Population, households and population dynamics; from 1899

Population, households and population dynamics; from 1899

Periods Population on 1 January Population by age Total population (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age Younger than 20 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 20 to 45 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 45 to 65 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 65 to 80 years (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by age 80 years or older (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Demographic pressure Green pressure (%) Population on 1 January Demographic pressure Grey pressure (%) Population on 1 January Population by marital status Total population (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by marital status Never married (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by marital status Married (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by marital status Widowed (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Population by marital status Divorced (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Persons with Surinamese background (x 1,000) Population on 1 January Persons with Antillean background (x 1,000) Private Households Total private households (x 1,000) Private Households One-person households Males and females (x 1,000) Private Households Multi-person households (x 1,000) Private Households Average householdsize (number) Population growth Live born children (x 1,000) Population growth Deaths (x 1,000) Population growth Natural increase (x 1,000) Population growth Immigration (x 1,000) Population growth Net migration (x 1,000) Population growth Total growth (x 1,000) Population growth Total growth (relative) (%)
1900 5,104 2,264 1,732 802 272 35 89.3 12.1 5,104 3,152 1,679 268 6 . . . . . . 163 92 71 28 3 75 1.5
1910 5,858 2,579 2,031 890 315 43 88.3 12.3 5,858 3,577 1,988 283 10 . . . . . . 169 80 89 35 0 87 1.5
1920 6,754 2,866 2,404 1,084 348 52 82.2 11.5 6,754 . . . . . . 1,579 154 1,425 4.28 193 82 111 42 -21 34 0.5
1930 7,825 3,153 2,862 1,333 418 59 75.2 11.4 7,825 . . . . . . 1,958 219 1,739 4.00 182 72 111 67 10 103 1.3
1940 8,834 3,316 3,303 1,602 538 75 67.6 12.5 8,834 . . . . . . . . . . 185 88 97 20 -7 89 1.0
1950 10,027 3,742 3,597 1,916 671 100 67.9 14.0 10,027 5,284 4,232 436 75 . . . . . . 230 76 154 71 20 174 1.7
1960 11,417 4,331 3,756 2,311 864 154 71.4 16.8 11,417 5,731 5,103 495 88 . . 3,171 387 2,784 3.56 239 88 151 45 -13 139 1.2
1970 12,958 4,658 4,400 2,589 1,089 222 66.6 18.8 12,958 6,104 6,122 617 115 . . 3,986 679 3,307 3.21 239 110 129 91 33 162 1.2
1980 14,091 4,432 5,247 2,797 1,303 312 55.1 20.1 14,091 6,191 6,835 751 314 157.1 40.7 5,006 1,085 3,921 2.78 181 114 67 113 51 118 0.8
1990 14,893 3,822 6,088 3,077 1,478 428 41.7 20.8 14,893 6,465 6,957 854 617 232.8 76.6 6,061 1,813 4,249 2.42 198 129 69 117 48 118 0.8
2000 15,864 3,873 5,976 3,863 1,652 500 39.4 21.9 15,864 7,049 7,071 882 862 302.5 107.2 6,801 2,272 4,529 2.30 207 141 66 133 54 123 0.8
2010 16,575 3,928 5,490 4,619 1,890 648 38.9 25.1 16,575 7,702 6,875 867 1,131 342.3 138.4 7,386 2,670 4,717 2.22 184 136 48 154 33 81 0.5
2017 17,082 3,817 5,281 4,824 2,395 764 37.8 31.3 17,082 8,201 6,718 860 1,302 350.0 153.5 7,794 2,961 4,833 2.16 170 150 20 235 81 100 0.6
2018 17,181 3,811 5,291 4,840 2,460 779 37.6 32.0 17,181 8,288 6,710 859 1,325 351.7 157.1 7,858 2,998 4,860 2.15 169 153 15 244 86 101 0.6
2019 17,282 3,792 5,335 4,841 2,515 799 37.3 32.6 17,282 8,374 6,707 858 1,343 353.9 161.3 7,925 3,038 4,887 2.15
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


The most important key figures about population, households, birth, mortality, changes of residence, marriages, marriage dissolutions and change of nationality of the Dutch population.

Data available from: 1899

Status of the figures:
All data in this publication are final data.

Changes as of 24 March 2020:
The table has been revised.
The following changes have been made:

Population on January 1:
- The number of 'Women' in 2012 has been corrected.
- The figures for 'Migration background Suriname' and 'Migration background (former) Netherlands Antilles' have been changed for 1971 up to and including 1994. The changes are the result of a method change in the past, which was not reflected in the table at the time. The figures now match all other sections of StatLine.

Population development:
'Emigration' has been changed to 'Emigration including administrative corrections', 'Migration balance' has been changed to 'Migration balance including administrative corrections'. Figures on emigration, including the balance of administrative corrections, provide a better picture of actual emigration than figures on emigration excluding these corrections. Due to the change, the figures for 1977 up to and including 2016 have changed.

Live born children:
The 2015 figures for 'Live born children from mothers aged 25 to 29, relative' and 'Live born children from mothers aged 30 or older, relative' have been adjusted.

