Labour participation; young people

Labour participation; young people

Sex Age Formal Education Periods Labour force and not in the labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Employed labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Employee Employee (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Employee Permanent employee (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Employee Flexible employee (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Self-employed person (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Self-employed without employees (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Self-employed with employees (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Self-employed person Contributing family worker (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Professional status Professional status is unknown (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Part-time Part-time (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Part-time Less than 20 working hours a week Less than 20 working hours a week (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Part-time Less than 20 working hours a week Less than 12 working hours a week (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Part-time Less than 20 working hours a week 12 to 19 working hours a week (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Part-time 20 to 34 working hours a week 20 to 34 working hours a week (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Part-time 20 to 34 working hours a week 20 to 27 working hours a week (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Part-time 20 to 34 working hours a week 28 to 34 working hours a week (x 1 000) Labour force Employed labour force Working hours Full-time (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployed labour force (x 1 000) Labour force Unemployment rate (%) Not in the labour force (x 1 000) Gross labour participation rate (%) Net labour participation rate (%)
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 2,137 1,708 1,578 1,510 304 1,207 68 59 3 5 0 1,210 883 612 271 326 167 159 368 130 7.6 429 79.9 73.9
Total male and female 15 to 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 1,608 1,243 1,144 1,101 147 954 42 36 2 5 0 1,007 808 566 242 199 121 78 137 100 8.0 365 77.3 71.1
Total male and female 15 to 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 528 464 434 409 156 253 25 23 1 0 0 203 75 46 29 128 46 82 232 30 6.5 64 87.9 82.2
Total male and female 15 years Total 2022 1st quarter 191 118 92 90 7 83 2 1 0 1 0 92 91 85 6 1 0 0 0 25 21.6 74 61.4 48.1
Total male and female 15 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 162 98 79 77 6 70 2 1 0 1 0 79 78 73 5 0 0 0 0 19 19.9 64 60.4 48.4
Total male and female 15 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 29 20 14 13 1 13 0 0 0 0 0 13 13 12 1 0 0 0 0 6 . 9 . .
Total male and female 16 years Total 2022 1st quarter 193 141 128 125 10 115 3 2 0 1 0 126 116 91 26 10 7 3 2 14 9.6 52 73.2 66.2
Total male and female 16 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 171 128 116 114 9 105 3 2 0 1 0 114 106 82 24 9 6 3 2 12 9.1 43 74.6 67.8
Total male and female 16 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 22 14 12 12 2 10 0 0 0 0 0 12 11 9 2 1 1 0 0 2 . 8 . .
Total male and female 17 years Total 2022 1st quarter 199 157 147 143 13 130 4 3 0 1 0 139 120 84 36 20 12 8 8 10 6.3 42 79.0 74.0
Total male and female 17 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 179 141 132 128 12 116 4 3 0 1 0 124 108 77 32 16 10 6 8 10 6.9 38 78.8 73.4
Total male and female 17 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 19 16 15 15 1 14 0 0 0 0 0 15 11 7 4 4 2 2 0 0 . 4 . .
Total male and female 18 years Total 2022 1st quarter 211 168 157 152 15 137 4 4 0 1 0 138 112 79 33 26 18 8 18 12 7.0 43 79.7 74.1
Total male and female 18 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 182 144 134 130 13 117 4 3 0 1 0 122 103 74 29 18 12 6 12 10 7.0 38 79.3 73.7
Total male and female 18 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 29 24 23 22 2 20 0 0 0 0 0 17 9 5 3 8 6 2 6 2 . 5 . .
Total male and female 19 years Total 2022 1st quarter 221 182 168 164 22 142 4 4 0 0 0 144 107 73 34 38 20 18 24 14 7.7 38 82.6 76.2
Total male and female 19 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 181 148 137 134 15 119 3 2 0 0 0 124 101 69 31 23 12 11 13 11 7.4 33 81.7 75.6
Total male and female 19 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 40 35 32 30 7 23 2 1 0 0 0 21 6 3 3 15 8 6 11 3 9.1 5 87.0 79.0
Total male and female 20 years Total 2022 1st quarter 224 185 175 165 27 138 10 9 1 1 0 133 94 59 35 40 23 17 42 10 5.5 38 82.9 78.4
Total male and female 20 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 179 145 136 128 15 113 8 7 1 1 0 114 87 56 31 27 18 9 22 8 5.8 34 80.8 76.2
Total male and female 20 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 45 41 39 37 12 25 2 2 0 0 0 19 6 3 3 13 5 8 20 2 4.7 4 91.4 87.1
Total male and female 21 years Total 2022 1st quarter 229 189 180 172 42 129 8 8 0 0 0 125 84 46 38 41 21 21 55 9 4.9 40 82.4 78.4
Total male and female 21 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 169 135 127 123 23 100 4 4 0 0 0 103 76 44 32 27 16 11 24 7 5.6 34 79.8 75.3
Total male and female 21 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 60 54 52 49 20 29 4 4 0 0 0 22 8 2 5 14 4 10 31 2 3.3 6 89.9 87.0
Total male and female 22 years Total 2022 1st quarter 226 188 174 168 49 119 6 6 1 0 0 120 69 41 28 52 22 30 54 14 7.4 37 83.4 77.3
Total male and female 22 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 147 115 107 103 21 82 5 4 1 0 0 89 63 38 25 25 16 10 18 8 6.7 32 78.0 72.7
Total male and female 22 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 78 73 67 65 28 38 2 2 0 0 0 31 5 2 3 26 6 20 36 6 8.4 5 93.7 85.8
Total male and female 23 years Total 2022 1st quarter 224 191 178 162 52 110 16 14 2 1 0 109 56 34 22 53 27 26 69 12 6.5 34 85.0 79.5
Total male and female 23 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 139 113 105 98 20 78 8 7 0 1 0 85 52 33 19 33 20 13 21 8 7.1 26 81.6 75.8
Total male and female 23 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 85 77 73 64 33 32 8 7 1 0 0 24 4 1 3 20 7 14 48 4 5.6 8 90.6 85.5
Total male and female 24 years Total 2022 1st quarter 218 188 179 169 66 104 9 9 0 0 0 83 35 21 14 47 19 28 96 9 4.8 31 86.0 81.8
Total male and female 24 years In formal education 2022 1st quarter 98 76 70 67 13 54 3 2 0 0 0 54 33 20 13 20 11 9 17 6 7.9 22 77.8 71.7
Total male and female 24 years Not in formal education 2022 1st quarter 120 112 108 102 53 49 7 6 0 0 0 29 2 1 1 27 8 19 80 3 2.7 9 92.6 90.1
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains quarterly and yearly figures on labour participation of young people in the Netherlands. The population of 15 to 24 years of age (excluding the institutionalized population) is divided into the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force and those not in the labour force. The employed labour force is subdivided on the basis of the professional status and the average working hours. A division by sex, age and whether they are in education is available.

