Life style and (preventive) health examination; personal characteristics

Life style and (preventive) health examination; personal characteristics

Characteristics persons Margins Periods Smoking behaviour, 12 years or older Smoking status Smokers (%) Smoking behaviour, 12 years or older Smokers Daily smokers in the population (%) Passive smoking among non-smokers Passive smoking among non-smokers (Almost) never (%) Alcohol consumption, 12 years or older Guideline alcohol use (%) Drugs use, 12 years or older Use of cannabis Last month (%) Drugs use, 12 years or older Use of cannabis Last year (%) Length and weight Under- and overweight, 4 years or older Overweight (%) Nutrition, 4 years or older Consumption of fruit At least 5 days a week sufficient fruit (%)
Level of education: low Value 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Value 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Value 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Value 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Value 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Value 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Value 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Value 2021 23.6 21.4 83.7 57.1 2.9 3.6 60.7 41.5
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 21.2 19.1 81.3 54.4 2.0 2.6 57.9 38.8
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: low Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 26.2 23.9 85.9 59.8 4.2 5.0 63.3 44.2
Level of education: middle Value 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Value 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Value 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Value 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Value 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Value 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Value 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Value 2021 22.8 17.7 81.3 43.6 4.7 6.7 57.7 35.5
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 20.8 15.9 79.3 41.4 3.7 5.5 55.4 33.4
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: middle Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 24.9 19.6 83.2 45.8 6.0 8.1 59.8 37.6
Level of education: high Value 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Value 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Value 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Value 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Value 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Value 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Value 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Value 2021 14.2 8.6 86.0 38.5 3.8 6.7 43.9 41.8
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 12.6 7.4 84.2 36.5 3.0 5.6 41.8 39.7
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 . . . . . . . .
Level of education: high Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 15.8 10.0 87.5 40.6 4.9 8.0 46.0 43.8
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2014 29.3 26.1 . 43.7 . . 57.1 40.1
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2015 26.2 23.3 . 48.1 2.3 3.0 60.7 39.9
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2016 27.7 24.0 . 48.3 3.7 4.4 60.1 40.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2017 23.7 21.1 . 50.6 2.9 3.5 61.8 41.1
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2018 26.2 21.6 . 48.6 4.1 5.4 62.0 39.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2019 25.7 22.5 80.6 52.8 3.3 4.4 60.3 41.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2020 24.4 21.6 83.1 53.3 3.7 4.6 59.3 40.8
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2021 23.3 20.7 83.3 52.3 3.1 4.0 60.0 42.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 26.8 23.7 . 41.0 . . 54.4 37.4
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 23.8 21.0 . 45.4 1.5 2.1 58.0 37.3
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 25.3 21.7 . 45.6 2.7 3.3 57.4 37.9
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 21.4 18.8 . 47.9 2.0 2.5 59.1 38.4
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 23.8 19.4 . 45.9 3.1 4.2 59.3 37.0
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 23.3 20.1 78.1 50.1 2.3 3.2 57.6 38.9
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 21.9 19.2 80.6 50.4 2.6 3.4 56.4 38.0
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 20.5 18.0 80.4 49.1 2.0 2.7 56.8 39.4
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 31.7 28.5 . 46.4 . . 59.9 42.7
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 28.6 25.6 . 50.8 3.2 4.0 63.3 42.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 30.2 26.3 . 51.0 4.7 5.6 62.8 43.2
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 26.0 23.3 . 53.3 3.8 4.5 64.5 43.8
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 28.6 23.9 . 51.3 5.2 6.7 64.6 42.3
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 28.1 24.9 83.1 55.5 4.3 5.6 63.0 44.3
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 26.8 24.0 85.6 56.2 4.8 5.8 62.2 43.7
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2021 26.4 23.7 85.9 55.5 4.7 5.7 63.1 45.7
Level of education: unknown Value 2014 24.6 20.0 . 54.0 . . 63.1 33.7
Level of education: unknown Value 2015 17.1 15.7 . 68.3 0.0 0.0 61.5 37.7
Level of education: unknown Value 2016 19.7 18.1 . 69.7 3.3 4.8 65.4 32.9
Level of education: unknown Value 2017 24.1 23.7 . 68.5 2.8 3.4 58.7 45.5
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains data on life style and on the (preventive) health examination of the Dutch population in private households. These data can be grouped by several personal characteristics.

Data available from: 2014.

Status of the data: final.

Changes by May 16, 2021
Data about physical activity (4 years or older) 2021 are added.

When will new data be published?
Data on report year 2022 will appear in March 2023.

Description topics

Smoking behaviour, 12 years or older
Questions on smoking behaviour are asked to persons aged 12 years or older.
Smoking status
Smokers
The percentage of persons in the population aged 12 years or older who answered ‘Yes’ to the question: ‘Do you ever smoke?’
From 2014 to 2017, the introductory text for this question was: ‘Now some questions about smoking.’ From 2018 to 2019 this text was changed in: ‘Now some questions about smoking. We mean smoking of all kinds of tobacco products here, but not the use of an electronic cigarette.’ From 2020 this introduction text was replaced by ‘Now some questions about smoking. We mean smoking of all kinds of tobacco products here, but not the use of an electronic cigarette or a device in which tobacco is heated (heat stick, heat-not-burn), such as the IQOS’.
Smokers
Daily smokers in the population
The percentage of persons in the population aged 12 years or older who answered Yes’ to the question ‘Do you smoke every day?
Passive smoking among non-smokers
Passive smoking is the inhalation of tobacco smoke from nearby smokers while being indoors. The table shows the distribution of answers to the question among people who do not smoke themselves: ‘How often do you (or: does your child) get exposed indoor to tobacco smoke from other people?’
Passive smoking among non-smokers
Passive smoking is the inhalation of tobacco smoke from nearby smokers while being indoors. The table shows the distribution of answers to the question among people who do not smoke themselves: ‘How often do you (or: does your child) get exposed indoor to tobacco smoke from other people?’ From 2019 onwards, the answer options were replaced by ‘Never or almost never’, ‘Less than once a week’, ‘Once a week but not every week’, ‘Daily, less than 1 hour a day’ and ‘Daily, one hour or more a day’. These data are not comparable to the data of 2015-2018.



(Almost) never
Percentage of people with answer category ‘never of almost never’ to the question: ‘How often do you (or: does your child) get exposed indoor to tobacco smoke from other people?’.
Alcohol consumption, 12 years or older
The questions on consuming alcohol are asked to all persons aged 12 years or older.
Guideline alcohol use
The percentage of persons in the population aged 12 years or older that meet the guideline on alcohol use. Since 2014, the guideline for persons aged 12 to 18 years is: do not drink until you are 18 years old. Since 2015, the guideline for adults is: do not drink or at most 1 glass per day. This guideline originates from the Guidelines for Good Nutrition (in Dutch: Richtlijnen Goede Voeding) of the Dutch Health Council.
Drugs use, 12 years or older
The questions on the use of drugs are asked to persons aged twelve years or older. For the following types of drugs, it is asked whether people have ever used it and if so, when for the last time:
Cannabis (hashish, weed, marijuana)
Amphetamine (such as pep and speed)
XTC (ecstasy, MDMA)
LSD
Mushrooms (hallucinogenic mushrooms, magic mushrooms)
Cocaine (including crack, basecoke, freebase)
Heroine (horse, smack, or brown)
GHB
Methadone
From 2018: 4-Fluoramphetamine, also known as 4-FA, 4-FMP or Flux
Other drugs
The answer categories for each type of drug are:
Yes, in the last 30 days
Yes, in the last 12 months, but not in the last 30 days
Yes, more than 12 months ago
No, never used

Use of cannabis
Based on the question about the use of cannabis (hashish, weed, marijuana)

Last month
Last year
Length and weight
The questions on length and weight were asked to every person. It is asked to report one's length in centimetres and one's body weight in kilograms without clothes. If a woman is pregnant, she is asked to report her body weight before the pregnancy.


Under- and overweight, 4 years or older
Under- and overweight is measured with the so-called Body Mass Index (BMI). The BMI is the quotient of the body weight in kilograms and the square of the length in meters [kg/m2]. For persons aged 20 years or older, the BMI is used to calculate the following weight indicators:
1.Underweight: BMI < 18,5
2.Normal weight: BMI >= 18,5 and < 25,0
3.Overweight: BMI >= 25,0
a.Moderate overweight: BMI >= 25,0 and < 30,0
b.Severe overweight: BMI >= 30,0
For persons younger than 20 years of age, different limit values apply. These values depend on gender and age . Respondents whose length and/or weight is unknown or who reported an improbable weight in relation to their length are not used for calculating the indicators. This applies to persons aged 20 years or older with a BMI lower than 14 or higher than 50, and persons younger than 20 years of age with a BMI below 10 or above 50. From 2018 onwards, there is no longer un upper limit of BMI.
Overweight
The percentage of persons whose BMI is 25,0 kg/m2 or more.
For persons below age 18, different limits apply. These limits correspond with a BMI value of 25,0 kg/m2 in adults.


Nutrition, 4 years or older
The questions on nutrition are posed to all persons of 4 years or older and enquire about the consumption of fruit, vegetables and fish.
Consumption of fruit
Persons are being asked to indicate their consumption of fruit in a regular week during the last months.
At least 5 days a week sufficient fruit
The percentage of persons who, on at least 5 days of the week, eat at least 2 pieces of fruit (from 9 years of age) or one and a half piece of fruit (children up to and including 8 years of age). One piece of fruit corresponds to 100 grams.