COVID-19 impact on central government

How many companies benefit from the COVID-19 financial schemes?

Since the beginning of the coronavirus crisis, most companies (28.4 percent) with 2 or more employees have opted for the NOW-1 scheme (Temporary emergency scheme for job retention). Among the government's major financial support measures, the fixed costs schemes (TOGS, TVL-1, TVLQ4-2020) come in second, with 26 percent of companies as at 28 February 2021. At the request of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate (EZK), Statistics Netherlands periodically maps out participation in and financial support from these measures.

How many businesses have been granted deferral of payment by the Tax and Customs Administration?

From 1 April to 28 February, due to the coronavirus crisis, the Tax and Customs Administration granted nearly 317 thousand businesses three months' deferral of payment regarding income tax, health insurance law, corporation tax, wage tax and turnover tax (VAT). Over 26 thousand of the 66 thousand businesses with 10 to 250 employed persons applied for and were granted a deferral. Of businesses with 2 to 9 employed persons, 19 percent applied for and were granted a deferral; of businesses with 1 employed person, 10 percent.

How much increase is seen in government debt?

The coronavirus crisis has left a huge hole in the public finances of the Netherlands. In 2020, government debt increased by 40 billion euros to 435 billion euros. Government spending was 44 billion euros higher than one year previously. The increase in expenditure was largely caused by subsidies to companies and institutions, mainly due to the temporary emergency scheme for job retention (NOW). The government saw its revenues fall by 4 billion euros. Income from assets such as interest and dividends fell relatively sharply.

What are the characteristics of persons who receive benefits under the Tozo (Temporary bridging scheme for self-employed professionals)?

A large part of the people who received living allowances were between 45 and the pension entitlement age (52 percent) or were between 27 and 45 years old (41 percent). These are benefits in the context of Tozo (Temporary bridging scheme for self-employed professionals), of which a small part are registered as general benefits under the Assistance (Self-employed Persons) Decree (Bbz). Slightly more men than women received a living allowance; three-quarters were of Dutch origin and the vast majority belonged to a multi-person household (83 percent). Nearly half of the businesses of people on Tozo or Bbz benefits were classified under other services (16 percent), specialised business services (15 percent) and trade (13 percent). These figures are provisional and underestimate the actual numbers of Tozo and Bbz benefits, as figures from several large municipalities are missing.

How many benefits were granted to self-employed by municipalities as part of Tozo?

In the period March through May, municipalities provided more than 179 thousand benefits to self-employed to cover living expenses. A total of 305 million euros was paid. These were mainly benefits in the framework of the new Tozo measure. They have partly been registered under the general Social Assistance (Self-employed Persons) Decree (Bbz) as a result of rapid implementation of the measure. These figures are provisional and an underestimation the actual numbers of Tozo and Bbz payments, because several municipalities have provided advance payments that have not yet been included in the registrations.

What is the average COVID-19 reimbursement for childcare benefit recipients?

During the (partial) closure of childcare for 12 weeks in the spring of 2020, 570 thousand parents received over 1.3 thousand euros on average in childcare benefits. The remaining 28 percent was paid by the parents themselves, equivalent to an average contribution of 500 euros. Parents who continued paying this contribution receive a full reimbursement from central government.