Population, households and population dynamics; from 1899

Table description


The most important key figures about population, households, birth, mortality, changes of residence, marriages, marriage dissolutions and change of nationality of the Dutch population.

Data available from: 1899

Status of the figures:
All data in this publication are final data.

Changes as of 9 april 2021:
The figures for the period 1987 to 1994 with regard to 'Emigration including the balance of the administrative corrections' have been corrected. The correction is due to duplications present in some of our source files. The differences are minimal.
The figures for 1997 with regard to Emigration, including the balance of the administrative corrections for persons with nationality 'European Union (excluding the Netherlands)', and persons with country of birth 'European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' have been corrected. The correction is due to a calculation error.
The topics 'Live born children, relative' and 'Sex ratio' have switched places.

Changes as of 24 March 2020:
The table has been revised.
The following changes have been made:

Population on January 1:
- The number of 'Women' in 2012 has been corrected.
- The figures for 'Migration background Suriname' and 'Migration background (former) Netherlands Antilles' have been changed for 1971 up to and including 1994. The changes are the result of a method change in the past, which was not reflected in the table at the time. The figures now match all other sections of StatLine.

Population development:
'Emigration' has been changed to 'Emigration including administrative corrections', 'Migration balance' has been changed to 'Migration balance including administrative corrections'. Figures on emigration, including the balance of administrative corrections, provide a better picture of actual emigration than figures on emigration excluding these corrections. Due to the change, the figures for 1977 up to and including 2016 have changed.

Live born children:
The 2015 figures for 'Live born children from mothers aged 25 to 29, relative' and 'Live born children from mothers aged 30 or older, relative' have been adjusted.

Mortality:
- The figures for 'Life expectancy at birth: men' and 'Life expectancy at birth: women' for 1950 up to and including 1962, 1972, 1982, 1991, 1999, 2009 and 2011 have been corrected.
- The figures for 'Mortality <1 year after birth, relative' for 1994 and 2011 have been corrected.
- The figure for 'Mortality <1 year after birth, relative' for 2011 has been corrected.
- The figures for 'Deceased by cause of death' have been removed from the table. (For more information: 3. LINKS TO RELEVANT TABLES AND ARTICLES).

Foreign migration by nationality:
- Various topics related to 'Emigration including administrative corrections' have been added.
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1993 and 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 2004 and 2013.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Dutch' has been corrected for 1995 and 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Total non-Dutch' has been corrected for 1995 and 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union' has been adjusted for 2004, 2005 and 2013.

Foreign migration by country of birth:
- Various topics related to 'Emigration including administrative corrections' have been added.
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1993 and 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1987 up to and including 1990 and for 2004.
- 'Immigration, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2012.
- 'Immigration, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1989, 1999 and 2004.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Indonesia' has been corrected for 1994.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 1997.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 1997.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Specific emigration areas' has been corrected for 1995.

Foreign migration by country of origin / destination:
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 2004.
- 'Immigration, Indonesia, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2007 and 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Immigration, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Immigration, Indonesia' has been corrected for 2013.
- 'Immigration, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1998 and 2004.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Indonesia, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Suriname and Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Turkey' has been corrected for 2012.

The corrections are the result of manual actions. The differences concern rounding differences and are minimal. The adjustments with regard to the European Union are generally the result of a changed calculation method.

When will the new figures be published?
The figures for the population development in 2019 and the population on 1 January 2020 will be published in the first quarter of 2021.

Description topics

Population on 1 January
Population:
The total number of people residing in a given area.
In the population statistics compiled by Statistics Netherlands the inhabitants of a given area are the people registered in the population register, whose address is located in that area.
Population by part of the country
North Netherlands
Comprises the provinces of Groningen, Friesland and Drenthe.
East Netherlands
Comprises the provinces of Overijssel and Gelderland and the province of Flevoland. Excluding 'the Noordoostelijke polder' (1943-1962), 'de Zuidelijke IJsselmeerpolders' (since 1956) and the municipalities of Dronten (1972-1985), Lelystad (1980-1985), Almere and Zeewolde (1984-1985).
West Netherlands
Comprises the provinces of Utrecht, Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland and Zeeland.
South Netherlands
Comprises the provinces of Noord-Brabant and Limburg.
Population growth
The increase or decrease of the population.
Immigration
People moving to the Netherlands from another country.
Emigration including administrative c...
People leaving for another country, excluding net administrative corrections.

For the period 1940-1945 including deaths among approximately 104 thousand deported Jews and 39 thousand deported political prisoners, employees and soldiers of the German military.

Net migration
The number of people moving in minus the number of people moving out.
The figures are excluding net administrative corrections.
Migration
A move between two geographic entities resulting in a change of municipality or country.

Break in series of late reports
Up to 2010 reports of events in a certain year received at Statistics Netherlands after 15 February of the following year - the so-called late reports - were ignored. As a result of an improvement in the production method, late reports received in the year of publication will be included in the figures for the year of publication.
Persons moved within municipalities
A person moving from one address in a municipality to another address in the same municipality.
External migration
People moving to the Netherlands from another country (immigration) or People leaving for another country (emigration).

Break in series external migration
As a result of an improved production process, a small shift has occurred in the figures on external migration.
From 2010 the following changes have been implemented.
- previously missed reports are now included;
- administrative entries preceding emigration are now considered as immigration
- administrative removals followed by immigration are now considered as emigration

By nationality
External migration by nationality.

Nationality
Being the legal subject of a particular nation (citizenship).
All residents who do not (also) have the Dutch nationality are considered foreigners excluding those employed in a number of foreign or international organizations, diplomats and persons belonging to the NATO military.

NATO:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Immigration
People moving to the Netherlands from another country.

In order to be counted as immigrants, these persons must be registered in the municipal population registers.
Up to and including September 1994: with the exception of a number of special cases, a person with the Dutch nationality was registered if they expected to stay in the Netherlands for longer than 30 days and for a person with a non-Dutch nationality if the expected duration of stay was more then 180 days.
From October 1994: people are registered if they expect to stay in the Netherlands for at least four months.

Total immigration
Dutch
Immigration of persons with the Dutch nationality.
Total non-Dutch
Immigration of persons with non-Dutch nationalities (including nationality unknown).

Non-Dutch:
Everyone who does not posses the Dutch nationality and is not to be treated as a Dutch citizen on the basis of a legal clause.
All residents who do not (also) have the Dutch nationality are considered foreigners excluding those employed in a number of foreign or international organizations, diplomats and persons belonging to the NATO military.

NATO:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
European Union (excluding Dutch)
Immigration of persons with a nationality of an European Union member state (excluding The Netherlands).

European Union
Cooperation of European states, established under this name by the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, but with predecessors in the 1950s, aimed at achieving common goals in the political, economic and legal field. An important goal is the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the partnership In many areas, Member States have delegated powers to the partnership, and there are areas where Member States' right to self-determination is maintained and decisions can only be taken by unanimity.

Composition of the European Union (excluding the Netherlands):
From 1-1-1958: Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy and Luxembourg.
Joined 1-1 January 1973: Denmark, Ireland and United Kingdom.
Joined 1-1-1981: Greece.
Joined 1-1 January86: Portugal and Spain.
Joined 1-1-1995: Austria, Finland and Sweden.
Joined 1-5-05: Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and the Czech Republic.
Joined 1-1 January 2007: Bulgaria, Romania.
Joined 1-7-2013: Croatia.
Leaving on January 31, 2020: United Kingdom.
Moroccan
Immigration of persons with a Moroccan nationality.
Turkish
Immigration of persons with a Turkish nationality.