Emissions to air by the Dutch economy; national accounts

Emissions to air by the Dutch economy; national accounts

Dutch economy Periods Greenhouse gases (climate change) CO2 (mln kgs) Greenhouse gases (climate change) N2O (mln kgs) Greenhouse gases (climate change) CH4 (mln kgs) Greenhouse gases (climate change) Greenhouse gas equivalents (x mln)
Total Dutch economy 2020* 172,069 27.0 678.0 198,793
Total private households 2020* 29,479 1.0 15.8 30,518
Transport activity by private households 2020* 12,578 0.6 2.5 12,833
Other private households 2020* 16,901 0.3 13.3 17,686
A-U All economic activities 2020* 142,208 26.0 571.4 165,507
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2020* 10,434 19.0 515.5 29,199
B-E Industry (no construction), energy 2020* 93,729 5.8 44.9 97,198
B Mining and quarrying 2020* 1,675 0.3 17.5 2,197
C Manufacturing 2020* 43,821 4.3 17.2 46,138
10-12 Manufacture of food and beverages 2020* 4,147 0.0 0.8 4,614
13-15 Man. of textile-, leatherproducts 2020* 135 0.0 0.0 136
16-18 Man. wood en paperprod., printing 2020* 1,039 0.0 0.2 1,045
16 Manufacture of wood products 2020* 103 0.0 0.0 104
17 Manufacture of paper 2020* 889 0.0 0.1 893
18 Printing and reproduction 2020* 47 0.0 0.0 48
19 Manufacture of coke and petroleum 2020* 10,272 0.0 1.0 10,307
20-21 Chemistry and pharmaceuticals 2020* 18,814 4.1 14.3 20,503
20 Manufacture of chemicals 2020* 18,706 4.1 14.3 20,393
21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2020* 109 0.0 0.0 110
22-23 Man. plastics and constructionprod 2020* 1,486 0.0 0.2 1,494
22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2020* 294 0.0 0.0 296
23 Manufacture of building materials 2020* 1,192 0.0 0.1 1,198
24-25 Man. of basic metals and -products 2020* 6,583 0.0 0.4 6,632
24 Manufacture of basic metals 2020* 6,062 0.0 0.3 6,105
25 Manufacture of metal products 2020* 522 0.0 0.1 527
26-27 Elektrical and electron. Industry 2020* 226 0.0 0.1 273
26 Manufacture of electronic products 2020* 53 0.0 0.0 98
27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2020* 174 0.0 0.0 175
28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2020* 289 0.0 0.1 294
29-30 Transport equipment 2020* 232 0.0 0.0 235
31-33 Other manufacturing and repair 2020* 596 0.0 0.1 604
D Electricity and gas supply 2020* 38,967 0.4 4.7 39,191
E Water supply and waste management 2020* 9,267 0.9 5.5 9,673
F Construction 2020* 3,409 0.1 0.2 3,562
G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering 2020* 26,651 0.9 1.4 27,196
G Wholesale and retail trade 2020* 3,710 0.1 0.4 3,840
H Transportation and storage 2020* 21,976 0.7 0.9 22,296
49 Land transport 2020* 5,998 0.3 0.3 6,174
50 Water transport 2020* 7,614 0.2 0.4 7,680
51 Air transport 2020* 7,596 0.2 0.1 7,665
52 Warehousing, services for transport 2020* 609 0.0 0.1 615
53 Postal and courier activities 2020* 160 0.0 0.0 162
I Accommodation and food serving 2020* 965 0.0 0.2 1,060
J Information and communication 2020* 182 0.0 0.0 184
K Financial institutions 2020* 396 0.0 0.1 400
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2020* 257 0.0 0.0 259
M-N Business services 2020* 3,012 0.1 0.4 3,058
M Other specialised business services 2020* 733 0.0 0.1 740
N Renting and other business support 2020* 2,280 0.1 0.3 2,318
O-Q Government and care 2020* 3,284 0.2 8.7 3,591
O Public administration and services 2020* 1,435 0.1 8.4 1,677
P Education 2020* 553 0.0 0.1 557
Q Health and social work activities 2020* 1,295 0.0 0.3 1,358
R-U Culture, recreation, other services 2020* 854 0.0 0.1 860
R Culture, sports and recreation 2020* 441 0.0 0.1 444
S Other service activities 2020* 413 0.0 0.1 416
T Activities of households 2020* 0 0.0 0.0 0
U Extraterritorial organisations 2020* 0 0.0 0.0 0
Landfill sites (waste dumps) 2020* 381 0.0 90.8 2,651
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents the air emission accounts, as a part of the annual environmental accounts compiled by Statistics Netherlands.
The air emission accounts describe the emissions of air pollutants and gases as a result of Dutch economic activities. This is including the emissions of residents abroad and excluding emissions of non-residents in the Netherlands. The emissions of the substances are allocated to the various economic activities. Emissions from natural sources are excluded as these emissions are not related to economic activities. In this table, the emission of pollutants and gases from stationary sources (such as power plants) as well as mobile sources (such as road transport) are allocated to the different industries or households. Included are CO (carbon monoxide); CO2 (carbon dioxide); CH4 (methane);
N2O (nitrous oxide also known as laughing gas); NOx (nitrogen oxides (diversity)); SO2 (sulphur dioxide); NH3 (ammonia); PM10 (particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 micrometres); NMVOC (volatile organic compounds excluding methane (CH4)). The environmental accounts are compiled according to the concepts (such as the resident principle) and definitions of the national accounts, making it possible to quantify the environmental effects of the economic activities for the Netherlands in a consistent manner.

Data available from: 1990

Status of the figures:
Figures for the latest year are provisional. In order to obtain a consistent time series, the complete data set is (re)calculated every year.
The air emission accounts data are consistent in time and in compliance with the Dutch national accounts. The alignment between the environmental accounts and the national accounts however, takes place using a wide variety of sources. This means that, although every year the system required to perform the various calculations are similar and consistent, variation can occur due to changes in particular sources. As a result changes in emission factors from the emission inventory (pollutant release and transfer register, PRTR) and changing traffic and transport statistics affect the full time series of the air emission accounts. In order to obtain consistent time series, every year the entire time series are (re)calculated, enabling that latest insights in the data are captured.

Changes as of November 2021:
Data for 2020 have been added. Data for previous years are adjusted according to the revision policy (see: Status of the figures).

When will new figures be published?
New annual figures will be published in November.

Description topics

Greenhouse gases (climate change)
Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere retain part of the solar heat that reaches the earth. The increased concentration of greenhouse gases means more heat is retained and the temperature of the earth's surface rises.
This is called the 'enhanced greenhouse effect'. The most important greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), laughing gas (N2O), HFCs, PFCs and SF6.
CO2
Carbon dioxide.
CO2 is formed by the combustion of carbon in fuels.
Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
N2O
Laughing gas/dinitrogen oxide.
N2O is formed during various chemical conversion processes, among which during the warming up phase of catalytic converters, as a result of incomplete conversion of nitrogen oxides (NOx) into nitrogen (N2).
Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
CH4
Methane (= natural gas).
Among other causes CH4 is formed by incomplete combustion of fuels, leakage from the natural gas network, and by fermentation.
Greenhouse gas (causes the temperature of the earth's atmosphere to rise gradually).
Greenhouse gas equivalents
A measure of the degree to which a substance contributes to the greenhouse effect. A greenhouse gas equivalent equals the effect that the emission of 1 kg of carbon dioxide (CO2) has, as a reference. The emission of 1 kg of methane (CH4) is equal to 25 greenhouse gas equivalents, and the emission of 1 kg of nitrous oxide gas (N2O) equal to 298 greenhouse gas equivalents.
The fluorine (chlorine) gases each have a high CO2 equivalent, but because the emitted quantities are relatively small, their contribution to the national total is small. The fluorine (chlorine) gases are only included in the total, but they are not specified.