Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy commodities Periods Total energy consumption (PJ) Final consumption Total final consumption (PJ) Final consumption Final energy consumption Total (PJ)
Total energy commodities 2023** 2,620.6 2,037.4 1,588.9
Total coal and coal products 2023** 158.2 15.2 14.0
Primary coals 2023** 171.2 0.7 0.6
Total hard coal 2023** 170.9 0.4 0.3
Anthracite 2023** 0.1 0.1 0.0
Coking coal 2023** 99.2 0.0 0.0
Steam coal 2023** 71.6 0.3 0.3
Lignite 2023** 0.3 0.3 0.3
Total coal products 2023** -13.0 14.5 13.3
Coke-oven cokes 2023** -10.8 3.9 3.6
Gas works cokes 2023**
BKB (Braunkohlenbriketts) 2023** 0.0 0.0 0.0
Patent fuel 2023**
Coal tar 2023** -2.3 0.9
Gas works gas 2023**
Coke oven gas 2023** 6.0 6.0
Blast furnace gas 2023** 3.7 3.7
Total crudes/petroleum products, fossil 2023** 1,088.7 900.2 520.0
Total crude 2023** 2,726.4 113.5
Crude oil 2023** 2,357.8
Natural gas liquids 2023** 343.3 113.3
Additives 2023** 25.2 0.2
Other hydrocarbons 2023**
Total petroleum products, fossil 2023** -1,637.7 786.7 520.0
Residual gas 2023** 11.6 99.3 99.2
Lpg 2023** 60.8 80.6 11.2
Naphtha 2023** 220.3 164.0
Motor gasoline, fossil fraction 2023** -580.3 171.9 171.9
Gasoline type jet fuel 2023**
Aviation gasoline 2023** -2.8 0.1 0.1
Kerosene type jet fuel, fossil fraction 2023** -388.6 1.9 1.9
Other kerosene 2023** -11.2 1.6 0.2
Gas/diesel oil, total, fossil fraction 2023** -577.3 233.8 233.8
Fuel oil 2023** -294.9
White spirit and industrial spirit (SBP) 2023** -6.8 0.8
Lubricants 2023** -24.7 6.3
Bitumen 2023** -33.2 3.8
Paraffin waxes 2023** 0.4 0.8
Petroleum coke 2023** 8.8 14.8 0.1
Other petroleum products 2023** -19.7 7.1 1.6
Natural gas 2023** 934.5 524.5 457.5
Renewable energy 2023** 378.4 86.0 86.0
Hydro power 2023** 0.2
Total wind energy 2023** 105.0
Wind energy on shore 2023** 63.4
Wind energy off shore 2023** 41.6
Total solar energy 2023** 73.1 1.2 1.2
Solar thermal 2023** 1.2 1.2 1.2
Solar photovoltaic 2023** 72.0
Deep geothermal heat 2023** 6.5 6.5 6.5
Ambient energy 2023** 25.8 25.8 25.8
Total biomass 2023** 167.6 52.4 52.4
Municipal waste; renewable fraction 2023** 37.5
Solid biomass 2023** 84.7 24.3 24.3
Charcoal 2023** 0.3 0.3 0.3
Biogasoline, pure 2023** 14.0
Biogasoline, blended 2023** -2.9 10.8 10.8
Biodiesel, pure 2023** 31.6
Biodiesel, blended 2023** -16.9 14.7 14.7
Biokerosene, pure 2023**
Biokerosene, blended 2023**
Other liquid biomass 2023** 0.9 0.9 0.9
Biogas 2023** 18.4 1.5 1.5
Electricity 2023** -20.4 367.8 367.8
Heat 2023** 142.9 142.9
Total other energy commodities 2023** 81.3 0.8 0.8
Nuclear energy 2023** 39.0
Non-rene.municipal waste + residual heat 2023** 38.8
Energy from other sources 2023** 3.6 0.8 0.8
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table shows the supply, transformation and the consumption of energy in a balance sheet. Energy is released - among other things - during the combustion of for example natural gas, petroleum, hard coal and biofuels. Energy can also be obtained from electricity or heat, or extracted from natural resources, e.g. wind or solar energy. In energy statistics all these sources of energy are known as energy commodities.

