Asylum requests; international


This table contains data on requests for asylum in member states of the European Union. In addition to the total number of asylum requests, the number of first asylum requests is also included. The data with respect to EU member states in this table is based on data from Eurostat and is partly different from data published in the table Asylum requests; international 1990-2009. See link section 3.

In 2019 the United Kingdom was part of the EU28, as of 1 January 2020 24:00 the UK has left the EU.
In 2021 the table will be adjusted to EU27.


Data available from: 2008.

Status of the figures:
The data are final, except for the year 2019. It occasionally happens that countries provide revised data. Therefore, the data in the table may be subject to change.

Changes as of April 2020:
The provisional figures for 2019 have been added

When will new figures be published?
Figures for 2020 will be published in April 2021.
As of 1 February 2020 the United Kingdom is no longer part of the EU.
In 2021 the table will be adjusted to EU27.

Asylum requests; international

Countries Periods Total asylum requests (x 1 000) First asylum requests (x 1 000)
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2011 309.0 .
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2012 335.3 .
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2013 431.1 .
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2014 627.0 562.7
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2015 1,322.8 1,257.0
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2016 1,260.9 1,206.1
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2017 712.2 654.6
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2018 647.2 587.4
European Union: 28 countries (EU-28) 2019* 721.1 656.9
Austria 2011 14.4 .
Austria 2012 17.4 .
Austria 2013 17.5 .
Austria 2014 28.0 25.7
Austria 2015 88.2 85.5
Austria 2016 42.3 39.9
Austria 2017 24.7 22.5
Austria 2018 13.7 11.6
Austria 2019* 12.5 10.8
Belgium 2011 31.9 25.4
Belgium 2012 28.1 18.3
Belgium 2013 21.0 12.0
Belgium 2014 22.7 14.0
Belgium 2015 44.7 39.0
Belgium 2016 18.3 14.3
Belgium 2017 18.3 14.0
Belgium 2018 22.5 18.1
Belgium 2019* 27.5 23.1
Bulgaria 2011 0.9 0.7
Bulgaria 2012 1.4 1.2
Bulgaria 2013 7.1 7.0
Bulgaria 2014 11.1 10.8
Bulgaria 2015 20.4 20.2
Bulgaria 2016 19.4 19.0
Bulgaria 2017 3.7 3.5
Bulgaria 2018 2.5 2.5
Bulgaria 2019* 2.2 2.1
Croatia 2011 . .
Croatia 2012 . .
Croatia 2013 1.1 1.0
Croatia 2014 0.5 0.4
Croatia 2015 0.2 0.1
Croatia 2016 2.2 2.2
Croatia 2017 1.0 0.9
Croatia 2018 0.8 0.7
Croatia 2019* 1.4 1.3
Cyprus 2011 1.8 1.7
Cyprus 2012 1.6 1.6
Cyprus 2013 1.3 1.2
Cyprus 2014 1.7 1.5
