Water use; industry and total private households

Water use; industry and total private households

Waterusers Periods Tap water Total Tap water (mln m3) Tap water Use of drinking water (mln m3) Tap water Use of industrial water (mln m3) Groundwater Total use of groundwater (mln m3) Groundwater Use of groundwater for cooling (mln m3) Groundwater Other use of groundwater (mln m3) Surface water Total use of surface water (mln m3) Surface water Use of salt surface water (mln m3) Surface water Use of fresh surface water (mln m3)
Total Dutch economy 2018* 1,220.6 1,140.0 80.6 1,187.8 63.5 1,124.3 13,102.5 6,902.4 6,200.1
Total Dutch economy 2019* 1,204.0 1,127.5 76.5 1,143.7 62.4 1,081.4 13,509.1 7,259.7 6,249.4
Total Dutch economy 2020* 1,235.6 1,158.6 77.0 1,171.0 51.4 1,119.7 13,054.2 7,135.0 5,919.2
Private households 2018* 837.2 837.2 0.0 . . . . . .
Private households 2019* 818.4 818.4 0.0 . . . . . .
Private households 2020* 855.3 855.3 0.0 . . . . . .
A-U All economic activities 2018* 383.4 302.8 80.6 1,187.8 63.5 1,124.3 13,102.5 6,902.4 6,200.1
A-U All economic activities 2019* 385.7 309.2 76.5 1,143.7 62.4 1,081.4 13,509.1 7,259.7 6,249.4
A-U All economic activities 2020* 380.4 303.3 77.0 1,171.0 51.4 1,119.7 13,054.2 7,135.0 5,919.2
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2018* 48.9 48.9 0.0 225.3 0.0 225.3 76.8 76.8 0.0
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2019* 43.8 43.8 0.0 198.8 0.0 198.8 54.6 54.6 0.0
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2020* 41.9 41.9 0.0 214.2 0.0 214.2 93.0 93.0 0.0
B Mining and quarrying 2018* 2.9 2.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 36.2 0.8 35.4
B Mining and quarrying 2019* 2.2 2.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 27.7 0.0 27.7
B Mining and quarrying 2020* 2.3 2.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 29.1 2.4 26.7
C Manufacturing 2018* 202.4 132.0 70.4 132.3 62.7 69.5 2,980.0 2,326.1 653.9
C Manufacturing 2019* 213.0 144.6 68.4 127.6 61.3 66.4 2,906.3 2,285.2 621.1
C Manufacturing 2020* 208.9 140.1 68.9 113.2 50.0 63.2 2,976.5 2,307.6 669.0
10 Manufacture of food products 2018* 51.1 49.7 1.4 27.1 7.6 19.5 179.9 169.9 10.0
10 Manufacture of food products 2019* 54.7 52.6 2.1 34.7 16.0 18.7 170.8 161.1 9.7
10 Manufacture of food products 2020* 56.0 54.4 1.7 25.5 6.4 19.0 159.0 148.5 10.5
11 Manufacture of beverages 2018* 6.7 6.7 0.0 16.4 1.4 15.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
11 Manufacture of beverages 2019* 6.1 6.1 0.0 13.8 0.9 12.9 0.0 0.0 0.0
11 Manufacture of beverages 2020* 6.0 6.0 0.0 13.8 1.2 12.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
12 Manufacture of tobacco products 2018* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
12 Manufacture of tobacco products 2019* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
12 Manufacture of tobacco products 2020* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
13 Manufacture of textiles 2018* 0.8 0.8 0.0 3.2 0.6 2.5 3.3 3.3 0.0
13 Manufacture of textiles 2019* 0.7 0.7 0.0 2.1 0.3 1.8 0.9 0.9 0.0
13 Manufacture of textiles 2020* 1.3 1.3 0.0 0.9 0.1 0.8 5.1 5.1 0.0
14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 2018* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 2019* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
14 Manufacture of wearing apparel 2020* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
15 Manufacture of leather and footwear 2018* 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
15 Manufacture of leather and footwear 2019* 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
15 Manufacture of leather and footwear 2020* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
16 Manufacture of wood products 2018* 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
16 Manufacture of wood products 2019* 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
16 Manufacture of wood products 2020* 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
17 Manufacture of paper 2018* 4.6 4.6 0.0 14.5 0.7 13.8 47.3 47.3 0.0
17 Manufacture of paper 2019* 6.1 6.1 0.0 15.2 1.3 13.9 53.9 53.9 0.0
17 Manufacture of paper 2020* 6.6 6.6 0.0 14.1 0.4 13.7 50.1 50.1 0.0
18 Printing and reproduction 2018* 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0
18 Printing and reproduction 2019* 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0
18 Printing and reproduction 2020* 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0
19 Manufacture of coke and petroleum 2018* 19.1 7.8 11.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 526.7 503.7 23.0
19 Manufacture of coke and petroleum 2019* 21.2 10.0 11.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 488.0 464.9 23.1
19 Manufacture of coke and petroleum 2020* 20.5 10.7 9.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 479.6 471.2 8.3
20 Manufacture of chemicals 2018* 57.9 33.9 24.0 12.9 5.1 7.8 2,033.4 1,577.4 456.0
20 Manufacture of chemicals 2019* 62.4 41.0 21.4 8.5 2.9 5.6 1,992.9 1,580.8 412.1
20 Manufacture of chemicals 2020* 57.5 33.9 23.7 7.8 3.0 4.8 2,095.9 1,612.3 483.6
21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2018* 4.8 4.8 0.0 5.3 4.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0
21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2019* 6.4 6.4 0.0 6.0 4.7 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
21 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals 2020* 6.4 6.4 0.0 5.8 4.6 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2018* 4.0 4.0 0.0 22.7 21.7 1.1 4.9 4.9 0.0
22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2019* 3.2 3.2 0.0 15.0 15.0 0.0 4.5 4.5 0.0
22 Manufacture rubber, plastic products 2020* 3.2 3.2 0.0 11.6 11.5 0.1 4.3 4.3 0.0
23 Manufacture of building materials 2018* 3.3 3.2 0.1 6.5 3.0 3.4 2.9 2.9 0.0
23 Manufacture of building materials 2019* 3.1 3.0 0.1 5.9 2.7 3.2 2.1 2.1 0.0
23 Manufacture of building materials 2020* 3.2 3.1 0.1 5.9 2.7 3.2 2.1 2.1 0.0
24 Manufacture of basic metals 2018* 34.5 1.0 33.5 13.7 11.9 1.8 177.8 12.9 164.9
24 Manufacture of basic metals 2019* 34.8 1.3 33.5 17.1 11.6 5.5 187.9 11.7 176.2
24 Manufacture of basic metals 2020* 34.6 1.1 33.5 17.5 13.0 4.5 177.0 10.5 166.5
25 Manufacture of metal products 2018* 4.0 3.9 0.1 2.8 1.6 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.0
25 Manufacture of metal products 2019* 4.0 3.9 0.1 4.0 2.5 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.0
25 Manufacture of metal products 2020* 3.8 3.7 0.1 4.2 3.3 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.0
26 Manufacture of electronic products 2018* 3.2 3.2 0.0 3.9 3.2 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.0
26 Manufacture of electronic products 2019* 2.5 2.5 0.0 3.0 2.4 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.0
26 Manufacture of electronic products 2020* 3.1 3.1 0.0 3.7 3.0 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.0
27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2018* 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0
27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2019* 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0
27 Manufacture of electric equipment 2020* 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0
28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2018* 3.6 3.6 0.0 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.0
28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2019* 3.0 3.0 0.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.0
28 Manufacture of machinery n.e.c. 2020* 2.9 2.9 0.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.0
29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2018* 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.3 1.5 1.5 0.0
29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2019* 1.1 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 3.1 3.1 0.0
29 Manufacture of cars and trailers 2020* 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 1.2 1.2 0.0
30 Manufacture of other transport 2018* 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
30 Manufacture of other transport 2019* 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
30 Manufacture of other transport 2020* 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
31 Manufacture of furniture 2018* 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
31 Manufacture of furniture 2019* 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
31 Manufacture of furniture 2020* 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
32 Manufacture of other products 2018* 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
32 Manufacture of other products 2019* 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
32 Manufacture of other products 2020* 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
33 Repair and installation of machinery 2018* 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
33 Repair and installation of machinery 2019* 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
33 Repair and installation of machinery 2020* 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
D Energy supply 2018* 13.3 3.5 9.8 3.9 0.0 3.9 8,868.4 3,366.0 5,502.4
D Energy supply 2019* 12.1 4.3 7.8 3.9 0.0 3.9 9,365.4 3,766.7 5,598.7
D Energy supply 2020* 10.5 2.6 7.9 0.3 0.0 0.3 8,742.3 3,520.3 5,221.9
E Water supply and waste management 2018* 5.5 5.1 0.4 826.2 0.7 825.5 1,141.1 1,132.7 8.4
E Water supply and waste management 2019* 6.5 6.2 0.3 813.3 1.1 812.2 1,155.1 1,153.2 1.9
E Water supply and waste management 2020* 7.0 6.7 0.3 843.0 1.4 841.6 1,213.3 1,211.7 1.6
36 Water collection and distribution 2018* 0.2 0.2 0.0 823.4 0.0 823.4 488.8 488.8 0.0
36 Water collection and distribution 2019* 0.2 0.2 0.0 810.2 0.0 810.2 492.0 492.0 0.0
36 Water collection and distribution 2020* 0.2 0.2 0.0 839.8 0.0 839.8 493.7 493.7 0.0
37 Sewerage 2018* 1.1 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0
37 Sewerage 2019* 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.0
37 Sewerage 2020* 2.0 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.0
38 Waste collection and treatment 2018* 4.2 3.8 0.4 2.7 0.7 2.0 652.2 643.8 8.4
38 Waste collection and treatment 2019* 4.9 4.6 0.3 3.0 1.1 1.9 662.6 660.7 1.9
38 Waste collection and treatment 2020* 4.8 4.5 0.3 3.1 1.4 1.7 718.8 717.2 1.6
39 Remediation, other waste management 2018* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
39 Remediation, other waste management 2019* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
39 Remediation, other waste management 2020* 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
F Construction 2018* 2.8 2.8 0.0 . . . . . .
F Construction 2019* 2.6 2.6 0.0 . . . . . .
F Construction 2020* 2.8 2.8 0.0 . . . . . .
G Wholesale and retail trade 2018* 13.5 13.5 0.0 . . . . . .
G Wholesale and retail trade 2019* 13.5 13.5 0.0 . . . . . .
G Wholesale and retail trade 2020* 14.0 14.0 0.0 . . . . . .
H Transportation and storage 2018* 4.7 4.7 0.0 . . . . . .
H Transportation and storage 2019* 4.0 4.0 0.0 . . . . . .
H Transportation and storage 2020* 4.1 4.1 0.0 . . . . . .
I Accommodation and food serving 2018* 20.3 20.3 0.0 . . . . . .
I Accommodation and food serving 2019* 22.5 22.5 0.0 . . . . . .
I Accommodation and food serving 2020* 21.5 21.5 0.0 . . . . . .
J Information and communication 2018* 1.0 1.0 0.0 . . . . . .
J Information and communication 2019* 0.9 0.9 0.0 . . . . . .
J Information and communication 2020* 1.0 1.0 0.0 . . . . . .
K Financial institutions 2018* 1.9 1.9 0.0 . . . . . .
K Financial institutions 2019* 1.5 1.5 0.0 . . . . . .
K Financial institutions 2020* 1.6 1.6 0.0 . . . . . .
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2018* 4.1 4.1 0.0 . . . . . .
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2019* 3.5 3.5 0.0 . . . . . .
L Renting, buying, selling real estate 2020* 3.7 3.7 0.0 . . . . . .
M Other specialised business services 2018* 3.5 3.5 0.0 . . . . . .
M Other specialised business services 2019* 3.4 3.4 0.0 . . . . . .
M Other specialised business services 2020* 3.5 3.5 0.0 . . . . . .
N Renting and other business support 2018* 1.0 1.0 0.0 . . . . . .
N Renting and other business support 2019* 1.0 1.0 0.0 . . . . . .
N Renting and other business support 2020* 1.0 1.0 0.0 . . . . . .
O Public administration and services 2018* 4.7 4.7 0.0 . . . . . .
O Public administration and services 2019* 5.3 5.3 0.0 . . . . . .
O Public administration and services 2020* 5.6 5.6 0.0 . . . . . .
P Education 2018* 6.6 6.6 0.0 . . . . . .
P Education 2019* 5.5 5.5 0.0 . . . . . .
P Education 2020* 5.7 5.7 0.0 . . . . . .
Q Health and social work activities 2018* 19.0 19.0 0.0 . . . . . .
Q Health and social work activities 2019* 17.8 17.8 0.0 . . . . . .
Q Health and social work activities 2020* 18.8 18.8 0.0 . . . . . .
R Culture, sports and recreation 2018* 17.4 17.4 0.0 . . . . . .
R Culture, sports and recreation 2019* 16.8 16.8 0.0 . . . . . .
R Culture, sports and recreation 2020* 16.5 16.5 0.0 . . . . . .
S Other service activities 2018* 9.3 9.3 0.0 . . . . . .
S Other service activities 2019* 8.9 8.9 0.0 . . . . . .
S Other service activities 2020* 9.2 9.2 0.0 . . . . . .
T Activities of households 2018* 0.8 0.8 0.0 . . . . . .
T Activities of households 2019* 0.8 0.8 0.0 . . . . . .
T Activities of households 2020* 0.9 0.9 0.0 . . . . . .
U Extraterritorial organisations 2018* 0.0 0.0 0.0 . . . . . .
U Extraterritorial organisations 2019* 0.0 0.0 0.0 . . . . . .
U Extraterritorial organisations 2020* 0.0 0.0 0.0 . . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents the water accounts, being part of the environmental accounts compiled by Statistics Netherlands annually. This Water Accounting table includes the (physical) water use by the Dutch economy. A distinction is made between the use of tap water, use and abstraction (withdrawal) of groundwater and of surface water. The water used is allocated to the industries and households. Alternatively, tables selections can be made that show break down by economic activity (including households), by water type and annual use. Values are shown in million cubic meters (mln m3).

