Population, households and population dynamics; from 1899

Population, households and population dynamics; from 1899

Periods Population on 1 January Population by sex Total population (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age Total population (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age Younger than 20 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 20 to 44 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 45 to 64 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 65 to 79 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 80 years or older (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Demographic pressure Green pressure (%) Population on 1 January Demographic pressure Grey pressure (%) Population on 1 January Population by nationality Total foreign nationalities (x 1,000) Private Households Total private households (x 1,000) Private Households Average householdsize (number) Population growth Live born children (x 1,000) Population growth Deaths (x 1,000) Population growth Natural increase (x 1,000) Population growth Immigration (x 1,000) Population growth Emigration including administrative c... (x 1,000) Population growth Total growth (x 1,000) Population growth Total growth (relative) (per 100 inhabitants on 1 January) Marriages Marriages (x 1,000) Marriages Marriages per 1,000 inhabitants (per 1,000 inhabintants) Marriage dissolutions Marriage dissolutions (x 1,000) Marriage dissolutions Marriage dissolutions per 1,000 inhab... (per 1,000 inhabitants) Marriage dissolutions By divorce Divorces, relative (per 1,000 married couples) Change of nationality Naturalization (x 1,000) Change of nationality Naturalizations, relative (per 1,000 non-Dutch nationals)
1900 5,104 5,104 2,264 1,732 802 272 35 89.3 12.1 53.0 . . 163 92 71 28 25 75 1.5 39 7.7 25.4 4.9 0.7 . .
1950 10,027 10,027 3,742 3,597 1,916 671 100 67.9 14.0 . . . 230 76 154 71 51 174 1.7 83 8.2 39.7 3.9 3.0 3 .
2000 15,864 15,864 3,873 5,976 3,863 1,652 500 39.4 21.9 651.5 6,801 2.30 207 141 66 133 79 123 0.8 88 5.5 93.6 5.9 9.8 46 69.6
2017 17,082 17,082 3,817 5,281 4,824 2,395 764 37.8 31.3 972.3 7,794 2.16 170 150 20 235 154 100 0.6 64 3.8 91.7 5.4 9.7 20 19.5
2018 17,181 17,181 3,811 5,291 4,840 2,460 779 37.6 32.0 1,040.8 7,858 2.15 169 153 15 244 157 101 0.6 64 3.7 91.1 5.3 9.2 21 19.2
2019 17,282 17,282 3,792 5,335 4,841 2,515 799 37.3 32.6 1,110.9 7,925 2.15
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


The most important key figures about population, households, birth, mortality, changes of residence, marriages, marriage dissolutions and change of nationality of the Dutch population.

Data available from: 1899

Status of the figures:
All data in this publication are final data.

Changes as of 9 april 2021:
The figures for the period 1987 to 1994 with regard to 'Emigration including the balance of the administrative corrections' have been corrected. The correction is due to duplications present in some of our source files. The differences are minimal.
The figures for 1997 with regard to Emigration, including the balance of the administrative corrections for persons with nationality 'European Union (excluding the Netherlands)', and persons with country of birth 'European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' have been corrected. The correction is due to a calculation error.
The topics 'Live born children, relative' and 'Sex ratio' have switched places.

Changes as of 24 March 2020:
The table has been revised.
The following changes have been made:

Population on January 1:
- The number of 'Women' in 2012 has been corrected.
- The figures for 'Migration background Suriname' and 'Migration background (former) Netherlands Antilles' have been changed for 1971 up to and including 1994. The changes are the result of a method change in the past, which was not reflected in the table at the time. The figures now match all other sections of StatLine.

Population development:
'Emigration' has been changed to 'Emigration including administrative corrections', 'Migration balance' has been changed to 'Migration balance including administrative corrections'. Figures on emigration, including the balance of administrative corrections, provide a better picture of actual emigration than figures on emigration excluding these corrections. Due to the change, the figures for 1977 up to and including 2016 have changed.

Live born children:
The 2015 figures for 'Live born children from mothers aged 25 to 29, relative' and 'Live born children from mothers aged 30 or older, relative' have been adjusted.

Mortality:
- The figures for 'Life expectancy at birth: men' and 'Life expectancy at birth: women' for 1950 up to and including 1962, 1972, 1982, 1991, 1999, 2009 and 2011 have been corrected.
- The figures for 'Mortality <1 year after birth, relative' for 1994 and 2011 have been corrected.
- The figure for 'Mortality <1 year after birth, relative' for 2011 has been corrected.
- The figures for 'Deceased by cause of death' have been removed from the table. (For more information: 3. LINKS TO RELEVANT TABLES AND ARTICLES).

Foreign migration by nationality:
- Various topics related to 'Emigration including administrative corrections' have been added.
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1993 and 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 2004 and 2013.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Dutch' has been corrected for 1995 and 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Total non-Dutch' has been corrected for 1995 and 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union' has been adjusted for 2004, 2005 and 2013.

