Life style and (preventive) health examination; personal characteristics

Life style and (preventive) health examination; personal characteristics

Characteristics persons Margins Periods Smoking behaviour, 12 years or older Smoking status Smokers (%) Smoking behaviour, 12 years or older Smokers Daily smokers in the population (%) Passive smoking among non-smokers Passive smoking among non-smokers (Almost) never (%) Alcohol consumption, 12 years or older Guideline alcohol use (%) Length and weight Under- and overweight, 4 years or older Overweight (%) Physical activity, 4 years or older Physical activity guidelines Comply with physical activity guidelines (%) Physical activity, 4 years or older Weekly sporter (%) Nutrition, 4 years or older Consumption of fruit At least 5 days a week sufficient fruit (%)
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2014 29.3 26.1 . 43.7 57.1 . . 40.1
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2015 26.2 23.3 . 48.1 60.7 . . 39.9
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2016 27.7 24.0 . 48.3 60.1 . 33.7 40.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2017 23.7 21.1 . 50.6 61.8 38.5 35.3 41.1
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2018 26.2 21.6 . 48.6 62.0 37.6 34.2 39.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2019 25.7 22.5 80.6 52.8 60.3 39.8 33.4 41.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Value 2020 24.4 21.6 83.1 53.3 59.3 41.9 32.9 40.8
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 26.8 23.7 . 41.0 54.4 . . 37.4
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 23.8 21.0 . 45.4 58.0 . . 37.3
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 25.3 21.7 . 45.6 57.4 . 31.1 37.9
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 21.4 18.8 . 47.9 59.1 35.8 32.7 38.4
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 23.8 19.4 . 45.9 59.3 34.9 31.6 37.0
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 23.3 20.1 78.1 50.1 57.6 37.1 30.9 38.9
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 21.9 19.2 80.6 50.4 56.4 38.9 30.1 38.0
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 31.7 28.5 . 46.4 59.9 . . 42.7
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 28.6 25.6 . 50.8 63.3 . . 42.6
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 30.2 26.3 . 51.0 62.8 . 36.2 43.2
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 26.0 23.3 . 53.3 64.5 41.2 38.0 43.8
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 28.6 23.9 . 51.3 64.6 40.3 36.8 42.3
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 28.1 24.9 83.1 55.5 63.0 42.5 35.9 44.3
Level of educ.: lower sec. education Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 26.8 24.0 85.6 56.2 62.2 44.8 35.7 43.7
Level of education: unknown Value 2014 24.6 20.0 . 54.0 63.1 . . 33.7
Level of education: unknown Value 2015 17.1 15.7 . 68.3 61.5 . . 37.7
Level of education: unknown Value 2016 19.7 18.1 . 69.7 65.4 . 25.5 32.9
Level of education: unknown Value 2017 24.1 23.7 . 68.5 58.7 37.0 32.5 45.5
Level of education: unknown Value 2018 20.9 17.3 . 65.8 64.3 36.5 29.3 42.2
Level of education: unknown Value 2019 20.4 18.4 74.2 68.4 70.8 43.6 29.7 43.3
Level of education: unknown Value 2020 20.3 18.1 75.0 68.1 65.7 31.3 26.7 41.7
Level of education: unknown Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 17.2 13.1 . 45.4 54.7 . . 25.5
Level of education: unknown Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 11.2 10.0 . 61.0 53.7 . . 30.1
Level of education: unknown Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 13.1 11.6 . 62.0 57.3 . 17.9 25.1
Level of education: unknown Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 17.9 17.5 . 61.8 51.5 29.9 25.6 38.2
Level of education: unknown Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 14.5 11.3 . 58.3 56.7 28.7 21.9 34.3
Level of education: unknown Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 13.7 11.9 66.0 60.6 63.2 35.2 21.9 35.1
Level of education: unknown Lower boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 14.3 12.4 67.9 61.2 58.7 24.3 20.0 34.4
Level of education: unknown Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2014 32.1 26.9 . 62.5 71.5 . . 41.8
Level of education: unknown Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2015 23.0 21.4 . 75.7 69.2 . . 45.3
Level of education: unknown Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2016 26.3 24.5 . 77.3 73.6 . 33.1 40.8
Level of education: unknown Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2017 30.3 29.9 . 75.2 65.9 44.1 39.4 52.7
Level of education: unknown Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2018 27.4 23.3 . 73.3 71.9 44.4 36.7 50.0
Level of education: unknown Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2019 27.1 24.9 82.4 76.2 78.4 52.0 37.5 51.5
Level of education: unknown Upper boundary 95% confidence interval 2020 26.2 23.8 82.2 75.1 72.7 38.3 33.3 49.0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains data on life style and on the (preventive) health examination of the Dutch population in private households. These data can be grouped by several personal characteristics.

