Renewable electricity; production and capacity

Renewable electricity; production and capacity

Energy sources / techniques Periods Production of electricity Gross production with normalisation (mln kWh) Production of electricity Production without normalisation Gross production of electricity (mln kWh) Production of electricity Production without normalisation Net production of electricity (mln kWh) Production of electricity relative Gross production with normalisation (in % of use) Production of electricity relative Production without normalisation Gross production of electricity (in % of use) Production of electricity relative Production without normalisation Net production of electricity (in % of use)
Total renewable energy sources 2021* 41,591 40,154 39,110 34.10 32.90 33.10
Hydro power 2021* 89 88 88 0.10 0.10 0.10
Wind energy, total 2021* 19,058 17,894 17,894 15.60 14.70 15.10
Wind energy on shore 2021* 10,553 9,942 9,942 8.70 8.20 8.40
Wind energy of shore 2021* 8,504 7,952 7,952 7.00 6.50 6.70
Solar photovoltaic 2021* 11,436 11,436 11,436 9.40 9.40 9.70
Total biomass 2021* 11,008 10,735 9,691 9.00 8.80 8.20
Municipal waste; renewable fraction 2021* . . . . . .
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants 2021* . . . . . .
Biomass boilers companies, CHP 2021* . . . . . .
Total biogas 2021* . . . . . .
Biogas from landfills 2021* . . . . . .
Biogas from sewage water purification 2021* . . . . . .
Biogas, co-digestion of manure 2021* . . . . . .
Other biogas 2021* . . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains information about the Dutch production of renewable electricity, the number of installations used and the installed capacity of these installations. During production, a distinction is made between normalised gross production and non-standard gross and net production without normalisation.

Production of electricity is shown in million kilowatt hours and as a percentage of total electricity consumption in the Netherlands. The production of renewable electricity is compared with total electricity consumption and not against total electricity production. This choice is due to European conventions.

The data is broken down according to the type of energy source and the technique used to obtain the electricity. A distinction is made between four main categories: hydro power, wind energy, solar power and biomass.

Data available from: 1990.

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures until 2019 and revised provisional figures for 2020.

Changes as of 7th of March 2022:
Provisional figures for 2021 have been added.
From reporting year 2021, new sustainability criteria for solid biomass will apply in the context of the EU Renewable Energy Directive. It is currently unclear whether all solid biomass consumed in the Netherlands meets these new sustainability criteria. For the time being, it has been assumed for the figures for 2021 that all solid biomass meets the new criteria and therefore counts as a renewable energy source for this EU Directive.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures on electricity output for the previous year are published each year in February. Revised figures on electricity output for the previous year are published each year in June. Definite figures on electricity output for the previous year are published each year in December.

Description topics

Production of electricity
Domestic production of renewable electricity in millions of kilowatt hours.
Gross production with normalisation
Gross production of renewable electricity corrected for weather conditions and including the indirect production from green gas.

Gross production is the production including own use. Own use is the electricity that is used in electricity output.

The normalised production has been calculated according to definitions from the 2009 EU Renewable Energy Directive. The binding targets from this guideline play an important role in Dutch energy policy. The production without normalisation is the actual physical production according to definitions from the standard national and international energy statistics.

There are two differences between the normalised figures and the figures without normalisation:
1. Correction for accidental weather conditions
2. Whether or not to include production of electricity from green gas.

Further explanation for 1: The normalised production in a given year is calculated as the capacity in the relevant year times the average production per unit capacity in the past five years (for wind energy) or fifteen years (for hydro-power). The production of solar power is in principle also dependent on the weather. In the EU Directive, however, it has been agreed not to apply normalisation for solar power.
Further explanation for 2: Green gas is biogas that has been upgraded to natural gas quality and injected into the natural gas network. A (small) part of the production of electricity from natural gas can thus be allocated to green gas. This allocation has been included in the normalised production of electricity; this allocation is not taken into account in production of electricity without normalisation.
Production without normalisation
Production of renewable electricity-, not corrected for weather conditions and excluding the indirect production from green gas.

Green gas is biogas that has been upgraded to natural gas quality and injected into the natural gas network. A (small) part of the production of electricity from natural gas can thus be allocated to green gas. This allocation has been included in the normalised production of electricity; this allocation is not taken into account in production of electricity without normalisation.
Gross production of electricity
Gross production of electricity is the production including own use.

Own use is the electricity that is used in electricity output.
Net production of electricity
Net production of electricity is the production excluding own use.

Own use is the electricity that is used in electricity output.
Production of electricity relative
Domestic production of renewable electricity as a percentage of total domestic electricity consumption.

The production of renewable electricity is compared with total electricity consumption and not against total electricity production. This choice is due to European conventions.
Gross production with normalisation
Gross production of renewable electricity corrected for weather conditions and including the indirect production from green gas.

Gross production is the production including own use. Own use is the electricity that is used in electricity output.

The normalized production has been calculated according to definitions from the EU Renewable Energy Directive from 2009. The binding targets from this guideline play an important role in Dutch energy policy. The production without normalisation is the actual physical production according to definitions from the standard national and international energy statistics.

There are two differences between the normalized figures and the figures without normalisation:
1. Correction for accidental weather conditions
2. Whether or not to include production of electricity from green gas.

Further explanation for 1: The normalized production in a given year is calculated as the capacity in the relevant year times the average production per unit capacity in the past five years (for wind) or fifteen years (for hydro power). The production of solar power is in principle also dependent on the weather. In the EU Directive, however, it has been agreed not to apply normalization for solar power.
Further explanation for 2: Green gas is biogas that has been upgraded to natural gas quality and injected into the natural gas network. A (small) part of the production of electricity from natural gas can thus be allocated to green gas. This allocation has been included in the normalized production of electricity; this allocation is not taken into account in production of electricity without normalisation.
Production without normalisation
Production of renewable electricity, not corrected for weather conditions and excluding the indirect production from green gas.

Green gas is biogas that has been upgraded to natural gas quality and injected into the natural gas network. A (small) part of the production of electricity from natural gas can thus be allocated to green gas. This allocation has been included in the normalized production of electricity; this allocation is not taken into account in production of electricity without normalisation.
Gross production of electricity
Gross production of electricity is the production including own use.

Own use is the electricity that is used in electricity output.
Net production of electricity
Net electricity production is the production excluding own use.

Own use is the electricity that is used in electricity output.