Foreign migration by country of birth:
- Various topics related to 'Emigration including administrative corrections' have been added.
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1993 and 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1987 up to and including 1990 and for 2004.
- 'Immigration, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2012.
- 'Immigration, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1989, 1999 and 2004.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Indonesia' has been corrected for 1994.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 1997.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 1997.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Specific emigration areas' has been corrected for 1995.

Foreign migration by country of origin / destination:
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 2004.
- 'Immigration, Indonesia, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2007 and 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Immigration, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Immigration, Indonesia' has been corrected for 2013.
- 'Immigration, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1998 and 2004.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Indonesia, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Suriname and Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Turkey' has been corrected for 2012.

The corrections are the result of manual actions. The differences concern rounding differences and are minimal. The adjustments with regard to the European Union are generally the result of a changed calculation method.

When will the new figures be published?
The figures for the population development in 2019 and the population on 1 January 2020 will be published in the first quarter of 2021.

Description topics

Population on 1 January
Population:
The total number of people residing in a given area.
In the population statistics compiled by Statistics Netherlands the inhabitants of a given area are the people registered in the population register, whose address is located in that area.
Population by sex
Data concerning the years 1900, 1910, 1921 and 1931 are based on the results of the censuses held on 31 December 1899, 1909, 1921 and 1930.
Total population
Population by age
Data concerning the years 1900, 1910, 1921 and 1931 are based on the results of the censuses held on 31 December 1899, 1909, 1921 and 1930.

Age:
Age on 1 January of the year of observation.
The number of whole years that have passed between someone's date of birth and 1 January of the reference year, calculated as the reference year minus 1, minus the year of birth.
Total population
Younger than 20 years
Persons younger than 20 years.
20 to 44 years
Persons of 20 to 44 years.
45 to 64 years
Persons of 45 to 64 years.
65 to 79 years
Persons of 65 to 79 years.
80 years or older
Persons of 80 years or over.
Demographic pressure
Data concerning the years 1900, 1910, 1921 and 1931 are based on the results of the censuses held on 31 December 1899, 1909, 1921 and 1930.

Demographic pressure:
The sum of the number of people aged between 0 and 20 and people aged 65 and over, in relation to people aged 20 to 64.
Green pressure
The ratio between the number of people aged 0 to 19 and the number of people aged 20 to 64.
Grey pressure
The ratio between the number of people aged 65 or over and the number of people aged 20 to 64.
Population by nationality
Nationality:
Being the legal subject of a particular nation (citizenship).
The category non-Dutch subjects includes persons who neither have the Dutch nationality nor a double nationality of which one is Dutch.
Diplomats and persons belonging to the NATO military, for instance, do not fall into this category.
Data on 1900, 1910, 1921 and 1931 are based on the results of the censuses held on 31 December 1899, 1909, 1920 and 1930. Population data on 1947 are based on the census of 31 May 1947. Data on the period 1969-1972 are partly estimates and data on the periods 1956-1968 and 1973-1975 are provided by the Ministry of Justice.
Total foreign nationalities
Total persons with a foreign nationality residing in the Netherlands.
Private Households
A collection of one or more people sharing the same living space, who provide their own everyday needs in a private, non-commercial way.
For 1960-1987 the figures refer to the situation on 31 December, for 1988-1994 to the midyear situation, from 1995 onwards to the situation on 1 January.

Break in series households
From 2011 onwards a new process has been used for the production of figures on household composition. This new method uses data from the municipal population register (GBA) and tax declarations of cohabiting couples. Although the results based on the new production method are in line with previous results, small shifts have occurred in the number of households by composition in 2011. The largest shift is in the number of 'Other households', that is now smaller. The number of persons in institutional households on 1 January 2011 is 12,000 higher than on 1 January 2010. About half of this increase was the result of improvements in the survey method.
Total private households
Average householdsize
Average number of people in a private household.
Population growth
The increase or decrease of the population.
Live born children
Live born child:
A baby showing some sign of life after birth, regardless of the duration of pregnancy.

For the period 1900-1924 excluding children born alive who died before the birth was registered.
Deaths
Death:
Person declared dead by an authorized doctor.

For the period 1900-1924 excluding children born alive who died before the birth was registered.
For the period 1940-1945 excluding deaths among approximately 104 thousand deported Jews and 39 thousand deported political prisoners, employees and soldiers of the German military.
Natural increase
The number of live births minus the number of deaths within a given period.
Immigration
People moving to the Netherlands from another country.
Emigration including administrative c...
People leaving for another country, excluding net administrative corrections.

For the period 1940-1945 including deaths among approximately 104 thousand deported Jews and 39 thousand deported political prisoners, employees and soldiers of the German military.

Total growth
Population growth:
The increase or decrease of the population.

