Agriculture; crops, livestock and land use by general farm type, region

Agriculture; crops, livestock and land use by general farm type, region

Farm types Regions Periods Land use Area Utilised agricultural area (UAA) (are) Land use Number of farms Land use, total (number) Land use Number of farms Utilised agricultural area (UAA) (number) Arable land Area Other arable crops (are) Arable land Number of farms Industrial crops (number) Horticulture, in the open Area Horticulture in the open, total (are) Horticulture, under glass Area Horticulture under glass, total (m2) Grassland and forage plants Number of farms Grassland Temporary grass (number) Grazing livestock Number of farms Equidae Horses (number)
Specialist mixed cropping Nederland 2020 5,639,336 1,165 1,165 30,638 128 932,914 542,075 513 85
Specialist mixed cropping Noord-Nederland (LD) 2020 579,776 81 81 3,841 15 78,896 6,949 40 7
Specialist mixed cropping Oost-Nederland (LD) 2020 1,703,728 338 338 2,247 21 275,852 68,700 106 17
Specialist mixed cropping West-Nederland (LD) 2020 2,017,252 374 374 11,973 59 328,765 117,054 148 22
Specialist mixed cropping Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2020 1,338,580 372 372 12,577 33 249,401 349,372 219 39
Specialist mixed cropping Groningen (PV) 2020 146,459 20 20 1,769 5 13,272 3,249 9 0
Specialist mixed cropping Fryslân (PV) 2020 170,489 25 25 230 2 38,437 960 12 3
Specialist mixed cropping Drenthe (PV) 2020 262,828 36 36 1,842 8 27,187 2,740 19 4
Specialist mixed cropping Overijssel (PV) 2020 136,968 37 37 349 1 17,062 11,750 16 2
Specialist mixed cropping Flevoland (PV) 2020 1,358,847 209 209 645 14 220,149 4,900 60 4
Specialist mixed cropping Gelderland (PV) 2020 207,914 92 92 1,253 6 38,641 52,050 30 11
Specialist mixed cropping Utrecht (PV) 2020 32,457 20 20 282 2 6,234 42,325 8 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noord-Holland (PV) 2020 555,966 101 101 6,148 7 100,757 11,975 32 5
Specialist mixed cropping Zuid-Holland (PV) 2020 604,498 99 99 678 12 107,058 42,032 42 6
Specialist mixed cropping Zeeland (PV) 2020 824,330 154 154 4,865 38 114,716 20,722 66 11
Specialist mixed cropping Noord-Brabant (PV) 2020 776,852 205 205 3,980 22 146,331 306,220 124 17
Specialist mixed cropping Limburg (PV) 2020 561,728 167 167 8,597 11 103,070 43,152 95 22
Specialist mixed cropping Oost-Groningen (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Delfzijl en omgeving (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Overig Groningen (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noord-Friesland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidwest-Friesland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidoost-Friesland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noord-Drenthe (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidoost-Drenthe (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidwest-Drenthe (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noord-Overijssel (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidwest-Overijssel (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Twente (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Veluwe (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Achterhoek (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Arnhem/Nijmegen (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidwest-Gelderland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Utrecht (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Kop van Noord-Holland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Alkmaar en omgeving (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping IJmond (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Agglomeratie Haarlem (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zaanstreek (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Groot-Amsterdam (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Het Gooi en Vechtstreek (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Agglomeratie Leiden en Bollenstreek (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Agglomeratie 's-Gravenhage (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Delft en Westland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Oost-Zuid-Holland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Groot-Rijnmond (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidoost-Zuid-Holland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zeeuwsch-Vlaanderen (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Overig Zeeland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping West-Noord-Brabant (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Midden-Noord-Brabant (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noordoost-Noord-Brabant (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidoost-Noord-Brabant (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noord-Limburg (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Midden-Limburg (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuid-Limburg (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Flevoland (CR) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Bouwhoek en Hogeland (LG) 2020 157,816 22 22 235 2 31,145 2,950 8 0
Specialist mixed cropping Veenkoloniën en Oldambt (LG) 2020 280,807 32 32 3,501 9 27,117 1,539 16 2
Specialist mixed cropping Noordelijk Weidegebied (LG) 2020 135,119 29 29 105 3 21,450 14,210 16 5
Specialist mixed cropping Oostelijk Veehouderijgebied (LG) 2020 229,592 78 78 593 5 27,278 830 30 9
Specialist mixed cropping Centraal Veehouderijgebied (LG) 2020 20,271 14 14 211 2 3,827 0 4 2
Specialist mixed cropping IJsselmeerpolders (LG) 2020 1,581,215 251 251 997 15 263,520 4,900 71 5
Specialist mixed cropping Westelijk Holland (LG) 2020 437,753 82 82 5,835 14 72,652 36,100 29 7
Specialist mixed cropping Waterland en Droogmakerijen (LG) 2020 37,249 7 7 0 0 10,908 2,600 3 0
Specialist mixed cropping Hollands/Utrechts Weidegebied (LG) 2020 21,254 13 13 17 2 3,460 7,175 5 0
Specialist mixed cropping Rivierengebied (LG) 2020 123,760 48 48 1,063 1 27,637 86,645 18 3
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidwestelijk Akkerbouwgebied (LG) 2020 1,467,831 251 251 6,598 49 223,488 35,754 118 14
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidwest-Brabant (LG) 2020 149,061 45 45 811 2 38,695 147,420 27 5
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidelijk Veehouderijgebied (LG) 2020 860,312 247 247 8,310 21 166,572 171,350 149 20
Specialist mixed cropping Zuid-Limburg (LG) 2020 137,296 46 46 2,362 3 15,165 30,602 19 13
Specialist mixed cropping De Marne (LB) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Centraal Weidegebied in Groningen (LB) 2020 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Oostelijke Bouwstreek in Groningen (LB) 2020 55,576 7 7 1,668 4 4,137 999 5 0
Specialist mixed cropping Westerwolde en Gron. Veenkoloniën (LB) 2020 17,892 4 4 96 1 2,075 0 2 0
Specialist mixed cropping Groninger zuidelijk Westerkwartier (LB) 2020 8,062 1 1 0 0 1,060 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Oostelijk Hogeland (LB) 2020 64,930 8 8 5 0 6,000 2,250 2 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noordelijk Friesland (LB) 2020 92,886 14 14 230 2 25,145 700 6 0
Specialist mixed cropping Weidestreek in Friesland (LB) 2020 7,621 2 2 0 0 976 0 2 0
Specialist mixed cropping De Wouden (LB) 2020 69,567 8 8 0 0 12,200 260 4 3
Specialist mixed cropping Eilanden (LB) 2020 415 1 1 0 0 116 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Weidegebied van het Noorderveld (LB) 2020 18,614 5 5 0 1 2,214 0 5 1
Specialist mixed cropping Smilde en Centr. Zandgebied in Dr. (LB) 2020 51,400 7 7 0 0 4,916 0 2 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidw. Weidegebied in Drenthe (LB) 2020 19,509 6 6 105 2 2,372 2,200 3 1
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidelijk Zandgebied in Drenthe (LB) 2020 17,366 4 4 0 1 1,696 0 2 0
Specialist mixed cropping Drentse Veenkoloniën en Hondsrug (LB) 2020 155,939 14 14 1,737 4 15,989 540 7 2
Specialist mixed cropping Weidegebied in Overijssel (LB) 2020 11,332 6 6 0 0 2,512 11,750 2 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noordoost-Overijssel (LB) 2020 86,964 10 10 0 1 11,267 0 5 1
Specialist mixed cropping Twente (LB) 2020 18,270 11 11 307 0 1,382 0 6 1
Specialist mixed cropping Salland (LB) 2020 20,402 10 10 42 0 1,901 0 3 0
Specialist mixed cropping Noordoostelijke Polder (LB) 2020 489,475 106 106 307 5 79,026 2,000 23 1
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidelijke IJsselmeerpolders (LB) 2020 869,372 103 103 338 9 141,123 2,900 37 3
Specialist mixed cropping Oostelijke Veluwe (LB) 2020 7,100 3 3 0 0 1,544 0 1 1
Specialist mixed cropping IJsselstreek (LB) 2020 8,285 3 3 44 0 768 830 1 0
Specialist mixed cropping Zuidelijk Gelderland (LB) 2020 29,741 14 14 51 1 3,826 0 4 1
Specialist mixed cropping Oostelijke Betuwe en Nijmegen (LB) 2020 5,312 3 3 0 0 283 0 0 0
Specialist mixed cropping Veluwezoom en Betuwe (LB) 2020 93,114 27 27 798 1 21,689 31,300 10 2
Specialist mixed cropping Bommelerwaard (LB) 2020 3,949 6 6 0 0 2,191 19,920 2 0
Specialist mixed cropping Westelijke Veluwe (LB) 2020 11,848 10 10 211 2 1,902 0 3 1
Specialist mixed cropping Achterhoek (LB) 2020 48,564 26 26 149 2 6,438 0 9 6
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains data on land use, arable farming, horticulture, grassland, grazing livestock and housed animals, at regional level, by general farm type.

The figures in this table are derived from the agricultural census. Data collection for the agricultural census is part of a combined data collection for a.o. agricultural policy use and enforcement of the manure law.

Regional breakdown is based on the main location of the holding. Due to this the region where activities (crops, animals) are allocated may differ from the location where these activities actually occur.

The agricultural census is also used as the basis for the European Farm Structure Survey (FSS). Data from the agricultural census do not fully coincide with the FSS. In the FSS years (2000, 2003, 2005, 2007 and 2010) additional information was collected to meet the requirements of the FSS.

Reference date for livestock is 1 April and for crops 15 May.

From 2020 onwards, the SO2017, based on the years 2015 to 2019, will apply (see also the explanation for SO: Standard Output).

From 2018 onwards the number of calves for fattening, pigs for fattening, chicken and turkey are adjusted in the case of temporary breaks in the production cycle (e.g. sanitary cleaning).
The agricultural census is a structural survey, in which adjustment for temporary breaks in the production cycle is a.o. relevant for the calculation of the economic size of the holding, and its farm type.
In the livestock surveys the number of animals on the reference day is relevant, therefore no adjustment for temporary breaks in the production cycle are made.
This means that the number of animals in the tables of the agricultural census may differ from those in the livestock tables (see ‘links to relevant tables and relevant articles).

From 2017 onwards, animal numbers are increasingly derived from I&R registers (Identification and Registration of animals), instead of by means of the combined data collection. The I&R registers are the responsibility of RVO (Netherlands Enterprise Agency). Since 2017, cattle numbers are derived from I&R cattle, and from 2018 sheep, goats and poultry are also derived from the relevant I&R registers. The registration of cattle, sheep and goats takes place directly at RVO. Poultry data is collected via the designated database Poultry Information System Poultry (KIP) from Avined. Avined is a branch organization for the egg and poultry meat sectors. Avined passes the data on to the central database of RVO. Due to the transition to the use of I&R registers, a change in classification will occur for sheep and goats from 2018 onwards.

Since 2016, information of the Dutch Business Register is used to define the agricultural census. Registration in the Business Register with an agricultural standard industrial classification code (SIC), related to NACE/ISIC, (in Dutch SBI: ‘Standaard BedrijfsIndeling’) is leading to determine whether there is an agricultural holding. This aligns the agricultural census as closely as possible to the statistical regulations of Eurostat and the (Dutch) implementation of the definition of 'active farmer' as described in the common agricultural policy.

The definition of the agricultural census based on information from the Dutch Business Register mainly affects the number of holdings, a clear deviation of the trend occurs. The impact on areas (except for other land and rough grazing) and the number of animals (except for sheep, horses and ponies) is limited. This is mainly due to the holdings that are excluded as a result of the new delimitation of agricultural holdings (such as equestrian centres, city farms and organisations in nature management).

In 2011 there were changes in geographic assignment of holdings with a foreign main seat. This may influence regional figures, mainly in border regions.

Until 2010 the economic size of agricultural holdings was expressed in Dutch size units (in Dutch NGE: 'Nederlandse Grootte Eenheid'). From 2010 onwards this has become Standard Output (SO). This means that the threshold for holdings in the agricultural census has changed from 3 NGE to 3000 euro SO. For comparable time series the figures for 2000 up to and including 2009 have been recalculated, based on SO coefficients and SO typology. The latest update took place in 2016.

Data available from: 2000

Status of the figures: the figures are now definite.

Changes as of 19 March 2021: the 2020 figures have been updated and are now definite.

When will new figures be published?
According to regular planning provisional figures are published in November and the definite figures will follow in March of the following year.

Description topics

Land use
Area
Utilised agricultural area (UAA)
Utilised agricultural area (UAA) is land that is permanently or
temporarily part of the holding, and is mainly used for the production of agricultural goods (crops, livestock), including fallow land and (temporary) grassland.
_
Includes arable land, horticulture in the open, horticulture under glass, grassland and green fodder crops.
Number of farms
Note: the sum of underlying parts may be bigger than the total for the whole group, because a holding may have several activities (such a holding is counted for each activity, but only once in the total).
Land use, total
Utilised agricultural area (UAA)
Utilised agricultural area (UAA) is land that is permanently or
temporarily part of the holding, and is mainly used for the production of agricultural goods (crops, livestock), including fallow land and (temporary) grassland.
_
Includes arable land, horticulture in the open, horticulture under glass, grassland and green fodder crops.
Arable land
Refers to the growing of crops in the open, usually for industrial processing.
Area
Other arable crops
Includes miscanthus and sod.
Number of farms
Note: the sum of underlying parts may be bigger than the total for the whole group, because a holding may have several activities (such a holding is counted for each activity, but only once in the total).
Industrial crops
Crops that are normally not sold directly for consumption because they need to be industrially processed prior to final use.
_
Includes black poppy, industrial chicory, hemp, caraway seed, colza seed, rape seed, linseed, soy beans, flax and sunflowers.
Horticulture, in the open
Refers to the growing of crops in the open, usually directly for
the market.
Area
Horticulture in the open, total
Horticulture, under glass
Refers to the growing of crops under glass or other (accessible) protective cover.
Area
Horticulture under glass, total
Grassland and forage plants
Grassland and green fodder usually serves as fresh forage.
Number of farms
Note: the sum of underlying parts may be bigger than the total for the whole group, because a holding may have several activities (such a holding is counted for each activity, but only once in the total).
Grassland
Temporary grass
Land with herbaceous forage crops, through cultivation (sown) or naturally (self-seeded), that has not been included in the crop rotation on the holding for a maximum of five years.
_
Crop rotation is the practice of growing different crops in the same area to avoid build-up of pathogens and depletion of soil nutrients.
Grazing livestock
Includes cattle, sheep, goats and equidae.
Number of farms
Note: the sum of underlying parts may be bigger than the total for the whole group, because a holding may have several activities (such a holding is counted for each activity, but only once in the total).
Equidae
Only horses and ponies that are kept on agricultural holdings.
Horses