Urban waste water treatment per province and river basin district

Urban waste water treatment per province and river basin district

Periods Regions Urban waste water treatment plants Numbers by type Total number (number) Urban waste water treatment plants Numbers by type Aeration tanks (number) Urban waste water treatment plants Numbers by type Carrousels (number) Urban waste water treatment plants Capacity pollution equivalents by type Total capacity pollution equivalents (1 000 pollution equivalent) Urban waste water treatment plants Capacity pollution equivalents by type Aeration tanks (1 000 pollution equivalent) Urban waste water treatment plants Capacity pollution equivalents by type Carrousels (1 000 pollution equivalent) Urban waste water treatment plants Capacity inhabitant equivalents by type Total capacity inhabitant equivalents (1 000 inhabitant equivalents) Urban waste water treatment plants Capacity inhabitant equivalents by type Aeration tanks (1 000 inhabitant equivalents) Urban waste water treatment plants Capacity inhabitant equivalents by type Carrousels (1 000 inhabitant equivalents) Influent waste water Quantities Volume waste water (1 000 m3) Influent waste water Quantities Pollution Equivalents (1 000 pollution equivalent) Influent waste water Quantities Chemical oxygen demand (COD) (1 000 kg) Influent waste water Quantities Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) (1 000 kg) Influent waste water Quantities Nitrogen compounds as N (total) (1 000 kg) Influent waste water Quantities Phosphorus compounds as P (total) (1 000 kg) Influent waste water Quantities Copper (kg) Influent waste water Quantities Chromium (kg) Influent waste water Quantities Zinc (kg) Influent waste water Quantities Lead (kg) Influent waste water Quantities Cadmium (kg) Influent waste water Quantities Nickel (kg) Influent waste water Quantities Mercury (kg) Influent waste water Quantities Arsenic (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Volume waste water (1 000 m3) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Pollution Equivalents (1 000 pollution equivalent) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Chemical oxygen demand (COD) (1 000 kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) (1 000 kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Nitrogen compounds as N (total) (1 000 kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Phosphorus compounds as P (total) (1 000 kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Copper (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Chromium (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Zinc (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Lead (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Cadmium (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Nickel (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Mercury (kg) Discharge of waste water (effluent) Quantities Arsenic (kg) Sewage sludge Wet sewage sludge by destination Total wet sludge (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Total dry solids (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Agriculture (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Wet oxidation (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Composting (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Landfill (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Incineration (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Cement industry (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Co-incineration at power plants (1 000 kg) Sewage sludge Dry solids by destination Other destinations (1 000 kg)
2016 Nederland 327 61 115 30,122 10,552 9,561 24,081 8,618 7,682 1,904,878 26,167 1,008,526 420,672 92,967 13,401 145,423 19,718 445,153 36,194 453 20,271 222 6,868 1,904,878 1,863 67,570 7,013 14,401 1,769 8,523 2,352 77,899 2,210 146 8,689 57 3,260 1,285,881 325,133 0 0 4,184 1,103 238,127 42,202 39,517 0
2017 Nederland 326 60 120 29,904 10,453 9,722 24,062 8,608 7,882 1,921,056 26,427 1,020,783 435,217 93,372 13,430 . . . . . . . . 1,921,056 1,997 71,550 7,971 14,877 1,843 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2018 Nederland 323 58 119 29,942 10,260 9,821 24,014 8,481 7,888 1,773,436 26,406 1,016,606 426,326 94,116 13,307 138,509 17,029 438,978 36,314 405 20,818 210 6,659 1,773,436 1,909 69,057 7,415 14,006 1,676 8,432 2,463 66,133 1,883 132 7,946 54 3,011 1,250,205 303,618 0 0 0 31,908 197,799 6,009 67,174 728
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents the most significant results of the annual survey Public treatment of urban waste water. The results are presented per province and river basin district (Rijn, Maas, Eems and Schelde) and include:
- number and capacity of the urban waste water treatment plants by type of treatment;
- the volume and concentration of organic matter, nutrients and heavy metals in the waste water running into waste water treatment plants (influent) and the volume of treated waste water (effluent). As of 2017, data on heavy metals are only inventoried for even years.
- the volume and destination of the sludge released, with nutrients and heavy metals. As of 2017, sludge data are only inventoried for even years.
Additional data on urban waste water treatment plants, process technology, energy consumption, generation of energy and sludge dewatering can be accessed on the Dutch version of StatLine.

Data available from: 1981

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are definitive.

Changes as of 10 April 2020:
The figures of 2018 has been added.
The underlying coding of classifications (Regions) used in this table has been adjusted. It is now in line with the standard encoding defined by CBS.
The structure and data of the table have not been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
New figures on 2019 will be published by March 2021.

Description topics

Urban waste water treatment plants
The number and capacity of urban waste water treatment plants in the Netherlands where nearly all domestic waste water and waste water from the private sector is treated. The plants are all operated by regional water quality control authorities.
Numbers by type
Number of sewage water treatment plants broken down by method of treatment.
Total number
The total number of urban waste water treatment plants in the Netherlands.
Aeration tanks
Pre-settled waste water runs through an intensively aerated basin containing active sludge (bacteria). Organic pollutants are degraded by oxygen and active sludge. The treatment process takes up only a short period of time and the sludge load is high which is typical of aeration basins.
Carrousels
This technology is chiefly applied in large installations. Typical of carrousels are the depth (between 2 to 4 metres) and the aeration method.
Capacity pollution equivalents by type
Capacity urban waste water treatment plant:
A value that indicates how much organic pollution theoretically can be treated by a waste water treatment plant.

The pollution equivalent is the official unit that quantifies the pollution in waste water; one pollution equivalent = 150 g TOD (Total Oxygen Demand).
One pollution equivalent is the daily quantity of oxygen-demanding material in the waste water of one person. The degree of pollution in the waste water produced by the private sector is also expressed in pollution equivalents.
This unit is used as of 2010, so for previous years no values are available.
Total capacity pollution equivalents
Aeration tanks
Pre-settled waste water runs through an intensively aerated basin containing active sludge (bacteria). Organic pollutants are degraded by oxygen and active sludge. The treatment process takes up only a short period of time and the sludge load is high which is typical of aeration basins.
Carrousels
This technology is chiefly applied in large installations. Typical of carrousels are the depth (between 2 to 4 metres) and the aeration method.
Capacity inhabitant equivalents by type
Capacity urban waste water treatment plant:
A value that indicates how much organic pollution theoretically can be treated by a waste water treatment plant.

The capacity expressed in Inhabitant Equivalents is determined on basis of: one inhabitant equivalent = 54 g BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand).
One inhabitant equivalent is the daily quantity of oxygen-demanding, organic substances in the waste water of one person.
Nowadays, the use of the unit inhabitant equivalent is decreasing. The most common unit is the pollution equivalent.
Total capacity inhabitant equivalents
The total capacity of all urban waste water treatment plants.
Aeration tanks
Pre-settled waste water runs through an intensively aerated basin containing active sludge (bacteria). Organic pollutants are degraded by oxygen and active sludge. The treatment process takes up only a short period of time and the sludge load is high which is typical of aeration basins.
Carrousels
This technology is chiefly applied in large installations. Typical of carrousels are the depth (between 2 to 4 metres) and the aeration method.
Influent waste water
Data on concentrations and quantities of pollutants in the waste water running into urban waste water treatment plants (influent).
Quantities
Volume waste water
The annual volume of influent waste water.
Pollution Equivalents
The pollution equivalent is the official unit that quantifies the pollution in waste water; one pollution equivalent = 150 g TOD (Total Oxygen Demand).
One pollution equivalent is the daily quantity of oxygen-demanding material in the waste water of one person. The degree of pollution in the waste water produced by the private sector is also expressed in pollution equivalents.
This unit is used as of 2010, so for previous years no values are available.
Chemical oxygen demand (COD)
Chemical oxygen demand (COD). Measure of the amount of oxygen consumed when a substance is degraded chemically.
Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)
Biological oxygen demand (BOD). Measure of the amount of oxygen consumed when a substance is biodegraded.
Nitrogen compounds as N (total)
The total amount of nitrogen in organic compounds (e.g. proteins) and inorganic compounds (e.g. nitrate and ammonium)
Phosphorus compounds as P (total)
The total amount of phosphates and other phosphorus compounds in waste water, measured as phosphorus (P).
Copper
Chromium
Zinc
Lead
Cadmium
Nickel
Mercury
Arsenic
Discharge of waste water (effluent)
Data on concentrations and quantities of pollutants in treated waste water (effluent) discharged from urban waste water treatment plants.
Quantities
Volume waste water
The annual volume of effluent waste water.
Pollution Equivalents
The pollution equivalent is the official unit that quantifies the pollution in waste water; one pollution equivalent = 150 g TOD (Total Oxygen Demand).
One pollution equivalent is the daily quantity of oxygen-demanding material in the waste water of one person. The degree of pollution in the waste water produced by the private sector is also expressed in pollution equivalents.
This unit is used as of 2010, so for previous years no values are available.
Chemical oxygen demand (COD)
Chemical oxygen demand (COD). Measure of the amount of oxygen consumed when a substance is degraded chemically.
Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)
Biological oxygen demand (BOD). Measure of the amount of oxygen consumed when a substance is biodegraded.
Nitrogen compounds as N (total)
The total amount of nitrogen in organic compounds (e.g. proteins) and inorganic compounds (e.g. nitrate and ammonium).
Phosphorus compounds as P (total)
The total amount of phosphates and other phosphorus compounds in waste water, measured as phosphorus (P).
Copper
Chromium
Zinc
Lead
Cadmium
Nickel
Mercury
Arsenic
Sewage sludge
Residue of treated waste water consisting of suspended solids and excess active sludge (biomass). Sewage sludge is measured including water (see Total wet sludge) or as dry solids.
Wet sewage sludge by destination
The volume of wet sewage sludge, i.e. including water by destination (processing method).
Total wet sludge
Total wet sludge discharged.
Dry solids by destination
Discharged sewage sludge in kilogrammes of dry solids by destination (processing method). Dry solid is the residue of sewage sludge after evaporation at 105 degrees centigrade.
Total dry solids
Agriculture
Application of manure or soil improver in agriculture. Due to rigid legislation impossible since 1995.
Wet oxidation
Wet oxidation of sludge in so-called VerTech installations: the sludge is oxidised under high pressure in a deep shaft.
Composting
Landfill
Dumping of sludge on regional landfill sites or special sludge depots.
Incineration
Incineration of sludge in special sludge incineration plants or in household waste incinerators.
Cement industry
Co-incineration in cement ovens.
Co-incineration at power plants
Sewage sludge used as a secondary fuel at a power plant.
Other destinations
Mainly reuse.