Due to changes in the survey design and the questionnaire of the Labour Force Survey (LFS), a revision of the figures for 2021 was carried out in the first quarter of 2022.
As a result, the numbers of 2021 and later will not be comparable to the years 2003-2020.

Data available from: 2003

Status of the figures:
The figures for 2021 and 2022 are final.

Changes as of May 17, 2022:
The figures for the first quarter of 2022 have been published.

When will new figures be released?
New figures will be published August 17, 2022.

Description topics

Labour force and not in the labour force
People who are part of the employed labour force, the unemployed labour force or who are not in the labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Labour force
People
- who have paid work (employed labour force), or
- who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it (unemployed labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Employed labour force
People who have paid work.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Professional status
Classification of the employed labour force into:
Employee
-  permanent
-  flexible
Self-employed
-  without employees (solo self-employed)
-  with employees
-  contributing family worker

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Employee
A person who makes arrangements in a collective agreement for labour purposes and who is being paid in return.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Employee
A person who makes arrangements in a collective agreement for labour purposes and who is being paid in return.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Permanent employee
An employee with an employment contract for an indefinite period and for a fixed number of hours.
When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Flexible employee
An employee with an employment contract for a limited period or a flexible number of hours. Enclosed here are: - Temporary employee, permanent prospect - Temporary employee, >=1 year - Temporary employee, <1 year - On-call worker (including permanent and temporary employees with flexible hours) - Temporary agency worker - Employee flex, contract unknown.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed person
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, or
-  in the company or practice of a family member (contributing family worker), or
-  as another self-employed person (for example in an independent profession).

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed person
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, or
-  in the company or practice of a family member (contributing family worker), or
-  as another self-employed person (for example in an independent profession).

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed without employees
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, or
-  as another self-employed person (for example in an independent profession), and
-  who has no employees.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Self-employed with employees
A person who works for his/her own account and risk
-  in an own company or practice (self-employed entrepreneur), or
-  as an owner-manager, and
-  who has employees.
-  
When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Contributing family worker
A person who works, not on the basis of a an explicit employment contract, in the company or practice of the partner or parents.

When a person has more than one job, the job in which most hours are worked, is used.
Professional status is unknown
Working hours
The number of hours someone works in a normal or average working week.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.

Part-time
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is less than 35 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
Part-time
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is less than 35 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.

Less than 20 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is less than 20 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
Less than 20 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is less than 20 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
Less than 12 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is less than 12 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
12 to 19 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is 12 to 19 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.

20 to 34 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is is 20 to 34 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.

20 to 34 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is 20 to 34 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
20 to 27 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is 20 to 27 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
28 to 34 working hours a week
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is 28 to 34 hours.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
Full-time
The number of hours that a person works in a normal or average working week is 35 hours or more.

In the average working hours overtime and unpaid hours are not taken into account.
Unemployed labour force
People who don’t have paid work, recently looked for work and are directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Unemployment rate
The unemployed labour force as a percentage of the (employed and unemployed) labour force.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.
Not in the labour force
People who don’t have paid work, who haven’t recently looked for work recently or are not directly available for it.

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old. Paid work is regardless of the hours worked.
Gross labour participation rate
The percentage of the (employed and unemployed) labour force in the population (labour force and not in the labour force).

This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.
Net labour participation rate
The percentage of the employed labour force in the population (labour force and not in the labour force).
This definition concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 74 years old.