With tap water a distinction is made between tap water of drinking water quality and industrial water. Industrial water is tap water with a less quality than drinking water, or sometimes with a better quality, like demineralized water. This industrial water is mainly used by the industry and electricity producers. Groundwater is divided into groundwater for cooling and for other use. Besides, a distinction is made between fresh surface water and seawater. The data are derived from a diverse set of sources, more about those sources can be found in chapter 4.

Data in the environmental accounts directly correspond to the economic data in the national accounts, that allows assessment of the impact of the economic activities of the Netherlands for the use of water taken from the natural environment in quantitative terms. From the water accounts bills, environmental indicators can be derived. As an example the water use intensity for the different types can be determined for the Netherlands as a whole or for the break down by industry.

Data available from: 2003

Status of the figures:
The data for the respective years in the full time series in this table are final and the last three years are provisional. The entire time series from 2003 onwards, if necessary, is to be adjusted annually to reflect the updated source information.

Changes as of March 22, 2022:
There has been an update of the numbers.

Changes as of October 1, 2021:
Two improvements have been implemented. The total tap water and the use of drinking water have been updated for private households and economic activities for 2017-2019. Also, the use of groundwater for cooling have been updated from points (.) to figures for economic activity E, with corresponding update of total use of groundwater for 2017-2019.

Changes as of June 18, 2021:
For the whole time series, 2003-2019, surface water use is now divided in fresh and non-fresh (seawater) surface water use. Besides, the use of industrial water is added to the time series from the annual environmental reports (AER). Furthermore, the display of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes has changed. Some aggregations (10-12, 13-15, 31-32 and 37-39) are now shown in more detail and some details, the three digits SICs in industry, are left out.

When will new figures be published?
New figures will be published annually by March/April. The next publication will be in March/April 2023.

Description topics

Tap water
Water from the tap of either drinking water quality (drinking water) or lesser quality (industrial water). Tap water is purified or treated groundwater or surface water and transported through a network of pipes.
Total Tap water
Total tap water is the summation of drinking water and industrial water.
Use of drinking water
Drinking water is received and produced by the water supply companies. This is either purified groundwater or surface water being transported through a network of pipes or (tap) water network.
Use of industrial water
Industrial water is of lesser quality than drinking water.
Groundwater
Use of water pumped or otherwise abstracted from underground formations. This may be fresh water, but can also be brackish or salt water.
Total use of groundwater
Use of water pumped or otherwise abstracted from underground formations. This may be fresh water, but can also be brackish or salt water.
Use of groundwater for cooling
Use of abstracted groundwater for cooling purposes.
Other use of groundwater
Use of abstracted groundwater for other than cooling purposes.
Surface water
Use of water abstracted from inland waters such as rivers, lakes, canals (except for groundwater), transitional waters, coastal waters, and, in respect of the chemical status, also should include territorial waters (i.e. the sea).
Total use of surface water
Use of water abstracted from inland waters such as rivers, lakes, canals (except for groundwater), transitional waters, coastal waters, and, in respect of the chemical status, also should include territorial waters (i.e. the sea).
Use of salt surface water
Marine surface water such as the sea.
Use of fresh surface water
Fresh surface water such as rivers and lakes.