Energy balance sheet; key figures, 1946-2016

Energy balance sheet; key figures, 1946-2016

Energy commodities Periods Energy supply Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) (PJ) Energy supply Indigenous production (PJ) Energy supply Imports (PJ) Energy supply Exports (PJ) Energy supply Net imports (PJ) Energy supply Bunkers (PJ) Energy supply Stock change (PJ) Net energy consumption (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation input Total energy transformation input (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation input Electricity and CHP transformation input (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation input Other transformation input (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Total energy transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Electricity/CHP transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Energy transformation output Other transformation output (PJ) Energy transformation Net energy transformation Total net energy transformation (PJ) Energy transformation Net energy transformation Net electricity/CHP transformation (PJ) Energy transformation Net energy transformation Net other transformation (PJ) Energy sector own use (PJ) Distribution losses (PJ) Total final consumption (TFC) Total final consumption (PJ) Total final consumption (TFC) Final energy consumption (PJ) Total final consumption (TFC) Non-energy use (PJ) Statistical differences (PJ)
Total energy commodities 2016 3,141 1,811 11,311 9,578 1,732 685 283 3,131 4,845 1,015 3,830 4,321 598 3,723 524 417 107 181 24 2,402 1,835 567 11
Total coal and coal products 2016 428 1,457 1,068 390 39 428 510 331 180 112 112 399 331 68 8 21 21 0
Total crude and petroleum products 2016 1,208 77 8,494 6,724 1,770 685 47 1,217 3,630 16 3,614 3,587 3,587 43 16 28 94 1,080 595 485 -8
Natural gas 2016 1,264 1,511 1,254 1,699 -445 0 198 1,243 476 456 20 9 9 467 456 11 42 1 732 651 82 21
Renewable energy 2016 145 149 12 17 -5 0 145 123 109 14 123 109 14 0 22 22 0
Nuclear energy 2016 38 38 38 38 38 38 38
Energy from other sources 2016 40 36 6 1 5 40 36 35 2 36 35 2 4 4
Electricity 2016 18 87 70 18 20 16 15 1 415 415 -399 -400 1 22 19 377 377 -2
Heat 2016 15 15 0 199 183 16 -184 -168 -16 16 4 165 165 0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table shows the supply, transformation and the consumption of energy in a balance sheet. Energy is released - among other things - during the combustion of for example natural gas, petroleum, hard coal and biofuels. Energy can also be obtained from electricity or heat, or extracted from natural resources, e.g. wind or solar energy. In energy statistics all these sources of energy are known as energy commodities.

The supply side of the balance sheet includes indigenous production of energy, net imports and exports and net stock changes. This is mentioned primary energy supply, because this is the amount of energy available for transformation or consumption in the country.

For energy transformation, the table gives figures on the transformation input (amount of energy used to make other energy commodities), the transformation output (amount of energy made from other energy commodities) and net energy transformation. The latter is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.

Then the energy balance sheet shows the final consumption of energy. This is the energy consumers utilize for energy purposes. The last form of energy use is non-energy use. This is the use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy.

Data available:
From 1946 (annual) and from 1995 up to and including 2016 (annual and quarterly).

Status of the figures:
All figures up to 2014 are definite. Figures of 2015 and 2016 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 22 December 2017:
None, this table has been stopped. For more information see section 3.

Changes as of 30 June 2017:
Revised provisional figures of 2016 have been added.

As of the reporting year 2016, there are two trend breaks in the Energy balance sheet. These are related to improved convergence with international conventions.
1. Shifting of the electricity supply to the sector electricity and gas supply. Up to and including 2015, the electricity supplied to the sector electricity and gas supply was included as electricity and CHP transformation input for production of electricity. As of 2016, this electricity supply is included in energy sector own use. This amounted to approximately 2 PJ for 2016.
2. Shifting of input of blast furnace gas and coke oven gas to coke-oven plants.
Cokes-oven plants use blast furnace gas and coke oven gas to produce process heat. Up to and including 2015, these were included in other transformation input. As of 2016, these are included in coke-oven plants own use. These amounted to approximately 8 PJ in coal gas for 2016.

Changes as of 12 October 2016:
Figures of 1990-1994 have been revised.

The data of the energy balance sheet for the period 1990 up to and including 1994 have been revised. This revision is a follow up of the revision of last year for the reporting years 1995 up to and including 2013. The most important reasons for the this revision were a break in the time series for the non-energy use, the possibility to use data of the client files of the grid operators for determination of the final consumption of natural gas and electricity and the availability of new information on the use fuels for transport and mobile machines. Furthermore own use of energy companies is now reported separately and not included any more in final consumption. Finally, a couple of minor modifications have been applied, for example correction for discovered errors and adjustments due to availability of new information.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable.

