Health expectancy; since 1981

Health expectancy; since 1981

Sex Age (at December 31) Type of figure Periods Life expectancy (years) Life expectancy in perceived good health (years) Life exp. without physical limitations LE without moderate, severe limitations (years) Life exp. without chronic morbidity LE without chronic morbidity (years) Life expectancy in good mental health (years) Life expectancy without GALI-limitations Life expectancy without GALI-limitations (years)
Male 0 year Percentage/average 1981 72.71 59.9 . 54.5 . .
Male 0 year Percentage/average 1991 74.05 59.4 66.9 50.7 . .
Male 0 year Percentage/average 2001 75.80 61.8 68.7 48.7 70.0 .
Male 0 year Percentage/average 2011 79.18 63.7 71.1 46.1 72.6 .
Male 0 year Percentage/average 2016 79.88 64.9 72.4 46.8 73.7 60.8
Male 0 year Percentage/average 2017 80.06 65.0 73.2 46.0 73.7 59.5
Male 0 year Percentage/average 2018 80.16 64.2 73.1 47.3 73.4 60.2
Male 0 year Percentage/average 2019 80.46 64.8 73.5 46.2 74.0 59.5
Male 30 years Percentage/average 1981 44.82 33.1 . 29.9 . .
Male 30 years Percentage/average 1991 45.86 32.5 38.1 26.8 . .
Male 30 years Percentage/average 2001 47.39 34.8 40.1 24.8 42.2 .
Male 30 years Percentage/average 2011 50.45 36.8 42.8 22.2 45.7 .
Male 30 years Percentage/average 2016 51.05 37.7 43.9 22.6 46.5 34.3
Male 30 years Percentage/average 2017 51.31 37.9 44.8 22.6 46.7 33.8
Male 30 years Percentage/average 2018 51.36 37.2 44.4 22.8 45.7 34.4
Male 30 years Percentage/average 2019 51.66 38.4 45.0 21.8 46.8 33.7
Male 65 years Percentage/average 1981 14.33 9.2 . 6.9 . .
Male 65 years Percentage/average 1991 14.89 8.4 10.5 5.4 . .
Male 65 years Percentage/average 2001 15.90 9.2 10.9 4.5 13.5 .
Male 65 years Percentage/average 2011 18.30 10.9 13.9 3.8 16.9 .
Male 65 years Percentage/average 2016 18.77 11.8 14.2 4.1 17.5 10.2
Male 65 years Percentage/average 2017 18.97 12.2 14.5 4.2 17.9 10.2
Male 65 years Percentage/average 2018 19.01 12.0 14.7 4.2 17.3 10.6
Male 65 years Percentage/average 2019 19.24 12.4 14.4 3.8 17.8 9.7
Female 0 year Percentage/average 1981 79.32 62.4 . 53.9 . .
Female 0 year Percentage/average 1991 80.15 61.9 65.0 47.9 . .
Female 0 year Percentage/average 2001 80.71 61.6 68.5 42.1 70.0 .
Female 0 year Percentage/average 2011 82.85 63.3 70.0 40.9 73.4 .
Female 0 year Percentage/average 2016 83.13 63.3 70.5 40.8 72.5 57.9
Female 0 year Percentage/average 2017 83.32 63.8 70.7 41.4 73.7 56.6
Female 0 year Percentage/average 2018 83.33 62.7 70.8 40.2 72.3 55.8
Female 0 year Percentage/average 2019 83.56 63.2 70.8 41.2 72.7 57.0
Female 30 years Percentage/average 1981 50.97 35.6 . 30.5 . .
Female 30 years Percentage/average 1991 51.56 35.5 36.2 25.0 . .
Female 30 years Percentage/average 2001 51.96 35.0 39.7 20.5 43.1 .
Female 30 years Percentage/average 2011 53.86 36.3 42.1 18.5 46.7 .
Female 30 years Percentage/average 2016 54.16 36.9 42.2 18.4 46.0 32.5
Female 30 years Percentage/average 2017 54.32 37.6 42.3 19.0 46.9 31.7
Female 30 years Percentage/average 2018 54.33 36.8 42.5 18.5 46.6 31.1
Female 30 years Percentage/average 2019 54.61 36.9 42.4 18.9 47.2 31.3
Female 65 years Percentage/average 1981 18.86 10.8 . 7.4 . .
Female 65 years Percentage/average 1991 19.39 10.7 9.1 5.6 . .
Female 65 years Percentage/average 2001 19.72 10.4 10.6 4.9 15.3 .
Female 65 years Percentage/average 2011 21.30 11.3 13.4 3.6 18.1 .
Female 65 years Percentage/average 2016 21.43 12.7 13.1 3.4 18.1 10.0
Female 65 years Percentage/average 2017 21.49 13.2 13.1 3.7 18.5 9.8
Female 65 years Percentage/average 2018 21.46 12.6 13.5 3.9 18.5 9.3
Female 65 years Percentage/average 2019 21.67 12.4 13.0 4.1 18.8 9.4
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table represents five variants of health expectancies:
-life expectancy in perceived good health.
-life expectancy without physical limitations.
-life expectancy without chronic morbidity.
-life expectancy in good mental health.
-life expectancy without GALI-limitations
In addition, figures of 'normal' life expectancy are included, so the figures of health expectancy can be related to them.
In the table, the data on health expectancy can be split into the following characteristics:
-sex (starting from the data of 2018, the category ‘total, men + women’ is added).
-age.

Using this table one can see the developments over time of health expectancies. For example it can be seen that morbidity free life expectancy of women shortened during the eighties and nineties.
In the same period the life expectancy free of moderate and severe limitations of men increased.

Data available from: 1981

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are definitive.

Changes as of 24 June 2020:
The figures of 2019 are added.

When will new figures be published?
Third quarter of 2021.

Description topics

Life expectancy
The number of years someone of a certain age is expected to live,
according to a life table, assuming that the mortality chances will not
change in the future.
Life expectancy in perceived good health
The number of years a person of a certain age can (still) expect to live
in perceived good health.
The following survey question is used to calculate the life expectancy in
perceived good health:
How is your health in general?
People answering 'good' or 'very good' are considered healthy.
The data of the years 1981 and 1982 have been repaired. More information
about this repair can be found in the table explanation.
Life exp. without physical limitations
The number of years a person of a certain age can (still) expect to live
without physical limitations.
To calculate this life expectancy, physical limitations in the domains of
hearing, seeing and moving are being used. The following questions are
used to calculate the life expectancy without physical limitations:
-Can you follow a conversation in a group of 3 or more persons (using
hearing aid if needed)?
-Can you have a conversation with one other person (using hearing aid if
needed)?
-Can you see newspaper print
(using glasses or lenses if needed)?
-Can you recognize someone's face from a distance of 4 metres (using
glasses or lenses if needed)?
-Can you carry an object of 5 kilo's (e.g. a filled shopping bag) over a
distance of 10 metres?
-Can you, when you stand, lean down and pick something of the floor?
-Can you walk for 400 meters without rest (using a walking stick if
needed)?
These questions have the following answer categories:
-yes, without difficulty
-yes, with some difficulty
-yes, with a lot of difficulty
-no, I can not do that
For the calculation of the life expectancy without severe physical
limitations a respondent is considered to be physical limited when at
least 1 question is answered with 'no, I can not do that'.
For the calculation of the life expectancy without moderate or severe
physical limitations a respondent is considered to be physical limited
when at least 1 question is answered with 'no, I can not do that' or 'yes,
with a lot of difficulty'.
For the calculation of the life expectancy without light, moderate or
severe physical limitations a respondent is considered to be physical
limited when at least 1 question is answered with 'no, I can not do that',
'yes, with a lot of difficulty' or 'yes, with some difficulty.
The data of the years 1983 through 1988 have been repaired. More
information about this repair can be found in the table explanation.
The questions about physical limitations are only asked to people aged 12
and older. In the calculation of the life expectancy without physical
limitations is therefore assumed that these limitations do not occur to
people younger than 12.
LE without moderate, severe limitations
Life exp. without chronic morbidity
The number of years a person of a certain age can (still) expect to live
without chronic morbidity.
The calculation of the life expectancy without chronic morbidity uses a
selection of diseases of which is known that they can lead to death or
that they have a severe impact on the quality of life. The following
(clusters of) diseases are used:
-Asthma, chronic bronchitis
-Heart condition
-Stroke
-Hypertension
-Disturbance of stomach-intestines
-Diabetes
-Disorder of the back
-Rheumatic or joint disorder
-Migraine
-Cancer
People are considered to be chronically diseased when they indicate to
suffer from at least one of these diseases, within the last 12 months.
The questions on chronic diseases are being asked at persons of 0 years
or older. However, there are some exceptions. The questions on heart
diseases, stroke, hypertension and joint degeneration are only being
asked at persons of 12 years and older. In the calculation of life
expectancy without chronic morbidity it is therefore assumed that these
diseases do not occur amongst persons younger than 12 years.
The data of the years 1981 through 2000 have been repaired. More
information about this repair can be found in the table explanation.
LE without chronic morbidity
The number of years a person of a certain age can (still) expect to live
without chronic morbidity.
The calculation of the life expectancy without chronic morbidity uses a
selection of diseases of which is known that they can lead to death or
that they have a severe impact on the quality of life. The following
(clusters of) diseases are used:
-Asthma, chronic bronchitis
-Heart condition
-Stroke
-Hypertension
-Disturbance of stomach-intestines
-Diabetes
-Disorder of the back
-Rheumatic or joint disorder
-Migraine
-Cancer
People are considered to be chronically diseased when they indicate to
suffer from at least one of these diseases, within the last 12 months.
The questions on chronic diseases are being asked at persons of 0 years
or older. However, there are some exceptions. The questions on heart
diseases, stroke, hypertension and joint degeneration are only being
asked at persons of 12 years and older. In the calculation of life
expectancy without chronic morbidity it is therefore assumed that these
diseases do not occur amongst persons younger than 12 years.
The data of the years 1981 through 2000 have been repaired. More
information about this repair can be found in the table explanation.
Life expectancy in good mental health
The number of years a person of a certain age can (still) expect to live
in good mental health.
The calculation of mental health is based on the scores on the Mental
Health Inventory (MHI-5). Therefore the following questions of the health
survey are used:
During the past 4 weeks, how much of the time.:
-Have you been a very nervous person?
-Did you feel depressed?
-Have you felt calm and peaceful?
-Have you felt downhearted and blue?
-Were you a happy person?
The possible answers to these questions are: 'all of the time', 'most of
the time', 'a good bit of the time', 'some of the time', 'a little of the
time' and 'non of the time'. Positively phrased questions are scored
respectively 5,4,3,2,1 and 0. Negatively phrased questions are scored
0,1,2,3,4 and 5. For every respondent a sum score is being calculated
which is multiplied by 4. Therefore the minimum score of a person is 0
(very unhealthy) and the maximum score is 100 (perfectly healthy. Every
respondent with a score of 60 or more is considered to be healthy.
The questions of the Mental Health Inventory are only asked to people
aged 12 and older. In the calculation of the life expectancy in good
mental health therefore the assumption is made that children younger than
12 years have the same prevalence of mental unhealthiness as people of 12
through 14 years.
Life expectancy without GALI-limitations
GALI means Global Activity Limitations Indicator. The life expectancy without GALI-limitations is the variant of health expectancy that Eurostat defines as ‘Healthy Life Years’. That official European figure on Healthy Life Years is based on data from the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) and can therefore differ slightly from the figures presented in this table. The figures in this table are based on the Health Survey.
To calculate the life expectancy without GALI-limitations the answers on the following questions of the Health Survey 2014 are used:
-To what extent are you (is your child), due to problems with your (his or her) health, limited in activities people usually do?
-Does this limitation already last for at least half a year?
From 2014 onwards the following survey question is used:
-Since 6 months or longer, to what extent are you (is your child), due to problems with your (his or her) health, limited in activities people (children) usually do?
Answer categories:
-Severely limited
-Limited, but not severely
-Not limited at all.
For the calculation of the life expectancy without GALI-limitations a respondent is considered to be limited when the question is answered with 'severely limited' or ‘limited, but not severely’.
For the calculation of the life expectancy without severe GALI-limitations a respondent is considered to be limited when the question is answered with 'severely limited'.
The questions on GALI-limitations are only asked to persons of 2 years or older. In the calculation of the life expectancy without GALI-limitations, the assumption is made that these limitations do not occur amongst children aged 0 and 1 year.
Life expectancy without GALI-limitations