Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops; production, to region

Arable crops Regions Periods Area under cultivation (ha) Harvested area (ha) Gross yield per ha (1 000 kg) Gross yield, total (1 000 kg)
Wheat (total) Nederland 2020* 109,628 108,908 8.8 953,863
Wheat (total) Noord-Nederland (LD) 2020* 32,424 32,329 8.5 274,563
Wheat (total) Oost-Nederland (LD) 2020* 18,148 18,000 8.9 159,613
Wheat (total) West-Nederland (LD) 2020* 43,094 42,746 8.9 381,398
Wheat (total) Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2020* 15,963 15,833 8.7 138,289
Wheat (total) Groningen (PV) 2020* 24,402 24,331 8.7 210,924
Wheat (total) Fryslân (PV) 2020* 4,764 4,740 8.4 39,999
Wheat (total) Drenthe (PV) 2020* 3,258 3,258 7.3 23,640
Wheat (total) Overijssel (PV) 2020* 1,486 1,486 6.6 9,805
Wheat (total) Flevoland (PV) 2020* 11,583 11,545 9.4 108,524
Wheat (total) Gelderland (PV) 2020* 5,080 4,970 8.3 41,284
Wheat (total) Utrecht (PV) 2020* 241 237 8.2 1,953
Wheat (total) Noord-Holland (PV) 2020* 6,967 6,898 8.0 55,224
Wheat (total) Zuid-Holland (PV) 2020* 10,781 10,690 9.0 96,597
Wheat (total) Zeeland (PV) 2020* 25,105 24,921 9.1 227,624
Wheat (total) Noord-Brabant (PV) 2020* 9,906 9,813 8.7 85,077
Wheat (total) Limburg (PV) 2020* 6,057 6,021 8.8 53,212
Wheat, winter Nederland 2020* 92,844 92,462 9.2 848,718
Wheat, winter Noord-Nederland (LD) 2020* 25,638 25,585 8.9 228,800
Wheat, winter Oost-Nederland (LD) 2020* 15,625 15,557 9.3 144,312
Wheat, winter West-Nederland (LD) 2020* 37,597 37,440 9.3 348,931
Wheat, winter Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2020* 13,984 13,880 9.1 126,675
Wheat, winter Groningen (PV) 2020* 20,962 20,928 9.0 188,781
Wheat, winter Fryslân (PV) 2020* 3,131 3,112 9.1 28,419
Wheat, winter Drenthe (PV) 2020* 1,545 1,545 7.5 11,600
Wheat, winter Overijssel (PV) 2020* 821 821 6.4 5,283
Wheat, winter Flevoland (PV) 2020* 10,233 10,217 9.8 99,832
Wheat, winter Gelderland (PV) 2020* 4,571 4,520 8.7 39,197
Wheat, winter Utrecht (PV) 2020* 156 156 9.4 1,457
Wheat, winter Noord-Holland (PV) 2020* 5,195 5,161 8.6 44,361
Wheat, winter Zuid-Holland (PV) 2020* 8,973 8,932 9.6 85,327
Wheat, winter Zeeland (PV) 2020* 23,272 23,192 9.4 217,786
Wheat, winter Noord-Brabant (PV) 2020* 8,370 8,296 9.1 75,582
Wheat, winter Limburg (PV) 2020* 5,614 5,584 9.2 51,093
Wheat, spring Nederland 2020* 16,784 16,447 6.4 105,146
Wheat, spring Noord-Nederland (LD) 2020* 6,786 6,744 6.8 45,763
Wheat, spring Oost-Nederland (LD) 2020* 2,523 2,443 6.3 15,300
Wheat, spring West-Nederland (LD) 2020* 5,497 5,306 6.1 32,467
Wheat, spring Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2020* 1,978 1,954 5.9 11,615
Wheat, spring Groningen (PV) 2020* 3,440 3,403 6.5 22,143
Wheat, spring Fryslân (PV) 2020* 1,633 1,628 7.1 11,580
Wheat, spring Drenthe (PV) 2020* 1,713 1,713 7.0 12,041
Wheat, spring Overijssel (PV) 2020* 665 665 6.8 4,522
Wheat, spring Flevoland (PV) 2020* 1,350 1,328 6.5 8,691
Wheat, spring Gelderland (PV) 2020* 508 450 4.6 2,087
Wheat, spring Utrecht (PV) 2020* 85 81 6.1 497
Wheat, spring Noord-Holland (PV) 2020* 1,772 1,737 6.3 10,863