In the years 1920 and 1930 excluding corrections (- 61 thousand and -17 thousand respectively) based on the censuses on 31 December. These numbers can be considered as the balance of non-registered foreign migration since the preceding census.
For the period 1946-1948, including corrections due to revision of the population registers after the second world war and the results of the census of 31 May 1947.
For 1949 including the absorption of 10 thousand persons due to border adjustments with Germany on 23 April.
For 1958 including 18 thousand Moluccans entered into the municipal population registers during the last two months of 1958.
For 1960 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 31 May 1960.
For 1963 after deduction of 10 thousand persons who became German subjects as a result of the border treaty between the Netherlands and Germany.
For 1971 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 28 February 1971.
Total growth (relative)
Total population growth per 100 inhabitants on 1 January.
Including administrative corrections and other corrections.

Population growth:
The increase or decrease of the population.

In the years 1920 and 1930 excluding corrections (- 61 thousand and -17 thousand respectively) based on the censuses on 31 December. These numbers can be considered as the balance of non-registered foreign migration since the preceding census.
For the period 1946-1948, including corrections due to revision of the population registers after the second world war and the results of the census of 31 May 1947.
For 1949 including the absorption of 10 thousand persons due to border adjustments with Germany on 23 April.
For 1958 including 18 thousand Moluccans entered into the municipal population registers during the last two months of 1958.
For 1960 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 31 May 1960.
For 1963 after deduction of 10 thousand persons who became German subjects as a result of the border treaty between the Netherlands and Germany.
For 1971 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 28 February 1971.

Administrative correction:
All entries in and removals from the municipal population register for reasons other than birth, death, arrival, departure or municipal boundary change.

Other corrections:
Differences in the size and composition of the population between two consecutive years that cannot be explained by the changes in the population registers made by the municipalities during the year.
Marriages
Contracting a marriage.

Since April 1, 2001, marriage has also been open to same-sex couples.
To be allowed to enter into a marriage in the Netherlands, both partners must have reached the age of eighteen. However, under certain circumstances, a marriage can be conctracted already during the minority. This can be done when both husbants-to-be are at least 16 years old and the bride is pregnant. It may also be desirable to enter into a marriage of minors outside the mentioned exceptional situations. The Minister of Justice can grant an exemption for important reasons.

Marriages counted
1900 to 1952: marriages contracted in the Netherlands including marriages contracted abroad but registered in the Netherlands, i.e. at the time of the marriage husband and/or wife belong to the Dutch population.
1953 to September 1994: all marriages contracted in the Netherlands, irrespective of registration in the Dutch municipal population registers.
From October 1994: the figures refer to married couples of which at least one partner is recorded in the municipal registers, irrespective of the country where the marriage was performed.

Break in series marriages and marrying people
As a result of an improved production process, a slight increase can be observed in the figures on marriages and marrying people from 2010 .
From 2010 onwards marriages taking place abroad in particular are measured more accurately.

Marriage:
Legal, formally sanctioned living arrangement between two people.

Registered partnership:
A marriage-like relationship between two people of the opposite or same sex, registered at the Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages.


Marriages
Marriages per 1,000 inhabitants
Marriages per 1,000 of the average number of inhabitants.
Marriage dissolutions
Ending a marriage through death or divorce.
Excluding endings of registered partnerships.

Death:
Person declared dead by an authorized doctor.

Divorce:
Dissolution of the marriage pronounced by a judge on the basis of legal grounds. The divorce comes into force once it has been recorded in the municipal population register.

Marriage:
Legal, formally sanctioned living arrangement between two people.

Registered partnership:
A marriage-like relationship between two people of the opposite or same sex, registered at the Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages.
Marriage dissolutions
Marriage dissolutions per 1,000 inhab...
Marriage dissolutions per 1,000 of the average number of inhabitants.
By divorce
Dissolution of the marriage pronounced by a judge on the basis of legal grounds.
Excluding endings of registered partnerships.

Until October 1994: sentences pronounced by a Dutch court entered into the municipal registers. In 1900 and 1901 this category only refers to marriages contracted in the Netherlands.
From October 1994: at least one of the partners is registered in a Dutch municipality.
Divorces, relative
Divorces per 1,000 of the average number of married men (=couples).
For the period 1900-1946, the calculation of the number of men was based on the censuses of 31 December 1899, 1909, 1920, 1930 and 31 May 1947.
Change of nationality
Change of someone's nationality (citizenship).

1946 to 1984 in accordance with the Act on nationality and residence ship.
1946 to 1976: only naturalisations;
From 1977: including change of nationality due to other agreements such as the agreement concerning assignment of nationality with Suriname and change of nationality as a consequence of marriage and adoption.

From 1985: in accordance with the Act on assignment of nationality.

Naturalization
Nationalizations by royal decree.

Naturalization:
Obtaining Dutch citizenship by granting independent or co-naturalization.
Naturalizations for the period 1946-1976 include persons living abroad;
From 1977 naturalizations only refer to Dutch residents.
Naturalizations, relative
Nationalizations by royal decree per 1,000 of the average number of non-Dutch nationals.

Naturalization:
Obtaining Dutch citizenship by granting independent or co-naturalization.
Naturalizations for the period 1946-1976 include persons living abroad;
From 1977 naturalizations only refer to Dutch residents.