Energy balance sheet; key figures, 1946-2016


This table shows the supply, transformation and the consumption of energy in a balance sheet. Energy is released - among other things - during the combustion of for example natural gas, petroleum, hard coal and biofuels. Energy can also be obtained from electricity or heat, or extracted from natural resources, e.g. wind or solar energy. In energy statistics all these sources of energy are known as energy commodities.

The supply side of the balance sheet includes indigenous production of energy, net imports and exports and net stock changes. This is mentioned primary energy supply, because this is the amount of energy available for transformation or consumption in the country.

For energy transformation, the table gives figures on the transformation input (amount of energy used to make other energy commodities), the transformation output (amount of energy made from other energy commodities) and net energy transformation. The latter is the amount of energy lost during the transformation of energy commodities.

Then the energy balance sheet shows the final consumption of energy. This is the energy consumers utilize for energy purposes. The last form of energy use is non-energy use. This is the use of an energy commodity for a product that is not energy.

Data available:
From 1946 (annual) and from 1995 up to and including 2016 (annual and quarterly).

Status of the figures:
All figures up to 2014 are definite. Figures of 2015 and 2016 are revised provisional.

Changes as of 22 December 2017:
None, this table has been stopped. For more information see section 3.

Changes as of 30 June 2017:
Revised provisional figures of 2016 have been added.

As of the reporting year 2016, there are two trend breaks in the Energy balance sheet. These are related to improved convergence with international conventions.
1. Shifting of the electricity supply to the sector electricity and gas supply. Up to and including 2015, the electricity supplied to the sector electricity and gas supply was included as electricity and CHP transformation input for production of electricity. As of 2016, this electricity supply is included in energy sector own use. This amounted to approximately 2 PJ for 2016.
2. Shifting of input of blast furnace gas and coke oven gas to coke-oven plants.
Cokes-oven plants use blast furnace gas and coke oven gas to produce process heat. Up to and including 2015, these were included in other transformation input. As of 2016, these are included in coke-oven plants own use. These amounted to approximately 8 PJ in coal gas for 2016.

Changes as of 12 October 2016:
Figures of 1990-1994 have been revised.

The data of the energy balance sheet for the period 1990 up to and including 1994 have been revised. This revision is a follow up of the revision of last year for the reporting years 1995 up to and including 2013. The most important reasons for the this revision were a break in the time series for the non-energy use, the possibility to use data of the client files of the grid operators for determination of the final consumption of natural gas and electricity and the availability of new information on the use fuels for transport and mobile machines. Furthermore own use of energy companies is now reported separately and not included any more in final consumption. Finally, a couple of minor modifications have been applied, for example correction for discovered errors and adjustments due to availability of new information.

When will new figures be published?
Not applicable.

Energy balance sheet; key figures, 1946-2016

Energy commodities Periods Energy supplyTotal Primary Energy Supply (TPES) (PJ) Energy supplyIndigenous production (PJ) Energy supplyImports (PJ) Energy supplyExports (PJ) Energy supplyNet imports (PJ) Energy supplyBunkers (PJ) Energy supplyStock change (PJ) Net energy consumption (PJ) Energy transformationEnergy transformation inputTotal energy transformation input (PJ) Energy transformationEnergy transformation inputElectricity and CHP transformation input (PJ) Energy transformationEnergy transformation inputOther transformation input (PJ) Energy transformationEnergy transformation outputTotal energy transformation output (PJ) Energy transformationEnergy transformation outputElectricity/CHP transformation output (PJ) Energy transformationEnergy transformation outputOther transformation output (PJ) Energy transformationNet energy transformationTotal net energy transformation (PJ) Energy transformationNet energy transformationNet electricity/CHP transformation (PJ) Energy transformationNet energy transformationNet other transformation (PJ) Energy sector own use (PJ) Distribution losses (PJ) Total final consumption (TFC)Total final consumption (PJ) Total final consumption (TFC)Final energy consumption (PJ) Total final consumption (TFC)Non-energy use (PJ) Statistical differences (PJ)
Total energy commodities 2016 3,141 1,811 11,311 9,578 1,732 685 283 3,131 4,845 1,015 3,830 4,321 598 3,723 524 417 107 181 24 2,402 1,835 567 11
Total coal and coal products 2016 428 1,457 1,068 390 39 428 510 331 180 112 112 399 331 68 8 21 21 0
Total crude and petroleum products 2016 1,208 77 8,494 6,724 1,770 685 47 1,217 3,630 16 3,614 3,587 3,587 43 16 28 94 1,080 595 485 -8
Natural gas 2016 1,264 1,511 1,254 1,699 -445 0 198 1,243 476 456 20 9 9 467 456 11 42 1 732 651 82 21
Renewable energy 2016 145 149 12 17 -5 0 145 123 109 14 123 109 14 0 22 22 0
Nuclear energy 2016 38 38 38 38 38 38 38
Energy from other sources 2016 40 36 6 1 5 40 36 35 2 36 35 2 4 4
Electricity 2016 18 87 70 18 20 16 15 1 415 415 -399 -400 1 22 19 377 377 -2
Heat 2016 15 15 0 199 183 16 -184 -168 -16 16 4 165 165 0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols