Cao wages, contractual wage costs and working hours;(2010=100), 1972-2023

Cao wages, contractual wage costs and working hours;(2010=100), 1972-2023

Cao sectors Sector/branches (SIC 2008) Version Periods Index figures Hourly cao wages incl. special payments (2010=100) Index figures Hourly contractual wage costs (2010=100) Year-on-year change Hourly cao wages incl. special payments (%) Year-on-year change Hourly contractual wage costs (%)
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2022 November 131.1 136.6 3.0 4.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2022 December 131.1 136.6 3.0 4.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 January* 132.9 136.4 4.2 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 February* 132.9 136.4 4.2 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 March* 132.9 136.4 4.2 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 April* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 May* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 June* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 July* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 August* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 September* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 October* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2022 November 131.1 136.5 3.0 4.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2022 December 131.1 136.5 3.0 4.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 January* 132.9 136.4 4.2 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 February* 132.9 136.4 4.2 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 March* 132.9 136.4 4.2 2.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 April* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 May* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 June* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 July* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 August* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 September* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector E Water supply and waste management First-published figures 2023 October* 140.3 144.2 7.4 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2022 November 125.0 129.5 4.3 5.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2022 December 125.1 129.5 4.1 5.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 January* 130.4 134.8 7.0 6.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 February* 130.6 135.0 7.0 7.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 March* 130.9 135.3 7.0 6.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 April* 131.7 136.2 7.3 7.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 May* 131.7 136.2 7.3 7.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 June* 131.8 136.2 7.1 6.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 July* 132.9 137.5 6.9 6.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 August* 133.0 137.6 7.0 6.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 September* 133.9 138.6 7.6 7.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering Current figures 2023 October* 134.0 138.6 7.2 7.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2022 November 124.8 129.3 4.1 5.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2022 December 124.9 129.4 3.9 5.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 January* 130.4 134.8 6.9 6.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 February* 130.4 134.7 6.8 6.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 March* 130.7 135.0 6.9 6.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 April* 131.6 136.0 7.3 7.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 May* 131.7 136.2 7.3 7.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 June* 131.7 136.2 7.0 6.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 July* 132.9 137.5 6.9 6.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 August* 133.1 137.6 7.1 6.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 September* 133.9 138.6 7.6 7.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector G-I Trade, transport, hotels, catering First-published figures 2023 October* 134.0 138.6 7.2 7.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2022 November 127.6 132.3 4.2 5.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2022 December 127.6 132.3 4.1 5.8
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 January* 135.1 139.8 7.8 7.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 February* 135.1 139.8 7.6 7.5
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 March* 135.4 140.1 7.5 7.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 April* 136.7 141.5 8.3 8.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 May* 136.7 141.5 8.3 8.1
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 June* 136.8 141.7 8.4 8.3
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 July* 137.5 142.3 8.2 8.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 August* 137.5 142.3 8.2 8.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 September* 137.7 142.5 8.2 7.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage Current figures 2023 October* 137.8 142.7 8.0 7.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2022 November 128.0 132.6 4.5 6.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2022 December 128.3 132.9 4.6 6.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 January* 135.7 140.2 7.9 7.7
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 February* 135.7 140.3 7.7 7.6
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 March* 135.6 140.2 7.5 7.4
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 April* 136.8 141.6 8.4 8.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 May* 136.6 141.4 8.2 8.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 June* 136.8 141.6 8.4 8.2
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 July* 137.5 142.3 8.2 8.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 August* 137.5 142.3 8.2 8.0
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 September* 137.7 142.5 8.2 7.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector H Transportation and storage First-published figures 2023 October* 137.8 142.7 8.0 7.9
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2022 November 127.8 . 3.9 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2022 December 127.8 . 3.9 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 January* 137.1 . 8.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 February* 137.1 . 8.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 March* 137.1 . 8.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 April* 137.1 . 8.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 May* 137.0 . 8.1 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 June* 137.0 . 8.1 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 July* 137.0 . 7.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 August* 137.0 . 7.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 September* 137.0 . 7.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport Current figures 2023 October* 137.4 . 7.5 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2022 November 127.9 . 4.0 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2022 December 127.9 . 4.0 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 January* 137.5 . 8.5 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 February* 137.5 . 8.5 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 March* 137.5 . 8.5 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 April* 137.3 . 8.4 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 May* 136.8 . 8.0 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 June* 136.8 . 8.0 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 July* 137.0 . 7.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 August* 137.0 . 7.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 September* 137.0 . 7.2 .
Total Collective labour agreement sector 49 Land transport First-published figures 2023 October* 137.4 . 7.5 .
Sector private companies E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2022 November 131.1 . 3.0 .
Sector private companies E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2022 December 131.1 . 3.0 .
Sector private companies E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 January* 132.9 . 4.2 .
Sector private companies E Water supply and waste management Current figures 2023 February* 132.9 . 4.2 .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table contains index figures of the quantification of the development of the contractual wage, labour costs and working hours of employees in the Netherlands. The table contains index figures on a number of elements contained in the collective labour agreements (in Dutch: cao), namely wages per month and per hour including and excluding special payments, contractual wage costs (per month and per hour) and contractual working hours. In addition, it presents developments calculated on the basis of these indices and the percentage of collective labour agreements completed.

Data available from: 1972, for the annual figures (up to and including 2009 to a limited extent) and from 2010, for the monthly figures and quarterly figures.

Status of the figures:
All the figures from 1972 to 2022 are definitive.
The figures for 2023 are provisional. Because this table is discontinued, figures will not be updated anymore.

Changes as of 7 December 2023:
None, this table is discontinued.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable anymore.

This table is replaced by Cao wages, contractual wage costs and working hours; index (2020=100) See paragraph 3.

Description topics

Index figures
Index
An index is the ratio between two values, based on a base year which equals to 100.
The use of indices makes it simpler and easier to monitor and compare the development of certain quantities (wages, prices) over time.
Hourly cao wages incl. special payments
Hourly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments and the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly contractual wage costs
Hourly contractual wage costs
The index of hourly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers in which the development of contractual working hours has been taken into account. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.
Year-on-year change
Year-on-year change
These percentage changes are always related to the current figures and are compared to same period in the previous year. This is also the case for the year-on-year change of the initial figures.
Hourly cao wages incl. special payments
Hourly cao wages including special payments
These are the cao wages including special payments and the development of yearly working hours.
Cao wages include:
- gross wage for normal working hours of full-time employees.
- all required mandatory (compulsory), regularly paid allowances.
Special payments include:
all binding (compulsory) prescribed special (non-monthly) payments belonging to the gross income, such as holiday allowance, Christmas bonus, one-time payments the compensation for public health costs and the employers' contribution for the life course savings scheme.
Conditional bonuses, e.g. bonuses based on the employee's age, bonuses for shift work and individual wage increases are not included in cao wages and special payments.
Hourly contractual wage costs
Hourly contractual wage costs
The index of hourly contractual wage costs indicates the development of labour costs for employers in which the development of contractual working hours has been taken into account. This includes the cao wage including special payments plus statutory and contractual employer contributions to pension, early retirement, unemployment, sickness, disability and social funds. Both changes in the collective labour wage and changes in employers' contributions are reflected in the contractual wage costs figures.