Emissions to air on Dutch territory; stationary sources

Emissions to air on Dutch territory; stationary sources

Sources Periods CO2 (million kgs) NMVOC (million kgs) CH4 (million kgs) SO2 (million kgs) NOx (million kgs) NH3 (million kgs) PM10 (million kgs)
Stationary sources; total 1990 136,920 399.3 1,265.0 170.6 282.1 345.0 53.22
Stationary sources; total 2000 142,470 248.9 963.5 63.3 184.5 168.9 30.86
Stationary sources; total 2010 157,420 220.7 771.0 32.9 136.3 129.4 25.16
Stationary sources; total 2014 137,000 206.1 715.4 28.8 112.5 124.7 23.91
Stationary sources; total 2015 143,330 214.6 723.0 30.0 115.6 127.0 23.82
Stationary sources; total 2016 144,120 211.6 728.2 27.1 110.4 126.0 23.46
Stationary sources; total 2017 141,350 211.6 715.3 25.7 104.9 128.2 23.15
Stationary sources; total 2018 137,330 205.3 690.9 24.1 101.8 125.2 22.35
Stationary sources; total 2019 133,480 202.0 685.8 22.0 97.3 118.7 21.44
Stationary sources; total 2020* 125,540 198.3 674.3 19.1 92.6 120.5 20.91
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 1990 11,040 15.9 1.1 67.2 18.9 0.0 6.47
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2000 12,400 14.9 0.9 33.2 10.4 0.0 3.34
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2010 10,630 7.1 1.0 12.7 5.6 0.0 0.29
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2014 10,660 5.6 0.9 9.7 5.2 0.0 0.24
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2015 11,040 5.5 0.9 11.1 5.2 0.0 0.27
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2016 10,640 5.1 0.9 11.2 5.0 0.0 0.23
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2017 10,030 5.0 0.9 11.1 4.8 0.0 0.23
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2018 10,090 4.6 1.0 9.8 4.9 0.0 0.23
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2019 10,990 3.9 1.1 8.7 5.2 0.0 0.22
192 Manufacture of refined petroleum 2020* 10,220 3.3 1.0 7.2 4.4 0.0 0.19
35 Energy supply 1990 39,860 1.7 18.4 44.1 77.2 0.0 1.46
35 Energy supply 2000 49,110 2.9 18.4 14.8 49.1 0.0 0.31
35 Energy supply 2010 55,830 1.7 21.5 6.4 22.5 0.0 0.26
35 Energy supply 2014 50,380 2.5 16.8 8.4 15.8 0.0 0.29
35 Energy supply 2015 54,630 1.5 16.3 8.4 16.9 0.1 0.36
35 Energy supply 2016 53,600 1.5 16.0 5.8 14.3 0.1 0.24
35 Energy supply 2017 49,900 1.4 13.5 4.0 13.0 0.1 0.22
35 Energy supply 2018 46,300 1.4 13.6 3.8 12.4 0.1 0.14
35 Energy supply 2019 44,610 1.4 13.7 2.5 11.8 0.1 0.11
35 Energy supply 2020* 38,990 1.3 14.2 1.5 10.5 0.1 0.08
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 1990 21,050 23.1 12.1 19.6 36.4 3.3 4.23
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2000 14,920 9.1 12.3 2.4 13.3 1.7 1.27
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2010 17,110 4.0 12.8 2.1 11.7 0.7 1.10
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2014 15,940 3.0 12.8 1.6 8.1 0.5 0.96
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2015 15,200 2.9 12.6 1.5 7.7 0.5 0.82
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2016 16,760 2.2 12.7 1.4 8.4 0.7 0.95
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2017 17,660 2.4 13.0 1.5 7.9 0.6 1.05
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2018 17,690 1.9 12.5 1.6 7.9 0.6 0.86
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2019 17,090 2.4 13.1 1.4 7.8 0.3 0.63
201 Manufacture of basic chemicals 2020* 18,340 1.7 14.2 1.3 7.4 0.3 0.48
Manufacture of iron and steel 1990 6,930 2.3 0.4 9.5 7.4 0.0 9.32
Manufacture of iron and steel 2000 5,670 0.9 0.3 3.4 6.1 0.0 2.09
Manufacture of iron and steel 2010 6,370 0.6 0.3 3.8 5.8 0.0 1.53
Manufacture of iron and steel 2014 6,070 0.4 0.3 3.3 5.3 0.0 1.23
Manufacture of iron and steel 2015 6,570 0.5 0.3 3.0 5.9 0.0 1.17
Manufacture of iron and steel 2016 6,370 0.5 0.3 2.8 5.7 0.0 1.19
Manufacture of iron and steel 2017 7,000 0.5 0.3 3.2 5.7 0.0 1.10
Manufacture of iron and steel 2018 7,040 0.5 0.3 3.1 5.7 0.0 1.08
Manufacture of iron and steel 2019 6,400 0.5 0.3 3.2 6.1 0.0 1.17
Manufacture of iron and steel 2020* 5,830 0.4 0.3 2.9 5.2 0.0 1.08
Households in autonomous homes 1990 22,350 52.3 22.0 1.2 23.4 9.6 10.02
Households in autonomous homes 2000 22,320 50.8 20.1 0.5 21.3 6.1 9.74
Households in autonomous homes 2010 25,390 48.6 20.6 0.5 15.7 6.7 8.99
Households in autonomous homes 2014 17,420 47.6 14.7 0.4 9.9 7.3 8.10
Households in autonomous homes 2015 18,420 47.0 15.2 0.4 9.8 7.3 7.78
Households in autonomous homes 2016 19,080 46.7 15.6 0.4 9.6 7.2 7.52
Households in autonomous homes 2017 18,590 46.5 15.1 0.4 8.7 7.0 7.34
Households in autonomous homes 2018 18,480 46.6 14.9 0.4 8.5 6.8 7.11
Households in autonomous homes 2019 17,540 46.6 14.1 0.4 8.0 6.7 6.78
Households in autonomous homes 2020* 16,700 46.4 13.3 0.4 7.6 6.8 6.53
01 Agriculture 1990 7,970 98.6 589.6 0.0 58.0 326.6 4.92
01 Agriculture 2000 7,660 71.4 499.9 0.0 49.6 156.0 5.46
01 Agriculture 2010 10,410 81.7 514.5 0.1 45.3 117.0 6.09
01 Agriculture 2014 7,920 78.6 509.8 0.1 41.4 112.0 6.46
01 Agriculture 2015 8,350 90.7 528.2 0.1 43.6 114.2 6.52
01 Agriculture 2016 8,270 94.8 541.2 0.1 42.8 112.6 6.47
01 Agriculture 2017 8,430 93.7 540.3 0.1 40.9 115.2 6.27
01 Agriculture 2018 8,760 89.6 523.3 0.1 40.4 111.7 5.97
01 Agriculture 2019 8,800 87.8 522.4 0.1 37.9 105.6 5.45
01 Agriculture 2020* 8,570 88.2 514.3 0.1 38.0 107.2 5.39
E Water supply and waste management 1990 4,990 1.9 557.7 4.6 6.3 0.0 0.90
E Water supply and waste management 2000 7,440 1.7 381.6 0.2 3.1 0.3 0.03
E Water supply and waste management 2010 8,620 0.9 178.2 0.4 3.8 0.5 0.05
E Water supply and waste management 2014 9,570 0.7 140.8 0.3 4.1 0.5 0.05
E Water supply and waste management 2015 9,600 0.6 132.5 0.3 4.4 0.5 0.08
E Water supply and waste management 2016 9,850 0.6 125.8 0.4 4.3 0.6 0.06
E Water supply and waste management 2017 9,710 0.6 117.5 0.3 4.3 0.5 0.05
E Water supply and waste management 2018 9,380 0.6 113.9 0.4 3.9 0.5 0.05
E Water supply and waste management 2019 9,230 0.5 109.8 0.4 4.0 0.5 0.06
E Water supply and waste management 2020* 9,160 0.5 105.6 0.4 4.0 0.5 0.06
G-U Services 1990 8,210 55.2 1.7 0.7 11.5 4.0 1.72
G-U Services 2000 8,150 22.6 6.0 0.3 10.6 3.8 1.20
G-U Services 2010 9,780 26.6 4.4 0.2 8.4 3.5 0.96
G-U Services 2014 6,900 24.7 3.8 0.1 5.3 3.5 0.99
G-U Services 2015 7,480 24.8 1.6 0.1 5.6 3.5 0.98
G-U Services 2016 7,530 23.9 1.6 0.1 5.4 3.8 0.93
G-U Services 2017 7,490 24.4 1.7 0.1 5.4 3.8 0.91
G-U Services 2018 7,270 24.3 1.4 0.1 4.8 4.5 0.89
G-U Services 2019 7,000 24.2 1.4 0.1 4.7 4.5 0.94
G-U Services 2020* 6,460 23.7 1.3 0.1 4.3 4.5 0.94
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures on the emissions in the Netherlands by stationary sources. These are actual emissions in or above Dutch territory.
The calculation of emissions by stationary sources is among other data sources based on specifications in the annual emission reports of separate enterprises and additional estimates based on production and energy data provided by Statistics Netherlands.
According to the activity classification (SIC 2008) the coke factory of Tata Steel belongs to the energy sector. In this table it’s emissions are assigned to the category manufacture of iron and steel.

