Agriculture; crops, livestock and land use by general farm type, region

This table contains data on land use, arable farming, horticulture, grassland, grazing livestock and housed animals, at regional level, by general farm type.

The figures in this table are derived from the agricultural census. Data collection for the agricultural census is part of a combined data collection for a.o. agricultural policy use and enforcement of the manure law.

Regional breakdown is based on the main location of the holding. Due to this the region where activities (crops, animals) are allocated may differ from the location where these activities actually occur.

The agricultural census is also used as the basis for the European Farm Structure Survey (FSS). Data from the agricultural census do not fully coincide with the FSS. In the FSS years (2000, 2003, 2005, 2007 and 2010) additional information was collected to meet the requirements of the FSS.

Reference date for livestock is 1 April and for crops 15 May.

From 2018 onwards the number of calves for fattening, pigs for fattening, chicken and turkey are adjusted in the case of temporary breaks in the production cycle (e.g. sanitary cleaning).
The agricultural census is a structural survey, in which adjustment for temporary breaks in the production cycle is a.o. relevant for the calculation of the economic size of the holding, and its farm type.
In the livestock surveys the number of animals on the reference day is relevant, therefore no adjustment for temporary breaks in the production cycle are made.
This means that the number of animals in the tables of the agricultural census may differ from those in the livestock tables (see ‘links to relevant tables and relevant articles).

From 2017 onwards, animal numbers are increasingly derived from I&R registers (Identification and Registration of animals), instead of by means of the combined data collection. The I&R registers are the responsibility of RVO (Netherlands Enterprise Agency). Since 2017, cattle numbers are derived from I&R cattle, and from 2018 sheep, goats and poultry are also derived from the relevant I&R registers. The registration of cattle, sheep and goats takes place directly at RVO. Poultry data is collected via the designated database Poultry Information System Poultry (KIP) from Avined. Avined is a branch organization for the egg and poultry meat sectors. Avined passes the data on to the central database of RVO. Due to the transition to the use of I&R registers, a change in classification will occur for sheep and goats from 2018 onwards.

Since 2016, information of the Dutch Business Register is used to define the agricultural census. Registration in the Business Register with an agricultural standard industrial classification code (SIC), related to NACE/ISIC, (in Dutch SBI: ‘Standaard BedrijfsIndeling’) is leading to determine whether there is an agricultural holding. This aligns the agricultural census as closely as possible to the statistical regulations of Eurostat and the (Dutch) implementation of the definition of 'active farmer' as described in the common agricultural policy.

The definition of the agricultural census based on information from the Dutch Business Register mainly affects the number of holdings, a clear deviation of the trend occurs. The impact on areas (except for other land and rough grazing) and the number of animals (except for sheep, horses and ponies) is limited. This is mainly due to the holdings that are excluded as a result of the new delimitation of agricultural holdings (such as equestrian centres, city farms and organisations in nature management).

Until 2010 the economic size of agricultural holdings was expressed in Dutch size units (in Dutch NGE: 'Nederlandse Grootte Eenheid'). From 2010 onwards this has become Standard Output (SO). This means that the threshold for holdings in the agricultural census has changed from 3 NGE to 3000 euro SO. For comparable time series the figures for 2000 up to and including 2009 have been recalculated, based on SO coefficients and SO typology. The latest update took place in 2016.

In 2011 there were changes in geographic assignment of holdings with a foreign main seat. This may influence regional figures, mainly in border regions.

Data available from: 2000

Status of the figures: the figures are now definite.

Changes as of 15 July 2020: the labels for some farm types have been improved.

Changes as of 19 November 2019: the figures for 2018 have been revised, following the improvement of algorithms to derive poultry numbers from the relevant I&R register.
Also the animal numbers for poultry, calves for fattening and pigs for fattening are corrected for temporary breaks in the production cycle (e.g. sanitary cleaning).

Changes as of 13 September 2019: as a result of changes in the list of crop codes in the combined data collection, the area rough grazing has changed from 2016 onwards.
Also, based on additional analysis, the number of pigs for breeding has been corrected for 2018.
This affects the related subjects as well a the number of holdings.

When will new figures be published?
According to regular planning provisional figures for the current year are published in November; definite figures follow three months later.

Agriculture; crops, livestock and land use by general farm type, region

Farm types Periods Regions Land useAreaUtilised agricultural area (UAA) (are) Land useNumber of farmsLand use, total (number) Land useNumber of farmsUtilised agricultural area (UAA) (number) Arable landAreaOther arable crops (are) Arable landNumber of farmsIndustrial crops (number) Horticulture, in the openAreaHorticulture in the open, total (are) Horticulture, under glassAreaHorticulture under glass, total (m2) Number of farmsGrasslandTemporary grass (number) Number of farmsEquidaeHorses (number)
All farm types 2000 Nederland 197,550,427 97,389 95,944 1,070,187 1,830 8,106,079 105,208,811 11,041 14,146
All farm types 2005 Nederland 193,769,503 81,750 80,231 818,942 1,802 8,139,184 105,396,583 16,279 12,209
All farm types 2010 Nederland 187,231,940 72,324 70,627 743,895 1,648 8,707,297 103,074,941 14,713 10,711
All farm types 2015 Nederland 184,574,562 63,913 62,256 400,191 1,688 9,046,390 92,078,263 22,908 8,481
All farm types 2017 Nederland 181,858,809 . 53,458 398,029 1,568 9,352,441 90,794,934 22,321 6,368
All farm types 2018 Nederland 182,236,648 . 52,475 472,058 1,619 9,432,919 89,896,929 21,754 6,411
All farm types 2019 Nederland 181,631,846 . 51,826 560,590 1,695 9,314,662 96,926,213 22,105 5,965
All farm types 2000 Zuid-Holland (PV) 14,549,675 11,239 11,192 65,837 118 1,088,549 59,004,002 525 749
All farm types 2005 Zuid-Holland (PV) 14,222,945 8,822 8,774 43,994 115 927,100 56,145,083 522 625
All farm types 2010 Zuid-Holland (PV) 13,415,957 7,246 7,140 25,023 106 833,219 52,967,719 583 729
All farm types 2015 Zuid-Holland (PV) 12,739,302 5,845 5,752 10,965 71 728,802 47,892,156 849 599
All farm types 2017 Zuid-Holland (PV) 12,511,105 . 4,818 2,692 64 752,458 45,347,003 853 383
All farm types 2018 Zuid-Holland (PV) 12,556,554 . 4,606 4,658 71 754,353 43,751,256 823 401
All farm types 2019 Zuid-Holland (PV) 11,657,451 . 4,353 5,676 75 722,797 45,923,550 792 324
All farm types 2000 Haarlemmermeer (LB) 983,086 502 500 17,948 22 51,141 1,406,344 23 25
All farm types 2005 Haarlemmermeer (LB) 846,327 384 382 4,533 8 41,628 1,242,335 22 22
All farm types 2010 Haarlemmermeer (LB) 764,981 311 309 7,310 13 45,011 990,184 32 23
All farm types 2015 Haarlemmermeer (LB) 792,257 256 253 6,989 21 48,452 757,664 49 20
All farm types 2017 Haarlemmermeer (LB) 770,816 . 215 10,543 15 41,516 607,995 49 15
All farm types 2018 Haarlemmermeer (LB) 746,854 . 214 6,953 17 47,101 590,055 53 15
All farm types 2019 Haarlemmermeer (LB) 834,540 . 221 7,093 16 44,339 621,683 59 21
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols