Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy, 1990-2013

Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy, 1990-2013

Energy sources/techniques Energy application Periods Gross final consumption renewable energy Final consumption in terajoule Gross final consumption renewable energy In % total energetic final consumption Avoided use of fossil primary energy Avoided primary energy in TJ (TJ) Avoided use of fossil primary energy Avoided primary energy in % total use (% total energy cons.) Avoided carbon dioxide emission Avoided carbon dioxide emission in kton (kton) Avoided carbon dioxide emission Avoided CO2 emission in % of tot. emiss. (% of total CO2 emission)
Heat from just milked milk Total energy applications 2013 453 0.01 21 0.01
Heat from just milked milk Electricity 2013
Heat from just milked milk Heat 2013 453 0.01 21 0.01
Heat from just milked milk Transport 2013
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, biomass and heat from outdoor air and just milked milk. This table expresses the use of renewable energy in two ways:
1. Gross final consumption
2. Avoided use of fossil primary energy
In addition the table presents the avoided emissions of carbon dioxide by the use of renewable energy. Figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from 1990 until 2013

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures, based on the national Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy(2010, AgentschapNL).

Changes as of 29 June 2015:
None, this table has been stopped, because the method is changed.
The successor of this table is "Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy ". See section 3.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable.

Description topics

Gross final consumption renewable energy
Gross final consumption of renewable energy follows the definition from the EU directive for renewable energy from 2009. It is calculated as the sum of three parts:
1. Gross production of electricity from renewable sources
2. Gross production of sold heat from renewable sources
3. Final consumption of energy from the earth, outdoor air, the sun and biomass.
Unsold heat from renewable sources (for example wood stoves in households) is included in final consumption of renewable energy.
Imports and exports of green electricity is not included.
Final consumption in terajoule
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
In % total energetic final consumption
Gross final consumption of renewable energy as percentage of total gross final energetic energy consumption, calculated according the definitions from the EU directive on renewable energy from 2009. Total gross final energetic energy consumption is the sum of three parts:
1. Energetic final use of the end use sectors manufacturing industry (excluding refineries), households, services, agriculture, fishing and transport.
2. Distribution losses of electricity and heat
3. Own use of electricity and heat by the producers of electricity and sold heat.
Avoided use of fossil primary energy
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the amount of fossil (and nuclear) energy that would have been used if renewable energy was not
used.
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the sum of:
1. The avoided use of fossil primary energy by the domestic production of electricity, heat and gas from renewable sources.
2. The avoided use of fossil energy by the biofuels for road transport sold on the domestic market.
Imports and exports of green electricity is not included.
Avoided primary energy in TJ
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Avoided primary energy in % total use
Primary energy equivalents as percentage of the total domestic energy consumption. Total domestic energy consumption is defined as the supply of energy (primary production plus imports) minus the flows that leave the country (exports, bunkers for international transport) plus or minus stock changes.
Avoided carbon dioxide emission
The amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted if no use is made of renewable energy technology. The amount of carbon dioxide is calculated in accordance with the methodology of the Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy (AgentschapNL, 2010). It covers domestic production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. Imports of green electricity is not included.
This methodology only considers the avoided emission by the use of the renewable energy at the final stage: production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. The earlier stages are not included. For biofuels for road transport greenhouse gas emissions of the earlier stages may be substantial. Therefore, for these biofuels no avoided CO2 emissions are published.
Avoided carbon dioxide emission in kton
1 kton = 1,000 ton = 1 million kg.
Avoided CO2 emission in % of tot. emiss.
Avoided emission of carbon dioxide as percentage of the total Dutch CO2 emission according to the IPCC guidelines (Kyoto Protocol).