Juvenile rehabilitation is a combination of guidance and monitoring for young people from 12 years of age, who have been in trouble with the police or a school attendance officer before their 18th birthday and have been issued an official report. If personality traits of the perpetrator or the circumstances of the crime warrant this, for example mentally challenged young adults, juvenile criminal law may also be applied to young adults aged 18 to 22. The person involved receives tailored guidance from a juvenile rehabilitation worker to prevent him or her from reoffending. Juvenile rehabilitation can also be imposed by a juvenile judge or public prosecutor. Juvenile rehabilitation may also be initiated in the voluntary framework by the Dutch Child Care and Protection Board.