Mortality:
- The figures for 'Life expectancy at birth: men' and 'Life expectancy at birth: women' for 1950 up to and including 1962, 1972, 1982, 1991, 1999, 2009 and 2011 have been corrected.
- The figures for 'Mortality <1 year after birth, relative' for 1994 and 2011 have been corrected.
- The figure for 'Mortality <1 year after birth, relative' for 2011 has been corrected.
- The figures for 'Deceased by cause of death' have been removed from the table. (For more information: 3. LINKS TO RELEVANT TABLES AND ARTICLES).

Foreign migration by nationality:
- Various topics related to 'Emigration including administrative corrections' have been added.
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1993 and 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 2004 and 2013.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Dutch' has been corrected for 1995 and 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Total non-Dutch' has been corrected for 1995 and 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union' has been adjusted for 2004, 2005 and 2013.

Foreign migration by country of birth:
- Various topics related to 'Emigration including administrative corrections' have been added.
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1993 and 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1987 up to and including 1990 and for 2004.
- 'Immigration, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2012.
- 'Immigration, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2012.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1989, 1999 and 2004.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Indonesia' has been corrected for 1994.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 1997.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 1997.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Specific emigration areas' has been corrected for 1995.

Foreign migration by country of origin / destination:
- 'Total immigration' has been corrected for 1996.
- 'Immigration, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 2004.
- 'Immigration, Indonesia, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2007 and 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Immigration, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Immigration, Indonesia' has been corrected for 2013.
- 'Immigration, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, European Union (excluding the Netherlands)' has been adjusted for 1998 and 2004.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Indonesia, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Suriname and Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Netherlands Antilles' has been corrected for 2010 up to and including 2016.
- 'Emigration excluding administrative corrections, Turkey' has been corrected for 2012.

The corrections are the result of manual actions. The differences concern rounding differences and are minimal. The adjustments with regard to the European Union are generally the result of a changed calculation method.

When will the new figures be published?
The figures for the population development in 2019 and the population on 1 January 2020 will be published in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Description topics

Population on 1 January
Population:
The total number of people residing in a given area.
In the population statistics compiled by Statistics Netherlands the inhabitants of a given area are the people registered in the population register, whose address is located in that area.
Population by age
Data concerning the years 1900, 1910, 1921 and 1931 are based on the results of the censuses held on 31 December 1899, 1909, 1921 and 1930.

Age:
Age on 1 January of the year of observation.
The number of whole years that have passed between someone's date of birth and 1 January of the reference year, calculated as the reference year minus 1, minus the year of birth.
Total population
Younger than 20 years
Persons younger than 20 years.
20 to 45 years
Persons of 20 to 45 years.
45 to 65 years
Persons of 45 to 65 years.
65 to 80 years
Persons of 65 to 80 years.
80 years or older
Persons of 80 years or over.
Demographic pressure
Data concerning the years 1900, 1910, 1921 and 1931 are based on the results of the censuses held on 31 December 1899, 1909, 1921 and 1930.

Demographic pressure:
The sum of the number of people aged between 0 and 20 and people aged 65 and over, in relation to people aged 20 to 65.
Green pressure
The ratio between the number of people aged 0 to 20 and the number of people aged 20 to 65.
Grey pressure
The ratio between the number of people aged 65 or over and the number of people aged 20 to 65.
Population by marital status
Data concerning the years 1900, 1910, 1921 and 1931 are based on the results of the censuses held on 31 December 1899, 1909, 1921 and 1930.

Break in series marital status
From 2010 onwards a small shift has occurred between a number of marital statuses (fewer never married and more divorced and widowed respectively). Because information on some marital statuses was lacking for the period 1998 to 2010 in data used by Statistics Netherlands, 'divorced after partnership' and 'widowed after partnership' were not included in these statistics for this period. For these statistics, the marital status before the partnership was used instead, which was mostly 'never married'. From 2010 all marital statuses are available.

Marital status:
Legal status involving someone's rights and competences as determined by legal marriage and registered partnership.

Marriage:
Legal, formally sanctioned living arrangement between two people. Since 1 April 2001, it is legally possible for people in the Netherlands to marry a person of the same sex.

Registered partnership:
A marriage-like relationship between two people of the opposite or same sex, registered at the Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages.
Registered partnership was introduced in The Netherlands on 1 January 1998.
Total population
Never married
From 2010: marital status indicating that someone was never married or never in a registered partnership.
1998 until 2010: marital status indicating that someone was never married or never in a registered partnership.
Because information was lacking on some marital statuses in the period 1998 to 2010 in data used by Statistics Netherlands, 'widowed after partnership' and 'divorces after partnership' were not included in this period in these statistics. For these statistics this means that the marital status before the partnership was used, which was mostly unmarried.
Until 1998: marital status indicating that someone was never married.
Married
From 1998: legally married and partnership.
Until 1998: legally married.

Legally married:
Marital status resulting from having married legally. Including judicial separations which are included in the category married.

Partnership:
Marital status resulting from entering into a registered partnership.
Widowed
From 2010: widowed after a legal marriage and widowed after a partnership.
Until 2010: widowed after a legal marriage.
Because information was lacking on some marital statuses in the period 1998 to 2010 in data used by Statistics Netherlands, widowed after a partnership is not included in this period in these statistics.

Widowed after a legal marriage:
Marital status resulting from death ending a legal marriage.

Widowed after a partnership:
Marital status resulting from death ending a registered partnership.
Divorced
From 2010: divorced after legal marriage and divorced after partnership.
Until 2010: divorced after legal marriage.
Because information was lacking on some marital statuses in the period 1998 to 2010 in data used by Statistics Netherlands, divorced after partnership is not included in this period in these statistics.

Divorced after a legal marriage
Marital status resulting from ending a legal marriage by divorce.
Excluding judicial separations which are included in the category married.

Divorced after a partnership
Marital status resulting from ending a registered partnership other than by the death of the partner.
Persons with Surinamese background
Someone with a Surinamese background:
Until 1995: a person born in Suriname or the child of a mother who is born in Suriname. Part of the data are estimates.
From 1995: a person of whom at least one parent was born in Suriname.

The country with which a person has the closest ties, based on his/her parents' country of birth or his/her own country of birth.
The migration background of a person with a first-generation migration background is defined as his or her country of birth.
The migration background of a person with a second-generation migration background is defined as his or her mother's country of birth, unless the mother's country of birth is the Netherlands. In that case, the migration background is defined as the father's country of birth.


Persons with Antillean background
Someone with an Antillean background:
Until 1995: a person born in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba, or the child of a mother who is born in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba. Part of the data are estimates.
From 1995: a person of whom at least one parent was born in the Netherlands Antilles or Aruba.

The country with which a person has the closest ties, based on his/her parents' country of birth or his/her own country of birth.
The migration background of a person with a first-generation migration background is defined as his or her country of birth.
The migration background of a person with a second-generation migration background is defined as his or her mother's country of birth, unless the mother's country of birth is the Netherlands. In that case, the migration background is defined as the father's country of birth.

Private Households
A collection of one or more people sharing the same living space, who provide their own everyday needs in a private, non-commercial way.
For 1960-1987 the figures refer to the situation on 31 December, for 1988-1994 to the midyear situation, from 1995 onwards to the situation on 1 January.

Break in series households
From 2011 onwards a new process has been used for the production of figures on household composition. This new method uses data from the municipal population register (GBA) and tax declarations of cohabiting couples. Although the results based on the new production method are in line with previous results, small shifts have occurred in the number of households by composition in 2011. The largest shift is in the number of 'Other households', that is now smaller. The number of persons in institutional households on 1 January 2011 is 12,000 higher than on 1 January 2010. About half of this increase was the result of improvements in the survey method.
Total private households
One-person households
Private household consisting of one person.
Males and females
Multi-person households
A private household consisting of two or more people.
Average householdsize
Average number of people in a private household.
Population growth
The increase or decrease of the population.
Live born children
Live born child:
A baby showing some sign of life after birth, regardless of the duration of pregnancy.

For the period 1900-1924 excluding children born alive who died before the birth was registered.
Deaths
Death:
Person declared dead by an authorized doctor.

For the period 1900-1924 excluding children born alive who died before the birth was registered.
For the period 1940-1945 excluding deaths among approximately 104 thousand deported Jews and 39 thousand deported political prisoners, employees and soldiers of the German military.
Natural increase
The number of live births minus the number of deaths within a given period.
Immigration
People moving to the Netherlands from another country.
Net migration
The number of people moving in minus the number of people moving out.
The figures are excluding net administrative corrections.
Total growth
Population growth:
The increase or decrease of the population.

In the years 1920 and 1930 excluding corrections (- 61 thousand and -17 thousand respectively) based on the censuses on 31 December. These numbers can be considered as the balance of non-registered foreign migration since the preceding census.
For the period 1946-1948, including corrections due to revision of the population registers after the second world war and the results of the census of 31 May 1947.
For 1949 including the absorption of 10 thousand persons due to border adjustments with Germany on 23 April.
For 1958 including 18 thousand Moluccans entered into the municipal population registers during the last two months of 1958.
For 1960 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 31 May 1960.
For 1963 after deduction of 10 thousand persons who became German subjects as a result of the border treaty between the Netherlands and Germany.
For 1971 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 28 February 1971.
Total growth (relative)
Total population growth per 100 inhabitants on 1 January.

Population growth:
The increase or decrease of the population.

In the years 1920 and 1930 excluding corrections (- 61 thousand and -17 thousand respectively) based on the censuses on 31 December. These numbers can be considered as the balance of non-registered foreign migration since the preceding census.
For the period 1946-1948, including corrections due to revision of the population registers after the second world war and the results of the census of 31 May 1947.
For 1949 including the absorption of 10 thousand persons due to border adjustments with Germany on 23 April.
For 1958 including 18 thousand Moluccans entered into the municipal population registers during the last two months of 1958.
For 1960 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 31 May 1960.
For 1963 after deduction of 10 thousand persons who became German subjects as a result of the border treaty between the Netherlands and Germany.
For 1971 including corrections based on verification of the registers of the census of 28 February 1971.