Invest. climate;human capital, labour supply internat. comparison 1990-2011

Invest. climate;human capital, labour supply internat. comparison 1990-2011

Countries Periods Tertiary education attainment (% of population aged 25 to 65 years) Graduates in science and engineering (% of total number of graduates) Performance 15-year old students Mathematics Total men and women (average score) Performance 15-year old students Science Total men and women (average score) Performance 15-year old students Reading Total men and women (average score) Labour costs Unit labour costs (index (2000=100)) Labour costs Per hour Total (euro (from 1999) ecu (up to 1999)) Labour costs Per hour Manufacturing (euro (from 1999) ecu (up to 1999)) Labour costs Per hour Services sector (euro (from 1999) ecu (up to 1999))
Denmark 2000 26.2 18.2 514 481 497 87.9 26.5 25.6 27.3
Denmark 2003 31.9 12.5 514 475 492 97.0 30.3 29.5 31.0
Denmark 2006 34.7 12.7 513 496 494 102.3 33.1 32.3 33.7
Denmark 2009 32.5 . 503 499 495 120.3 . . .
Denmark 2010 33.3 13.0 . . . 119.0 . . .
Finland 2000 32.0 26.5 536 538 546 92.1 22.1 22.0 22.3
Finland 2003 33.2 25.1 544 548 543 97.8 24.8 26.3 23.9
Finland 2006 35.1 25.7 548 563 547 100.1 27.2 31.3 28.2
Finland 2009 37.3 23.4 541 554 536 116.0 . . .
Finland 2010 38.1 26.1 . . . 114.2 . . .
Germany 2000 23.5 23.7 490 487 484 100.5 25.0 27.6 23.2
Germany 2003 24.0 22.5 503 502 491 102.0 26.8 29.8 24.9
Germany 2006 23.9 22.9 504 516 495 97.7 27.6 31.6 25.3
Germany 2009 26.4 24.5 513 520 497 105.1 . . .
Germany 2010 26.6 25.6 . . . 104.0 . . .
Japan 2000 33.6 4.4 557 550 522 112.5 . . .
Japan 2003 37.4 4.7 534 548 498 104.1 . . .
Japan 2006 40.5 4.8 523 531 498 99.0 . . .
Japan 2009 43.8 4.6 529 539 520 98.9 . . .
Japan 2010 44.8 4.6 . . . 94.9 . . .
The Netherlands 2000 23.4 11.1 564 529 . 88.8 22.3 23.4 21.6
The Netherlands 2003 27.5 11.8 538 524 513 100.6 26.5 27.2 26.0
The Netherlands 2006 30.2 11.0 531 525 507 100.6 . . .
The Netherlands 2009 32.8 10.0 526 522 508 111.1 . . .
The Netherlands 2010 32.4 9.9 . . . 110.0 . . .
Sweden 2000 24.8 24.8 510 512 516 94.1 28.6 28.3 29.1
Sweden 2003 27.3 26.4 509 506 514 100.4 30.4 29.6 30.9
Sweden 2006 29.7 23.2 502 503 507 99.2 32.2 32.8 32.2
Sweden 2009 31.9 20.7 494 495 497 111.4 . . .
Sweden 2010 34.2 22.0 . . . 109.5 . . .
United Kingdom 2000 25.7 22.9 529 532 . 90.5 23.7 23.3 23.8
United Kingdom 2003 28.0 23.8 . . . 95.6 23.6 23.3 23.5
United Kingdom 2006 34.2 19.3 495 515 495 102.6 25.5 . .
United Kingdom 2009 37.0 18.1 492 514 494 114.2 . . .
United Kingdom 2010 38.2 18.2 . . . 115.5 . . .
United States 2000 36.5 15.1 493 499 504 92.3 . . .
United States 2003 38.4 15.6 483 491 495 96.2 . . .
United States 2006 39.5 13.3 474 489 . 103.1 . . .
United States 2009 41.2 12.8 487 502 500 109.8 . . .
United States 2010 41.7 12.9 . . . 108.9 . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


In this table international comparisions are made of the current and the potential supply of labour and of the labour costs. The composition of the current supply of labour is represented by a breakdown of levels of education of working persons (primary, secondary and tertiary education). The level of education of the potential supply of labour is indicated by the performance of students and the proportion of unemployed persons. The level of education is an indicator for human capital allocated to production. Labour costs are expressed in costs per hour and the unit labour costs.

