Asylum requests; international

Asylum requests; international

Countries Periods Total asylum requests (x 1 000) First asylum requests (x 1 000)
European Union 2015 1,282.7 1,216.9
European Union 2016 1,221.2 1,166.8
European Union 2017 677.5 620.3
European Union 2018 625.6 564.1
European Union 2019 698.8 631.3
European Union 2020* 471.6 417.0
European Union: EU-28 (2013-2020) 2015 1,322.8 1,256.6
European Union: EU-28 (2013-2020) 2016 1,260.9 1,206.1
European Union: EU-28 (2013-2020) 2017 712.2 654.6
European Union: EU-28 (2013-2020) 2018 664.4 602.5
European Union: EU-28 (2013-2020) 2019 744.8 675.5
European Union: EU-28 (2013-2020) 2020* . .
Belgium 2015 44.7 39.0
Belgium 2016 18.3 14.2
Belgium 2017 18.3 14.0
Belgium 2018 22.5 18.1
Belgium 2019 27.5 23.1
Belgium 2020* 16.7 12.9
Bulgaria 2015 20.4 20.2
Bulgaria 2016 19.4 19.0
Bulgaria 2017 3.7 3.5
Bulgaria 2018 2.5 2.5
Bulgaria 2019 2.1 2.1
Bulgaria 2020* 3.5 3.5
Cyprus 2015 2.3 2.1
Cyprus 2016 2.9 2.8
Cyprus 2017 4.6 4.5
Cyprus 2018 7.8 7.6
Cyprus 2019 13.7 12.7
Cyprus 2020* 7.4 7.5
Denmark 2015 20.9 20.8
Denmark 2016 6.2 6.1
Denmark 2017 3.2 3.1
Denmark 2018 3.6 3.5
Denmark 2019 2.7 2.6
Denmark 2020* 1.5 1.4
Germany 2015 476.5 441.8
Germany 2016 745.2 722.3
Germany 2017 222.6 198.3
Germany 2018 184.2 161.9
Germany 2019 165.6 142.4
Germany 2020* 122.0 102.5
Estonia 2015 0.2 0.2
Estonia 2016 0.2 0.1
Estonia 2017 0.2 0.2
Estonia 2018 0.1 0.1
Estonia 2019 0.1 0.1
Estonia 2020* 0.0 0.0
Finland 2015 32.3 32.1
Finland 2016 5.6 5.3
Finland 2017 5.0 4.3
Finland 2018 4.5 3.0
Finland 2019 4.5 2.4
Finland 2020* 3.2 1.4
France 2015 76.2 70.6
France 2016 84.3 76.8
France 2017 99.3 92.0
France 2018 137.7 126.6
France 2019 151.1 138.3
France 2020* 93.5 81.8
Greece 2015 13.2 11.4
Greece 2016 51.1 49.9
Greece 2017 58.6 56.9
Greece 2018 67.0 65.0
Greece 2019 77.3 74.9
Greece 2020* 40.6 37.9
Hungary 2015 177.1 174.4
Hungary 2016 29.4 28.2
Hungary 2017 3.4 3.1
Hungary 2018 0.7 0.6
Hungary 2019 0.5 0.5
Hungary 2020* 0.1 0.1
Ireland 2015 3.3 3.3
Ireland 2016 2.2 2.2
Ireland 2017 2.9 2.9
Ireland 2018 3.7 3.7
Ireland 2019 4.8 4.7
Ireland 2020* 1.6 1.5
Italy 2015 83.5 82.8
Italy 2016 123.0 121.2
Italy 2017 128.8 126.6
Italy 2018 60.0 53.4
Italy 2019 43.8 35.0
Italy 2020* 26.5 21.2
Croatia 2015 0.2 0.1
Croatia 2016 2.2 2.1
Croatia 2017 1.0 0.9
Croatia 2018 0.8 0.7
Croatia 2019 1.4 1.3
Croatia 2020* 1.6 1.5
Latvia 2015 0.3 0.3
Latvia 2016 0.3 0.3
Latvia 2017 0.4 0.4
Latvia 2018 0.2 0.2
Latvia 2019 0.2 0.2
Latvia 2020* 0.2 0.1
Lithuania 2015 0.3 0.3
Lithuania 2016 0.4 0.4
Lithuania 2017 0.5 0.5
Lithuania 2018 0.4 0.4
Lithuania 2019 0.6 0.6
Lithuania 2020* 0.3 0.3
Luxembourg 2015 2.5 2.4
Luxembourg 2016 2.2 2.1
Luxembourg 2017 2.4 2.3
Luxembourg 2018 2.3 2.2
Luxembourg 2019 2.3 2.2
Luxembourg 2020* 1.3 1.3
Malta 2015 1.8 1.7
Malta 2016 1.9 1.7
Malta 2017 1.8 1.6
Malta 2018 2.1 2.0
Malta 2019 4.1 4.0
Malta 2020* 2.5 2.4
The Netherlands 2015 45.0 43.0
The Netherlands 2016 20.9 19.3
The Netherlands 2017 18.2 16.1
The Netherlands 2018 24.0 20.5
The Netherlands 2019 25.2 22.5
The Netherlands 2020* 15.3 13.7
Austria 2015 88.2 85.5
Austria 2016 42.3 39.9
Austria 2017 24.7 22.5
Austria 2018 13.7 11.6
Austria 2019 12.9 11.0
Austria 2020* 14.2 12.9
Poland 2015 12.2 10.3
Poland 2016 12.3 9.8
Poland 2017 5.0 3.0
Poland 2018 4.1 2.4
Poland 2019 4.1 2.8
Poland 2020* 2.8 1.5
Portugal 2015 0.9 0.9
Portugal 2016 1.5 0.7
Portugal 2017 1.8 1.0
Portugal 2018 1.3 1.2
Portugal 2019 1.8 1.7
Portugal 2020* 1.0 0.9
Romania 2015 1.3 1.2
Romania 2016 1.9 1.9
Romania 2017 4.8 4.7
Romania 2018 2.1 1.9
Romania 2019 2.6 2.5
Romania 2020* 6.2 6.0
Slovenia 2015 0.3 0.3
Slovenia 2016 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 2017 1.5 1.4
Slovenia 2018 2.9 2.8
Slovenia 2019 3.8 3.6
Slovenia 2020* 3.5 3.5
Slovakia 2015 0.3 0.3
Slovakia 2016 0.1 0.1
Slovakia 2017 0.2 0.1
Slovakia 2018 0.2 0.2
Slovakia 2019 0.2 0.2
Slovakia 2020* 0.3 0.3
Spain 2015 14.8 14.6
Spain 2016 15.8 15.6
Spain 2017 36.6 33.0
Spain 2018 54.0 52.7
Spain 2019 117.8 115.2
Spain 2020* 88.5 86.4
Czech Republic 2015 1.5 1.2
Czech Republic 2016 1.5 1.2
Czech Republic 2017 1.4 1.1
Czech Republic 2018 1.7 1.4
Czech Republic 2019 1.9 1.6
Czech Republic 2020* 1.2 0.8
Sweden 2015 162.4 156.1
Sweden 2016 28.8 22.3
Sweden 2017 26.3 22.2
Sweden 2018 21.6 18.1
Sweden 2019 26.3 23.1
Sweden 2020* 16.2 13.6
Iceland 2015 0.4 0.4
Iceland 2016 1.1 1.1
Iceland 2017 1.1 1.1
Iceland 2018 0.8 0.7
Iceland 2019 0.8 0.8
Iceland 2020* 0.6 0.6
Liechtenstein 2015 0.1 .
Liechtenstein 2016 0.1 0.1
Liechtenstein 2017 0.1 0.1
Liechtenstein 2018 0.2 0.1
Liechtenstein 2019 0.0 0.0
Liechtenstein 2020* 0.0 0.0
Norway 2015 31.1 30.5
Norway 2016 3.5 3.2
Norway 2017 3.5 3.4
Norway 2018 2.7 2.5
Norway 2019 2.3 2.2
Norway 2020* 1.4 1.3
United Kingdom 2015 40.2 39.7
United Kingdom 2016 39.7 39.2
United Kingdom 2017 34.8 34.4
United Kingdom 2018 38.8 38.4
United Kingdom 2019 46.1 44.2
United Kingdom 2020* . .
Switzerland 2015 39.4 38.1
Switzerland 2016 27.1 25.8
Switzerland 2017 18.0 16.6
Switzerland 2018 15.2 13.5
Switzerland 2019 14.2 12.5
Switzerland 2020* 11.0 9.7
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains data on the total number of asylum applications submitted and the number of first asylum applications in various countries in Europe and the European Union.
The figures for the countries in this table come from Eurostat; the statistical office of the European Union.
The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Until then, the United Kingdom was part of the EU28.

Data available from: 2008.

Status of the figures:
The data are final, except for the year 2020.

Changes as of May 2021:
The provisional figures for the year 2020 have been added.

As a result of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, a new total of the European Union has been made.
The countries Iceland and Liechtenstein have been added to the table.
Figures for all countries have been revised retroactively, if necessary.

When will new figures be published?
Figures for 2021 will be published in April 2022.

Description topics

Total asylum requests
The total number of asylum requests is the sum of the number of first
asylum requests and the number of subsequent asylum requests.

An asylum seeker may submit more than one request. For example, in the
situation that there are new relevant facts, a subsequent request may be
submitted.
First asylum requests
First asylum requests are requests by persons from another country seeking permission to be admitted as refugees. These requests are submitted by persons who have left their own country for various reasons in order to seek protection or asylum in another country.