Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy balance sheet; supply, transformation and consumption

Energy commodities Periods Energy supply Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) (PJ) Energy supply Indigenous production (PJ) Energy supply Imports (PJ) Energy supply Exports (PJ) Energy supply Net imports (PJ) Energy supply Bunkers (PJ) Energy supply Stock change (PJ) Statistical differences (PJ) Total energy consumption (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation input Total energy transformation input (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation input Electricity and CHP transformation input (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation input Other transformation input (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Total energy transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Electricity/CHP transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Other transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Net energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) Energy transformation Net energy transformation Net electricity/CHP transformation (PJ) Energy transformation Net energy transformation Net other transformation (PJ) Energy sector own use Total (PJ) Distribution losses (PJ) Final consumption Total final consumption (PJ) Final consumption Final energy consumption Total (PJ) Final consumption Non-energy use Total (PJ)
Total energy commodities 2020** 2,937.3 1,152.5 9,340.2 6,912.9 2,427.3 590.3 -52.1 -2.4 2,939.7 4,770.0 961.7 3,808.3 4,305.5 611.2 3,694.3 464.4 350.5 114.0 169.3 26.5 2,279.4 1,743.7 535.6
Total coal and coal products 2020** 173.2 168.3 9.0 159.3 13.9 173.2 247.1 86.3 160.9 98.5 98.5 148.6 86.3 62.4 7.3 17.2 14.8 2.5
Total crude and petroleum products 2020** 1,071.0 56.7 7,236.5 5,565.3 1,671.3 585.6 -71.4 -7.0 1,078.0 3,572.5 17.1 3,555.4 3,558.7 3,558.7 13.8 17.1 -3.3 83.1 981.1 551.6 429.5
Natural gas 2020** 1,316.1 722.6 1,794.1 1,199.3 594.8 4.8 3.5 9.0 1,307.1 594.4 568.5 25.8 7.8 7.8 586.5 568.5 18.0 46.7 673.8 570.2 103.6
Renewable energy 2020** 299.8 291.9 62.8 57.0 5.8 2.0 0.1 299.7 251.1 196.0 55.1 251.1 196.0 55.1 . 48.6 48.6
Electricity 2020** -9.6 71.2 80.8 -9.6 -4.5 -5.1 12.3 12.3 . 441.5 441.5 -429.3 -429.3 . 17.1 18.2 388.8 388.8
Heat 2020** 6.0 6.0 . 199.0 169.7 29.3 -193.0 -163.7 -29.3 15.0 8.3 169.7 169.7
Nuclear energy 2020** 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0
Non-rene.municipal waste + residual heat 2020** 42.4 36.8 7.1 1.5 5.6 . 42.4 42.4 33.9 8.4 42.4 33.9 8.4 . . .
Energy from other sources 2020** 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 1.6 2.7 4.3 1.6 2.7 0.1 0.1
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows the supply, transformation and the consumption of energy in a balance sheet. Energy is released - among other things - during the combustion of for example natural gas, petroleum, hard coal and biofuels. Energy can also be obtained from electricity or heat, or extracted from natural resources, e.g. wind or solar energy. In energy statistics all these sources of energy are known as energy commodities.

The supply side of the balance sheet includes indigenous production of energy, net imports and exports and net stock changes. This is mentioned primary energy supply, because this is the amount of energy available for transformation or consumption in the country.

For energy transformation, the table gives figures on the transformation input (amount of energy used to make other energy commodities), the transformation output (amount of energy made from other energy commodities) and net energy transformation. The latter is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.

Then the energy balance sheet shows the final consumption of energy. First, it refers to the own use of the energy sector and distribution losses. After deduction of these amounts remains the final consumption of energy customers. This comprises the final energy consumption and non-energy use. The final energy consumption is the energy consumers utilize for energy purposes. It is specified for successively industry, transport and other customers, broken down into various sub-sectors. The last form of energy is the non-energy use. This is the use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy.

Data available:
From 1946.

Status of the figures:
All figures up to and including 2018 are definite. Figures of 2019 and 2020 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 9th of July 2021:
Revised provisional figures of 2020 have been added.