Cyprus 2015 2.3 2.1
Cyprus 2016 2.9 2.8
Cyprus 2017 4.6 4.5
Cyprus 2018 7.8 7.6
Cyprus 2019* 13.7 12.7
Czech Republic 2011 0.8 0.5
Czech Republic 2012 0.7 0.5
Czech Republic 2013 0.7 0.5
Czech Republic 2014 1.1 0.9
Czech Republic 2015 1.5 1.2
Czech Republic 2016 1.5 1.2
Czech Republic 2017 1.4 1.1
Czech Republic 2018 1.7 1.4
Czech Republic 2019* 1.9 1.6
Denmark 2011 3.9 3.9
Denmark 2012 6.0 6.0
Denmark 2013 7.2 7.2
Denmark 2014 14.7 14.5
Denmark 2015 20.9 20.8
Denmark 2016 6.2 6.1
Denmark 2017 3.2 3.1
Denmark 2018 3.6 3.5
Denmark 2019* 2.7 2.6
Estonia 2011 0.1 0.1
Estonia 2012 0.1 0.1
Estonia 2013 0.1 0.1
Estonia 2014 0.2 0.1
Estonia 2015 0.2 0.2
Estonia 2016 0.2 0.2
Estonia 2017 0.2 0.2
Estonia 2018 0.1 0.1
Estonia 2019* 0.1 0.1
Finland 2011 2.9 .
Finland 2012 3.1 2.9
Finland 2013 3.2 3.0
Finland 2014 3.6 3.5
Finland 2015 32.3 32.2
Finland 2016 5.6 5.3
Finland 2017 5.0 4.3
Finland 2018 4.5 3.0
Finland 2019* 4.5 2.4
France 2011 57.3 52.1
France 2012 61.4 54.3
France 2013 66.3 60.5
France 2014 64.3 58.8
France 2015 76.2 70.6
France 2016 84.3 76.8
France 2017 99.3 92.0
France 2018 120.4 111.4
France 2019* 128.9 120.0
Germany 2011 53.2 45.7
Germany 2012 77.5 64.4
Germany 2013 126.7 109.4
Germany 2014 202.6 172.9
Germany 2015 476.5 441.8
Germany 2016 745.2 722.3
Germany 2017 222.6 198.3
Germany 2018 184.2 161.9
Germany 2019* 165.6 142.5
Greece 2011 9.3 9.3
Greece 2012 9.6 9.6
Greece 2013 8.2 7.9
Greece 2014 9.4 7.6
Greece 2015 13.2 11.4
Greece 2016 51.1 49.9
Greece 2017 58.7 56.9
Greece 2018 67.0 65.0
Greece 2019* 77.3 74.9
Hungary 2011 1.7 .
Hungary 2012 2.2 .
Hungary 2013 18.9 18.6
Hungary 2014 42.8 41.2
Hungary 2015 177.1 174.4
Hungary 2016 29.4 28.2
Hungary 2017 3.4 3.1
Hungary 2018 0.7 0.6
Hungary 2019* 0.5 0.5
Ireland 2011 1.3 1.3
Ireland 2012 1.0 0.9
Ireland 2013 0.9 0.9
Ireland 2014 1.5 1.4
Ireland 2015 3.3 3.3
Ireland 2016 2.2 2.3
Ireland 2017 2.9 2.9
Ireland 2018 3.7 3.7
Ireland 2019* 4.8 4.7
Italy 2011 40.3 40.3
Italy 2012 17.3 17.2
Italy 2013 26.6 25.7
Italy 2014 64.6 63.7
Italy 2015 83.5 83.2
Italy 2016 123.0 121.2
Italy 2017 128.9 126.6
Italy 2018 60.0 53.4
Italy 2019* 43.8 35.0
Latvia 2011 0.3 0.3
Latvia 2012 0.2 0.2
Latvia 2013 0.2 0.2
Latvia 2014 0.4 0.4
Latvia 2015 0.3 0.3
Latvia 2016 0.4 0.3
Latvia 2017 0.4 0.4
Latvia 2018 0.2 0.2
Latvia 2019* 0.2 0.2
Lithuania 2011 0.5 0.4
Lithuania 2012 0.6 0.6
Lithuania 2013 0.4 0.3
Lithuania 2014 0.4 0.4
Lithuania 2015 0.3 0.3
Lithuania 2016 0.4 0.4
Lithuania 2017 0.5 0.5
Lithuania 2018 0.4 0.4
Lithuania 2019* 0.6 0.6
Luxembourg 2011 2.2 1.9
Luxembourg 2012 2.1 2.0
Luxembourg 2013 1.1 1.0
Luxembourg 2014 1.2 1.0
Luxembourg 2015 2.5 2.4
Luxembourg 2016 2.2 2.1
Luxembourg 2017 2.4 2.3
Luxembourg 2018 2.3 2.2
Luxembourg 2019* 2.3 2.2
Malta 2011 1.9 1.9
Malta 2012 2.1 2.1
Malta 2013 2.2 2.2
Malta 2014 1.4 1.3
Malta 2015 1.8 1.7
Malta 2016 1.9 1.7
Malta 2017 1.8 1.6
Malta 2018 2.1 2.0
Malta 2019* 4.1 4.0
Netherlands 2011 14.6 11.6
Netherlands 2012 13.1 9.7
Netherlands 2013 13.1 9.8
Netherlands 2014 24.5 21.8
Netherlands 2015 45.0 43.0
Netherlands 2016 20.9 19.3
Netherlands 2017 18.2 16.1
Netherlands 2018 24.0 20.5
Netherlands 2019* 25.2 22.5
Poland 2011 6.9 5.0
Poland 2012 10.8 9.2
Poland 2013 15.2 14.0
Poland 2014 8.0 5.6
Poland 2015 12.2 10.3
Poland 2016 12.3 9.8
Poland 2017 5.0 3.0
Poland 2018 4.1 2.4
Poland 2019* 4.1 2.8
Portugal 2011 0.3 0.3
Portugal 2012 0.3 0.3
Portugal 2013 0.5 0.5
Portugal 2014 0.4 0.4
Portugal 2015 0.9 0.9
Portugal 2016 1.5 0.7
Portugal 2017 1.8 1.0
Portugal 2018 1.3 1.2
Portugal 2019* 1.8 1.7
Romania 2011 1.7 1.7
Romania 2012 2.5 2.4
Romania 2013 1.5 1.4
Romania 2014 1.5 1.5
Romania 2015 1.3 1.2
Romania 2016 1.9 1.9
Romania 2017 4.8 4.7
Romania 2018 2.1 1.9
Romania 2019* 2.6 2.5
Slovak Republic 2011 0.5 0.3
Slovak Republic 2012 0.7 0.6
Slovak Republic 2013 0.4 0.3
Slovak Republic 2014 0.3 0.2
Slovak Republic 2015 0.3 0.3
Slovak Republic 2016 0.1 0.1
Slovak Republic 2017 0.2 0.2
Slovak Republic 2018 0.2 0.2
Slovak Republic 2019* 0.2 0.2
Slovenia 2011 0.4 0.3
Slovenia 2012 0.3 0.3
Slovenia 2013 0.3 0.2
Slovenia 2014 0.4 0.4
Slovenia 2015 0.3 0.3
Slovenia 2016 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 2017 1.5 1.4
Slovenia 2018 2.9 2.8
Slovenia 2019* 3.8 3.6
Spain 2011 3.4 3.0
Spain 2012 2.6 2.4
Spain 2013 4.5 4.3
Spain 2014 5.6 5.5
Spain 2015 14.8 14.6
Spain 2016 15.8 15.6
Spain 2017 36.6 33.0
Spain 2018 54.1 52.7
Spain 2019* 117.8 115.2
Sweden 2011 29.7 29.6
Sweden 2012 43.9 43.8
Sweden 2013 54.3 54.3
Sweden 2014 81.2 75.0
Sweden 2015 162.5 156.1
Sweden 2016 28.8 22.3
Sweden 2017 26.3 22.2
Sweden 2018 21.6 18.1
Sweden 2019* 26.3 23.1
United Kingdom 2011 26.9 25.9
United Kingdom 2012 28.8 27.9
United Kingdom 2013 30.6 29.6
United Kingdom 2014 32.8 32.1
United Kingdom 2015 40.2 39.7
United Kingdom 2016 39.7 39.2
United Kingdom 2017 34.8 34.4
United Kingdom 2018 38.8 38.4
United Kingdom 2019* 44.8 44.3
Norway 2011 9.0 8.5
Norway 2012 9.7 9.2
Norway 2013 11.9 11.4
Norway 2014 11.4 10.9
Norway 2015 31.1 30.5
Norway 2016 3.5 3.2
Norway 2017 3.5 3.4
Norway 2018 2.7 2.5
Norway 2019* 2.3 2.2
Switzerland 2011 23.6 19.2
Switzerland 2012 28.4 25.8
Switzerland 2013 21.3 19.3
Switzerland 2014 23.6 21.9
Switzerland 2015 39.4 38.1
Switzerland 2016 27.1 25.8
Switzerland 2017 18.0 16.6
Switzerland 2018 15.2 13.5
Switzerland 2019* 14.2 12.5
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols