Investment climate; innovation international comparison 1990-2008

Investment climate; innovation international comparison 1990-2008

Sectors of industry Countries and regions Periods Innovative enterprises (% of enterprises) Employment in high-tech sectors Medium and high-tech manufacturing (% of total working population) Employment in high-tech sectors High tech services sector (% of total working population) Innovative enterprises with co-operation Total (% of innovative enterprises) Innovative enterprises with co-operation With universities (% of innovative enterprises)
Manufacturing Austria 2000 53.3 . . 18.5 .
Manufacturing Austria 2004 57.5 . . 18.8 10.6
Manufacturing Austria 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Canada 2000 . . . . .
Manufacturing Canada 2004 . . . . .
Manufacturing Canada 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Czech Republic 2000 32.3 . . 24.8 .
Manufacturing Czech Republic 2004 41.7 . . 38.9 14.1
Manufacturing Czech Republic 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Denmark 2000 52.7 . . 38.6 .
Manufacturing Denmark 2004 57.8 . . 42.3 13.8
Manufacturing Denmark 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Finland 2000 49.4 . . 51.6 .
Manufacturing Finland 2004 50.5 . . 46.4 36.5
Manufacturing Finland 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing France 2000 46.0 . . 33.3 .
Manufacturing France 2004 36.4 . . 38.8 11.5
Manufacturing France 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Germany 2000 66.5 . . 17.4 .
Manufacturing Germany 2004 74.0 . . 19.2 11.0
Manufacturing Germany 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Hungary 2000 28.0 . . 55.4 .
Manufacturing Hungary 2004 21.2 . . 35.9 13.2
Manufacturing Hungary 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Italy 2000 40.2 . . 7.9 .
Manufacturing Italy 2004 37.6 . . 11.0 4.4
Manufacturing Italy 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Japan 2000 . . . . .
Manufacturing Japan 2004 . . . . .
Manufacturing Japan 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing The Netherlands 2000 54.6 . . 23.7 .
Manufacturing The Netherlands 2004 41.5 . . 44.4 14.1
Manufacturing The Netherlands 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Poland 2000 17.8 . . 28.0 .
Manufacturing Poland 2004 26.2 . . 43.2 7.8
Manufacturing Poland 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing Spain 2000 37.6 . . 10.2 .
Manufacturing Spain 2004 36.9 . . 18.6 5.0
Manufacturing Spain 2008 . . . . .
Manufacturing United States 2000 . . . . .
Manufacturing United States 2004 . . . . .
Manufacturing United States 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Austria 2000 . 6.8 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Austria 2004 . 6.3 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Austria 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Canada 2000 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Canada 2004 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Canada 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Czech Republic 2000 . 9.0 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Czech Republic 2004 . 9.0 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Czech Republic 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Denmark 2000 . 6.4 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Denmark 2004 . 6.0 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Denmark 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Finland 2000 . 7.2 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Finland 2004 . 6.8 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Finland 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing France 2000 . 7.2 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing France 2004 . 6.4 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing France 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Germany 2000 . 11.2 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Germany 2004 . 11.2 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Germany 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Hungary 2000 . 8.1 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Hungary 2004 . 8.3 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Hungary 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Italy 2000 . 7.6 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Italy 2004 . 7.5 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Italy 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Japan 2000 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Japan 2004 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Japan 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing The Netherlands 2000 . 4.5 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing The Netherlands 2004 . 3.6 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing The Netherlands 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Poland 2000 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Poland 2004 . 4.9 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Poland 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Spain 2000 . 5.4 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Spain 2004 . 4.9 . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing Spain 2008 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing United States 2000 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing United States 2004 . . . . .
Medium and high-tech manufacturing United States 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Austria 2000 44.9 . . 23.3 .
Services sector Austria 2004 47.9 . . 15.8 9.3
Services sector Austria 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Canada 2000 . . . . .
Services sector Canada 2004 . . . . .
Services sector Canada 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Czech Republic 2000 27.4 . . 22.3 .
Services sector Czech Republic 2004 33.9 . . 37.2 11.1
Services sector Czech Republic 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Denmark 2000 36.5 . . 37.1 .
Services sector Denmark 2004 46.0 . . 43.5 13.5
Services sector Denmark 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Finland 2000 39.8 . . 47.8 .
Services sector Finland 2004 36.8 . . 40.2 27.3
Services sector Finland 2008 . . . . .
Services sector France 2000 33.8 . . 18.4 .
Services sector France 2004 29.0 . . 40.3 8.3
Services sector France 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Germany 2000 57.1 . . 17.4 .
Services sector Germany 2004 57.5 . . 12.2 5.5
Services sector Germany 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Hungary 2000 15.7 . . 42.2 .
Services sector Hungary 2004 20.4 . . 38.0 13.7
Services sector Hungary 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Italy 2000 25.3 . . 15.6 .
Services sector Italy 2004 33.5 . . 18.1 5.4
Services sector Italy 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Japan 2000 . . . . .
Services sector Japan 2004 . . . . .
Services sector Japan 2008 . . . . .
Services sector The Netherlands 2000 38.4 . . 23.9 .
Services sector The Netherlands 2004 29.2 . . 34.2 10.4
Services sector The Netherlands 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Poland 2000 16.2 . . 39.6 .
Services sector Poland 2004 22.0 . . 38.5 2.2
Services sector Poland 2008 . . . . .
Services sector Spain 2000 24.6 . . 9.0 .
Services sector Spain 2004 32.1 . . 17.5 4.0
Services sector Spain 2008 . . . . .
Services sector United States 2000 . . . . .
Services sector United States 2004 . . . . .
Services sector United States 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Austria 2000 . . 2.8 . .
High-tech services sector Austria 2004 . . 2.6 . .
High-tech services sector Austria 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Canada 2000 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Canada 2004 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Canada 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Czech Republic 2000 . . 3.0 . .
High-tech services sector Czech Republic 2004 . . 3.1 . .
High-tech services sector Czech Republic 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Denmark 2000 . . 5.0 . .
High-tech services sector Denmark 2004 . . 4.1 . .
High-tech services sector Denmark 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Finland 2000 . . 4.4 . .
High-tech services sector Finland 2004 . . 4.6 . .
High-tech services sector Finland 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector France 2000 . . 3.9 . .
High-tech services sector France 2004 . . 3.8 . .
High-tech services sector France 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Germany 2000 . . 3.0 . .
High-tech services sector Germany 2004 . . 3.4 . .
High-tech services sector Germany 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Hungary 2000 . . 3.1 . .
High-tech services sector Hungary 2004 . . 3.0 . .
High-tech services sector Hungary 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Italy 2000 . . 2.9 . .
High-tech services sector Italy 2004 . . 3.1 . .
High-tech services sector Italy 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Japan 2000 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Japan 2004 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Japan 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector The Netherlands 2000 . . 4.1 . .
High-tech services sector The Netherlands 2004 . . 4.0 . .
High-tech services sector The Netherlands 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Poland 2000 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Poland 2004 . . 2.1 . .
High-tech services sector Poland 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector Spain 2000 . . 2.3 . .
High-tech services sector Spain 2004 . . 2.5 . .
High-tech services sector Spain 2008 . . . . .
High-tech services sector United States 2000 . . . . .
High-tech services sector United States 2004 . . . . .
High-tech services sector United States 2008 . . . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides an international overview of indicators for innovation. It emphasises figures on innovative enterprises. Besides, the table shows patent applications and turnover of new or significantly improved products. Finally, data on types of non-technological innovation are presented. High scores on the mentioned indicators for innovative entrepreneurship indicate a good investment climate.

Note:
Comparable definitions are used to compare the figures presented internationally. The definitions sometimes differ from definitions used by Statistics Netherlands. The figures in this table could differ from Dutch figures presented elsewhere on the website of Statistics Netherlands.

Data available from: 1990 up to 2008.

Status of the figures:
The external sources of these data frequently supply adjusted figures on preceding periods. These adjusted data are not mentioned as such in the table.

Changes as of 1 March 2018:
This table has been discontinued.

When will new figures be published?
No longer applicable.

Description topics

Innovative enterprises
Successful innovative companies with product and/or process innovations in
the last three years. These are companies which introduce new or
considerably improved products (goods) or services for the market, or
implement new or considerably improved processes. Innovations are based
on the results of new technological developments, new combinations of
existing technology, or using other knowledge.
Figures are available for the manufacturing sector (NACE D) and for the
service sector, here defined as NACE sectors I (transport, storage and
communication) and J (financial intermediation) and NACE branches 51
(wholesale trade and commission trade, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles, 72 (computer and related activities), 74.2 (architectural
and engineering activities and related technical consultancy) and 74.3
(technical testing and analysis). NACE stands for Nomenclature
statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté Européenne.
Only companies with 10 or more employees. Exception: the figures for
manufacturing in 1996 and 1998 were based on companies with at least 20
employees.
Total sectors of industry in 2006 are the NACE sectors/branches (Rev 1.1):
C, D, E, G51, I, J, K72, K74,2 and K74,3.
Total sectors of industry in 2008 are the NACE sectors/branches (Rev 2):
B, C, D, E, G46, H, J58, J61, J62, J63, K and M71.
Sources: Eurostat, Community Innovation Surveys (various surveys);
Statistics Netherlands.
Employment in high-tech sectors
Employment in the knowledge-intensive high-tech services sector, and
employment in medium and high-tech manufacturing.
Source: Eurostat, Science and Technology Indicators.
Medium and high-tech manufacturing
Medium and high-tech manufacturing industry includes:
- pharmaceutical and medical industry;
- industry for office equipment and computers;
- industry for radio, TV and other means of communication;
- industry for medical, precision and optical instruments;
- aerospace industry;
- chemical industry;
- machinery and equipment industry;
- industry for motor vehicles and other means of transport (excluding
building and repairing ships).
Source: Eurostat, Science and Technology Indicators.
High tech services sector
The knowledge-intensive high-tech services sector includes the
NACE-sectors:
- post and telecommunication (64);
- computer and related activities (72);
- research and development (73).
NACE stands for Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans
la Communauté Européenne.
Source: Eurostat, Science and Technology Indicators.
Innovative enterprises with co-operation
Technologically innovative companies in manufacturing and services, which
co-operated with other companies and institutions in the field of
innovation over the last three years. Figures are available for the
manufacturing sector (NACE D) and for the
service sector, here defined as NACE sectors I (transport, storage and
communication) and J (financial intermediation) and NACE branches 51
(wholesale trade and commission trade, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles, 72 (computer and related activities), 74.2 (architectural
and engineering activities and related technical consultancy) and 74.3
(technical testing and analysis). NACE stands for Nomenclature
statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté Européenne.
Only companies with 10 or more employees. Exception: the figures for
manufacturing in 1996 and 1998 were based on companies with at least 20
employees.
Sources: Eurostat, Community Innovation Surveys (various surveys);
Statistics Netherlands.
Total
With universities
It concerns companies which have co-operated in the field of innovation
within a three-year period with universities or other higher education
institutes.
Sources: Eurostat, Community Innovation Survey (various surveys);
Statistics Netherlands.