Structural changes in material flows, 1950-2020

Structural changes in material use, related to climate change, in the Netherlands since 1950 are presented and analysed.
Data is collected on resource use, economic growth, CO2 emissions and waste from the 1950s onwards. Indicators are derived on material consumption, cyclical material use rate, productivity and the urban mine. Structural changes in time are analysed and interpreted. Drivers behind changes of CO2 emission over time are investigated by an Index Decomposition Analysis. The drivers are related to policies on economy, climate change and circular economy. This research is supported by a EU action grant.