Changes as of 16th December 2020:
Figures for 2018 and 2019 have been adjusted and figures for 2015, 2016 en and 2017 have been revised.
The most important items for the revision are:
- As a result of comparison with administrative sources the figures natural gas consumption in chemistry and food industry have been improved. In the food industry final consumption of natural gas is about 5 PJ lower now and chemistry it is 1-2 PJ lower in 2016 and 2017 and about 10 PJ lower in 2015.
- For stocks of natural gas we have introduced a new method using the data of the national grid operator in a different way and including data from AGSI (Aggregated gas storage inventory). For 2017 the new method results in a shift from primary production to stock change of 20 PJ.
- New insights of a study on district heating were incorporated in the data. More information you can find below in the link for Warmtemonitor 2019. This resulted including auxiliary boilers with natural gas (1-2 PJ), 4-5 PJ higher distribution losses and improved data on heat production. However, not all improvements were incorporated yet, resulting in a break in the time series for final consumption of heat in the services sector, which is now probably a few PJ too low in 2015 and 2016.
- Because of increased interest in heat from chemical processes we had a closer look at this data for some companies. As a result production is now about 3 PJ higher.
- With regard to refinery gas we have improved insight in the efficiency of the conversion of these gases to natural gas. This result in lower primary production and transformation input of refinery gas.

When will new figures be published?
Provisionalfigures: April of the following year.
Revised provisional figures: June/July of the following year.
Definite figures: December of the second following year.

Description topics

Energy supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES)
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands (imports plus indigenous production and withdrawal from stocks) minus the amount which is not available for consumption (exports and bunkers).
Indigenous production
Extraction of energy commodities from nature.

Fossil energy commodities - coal, oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
Imports
Imports of energy commodities.
Exports
Exports of energy commodities.
Net imports
Imports minus exports.
Bunkers
Delivery of fuels for international shipping and aviation, i.e. ships and aircraft departing from Dutch (air)ports and arriving in foreign (air)ports. In the energy balance sheet bunkers are considered as a form of export and are not included in energy available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Bunkers by sector are not known.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Statistical differences
The difference between the energy supply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.

This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.
Total energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is input minus the energy produced.
- as final consumption.

Total energy consumption =

Total net energy transformation + total own use energy sector + distribution losses + total final consumption
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Energy transformation input
Total energy transformation input
The amount of energy used to produce other energy commodities. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.

Total energy transformation input is the sum of:
- Electricity and CHP transformation input
- Other transformation input.
Electricity and CHP transformation input
The amount of energy used for the production of
- electricity only,
- electricity and useful heat, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat is in the form of steam or warm water.
Other transformation input
The amount of energy used for the production of:
- fuel from another fuel, e.g. use of crude oil as feedstock for the production of petroleum products, like motor gasoline.
- heat only, i.e. at companies supplying heat to another company. Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Energy transformation output
Total energy transformation output
The amount of energy transformed from another energy commodity. This may be heat or power made from another fuel. It may also be the production of a fuel by a physical processing of another fuel, e.g. production of motor gasoline from crude oil.

Total energy transformation output is the sum of:
- Electricity/CHP transformation output
- Other transformation output
Electricity/CHP transformation output
The production of heat and power through electricity and CHP transformation.
Includes production of:
- electricity only
- electricity and useful heat combined, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Other transformation output
The production of energy from other transformations.
Includes:
- coal and oil products made from other fuels, e.g. production of petroleum products like motor gasoline from crude oil.
- heat of companies supplying heat to another company. Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Excludes heat from CHP.
Net energy transformation
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Net electricity/CHP transformation
Input minus output of energy transformation into:
- electricity only,
- electricity and useful heat, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat has the form of steam or warm water.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Net other transformation
Input minus output of energy transformation into:
- another fuel, e.g. production of coal and petroleum products.
- heat only, i.e. at companies supplying heat to another company. Excludes use for CHP transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or motor gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Energy sector own use
Own use of the energy sector in the Netherlands.
Total
This category is made up of the categories:
- Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
- Coke-oven plants
- Oil refineries
- Total energy companies
Distribution losses
Distribution losses of electricity and heat.

For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
Final consumption
Total final consumption
Total final consumption is the sum of:
- Final energy consumption
- Non-energy use
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Total
This category is made up of the categories:
- Industry (excluding the energy sector)
- Transport
- Other sectors
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.
Total
This category is made up of the categories:
- Industry (excluding the energy sector)
- Transport
- Other sectors