The supply side of the balance sheet includes indigenous production of energy, net imports and exports and net stock changes. This is mentioned primary energy supply, because this is the amount of energy available for transformation or consumption in the country.

For energy transformation, the table gives figures on the transformation input (amount of energy used to make other energy commodities), the transformation output (amount of energy made from other energy commodities) and net energy transformation. The latter is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.

Then the energy balance sheet shows the final consumption of energy. First, it refers to the own use and distribution losses. After deduction of these amounts remains the final consumption of energy customers. This comprises the final energy consumption and non-energy use. The final energy consumption is the energy consumers utilize for energy purposes. It is specified for successively industry, transport and other customers, broken down into various sub-sectors. The last form of energy is the non-energy use. This is the use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy.

Data available:
From 1946.

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including 2021 are definite. Figures for 2022 and 2023 are revised provisional.

Changes as of June 7th 2024:
Revised provisional figures of 2023 have been added.

Changes as of April 26th 2024:

- Provisional figures of 2023 have been added.

The energy balance has been revised for 2015 and later on a limited number of points. The most important is the following:
1. For solid biomass and municipal waste, the most recent data have been included. Furthermore data were affected by integration with figures for a new, yet to be published StatLine table on the supply of solid biomass. As a result, there are some changes in imports, exports and indigenous production of biomass of a maximum of a few PJ.
2. In the case of natural gas, an improvement has been made in the processing of data for stored LNG, which causes a shift between stock changes, imports and exports of a maximum of a few PJ.
3. Data for final energy consumption of blended biofuels per subsector in transport were incorrectly excluded. These have now been made visible.

Changes as of March 25th 2024:
The energy balance has been revised and restructured. It concerns mainly a different way of dealing with biofuels that are mixed with fossil fuels.

Previously, biofuels mixed with fossil fuels were counted as petroleum crude and products. In the new energy balance, blended biofuels count for renewable energy and petroleum crude and products and the underlying products (such as gasoline, diesel and kerosene) only count the fossil part of mixtures of fossil and biogenic fuels. To make this clear, the names of the energy commodities have been adjusted. The consequence of this adjustment is that part of the energy has been moved from petroleum to renewable. The energy balance remains the same for total energy commodities. The aim of this adjustment is to make the increasing role of blended biofuels in the Energy Balance visible and to better align with the Energy Balances published by Eurostat and the International Energy Agency. Within renewable energy and biomass, pure and blended biofuels are now visible as separate energy commodities.

In addition, the way in which electric road transport is treated has been improved, resulting in an increase in the supply and final consumption of electricity in services by more than 2 PJ in 2021 and 2022.

Changes as of November 14th 2023:
Figures for 2021 and 2022 haven been adjusted.
Figures for the Energy Balance for 2015 to 2020 have been revised regarding the following items:
- For 2109 and 2020 final consumption of heat in agriculture is a few PJ lower and for services a few PJ higher. This is the result of improved interpretation of available data in supply of heat to agriculture.
- During the production of geothermal heat by agriculture natural gas is produced as by-product. Now this is included in the energy balance. The amount increased from 0,2 PJ in 2015 to 0,7 PJ in 2020.
- There are some improvements in the data for heat in industry with a magnitude of about 1 PJ or smaller.
- There some other improvements, also about 1 PJ or smaller.


Changes as of October 10th 2023:
Energy commodity gas works cokes has been added.
Revised figures for period 1946-1989 have been added.

Changes as of June 15th 2023:
Revised provisional figures of 2022 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: April of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.

Total energy consumption =
Total net energy transformation + total own use + distribution losses + total final consumption.
Final consumption
Total final consumption
Total final consumption is the sum of:
- Final energy consumption
- Non-energy use
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Total
This category is made up of the categories:
- Industry (excluding the energy sector)
- Transport
- Other sectors