptionEnergy sector own use (PJ) From consumptionDistribution losses (PJ) From consumptionFinal energy consumption (PJ) From consumptionNon-energy use (PJ)
Total coal and coal products Total energy sector and final users 2018 343.8 441.0 97.9 0.7 343.8 312.8 248.1 64.7 425.1 248.1 177.0 112.3 112.3 8.0 22.8 0.3
Total coal and coal products Total energy sector 2018 255.5 323.0 70.2 2.7 255.5 247.6 245.4 2.2 323.3 245.4 78.0 75.8 75.8 8.0
Total coal and coal products Industry (no energy sector) 2018 88.2 117.9 27.7 -1.9 88.2 65.2 2.7 62.5 101.7 2.7 99.0 36.5 36.5 22.6 0.3
Total coal and coal products Total domestic transport 2018
Total coal and coal products Other sectors, total 2018 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Total coal and coal products Sector for the statistical difference 2018
Total crude and petroleum products Total energy sector and final users 2018 1,159.0 80.0 13,231.0 12,160.1 15.6 -7.5 1,166.5 29.7 15.6 14.2 3,976.7 15.6 3,961.1 3,947.0 3,947.0 86.4 621.6 428.8
Total crude and petroleum products Total energy sector 2018 115.7 50.3 4,279.8 4,220.7 6.3 115.7 29.4 14.6 14.8 2,634.7 14.6 2,620.1 2,605.3 2,605.3 86.4
Total crude and petroleum products Industry (no energy sector) 2018 562.2 29.7 790.7 259.0 0.8 562.2 -1.5 0.8 -2.3 170.7 0.8 169.9 172.1 172.1 139.2 424.5
Total crude and petroleum products Total domestic transport 2018 451.5 451.5 451.5 448.8 2.7
Total crude and petroleum products Other sectors, total 2018 37.1 7,709.0 7,680.5 8.5 37.1 1.8 0.2 1.6 1,171.4 0.2 1,171.2 1,169.6 1,169.6 33.6 1.6
Total crude and petroleum products Sector for the statistical difference 2018 -7.5 -7.5
Natural gas Total energy sector and final users 2018 1,286.5 1,162.7 5,096.1 4,917.3 -68.2 13.3 1,273.1 494.9 480.1 14.8 499.5 480.1 19.4 4.7 4.7 43.3 633.6 101.3
Natural gas Total energy sector 2018 388.3 1,162.7 4,018.9 4,726.1 -67.2 388.2 344.9 327.8 17.1 346.9 327.8 19.1 2.0 2.0 43.3
Natural gas Industry (no energy sector) 2018 343.1 345.8 2.7 343.1 60.7 61.2 -0.5 61.4 61.2 0.2 0.8 0.8 181.1 101.3
Natural gas Total domestic transport 2018 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Natural gas Other sectors, total 2018 539.1 728.7 188.5 -1.0 539.1 89.3 91.1 -1.9 91.2 91.1 0.1 1.9 1.9 449.9
Natural gas Sector for the statistical difference 2018 13.3 13.3
Renewable energy Total energy sector and final users 2018 196.4 236.7 291.6 325.0 -6.7 -0.2 196.6 154.0 123.2 30.9 154.0 123.2 30.9 42.5
Renewable energy Total energy sector 2018 58.2 63.6 10.9 15.8 -0.4 58.2 58.2 49.9 8.3 58.2 49.9 8.3
Renewable energy Industry (no energy sector) 2018 9.4 53.4 12.5 56.6 0.2 9.4 3.5 2.8 0.8 3.5 2.8 0.8 5.9
Renewable energy Total domestic transport 2018
Renewable energy Other sectors, total 2018 128.9 119.7 268.3 252.6 -6.4 128.9 92.3 70.5 21.8 92.3 70.5 21.8 36.6
Renewable energy Sector for the statistical difference 2018 -0.2 -0.2
Nuclear energy Total energy sector and final users 2018 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Nuclear energy Total energy sector 2018 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Nuclear energy Industry (no energy sector) 2018
Nuclear energy Total domestic transport 2018
Nuclear energy Other sectors, total 2018
Nuclear energy Sector for the statistical difference 2018
Waste and other energy sources Total energy sector and final users 2018 45.2 38.4 8.4 1.5 45.2 43.3 37.8 5.6 43.3 37.8 5.6 1.8
Waste and other energy sources Total energy sector 2018 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Waste and other energy sources Industry (no energy sector) 2018 7.2 7.2 7.2 6.7 1.1 5.6 6.7 1.1 5.6 0.5
Waste and other energy sources Total domestic transport 2018
Waste and other energy sources Other sectors, total 2018 37.0 30.2 8.4 1.5 37.0 35.7 35.7 35.7 35.7 1.3
Waste and other energy sources Sector for the statistical difference 2018
Electricity Total energy sector and final users 2018 28.7 749.9 719.9 -1.3 30.0 -399.8 -399.8 12.3 12.3 412.1 412.1 21.8 19.2 388.7
Electricity Total energy sector 2018 -273.9 390.9 664.8 -273.9 -315.0 -315.0 7.7 7.7 322.7 322.7 21.8 19.2
Electricity Industry (no energy sector) 2018 110.8 124.0 13.2 110.8 -18.3 -18.3 0.6 0.6 18.8 18.8 129.1
Electricity Total domestic transport 2018 7.6 7.7 0.0 7.6 7.6
Electricity Other sectors, total 2018 185.4 227.3 41.9 185.4 -66.5 -66.5 4.0 4.0 70.5 70.5 251.9
Electricity Sector for the statistical difference 2018 -1.3 -1.3
Heat Total energy sector and final users 2018 156.2 156.2 -182.1 -167.1 -15.0 6.8 6.8 188.8 173.8 15.0 14.7 4.0 163.5
Heat Total energy sector 2018 -54.2 56.8 111.0 -54.2 -72.8 -64.7 -8.1 6.4 6.4 79.2 71.1 8.1 14.7 4.0
Heat Industry (no energy sector) 2018 45.6 0.0 74.5 28.9 45.6 -44.7 -37.8 -6.9 0.4 0.4 45.2 38.2 6.9 90.4
Heat Total domestic transport 2018
Heat Other sectors, total 2018 8.6 24.9 16.3 8.6 -64.5 -64.5 0.0 64.5 64.5 0.0 73.1
Heat Sector for the statistical difference 2018
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols