Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy, 1990-2013

Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy, 1990-2013

Energy sources/techniques Energy application Periods Gross final consumption renewable energy Final consumption in terajoule Gross final consumption renewable energy In % total energetic final consumption Avoided use of fossil primary energy Avoided primary energy in TJ (TJ) Avoided use of fossil primary energy Avoided primary energy in % total use (% total energy cons.) Avoided carbon dioxide emission Avoided carbon dioxide emission in kton (kton) Avoided carbon dioxide emission Avoided CO2 emission in % of tot. emiss. (% of total CO2 emission)
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2012 97,800 4.48 143,622 4.41 . .
Total energy sources Total energy applications 2013 98,792 4.52 140,549 4.33 . .
Total energy sources Electricity 2012 45,114 2.06 99,062 3.04 7,648 4.62
Total energy sources Electricity 2013 43,191 1.98 92,904 2.86 7,158 4.30
Total energy sources Heat 2012 39,332 1.80 31,207 0.96 1,717 1.04
Total energy sources Heat 2013 42,677 1.95 34,720 1.07 1,878 1.13
Total energy sources Transport 2012 13,353 0.61 13,353 0.41 . .
Total energy sources Transport 2013 12,924 0.59 12,924 0.40 . .
Hydro power Total energy applications 2012 361 0.02 825 0.03 59 0.04
Hydro power Total energy applications 2013 362 0.02 817 0.03 60 0.04
Hydro power Electricity 2012 361 0.02 825 0.03 59 0.04
Hydro power Electricity 2013 362 0.02 817 0.03 60 0.04
Hydro power Heat 2012
Hydro power Heat 2013
Hydro power Transport 2012
Hydro power Transport 2013
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2012 17,780 0.81 40,539 1.24 2,886 1.74
Wind energy, total Total energy applications 2013 19,324 0.88 43,355 1.34 3,195 1.92
Wind energy, total Electricity 2012 17,780 0.81 40,539 1.24 2,886 1.74
Wind energy, total Electricity 2013 19,324 0.88 43,355 1.34 3,195 1.92
Wind energy, total Heat 2012
Wind energy, total Heat 2013
Wind energy, total Transport 2012
Wind energy, total Transport 2013
Solar energy, total Total energy applications 2012 1,982 0.09 3,207 0.10 213 0.13
Solar energy, total Total energy applications 2013 2,946 0.13 5,418 0.17 380 0.23
Solar energy, total Electricity 2012 914 0.04 2,170 0.07 154 0.09
Solar energy, total Electricity 2013 1,857 0.09 4,360 0.13 321 0.19
Solar energy, total Heat 2012 1,069 0.05 1,038 0.03 58 0.04
Solar energy, total Heat 2013 1,089 0.05 1,059 0.03 59 0.04
Solar energy, total Transport 2012
Solar energy, total Transport 2013
Geothermal, total Total energy applications 2012 3,346 0.15 3,265 0.10 157 0.10
Geothermal, total Total energy applications 2013 4,150 0.19 4,071 0.13 192 0.12
Geothermal, total Electricity 2012
Geothermal, total Electricity 2013
Geothermal, total Heat 2012 3,346 0.15 3,265 0.10 157 0.10
Geothermal, total Heat 2013 4,150 0.19 4,071 0.13 192 0.12
Geothermal, total Transport 2012
Geothermal, total Transport 2013
Aerothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2012 2,654 0.12 1,183 0.04 21 0.01
Aerothermal heat, total Total energy applications 2013 2,991 0.14 1,371 0.04 18 0.01
Aerothermal heat, total Electricity 2012
Aerothermal heat, total Electricity 2013
Aerothermal heat, total Heat 2012 2,654 0.12 1,183 0.04 21 0.01
Aerothermal heat, total Heat 2013 2,991 0.14 1,371 0.04 18 0.01
Aerothermal heat, total Transport 2012
Aerothermal heat, total Transport 2013
Heat from just milked milk Total energy applications 2012 403 0.01 19 0.01
Heat from just milked milk Total energy applications 2013 453 0.01 21 0.01
Heat from just milked milk Electricity 2012
Heat from just milked milk Electricity 2013
Heat from just milked milk Heat 2012 403 0.01 19 0.01
Heat from just milked milk Heat 2013 453 0.01 21 0.01
Heat from just milked milk Transport 2012
Heat from just milked milk Transport 2013
Biomass, total Total energy applications 2012 71,676 3.28 94,198 2.89 . .
Biomass, total Total energy applications 2013 69,019 3.16 85,064 2.62 . .
Biomass, total Electricity 2012 26,059 1.19 55,528 1.70 4,549 2.75
Biomass, total Electricity 2013 21,648 0.99 44,372 1.37 3,581 2.15
Biomass, total Heat 2012 32,264 1.48 25,318 0.78 1,461 0.88
Biomass, total Heat 2013 34,447 1.58 27,767 0.86 1,588 0.95
Biomass, total Transport 2012 13,353 0.61 13,353 0.41 . .
Biomass, total Transport 2013 12,924 0.59 12,924 0.40 . .
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2012 15,685 0.72 23,280 0.71 1,533 0.93
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Total energy applications 2013 16,437 0.75 23,505 0.72 1,561 0.94
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Electricity 2012 8,045 0.37 14,791 0.45 1,053 0.64
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Electricity 2013 7,473 0.34 13,546 0.42 998 0.60
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Heat 2012 7,640 0.35 8,489 0.26 480 0.29
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Heat 2013 8,964 0.41 9,960 0.31 563 0.34
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Transport 2012
Municipal waste; renewable fraction Transport 2013
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2012 11,290 0.52 26,295 0.81 2,490 1.50
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Total energy applications 2013 6,948 0.32 15,691 0.48 1,486 0.89
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Electricity 2012 10,632 0.49 25,486 0.78 2,414 1.46
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Electricity 2013 6,531 0.30 15,182 0.47 1,438 0.86
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Heat 2012 658 0.03 809 0.02 77 0.05
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Heat 2013 417 0.02 509 0.02 48 0.03
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Transport 2012
Co-firing of biomass in electr. plants Transport 2013
Wood boilers for heat in companies Total energy applications 2012 2,912 0.13 2,750 0.08 155 0.09
Wood boilers for heat in companies Total energy applications 2013 3,074 0.14 2,903 0.09 164 0.10
Wood boilers for heat in companies Electricity 2012
Wood boilers for heat in companies Electricity 2013
Wood boilers for heat in companies Heat 2012 2,912 0.13 2,750 0.08 155 0.09
Wood boilers for heat in companies Heat 2013 3,074 0.14 2,903 0.09 164 0.10
Wood boilers for heat in companies Transport 2012
Wood boilers for heat in companies Transport 2013
Wood stoves in houses, total Total energy applications 2012 12,663 0.58 7,889 0.24 446 0.27
Wood stoves in houses, total Total energy applications 2013 12,823 0.59 8,136 0.25 460 0.28
Wood stoves in houses, total Electricity 2012
Wood stoves in houses, total Electricity 2013
Wood stoves in houses, total Heat 2012 12,663 0.58 7,889 0.24 446 0.27
Wood stoves in houses, total Heat 2013 12,823 0.59 8,136 0.25 460 0.28
Wood stoves in houses, total Transport 2012
Wood stoves in houses, total Transport 2013
Charcoal use, households Total energy applications 2012 270 0.01 - - - -
Charcoal use, households Total energy applications 2013 270 0.01 - - - -
Charcoal use, households Electricity 2012 - - - - - -
Charcoal use, households Electricity 2013 - - - - - -
Charcoal use, households Heat 2012 270 0.01 - - - -
Charcoal use, households Heat 2013 270 0.01 - - - -
Charcoal use, households Transport 2012
Charcoal use, households Transport 2013
Other biomass combustion, total Total energy applications 2012 6,326 0.29 9,967 0.31 670 0.40
Other biomass combustion, total Total energy applications 2013 6,580 0.30 10,579 0.33 732 0.44
Other biomass combustion, total Electricity 2012 3,625 0.17 7,274 0.22 518 0.31
Other biomass combustion, total Electricity 2013 3,904 0.18 7,811 0.24 576 0.35
Other biomass combustion, total Heat 2012 2,701 0.12 2,693 0.08 152 0.09
Other biomass combustion, total Heat 2013 2,676 0.12 2,768 0.09 156 0.09
Other biomass combustion, total Transport 2012
Other biomass combustion, total Transport 2013
Biogas total Total energy applications 2012 9,177 0.42 10,664 0.33 716 0.43
Biogas total Total energy applications 2013 9,963 0.46 11,326 0.35 767 0.46
Biogas total Electricity 2012 3,756 0.17 7,977 0.24 564 0.34
Biogas total Electricity 2013 3,739 0.17 7,834 0.24 570 0.34
Biogas total Heat 2012 5,420 0.25 2,687 0.08 152 0.09
Biogas total Heat 2013 6,224 0.28 3,492 0.11 197 0.12
Biogas total Transport 2012
Biogas total Transport 2013
Biofuels for road transport, total Total energy applications 2012 13,353 0.61 13,353 0.41 . .
Biofuels for road transport, total Total energy applications 2013 12,924 0.59 12,924 0.40 . .
Biofuels for road transport, total Electricity 2012
Biofuels for road transport, total Electricity 2013
Biofuels for road transport, total Heat 2012
Biofuels for road transport, total Heat 2013
Biofuels for road transport, total Transport 2012 13,353 0.61 13,353 0.41 . .
Biofuels for road transport, total Transport 2013 12,924 0.59 12,924 0.40 . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


Renewable energy is energy from wind, hydro power, the sun, the earth, biomass and heat from outdoor air and just milked milk. This table expresses the use of renewable energy in two ways:
1. Gross final consumption
2. Avoided use of fossil primary energy
In addition the table presents the avoided emissions of carbon dioxide by the use of renewable energy. Figures are broken down into energy source/technique and into application (electricity, heat and transport).

Data available from 1990 until 2013

Status of the figures:
This table contains definite figures, based on the national Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy(2010, AgentschapNL).

Changes as of 29 June 2015:
None, this table has been stopped, because the method is changed.
The successor of this table is "Renewable energy; final use and avoided use of fossil energy ". See section 3.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable.

Description topics

Gross final consumption renewable energy
Gross final consumption of renewable energy follows the definition from the EU directive for renewable energy from 2009. It is calculated as the sum of three parts:
1. Gross production of electricity from renewable sources
2. Gross production of sold heat from renewable sources
3. Final consumption of energy from the earth, outdoor air, the sun and biomass.
Unsold heat from renewable sources (for example wood stoves in households) is included in final consumption of renewable energy.
Imports and exports of green electricity is not included.
Final consumption in terajoule
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
In % total energetic final consumption
Gross final consumption of renewable energy as percentage of total gross final energetic energy consumption, calculated according the definitions from the EU directive on renewable energy from 2009. Total gross final energetic energy consumption is the sum of three parts:
1. Energetic final use of the end use sectors manufacturing industry (excluding refineries), households, services, agriculture, fishing and transport.
2. Distribution losses of electricity and heat
3. Own use of electricity and heat by the producers of electricity and sold heat.
Avoided use of fossil primary energy
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the amount of fossil (and nuclear) energy that would have been used if renewable energy was not
used.
The avoided use of fossil primary energy is the sum of:
1. The avoided use of fossil primary energy by the domestic production of electricity, heat and gas from renewable sources.
2. The avoided use of fossil energy by the biofuels for road transport sold on the domestic market.
Imports and exports of green electricity is not included.
Avoided primary energy in TJ
In this table, the unit TeraJoule (TJ) is used. This equals 1,000,000,000,000 joules (10 to the power of 12). A joule is a unit of energy equivalent to 0.24 calories. A TJ is equivalent to 31 600 cubic meters of natural gas or 278 000 kilowatt-hours of electricity.
Avoided primary energy in % total use
Primary energy equivalents as percentage of the total domestic energy consumption. Total domestic energy consumption is defined as the supply of energy (primary production plus imports) minus the flows that leave the country (exports, bunkers for international transport) plus or minus stock changes.
Avoided carbon dioxide emission
The amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted if no use is made of renewable energy technology. The amount of carbon dioxide is calculated in accordance with the methodology of the Protocol Monitoring Renewable Energy (AgentschapNL, 2010). It covers domestic production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. Imports of green electricity is not included.
This methodology only considers the avoided emission by the use of the renewable energy at the final stage: production of renewable electricity, heat and gas. The earlier stages are not included. For biofuels for road transport greenhouse gas emissions of the earlier stages may be substantial. Therefore, for these biofuels no avoided CO2 emissions are published.
Avoided carbon dioxide emission in kton
1 kton = 1,000 ton = 1 million kg.
Avoided CO2 emission in % of tot. emiss.
Avoided emission of carbon dioxide as percentage of the total Dutch CO2 emission according to the IPCC guidelines (Kyoto Protocol).