Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy commodities Periods Energy transformation Energy transformation output Total energy transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Electricity/CHP transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Other transformation output (PJ)
Total energy commodities 2020** 4,305.5 611.2 3,694.3
Total coal and coal products 2020** 98.5 98.5
Primary coals 2020**
Total hard coal 2020**
Anthracite 2020**
Coking coal 2020**
Steam coal 2020**
Lignite 2020**
Total coal products 2020** 98.5 98.5
Coke-oven cokes 2020** 53.6 53.6
BKB (Braunkohlenbriketts) 2020**
Patent fuel 2020**
Coal tar 2020** 2.9 2.9
Gas works gas 2020**
Coke oven gas 2020** 15.2 15.2
Blast furnace gas 2020** 26.9 26.9
Total crude and petroleum products 2020** 3,558.7 3,558.7
Total crude 2020** . .
Crude oil 2020** . .
Natural gas liquids 2020** . .
Additives 2020** . .
Other hydrocarbons 2020**
Total petroleum products 2020** 3,558.7 3,558.7
Residual gas 2020** 195.4 195.4
Lpg 2020** 67.2 67.2
Naphtha 2020** 525.8 525.8
Motor gasoline 2020** 716.5 716.5
Gasoline type jet fuel 2020**
Aviation gasoline 2020** 2.7 2.7
Kerosene type jet fuel 2020** 195.1 195.1
Other kerosene 2020** 14.8 14.8
Heating and other gasoil 2020** 1,036.0 1,036.0
Fuel oil 2020** 618.7 618.7
White spirit and industrial spirit (SBP) 2020** 44.4 44.4
Lubricants 2020** 29.4 29.4
Bitumen 2020** 26.7 26.7
Paraffin waxes 2020** 2.1 2.1
Petroleum coke 2020** 14.8 14.8
Other petroleum products 2020** 69.0 69.0
Natural gas 2020** 7.8 7.8
Renewable energy 2020**
Hydro power 2020**
Total wind energy 2020**
Wind energy on shore 2020**
Wind energy off shore 2020**
Total solar energy 2020**
Solar thermal 2020**
Solar photovoltaic 2020**
Deep geothermal heat 2020**
Ambient energy 2020**
Total biomass 2020**
Municipal waste; renewable fraction 2020**
Solid and liquid biomass 2020**
Biogas 2020**
Electricity 2020** 441.5 441.5
Heat 2020** 199.0 169.7 29.3
Total other energy commodities 2020**
Nuclear energy 2020**
Non-rene.municipal waste + residual heat 2020**
Energy from other sources 2020**
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description

This table shows the supply, transformation and the consumption of energy in a balance sheet. Energy is released - among other things - during the combustion of for example natural gas, petroleum, hard coal and biofuels. Energy can also be obtained from electricity or heat, or extracted from natural resources, e.g. wind or solar energy. In energy statistics all these sources of energy are known as energy commodities.

The supply side of the balance sheet includes indigenous production of energy, net imports and exports and net stock changes. This is mentioned primary energy supply, because this is the amount of energy available for transformation or consumption in the country.

For energy transformation, the table gives figures on the transformation input (amount of energy used to make other energy commodities), the transformation output (amount of energy made from other energy commodities) and net energy transformation. The latter is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.

Then the energy balance sheet shows the final consumption of energy. First, it refers to the own use of the energy sector and distribution losses. After deduction of these amounts remains the final consumption of energy customers. This comprises the final energy consumption and non-energy use. The final energy consumption is the energy consumers utilize for energy purposes. It is specified for successively industry, transport and other customers, broken down into various sub-sectors. The last form of energy is the non-energy use. This is the use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy.

Data available:
From 1946.

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including 2018 are definite. Figures of 2019 and 2020 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 9th of July 2021:
Revised provisional figures of 2020 have been added.

Changes as of 16th December 2020:
Figures for 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted and figures for 2015, 2016 en and 2017 have been revised.
The most important items for the revision are:
- As a result of comparison with administrative sources the figures natural gas consumption in chemistry and food industry have been improved. In the food industry final consumption of natural gas is about 5 PJ lower now and chemistry it is 1-2 PJ lower in 2016 and 2017 and about 10 PJ lower in 2015.
- For stocks of natural gas we have introduced a new method using the data of the national grid operator in a different way and including data from AGSI (Aggregated gas storage inventory). For 2017 the new method results in a shift from primary production to stock change of 20 PJ.
- New insights of a study on district heating were incorporated in the data. More information you can find below in the link for Warmtemonitor 2019. This resulted including auxiliary boilers with natural gas (1-2 PJ), 4-5 PJ higher distribution losses and improved data on heat production. However, not all improvements were incorporated yet, resulting in a break in the time series for final consumption of heat in the services sector, which is now probably a few PJ too low in 2015 and 2016.
- Because of increased interest in heat from chemical processes we had a closer look at this data for some companies. As a result production is now about 3 PJ higher.
- With regard to refinery gas we have improved insight in the efficiency of the conversion of these gases to natural gas. This result in lower primary production and transformation input of refinery gas.

When will new figures be published?
Provisionalfigures: April of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Energy transformation output
Total energy transformation output
The amount of energy transformed from another energy commodity. This may be heat or power made from another fuel. It may also be the production of a fuel by a physical processing of another fuel, e.g. production of motor gasoline from crude oil.

Total energy transformation output is the sum of:
- Electricity/CHP transformation output
- Other transformation output
Electricity/CHP transformation output
The production of heat and power through electricity and CHP transformation.
Includes production of:
- electricity only
- electricity and useful heat combined, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Other transformation output
The production of energy from other transformations.
- coal and oil products made from other fuels, e.g. production of petroleum products like motor gasoline from crude oil.
- heat of companies supplying heat to another company. Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Excludes heat from CHP.