Data available from: 1990

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including reporting year 2019 are final. The figures for 2020 are provisional. In order to obtain a consistent time series the complete data set is (re)calculated when necessary, so as to be able to include the latest insights in the survey, especially in the case of emission factors.

Changes as of 5 October 2021:
Addition of provisional figures for 2020.

Changes as of 12 March 2021:
The previously published CO2 data for 2019 has been corrected. The CO2 emissions from energy supply were 400 million kg too high. This is a reduction of 0,9% in the energy supply and a reduction of 0,3% of the total CO2 emissions of stationary sources.

Changes as of 16 February 2021:
-Provisional figures of 2019 have been replaced by the definitive figures.
-A part of the emissions have been calculated based on the Dutch Energy Balance Sheet. The figures for 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted and the figures for 2015-2017 have been revised. Therefore the emissions have changed for those years.
-The CO2 emission figures have been adjusted due to the non-energetic use of natural gas. The emission have been calculated according to the new guidelines since 1990.
-The methane and particulate matter emissions of households have been changed for all years by the use of new emission factors due to ambience heating.
-The N2O, NH3 and NMVOC emissions from agriculture have been changed due to the use of a new model. Herein is the allocation of manure over grassland and industry land changed. Also, the emission factors for ammoniac from low emission stables have been adjusted. The emissions for the whole 1990-2019 period have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
Final figures for 2020 will be published in March 2022.

Description topics

CO2
Carbon dioxide.

CO2 is formed by the combustion of carbon in fuels. Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
NMVOC
Non-methane volatile organic compounds.

Among others caused by incomplete combustion of fuels and evaporation of fuels, cooling agents, inland vessel load residues, and other chemical substances. VOC emissions are also formed during various industrial processes. Smog generating and sometimes carcinogenic.
CH4
Methane (= natural gas).

Among other causes CH4 is formed by incomplete combustion of fuels, leakage from the natural gas network, and by fermentation. Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
SO2
Sulphur dioxide (SO2 and SO3, calculated as SO2).

SO2 is formed by the combustion of sulphur in fuels. Causes acidification.
NOx
Nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO and NO2, calculated as NO2).

Causes acidification and generates smog.
NH3
Ammonia (NH3).

NH3 is formed in particular during natural processes and also, to a lesser degree, during the combustion of fuels and during industrial processes. The most important source is manure. NH3 causes acidification.
PM10
Particulate matter (PM10 = particulates with diameter smaller than 10 micrometres).

Among other causes PM10 is formed during the combustion of diesel fuel, various industrial processes, and wear processes like the wear of tyres, brake linings, road surface, and railway overhead contact lines. Detrimental to health, penetrates deeply into the lungs.