Deep geothermal heat and geothermal heat; extraction of heat and cold

Deep geothermal heat and geothermal heat; extraction of heat and cold

Energy commoditiesTechniques Periods Extraction of geothermal heat (TJ) Extraction of geothermal cold (TJ)
Total geothermal energy 2023** . .
Total shallow geothermal energy 2023** . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table shows the withdrawal of heat and cold. Heat is a form of energy. The use of shallow geothermal cold avoids the consumption of electricity for cooling. Figures have been broken down into deep geothermal heat and geothermal energy with or without heat pumps.

Geothermal energy is a form of renewable energy.

With deep geothermal heat, the pumped up water is sufficiently warm (approximately between 60 and 90 degrees Celsius) for direct consumption via a heat exchanger. The main application is the heating of greenhouses.

With shallow geothermal energy, the pumped water is usually not warm enough (about 10 degrees Celsius) for direct consumption. This is why heat pumps are often used to bring the temperature to a sufficiently high level.

Geothermal energy can be used both for heating and cooling. The main use of geothermal energy is the heating and cooling of office buildings.

Data available from:
1990

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are definite up to and including 2021, figures of 2022 and 2023 are revised provisional

Changes as of June 7th 2024:
Revised provisional figures of 2023 have been added.

Changes as of December 14th 2023:
Revised provisional figures of 2022 were updated.

Changes as of June 15th 2023:
Revised provisional figures of 2022 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures of deep geothermal heat and shallow geothermal energy in the form of heat used through heat pumps for the previous year are published each year in June.
Definite figures of all variables are published in December second year after the reporting year.

Description topics

Extraction of geothermal heat
Extraction of geothermal heat for useful use.

The amount of extracted heat is usually calculated by multiplying three numbers:
1. the temperature difference between the extracted and infiltrated water
2. the amount of pumped water
3. specific heat of water
Extraction of geothermal cold
Extraction of geothermal cold for useful use.

The amount of extracted cold is usually calculated by multiplying three numbers:
1. the temperature difference between the extracted and infiltrated water
2. the amount of pumped water
3. specific heat of water