Data available from: 2014.

Status of the data: final.

Changes by March 11, 2021
Data about 2020 are added.

When will new data be published?
Data on report year 2021 will appear in March 2022.

Description topics

Smoking behaviour, 12 years or older
Questions on smoking behaviour are asked to persons aged 12 years or older.
Smoking status
Smokers
The percentage of persons in the population aged 12 years or older who answered ‘Yes’ to the question: ‘Do you ever smoke?’
From 2014 to 2017, the introductory text for this question was: ‘Now some questions about smoking.’ From 2018 to 2019 this text was changed in: ‘Now some questions about smoking. We mean smoking of all kinds of tobacco products here, but not the use of an electronic cigarette.’ From 2020 this introduction text was replaced by ‘Now some questions about smoking. We mean smoking of all kinds of tobacco products here, but not the use of an electronic cigarette or a device in which tobacco is heated (heat stick, heat-not-burn), such as the IQOS’.
Smokers
Daily smokers in the population
The percentage of persons in the population aged 12 years or older who answered Yes’ to the question ‘Do you smoke every day?
Passive smoking among non-smokers
Passive smoking is the inhalation of tobacco smoke from nearby smokers while being indoors. The table shows the distribution of answers to the question among people who do not smoke themselves: ‘How often do you (or: does your child) get exposed indoor to tobacco smoke from other people?’
Passive smoking among non-smokers
Passive smoking is the inhalation of tobacco smoke from nearby smokers while being indoors. The table shows the distribution of answers to the question among people who do not smoke themselves: ‘How often do you (or: does your child) get exposed indoor to tobacco smoke from other people?’ From 2019 onwards, the answer options were replaced by ‘Never or almost never’, ‘Less than once a week’, ‘Once a week but not every week’, ‘Daily, less than 1 hour a day’ and ‘Daily, one hour or more a day’. These data are not comparable to the data of 2015-2018.



(Almost) never
Percentage of people with answer category ‘never of almost never’ to the question: ‘How often do you (or: does your child) get exposed indoor to tobacco smoke from other people?’.
Alcohol consumption, 12 years or older
The questions on consuming alcohol are asked to all persons aged 12 years or older.
Guideline alcohol use
The percentage of persons in the population aged 12 years or older that meet the guideline on alcohol use. Since 2014, the guideline for persons aged 12 to 18 years is: do not drink until you are 18 years old. Since 2015, the guideline for adults is: do not drink or at most 1 glass per day. This guideline originates from the Guidelines for Good Nutrition (in Dutch: Richtlijnen Goede Voeding) of the Dutch Health Council.
Length and weight
The questions on length and weight were asked to every person. It is asked to report one's length in centimetres and one's body weight in kilograms without clothes. If a woman is pregnant, she is asked to report her body weight before the pregnancy.


Under- and overweight, 4 years or older
Under- and overweight is measured with the so-called Body Mass Index (BMI). The BMI is the quotient of the body weight in kilograms and the square of the length in meters [kg/m2]. For persons aged 20 years or older, the BMI is used to calculate the following weight indicators:
1.Underweight: BMI < 18,5
2.Normal weight: BMI >= 18,5 and < 25,0
3.Overweight: BMI >= 25,0
a.Moderate overweight: BMI >= 25,0 and < 30,0
b.Severe overweight: BMI >= 30,0
For persons younger than 20 years of age, different limit values apply. These values depend on gender and age . Respondents whose length and/or weight is unknown or who reported an improbable weight in relation to their length are not used for calculating the indicators. This applies to persons aged 20 years or older with a BMI lower than 14 or higher than 50, and persons younger than 20 years of age with a BMI below 10 or above 50. From 2018 onwards, there is no longer un upper limit of BMI.
Overweight
The percentage of persons whose BMI is 25,0 kg/m2 or more.
For persons below age 18, different limits apply. These limits correspond with a BMI value of 25,0 kg/m2 in adults.


Physical activity, 4 years or older
The questions on physical activities were asked to every person aged 4 years or older, and are based upon the so-called ‘Short Questionnaire to Assess Health Enhancing Physical Activity’ (SQUASH). This questionnaire aims to provide a complete view of a person’s physical activity. Frequencies and durations of the following physical activities were asked for:
1.  Commuting to work or school by cycle or on foot,
2.  Activities at work or in school,
3.  Housekeeping activities ,
4.  Walking, cycling, gardening and doing odd jobs in spare time,
5.  Practicing sports.
From 2017 onwards, Statistics Netherlands publishes the new physical activity guidelines (drawn up by the Dutch Health Council) for people aged 4 years or older.

In order to get a better understanding of the physical activity of young people of 12 years and older, questions relating to physical education were added to the questionnaire starting in 2019. This means that for all children, aged 12 or older attending secondary school, questions about sport and physical education and sport activities organized by school were added. For children from 4 till 12 years, these questions about physical education were already included in the questionnaire.
Because of this, data from 2019 onwards about complying physical activity guidelines are not comparable with data of 2016-2018, especially for young people from 12 years or older.
Physical activity guidelines
The physical activity guidelines were drawn up by the Dutch Health Council at the end of 2017. This new guideline replaces the Dutch Norm of Healthy Exercise, the norm for fitness and the combination norm. Adults should be physically active at moderate intensity for at least two and a half hours every week, spread over several days, such as walking and cycling. In addition, they should perform muscle- and bone-strengthening activities at least twice a week. Young people from 4 to 17 years old should be physically active at moderate intensity for at least one hour every day, and they should perform muscle- and bone-strengthening activities at least three times a week.
An explanatory note has been published about the 2020 figures on this subject, see table explanation.
Comply with physical activity guidelines
Percentage of people of 4 years or older who comply with the physical activity guidelines. Adults should be physically active at moderate intensity for at least two and a half hours every week, spread over several days, such as walking and cycling. In addition, they should perform muscle- and bone-strengthening activities at least twice a week. Young people from 4 to 17 years old should be physically active at moderate intensity for at least one hour every day, and they should perform muscle- and bone-strengthening activities at least three times a week.

In order to get a better understanding of the physical activity of young people of 12 years and older, questions relating to physical education were added to the questionnaire starting in 2019. This means that for all children, aged 12 or older attending secondary school, questions about sport and physical education and sport activities organized by school were added. For children from 4 till 12 years, these questions about physical education were already included in the questionnaire.
Because of this, data from 2019 onwards about complying physical activity guidelines are not comparable with data of 2016-2018, especially for young people from 12 years or older.
Weekly sporter
Percentage of people of 4 years or older who practise sport at least once a week. From 2016 onwards, the percentage of weekly sporters aged 4 years or older is published.
An explanatory note has been published about the 2020 figures on this subject, see table explanation.
Nutrition, 4 years or older
The questions on nutrition are posed to all persons of 4 years or older and enquire about the consumption of fruit, vegetables and fish.
Consumption of fruit
Persons are being asked to indicate their consumption of fruit in a regular week during the last months.
At least 5 days a week sufficient fruit
The percentage of persons who, on at least 5 days of the week, eat at least 2 pieces of fruit (from 9 years of age) or one and a half piece of fruit (children up to and including 8 years of age). One piece of fruit corresponds to 100 grams.