Description topics

Energy supply
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands.
Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES)
The amount of energy primarily available for consumption in the Netherlands (imports plus indigenous production and withdrawal from stocks) minus the amount which is not available for consumption (exports and bunkers).
Indigenous production
Extraction of energy commodities from nature.

Fossil energy commodities - coal, crude oil and natural gas - are extracted from the earth. Renewable commodities include wind energy and biomass. Other energy commodities include, for example, nuclear energy and energy from waste.
Imports
Imports of energy commodities.
Exports
Exports of energy commodities.
Net imports
Imports minus exports.
Bunkers
Delivery of fuels for international shipping and aviation, i.e. ships and aircraft departing from Dutch (air)ports and arriving in foreign (air)ports. In the energy balance sheet bunkers are considered as a form of export and are not included in energy available for consumption in the Netherlands. Bunkers by sector are not known.
Stock change
Changes in stock are calculated as opening stock minus closing stock, in accordance with international energy statistics guidelines. A positive figure means that stocks have decreased, and the supply of energy has thus increased. A negative figure means the opposite: an increase in stocks and a decrease in consumption.
Net energy consumption
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands. Energy can be used:
- for transformation into other energy commodities, this is minus the energy produced, otherwise this energy would be counted double.
- as final consumption.

Net energy consumption =

Total net energy transformation + total own use energy sector + distribution losses + total final consumption
Energy transformation
Transformation of one energy commodity into another. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.
Energy transformation input
Total energy transformation input
The amount of energy used to produce other energy commodities. This may be a transformation from a fuel into heat or power. It may also be a physical processing of one fuel into another, like the transformation of crude oil into motor gasoline.

Total energy transformation input is the sum of:
- Electricity and CHP transformation input
- Other transformation input.
Electricity and CHP transformation input
The amount of energy used for the production of
- electricity only,
- electricity and useful heat, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat is in the form of steam or warm water.
Other transformation input
The amount of energy used for the production of:
- fuel from another fuel, e.g. use of crude oil as feedstock for the production of petroleum products, like motor gasoline.
- heat only, i.e. at companies supplying heat to another company. Heat has the form of steam or warm w
Energy transformation output
Total energy transformation output
The amount of energy transformed from another energy commodity. This may be heat or power made from another fuel. It may also be the production of a fuel by a physical processing of another fuel, e.g. production of motor gasoline from crude oil.

Total energy transformation output is the sum of:
- Electricity/CHP transformation output
- Other transformation output
Electricity/CHP transformation output
The production of heat and power through electricity and CHP transformation.
Includes production of:
- electricity only
- electricity and useful heat combined, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Other transformation output
The production of energy from other transformations.
Includes:
- coal and oil products made from other fuels, e.g. production of petroleum products like motor gasoline from crude oil.
- heat of companies supplying heat to another company. Heat has the form of steam or warm water.
Excludes heat from CHP.
Net energy transformation
Total net energy transformation
The difference between transformation input and transformation output.

Total net energy transformation is the sum of:
- Net electricity/CHP transformation
- Net other transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Net electricity/CHP transformation
Input minus output of energy transformation into:
- electricity only,
- electricity and useful heat, also known as combined heat and power (CHP). Heat has the form of steam or warm water.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Net other transformation
Input minus output of energy transformation into:
- another fuel, e.g. production of coal and petroleum products.
- heat only, i.e. at companies supplying heat to another company. Excludes use for CHP transformation.

For primary energy commodities, like natural gas and coal, net transformation is always positive. For secondary energy commodities, like electricity or motor gasoline it is always negative. Obviously, the output for these commodities is higher than the input. For the total of energy commodities, this is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.
Energy sector own use
Own use of the energy sector in the Netherlands.
Distribution losses
Distribution losses of natural gas, electricity and heat.

For electricity includes losses in energy distribution, transmission and transport.
Total final consumption (TFC)
The amount of energy used by companies, households and transport in the Netherlands.
Total final consumption
Total final consumption is the sum of:
- Final energy consumption
- Non-energy use
Final energy consumption
Final consumption of energy. No useful energy commodity remains.

Examples are the combustion of natural gas in boilers, household electricity consumption and the consumption of motor fuels for transport.
Non-energy use
Use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy. The energy used for the production process remains in the product. E.g. use of oil for the production of plastics, or natural gas for fertilisers.
Statistical differences
The difference between the energy sypply and energy consumption of an energy commodity.

This difference arises because the figures on supply and consumption come from different sources
For many energy commodities, the difference is allocated to supply or consumption. Then this statistical difference is nil.