Wheat, spring Zuid-Holland (PV) 2020* 1,808 1,758 6.4 11,269
Wheat, spring Zeeland (PV) 2020* 1,832 1,730 5.7 9,838
Wheat, spring Noord-Brabant (PV) 2020* 1,536 1,517 6.3 9,495
Wheat, spring Limburg (PV) 2020* 442 437 4.9 2,119
Barley, winter Nederland 2020* 9,724 9,618 7.6 73,176
Barley, winter Noord-Nederland (LD) 2020* 2,374 2,374 7.3 17,311
Barley, winter Oost-Nederland (LD) 2020* 1,848 1,830 7.0 12,720
Barley, winter West-Nederland (LD) 2020* 2,282 2,281 8.7 19,774
Barley, winter Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2020* 3,220 3,133 7.5 23,372
Barley, winter Groningen (PV) 2020* 1,654 1,654 7.7 12,787
Barley, winter Fryslân (PV) 2020* 342 342 7.4 2,541
Barley, winter Drenthe (PV) 2020* 379 379 5.2 1,984
Barley, winter Overijssel (PV) 2020* 296 296 5.4 1,588
Barley, winter Flevoland (PV) 2020* 625 625 9.1 5,672
Barley, winter Gelderland (PV) 2020* 926 908 6.0 5,459
Barley, winter Utrecht (PV) 2020* 40 40 8.7 349
Barley, winter Noord-Holland (PV) 2020* 233 233 8.7 2,019
Barley, winter Zuid-Holland (PV) 2020* 372 372 10.2 3,786
Barley, winter Zeeland (PV) 2020* 1,636 1,636 8.3 13,618
Barley, winter Noord-Brabant (PV) 2020* 1,313 1,310 7.2 9,483
Barley, winter Limburg (PV) 2020* 1,908 1,823 7.6 13,889
Barley, spring Nederland 2020* 28,968 28,763 6.2 178,836
Barley, spring Noord-Nederland (LD) 2020* 17,239 17,164 6.5 110,855
Barley, spring Oost-Nederland (LD) 2020* 4,778 4,732 6.0 28,197
Barley, spring West-Nederland (LD) 2020* 3,525 3,498 6.4 22,427
Barley, spring Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2020* 3,425 3,370 5.2 17,356
Barley, spring Groningen (PV) 2020* 8,424 8,366 6.6 55,606
Barley, spring Fryslân (PV) 2020* 1,299 1,299 7.8 10,096
Barley, spring Drenthe (PV) 2020* 7,517 7,498 6.0 45,153
Barley, spring Overijssel (PV) 2020* 1,360 1,358 5.8 7,923
Barley, spring Flevoland (PV) 2020* 1,760 1,740 7.1 12,437
Barley, spring Gelderland (PV) 2020* 1,658 1,634 4.8 7,837
Barley, spring Utrecht (PV) 2020* 49 48 6.1 291
Barley, spring Noord-Holland (PV) 2020* 1,310 1,310 7.1 9,311
Barley, spring Zuid-Holland (PV) 2020* 613 612 7.5 4,577
Barley, spring Zeeland (PV) 2020* 1,554 1,528 5.4 8,249
Barley, spring Noord-Brabant (PV) 2020* 1,605 1,567 5.6 8,716
Barley, spring Limburg (PV) 2020* 1,821 1,803 4.8 8,640
Rye Nederland 2020* 1,903 1,781 4.4 7,782
Rye Noord-Nederland (LD) 2020* 524 524 5.8 3,025
Rye Oost-Nederland (LD) 2020* 621 603 3.5 2,084
Rye West-Nederland (LD) 2020* 305 305 4.7 1,436
Rye Zuid-Nederland (LD) 2020* 453 349 3.5 1,237
Rye Groningen (PV) 2020* 115 115 4.6 526
Rye Fryslân (PV) 2020* 15 15 4.6 69
Rye Drenthe (PV) 2020* 394 394 6.2 2,430
Rye Overijssel (PV) 2020* 375 366 3.2 1,166
Rye Flevoland (PV) 2020* 10 9 3.2 30
Rye Gelderland (PV) 2020* 236 228 3.9 888
Rye Utrecht (PV) 2020* 156 156 4.7 736
Rye Noord-Holland (PV) 2020* 120 120 4.7 568
Rye Zuid-Holland (PV) 2020* 21 21 4.7 97
Rye Zeeland (PV) 2020* 8 8 4.7 36
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides information per crop about the cultivated and harvested area, yield per hectare and the total yield in a crop year. The data are available for the Netherlands as a whole and by province.

Applying crop rotation helps a farmer to avoid deterioration in soil fertility.
A cultivation plan is prepared annually, to make sure that the same crop is not cultivated in the same place year after year.
Usually, one third of the arable land is covered with cereals (mainly winter wheat and spring barley), a quarter is covered with potatoes, one eighth is covered with sugar beet, and one tenth is used for vegetables(mainly onions) as well as a green fodder crop (mainly green maize).

To obtain the figure for the yield, first a preliminary harvest estimate is made. This takes place from August to October.

The estimate is made definite from December to March.

The yields per hectare are rounded off to the nearest 100 kilograms. The total yields are rounded off to the nearest 1000 kilograms.

Data available from: 1994.

Status of the figures:
The figures of 2020 are provisional. The figures up to 2019 are definite.

Changes as of 31 March 2021:
The preliminary figures of 2020 have been adjusted.

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary harvest estimate figures for cereals are published at the end of September and for all crops in late October of the harvest year. The final harvest estimate figures are published in January and are updated in March of the following year. These figures can be changed until the end of September.

Description topics

Area under cultivation
Area of cultivated land in use for growing crops.
Harvested area
At the preliminary harvest estimates this area is in principle equal to
the area under cultivation. However based on information from experts on
expected crop failure it is possible to make an estimate of the area that
probably will not be harvested. When this is the case the harvested area
is smaller than the cultivated area.
Definite figures are based on already harvested areas and areas expected
to be harvested later on. This is the area on which production
has taken place effectively. Due to circumstances (for example flooding)
this (surface) area can be smaller than the original (surface) area used
for cultivation.
Gross yield per ha
In determining the yield per hectare (the average yield figure) only the
hectares which are effectively harvested or will be harvested are
counted. Hectares of which the harvest is lost (for example due to
flooding) are not counted.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated in the
situation in which these harvested crops contain a humidity of 35 percent.
Green maize is calculated at a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats, rye
and triticale) are defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
would contain 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.
Gross yield, total
The total yield (total gross production) includes the whole area which
has been harvested or still will be harvested. The total yield also
includes the part of production that for some reason is unsuitable for
its original purpose. This only applies if the crop can still be used for
other purposes (for example, potatoes which can only be used for animal
feed). This is the reason why the gross yield does not equal the
commercial production.
The yields of grain corn and corn cob mix have been calculated as the
harvested crops contain 35 percent moisture. Green maize is calculated at
a moisture content of 65 percent.
In the preliminary estimate, the yield of cereals (wheat, barley, oats,
rye and triticale) is defined as the gross weight of the harvested grains.
The definite estimate is the weight in the situation where each grain
contains 16 percent moisture.
Explanation:
Cereal with 16 percent moisture (or less) is so dry that it can be
stored without problems. More moisture would mean that the grain first has
to be dried, before it can be stored. Drying the crop costs money, the
companies therefore prefer harvesting by 16 percent moisture content.
But this does not always work; in reality, the grain contains more water.
However, in order to get a good estimate of the actual 'dry' yield
all individual statements of the yields per hectare (from which the actual
moisture content is known) are recalculated to the situation with 16
percent moisture.