Electricity and heat; production and input by energy commodity

Electricity and heat; production and input by energy commodity

Central/decentral production Energy commodities Periods Gross production electricity and heat Total electricity and heat (TJ) (TJ) Gross production electricity and heat Electricity Electricity (MWh) (MWh) Gross production electricity and heat Electricity Electricity (TJ) (TJ) Gross production electricity and heat Electricity Electricity (%) (%) Gross production electricity and heat Heat (TJ) (TJ) Input (TJ) (TJ)
Total central/decentral production Total energy commodities 2019** 610,013 121,061,552 435,822 100.0 174,191 903,621
Total central/decentral production Total energy commodities 2020* 611,177 122,642,449 441,513 100.0 169,664 864,288
Total central/decentral production Total fossil fuels 2019** 476,772 91,914,741 330,893 75.9 145,879 738,622
Total central/decentral production Total fossil fuels 2020* 441,305 83,714,760 301,373 68.3 139,932 671,904
Total central/decentral production Natural gas 2019** 387,128 70,438,236 253,578 58.2 133,550 548,826
Total central/decentral production Natural gas 2020* 389,602 72,311,993 260,323 59.0 129,279 568,536
Total central/decentral production Hard coal 2019** 66,484 17,714,968 63,774 14.6 2,710 146,631
Total central/decentral production Hard coal 2020* 29,035 7,609,473 27,394 6.2 1,641 63,866
Total central/decentral production Fuel oil 2019** 343 74,367 268 0.1 76 788
Total central/decentral production Fuel oil 2020* 165 28,693 103 0.0 62 376
Total central/decentral production Other fossil fuels 2019** 22,816 3,687,170 13,274 3.0 9,542 42,376
Total central/decentral production Other fossil fuels 2020* 22,503 3,764,602 13,553 3.1 8,951 39,127
Total central/decentral production Total renewable energy 2019** 102,572 22,732,352 81,836 18.8 20,735 85,255
Total central/decentral production Total renewable energy 2020* 138,856 32,314,823 116,333 26.3 22,522 111,260
Total central/decentral production Solar photovoltaic 2019** 19,210 5,336,055 19,210 4.4
Total central/decentral production Solar photovoltaic 2020* 29,319 8,144,067 29,319 6.6
Total central/decentral production Wind energy 2019** 41,429 11,507,927 41,429 9.5
Total central/decentral production Wind energy 2020* 55,221 15,339,130 55,221 12.5
Total central/decentral production Hydro power 2019** 267 74,182 267 0.1
Total central/decentral production Hydro power 2020* 167 46,368 167 0.0
Total central/decentral production Biomass 2019** 41,666 5,814,188 20,931 4.8 20,735 85,255
Total central/decentral production Biomass 2020* 54,149 8,785,258 31,627 7.2 22,522 111,260
Total central/decentral production Nuclear energy 2019** 14,075 3,909,748 14,075 3.2 38,113
Total central/decentral production Nuclear energy 2020* 14,715 4,087,363 14,715 3.3 40,021
Total central/decentral production Other energy commodities 2019** 16,594 2,504,711 9,017 2.1 7,577 41,631
Total central/decentral production Other energy commodities 2020* 16,302 2,525,502 9,092 2.1 7,210 41,102
Central electricity production Total energy commodities 2019** 290,422 74,735,323 269,047 61.7 21,375 545,055
Central electricity production Total energy commodities 2020* 270,359 69,619,815 250,631 56.8 19,728 505,161
Central electricity production Total fossil fuels 2019** 268,275 68,924,509 248,128 56.9 20,146 491,120
Central electricity production Total fossil fuels 2020* 235,618 60,688,345 218,478 49.5 17,140 423,861
Central electricity production Natural gas 2019** 193,100 48,857,497 175,887 40.4 17,213 321,426
Central electricity production Natural gas 2020* 197,789 50,682,750 182,458 41.3 15,331 340,582
Central electricity production Hard coal 2019** 66,484 17,714,968 63,774 14.6 2,710 146,631
Central electricity production Hard coal 2020* 29,035 7,609,473 27,394 6.2 1,641 63,866
Central electricity production Fuel oil 2019** 232 63,129 227 0.1 5 536
Central electricity production Fuel oil 2020* 70 18,795 68 0.0 3 159
Central electricity production Other fossil fuels 2019** 8,458 2,288,915 8,240 1.9 218 22,526
Central electricity production Other fossil fuels 2020* 8,724 2,377,328 8,558 1.9 166 19,255
Central electricity production Total renewable energy 2019** 7,925 1,865,356 6,715 1.5 1,210 15,525
Central electricity production Total renewable energy 2020* 19,722 4,766,168 17,158 3.9 2,564 40,621
Central electricity production Solar photovoltaic 2019**
Central electricity production Solar photovoltaic 2020*
Central electricity production Wind energy 2019**
Central electricity production Wind energy 2020*
Central electricity production Hydro power 2019**
Central electricity production Hydro power 2020*
Central electricity production Biomass 2019** 7,925 1,865,356 6,715 1.5 1,210 15,525
Central electricity production Biomass 2020* 19,722 4,766,168 17,158 3.9 2,564 40,621
Central electricity production Nuclear energy 2019** 14,075 3,909,748 14,075 3.2 38,113
Central electricity production Nuclear energy 2020* 14,715 4,087,363 14,715 3.3 40,021
Central electricity production Other energy commodities 2019** 147 35,710 129 0.0 18 298
Central electricity production Other energy commodities 2020* 304 77,939 281 0.1 23 657
Decentral electricity production Total energy commodities 2019** 319,591 46,326,229 166,774 38.3 152,816 358,566
Decentral electricity production Total energy commodities 2020* 340,818 53,022,634 190,881 43.2 149,936 359,127
Decentral electricity production Total fossil fuels 2019** 208,497 22,990,232 82,765 19.0 125,732 247,502
Decentral electricity production Total fossil fuels 2020* 205,687 23,026,415 82,895 18.8 122,792 248,043
Decentral electricity production Natural gas 2019** 194,028 21,580,739 77,691 17.8 116,337 227,400
Decentral electricity production Natural gas 2020* 191,813 21,629,243 77,865 17.6 113,947 227,954
Decentral electricity production Hard coal 2019**
Decentral electricity production Hard coal 2020*
Decentral electricity production Fuel oil 2019** 111 11,238 40 0.0 71 252
Decentral electricity production Fuel oil 2020* 95 9,898 36 0.0 59 217
Decentral electricity production Other fossil fuels 2019** 14,358 1,398,255 5,034 1.2 9,324 19,850
Decentral electricity production Other fossil fuels 2020* 13,779 1,387,274 4,994 1.1 8,785 19,872
Decentral electricity production Total renewable energy 2019** 94,646 20,866,996 75,121 17.2 19,525 69,730
Decentral electricity production Total renewable energy 2020* 119,133 27,548,655 99,175 22.5 19,958 70,639
Decentral electricity production Solar photovoltaic 2019** 19,210 5,336,055 19,210 4.4
Decentral electricity production Solar photovoltaic 2020* 29,319 8,144,067 29,319 6.6
Decentral electricity production Wind energy 2019** 41,429 11,507,927 41,429 9.5
Decentral electricity production Wind energy 2020* 55,221 15,339,130 55,221 12.5
Decentral electricity production Hydro power 2019** 267 74,182 267 0.1
Decentral electricity production Hydro power 2020* 167 46,368 167 0.0
Decentral electricity production Biomass 2019** 33,741 3,948,832 14,216 3.3 19,525 69,730
Decentral electricity production Biomass 2020* 34,427 4,019,090 14,469 3.3 19,958 70,639
Decentral electricity production Nuclear energy 2019**
Decentral electricity production Nuclear energy 2020*
Decentral electricity production Other energy commodities 2019** 16,447 2,469,001 8,888 2.0 7,559 41,334
Decentral electricity production Other energy commodities 2020* 15,998 2,447,564 8,811 2.0 7,187 40,445
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows the production of electricity in the Netherlands from the various possible energy commodities. Electricity is mainly produced from the transformation of fossil fuels, biomass, nuclear energy and renewable energy. Figures broken down by energy commodity are given on the production of electricity and the released useful used heat, such as used for heating of buildings or greenhouses. Central and decentral production of electricity and heat is distinguished. The centrally coordinated production of electricity and heat is generated by plants that deliver to the national high voltage grid of electricity transmission operator TenneT. Decentrally produced electricity and heat is not produced centrally, such as by installations located in companies for which the production of electricity and heat is not the primary purpose. It also includes wind energy, solar energy and hydro power.

Data available:
From 1998 onwards

Status of the figures:
Figures up to and including 2018 are definite. Figures of 2019 are revised provisional, figures of 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of 9th of July 2021:
Provisional figures of 2020 have been added. Revised provisional figures of 2019 have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
December 2021: Final figures of 2019, revised provisional of 2020.

Description topics

Gross production electricity and heat
The production of electricity and/or heat from the input of fossil fuels, renewable energy commodities, nuclear energy and other energy commodities, included the electricity consumption of the power plants.
Total electricity and heat (TJ)
Total production of electricity and heat reported in TJ (terajoule = 1,000 billion Joules).
Electricity
Flow of electrons used to light lamps or to operate washing machines. Electrons are elementary particles in an atom with a negative charge that flow by a potential difference. In practice the potential difference is generated by for example electricity power plants, wind turbines or batteries.
Electricity (MWh)
The production of electricity reported in MWh (megawatt-hours). MWh is the physical unit of electricity. The Dutch household consumption of electricity in 2010 was on average 3.3 MWh.
Electricity (TJ)
The production of electricity reported in TJ (terajoule). By expressing electricity in TJ (terajoule = 1,000 billion Joules) this can be compared energetically with other energy commodities. 1 MWh equals 0.0036 TJ.
Electricity (%)
Percentage of electricity production relative to the total electricity produced in that year.
Heat (TJ)
Production of steam and heat reported in TJ (terajoule = 1,000 billion Joules).
Input (TJ)
Amount of fossil fuels, biomass, nuclear energy and other energy commodities consumed for the production of electricity and/or heat reported in TJ (terajoule = 1,000 billion Joules).