Note:
Comparable definitions are used to compare the figures presented internationally. The definitions sometimes differ from definitions used by Statistics Netherlands. The figures in this table could differ from Dutch figures presented elsewhere on the website of Statistics Netherlands.

Data available from 1990 up to 2011.

Status of the figures:
The external sources of these data frequently supply adjusted figures on preceding periods. These adjusted data are not mentioned as such in the table.

Changes as of 22 December 2017:
No, table is stopped.

When will new figures be published?
Not.

Description topics

Tertiary education attainment
People in the 25 to 65 age bracket, who graduated from higher education. Training must fall under ISCED97 classes 5a (in the Netherlands including masters or hbo), 5b (including shortened hbo) or 6 (aio, oio or other Ph D training). ISCED stands for International Standard Classification of Education.

Source: OECD, Factbook 2010.

According to the ISCED97 classification some other forms of education also count as higher education. According to the Dutch interpretation these are private or company training with a duration of at least 2 years full-time after havo/mbo-4. For example ICT and commercial training. Furthermore, there are differences between countries in what training is considered higher education. See for example Bernelot Moens, W.E., 'Heeft Nederland wel zo weinig hoopopgeleiden? Associate degree vult gaten in onderwijssysteem', Statistics Netherlands, 2005.
Graduates in science and engineering
Number of graduates and PhDs in mathematics, sciences and informatics (science: International Standard Classification (ISC) 4) and engineering (engineering: ISC 52) in the year concerned, as a share of the total number of graduates and PhDs in the higher education in that year. Higher education has been defined here as ISCED97 classes 5a (in the Netherlands including masters or hbo), 5b (including shortened hbo) or 6 (aio, oio or other PhD training).

Sources: OECD, STI; OECD, Education database.

It concerns the year in which students obtained a diploma, with exception of Denmark, Finland, France (up to 2002) and Italy, where students have been registered who have graduated in the previous year.
Performance 15-year old students
Average performance of 15-year-old students in the field of mathematics, science and reading. Average score. OECD average = 500. The OECD score is an average weighted pro rata of the number of 15-year-old students per country. The 2003 figures for the Netherlands are not fully reliable because the sample size was too small.

Source: OECD, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
Mathematics
Total men and women
Science
Total men and women
Reading
Total men and women
Labour costs
Total expenditure by employers on labour. The expenditure includes direct costs (such as personnel costs) and indirect costs (such as collective social charges, costs for professional training and work-related taxes). It concerns all sectors of industry except agriculture, fishery and self-employed persons with staff.
Unit labour costs
Labour costs divided by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The labour costs are expressed in nominal prices. The Gross Domestic Product is corrected for price developments. Because of this, it is possible to examine how the labour costs for a standard production entity develop through the years.

Source: OECD, Economic Outlook, No. 86 - December 2010.
Per hour
Total expenditure by employers on labour, per hour is expressed in ecu, up to 1999, from 1999 in euro.
Total
Total expenditure by employers on labour per hour.

Source: Eurostat.
Manufacturing
Total expenditure by employers on labour, per hour, in the manufacturing (Nace Rev 1.1, section D). The NACE Rev 1.1 is the English-language Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) used by Eurostat.

Source: Eurostat.
Services sector
Total expenditure by employers on labour, per hour, in the services sector, excluding the government (Nace Rev 1.1, section G-K). The NACE Rev 1.1 is the English-language Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) used by Eurostat.

Source: Eurostat.