Asylum requests; international

Asylum requests; international

Countries Periods Total asylum requests (x 1 000) First asylum requests (x 1 000)
European Union 2020* 471.6 417.0
European Union: EU-28 (2013-2020) 2020* . .
Belgium 2020* 16.7 12.9
Bulgaria 2020* 3.5 3.5
Cyprus 2020* 7.4 7.5
Denmark 2020* 1.5 1.4
Germany 2020* 122.0 102.5
Estonia 2020* 0.0 0.0
Finland 2020* 3.2 1.4
France 2020* 93.5 81.8
Greece 2020* 40.6 37.9
Hungary 2020* 0.1 0.1
Ireland 2020* 1.6 1.5
Italy 2020* 26.5 21.2
Croatia 2020* 1.6 1.5
Latvia 2020* 0.2 0.1
Lithuania 2020* 0.3 0.3
Luxembourg 2020* 1.3 1.3
Malta 2020* 2.5 2.4
The Netherlands 2020* 15.3 13.7
Austria 2020* 14.2 12.9
Poland 2020* 2.8 1.5
Portugal 2020* 1.0 0.9
Romania 2020* 6.2 6.0
Slovenia 2020* 3.5 3.5
Slovakia 2020* 0.3 0.3
Spain 2020* 88.5 86.4
Czech Republic 2020* 1.2 0.8
Sweden 2020* 16.2 13.6
Iceland 2020* 0.6 0.6
Liechtenstein 2020* 0.0 0.0
Norway 2020* 1.4 1.3
United Kingdom 2020* . .
Switzerland 2020* 11.0 9.7
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains data on the total number of asylum applications submitted and the number of first asylum applications in various countries in Europe and the European Union.
The figures for the countries in this table come from Eurostat; the statistical office of the European Union.
The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Until then, the United Kingdom was part of the EU28.

Data available from: 2008.

Status of the figures:
The data are final, except for the year 2020.

Changes as of May 2021:
The provisional figures for the year 2020 have been added.

As a result of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, a new total of the European Union has been made.
The countries Iceland and Liechtenstein have been added to the table.
Figures for all countries have been revised retroactively, if necessary.

When will new figures be published?
Figures for 2021 will be published in April 2022.

Description topics

Total asylum requests
The total number of asylum requests is the sum of the number of first
asylum requests and the number of subsequent asylum requests.

An asylum seeker may submit more than one request. For example, in the
situation that there are new relevant facts, a subsequent request may be
submitted.
First asylum requests
First asylum requests are requests by persons from another country seeking permission to be admitted as refugees. These requests are submitted by persons who have left their own country for various reasons in order to seek protection or asylum in another country.