COVID-19 impact on central government

How many companies benefit from the COVID-19 financial schemes?

Since the beginning of the coronavirus crisis, most companies (26 percent) with 2 to 250 employees have opted for the NOW-1 scheme (Temporary emergency scheme for job retention). The reimbursement for entrepreneurs in affected sectors (TOGS) comes in second, with 23 percent of companies as at 30 September 2020. At the request of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate (EZK), Statistics Netherlands periodically maps out participation in and financial support from these measures. 

How many businesses have been granted deferral of payment by the Tax and Customs Administration?

From 1 April to 12 June, due to the coronavirus crisis, the Tax and Customs Administration granted 128 thousand businesses three months' deferral of payment regarding income tax, health insurance law, corporation tax, wage tax and turnover tax (VAT). Nearly 21 thousand of the 66 thousand businesses with 10 to 250 employed persons applied for and were granted a deferral. Of businesses with 2 to 10 employed persons, 12 percent applied for and were granted a deferral; of businesses with 1 employed person, less than 5 percent.

What are the characteristics of persons who receive benefits under the Tozo (Temporary bridging scheme for self-employed professionals)?

A large part of the people who received living allowances were between 45 and the pension entitlement age (52 percent) or were between 27 and 45 years old (41 percent). These are benefits in the context of Tozo (Temporary bridging scheme for self-employed professionals), of which a small part are registered as general benefits under the Assistance (Self-employed Persons) Decree (Bbz). Slightly more men than women received a living allowance; three-quarters were of Dutch origin and the vast majority belonged to a multi-person household (83 percent). Nearly half of the businesses of people on Tozo or Bbz benefits were classified under other services (16 percent), specialised business services (15 percent) and trade (13 percent). These figures are provisional and underestimate the actual numbers of Tozo and Bbz benefits, as figures from several large municipalities are missing.

How many benefits were granted to self-employed by municipalities as part of Tozo?

In March, municipalities provided around 7,000 benefits to self-employed to cover living expenses. These were mainly benefits in the framework of the new Tozo measure. They have partly been registered under the general Social Assistance (Self-employed Persons) Decree (Bbz) as a result of rapid implementation of the measure. The April figure will undoubtedly turn out higher. According to estimates by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, approximately 343,000 applications were submitted up to and including 29 April.

How much increase is seen in government debt?

The debt of the central government increased in 2020; in September, it was 48 billion euros higher than at the beginning of this year. Government income fell mainly because companies will have to pay less corporate income tax over 2020 for the time being due to the coronavirus crisis. At the same time, expenditure by central government increased due to income support measures such as NOW and Tozo. In addition, the continued payment to health care providers and the additional costs of COVID-19 in health care led to increased subsidy costs. This is evident from the monthly financial figures of central government.

What is the average COVID-19 reimbursement for childcare benefit recipients?

During the (partial) closure of childcare for 12 weeks in the spring of 2020, 570 thousand parents received over 1.3 thousand euros on average in childcare benefits. The remaining 28 percent was paid by the parents themselves, equivalent to an average contribution of 500 euros. Parents who continued paying this contribution receive a full reimbursement from central government.