Crude oil imports from Russia nearly 14 percent lower in value since March
In the period March-December 2022, the Netherlands’ imported over 43 billion euros in crude oil. This is nearly 78 percent more than in the same period in 2021. A major factor in this increase are the higher prices of oil. The volume of Dutch crude oil imports fell by approximately 15 percent. The total value of crude oil imports from Russia in this period declined from 7.2 billion euros in 2021 to 6.2 billion euros in 2022, representing a drop of nearly 14 percent. The vast majority of Dutch oil imports come from Russia, the United States, the United Kingdom, Norway, Saudi Arabia and Nigeria. Imports from Saudi Arabia, Nigeria and the United States rose relatively rapidly.
As a result of these developments, Russia’s share in the crude oil imports fell from 29.3 percent in 2021 to 14.2 percent in 2022. In both 2021 and 2022, Russia therefore remained the major import partner for crude oil.
|Land||Development (y-o-y % change)|
Steadily decreasing crude oil imports from Russia
Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the European Union has imposed new sanctions on companies doing business with Russia. In 2022, European imports of mineral fuels from Russia were also increasingly restricted, partly due to a price cap on Russian oil and petroleum products. In turn, Russia significantly downsized its natural gas supplies to Europe.
Dutch crude oil imports from Russia were still increasing substantially up to March 2022 inclusive, but declined almost continuously after that. By December, the imports from Russia had virtually stopped altogether.
|Jaar||Maand||Import value (million euros)|
Price of Russian oil dropped relatively sharply as of March
The price of crude oil expressed in euros per barrel has increased considerably since early 2022. Especially since March 2022, just after the war in Ukraine broke out. However, as of March 2022, price movements of crude oil originating from Russia have shown a very different course compared with the price movements of crude oil from other countries. The Russian oil price had followed the average price paid by the Netherlands for crude oil until then.
As of March and particularly beween August and October, Russian oil was lower in price than the lowest reported price of oil from the five other major suppliers: Great Britain, the United States, Norway, Saudi Arabia and Nigeria. Subsequently, the average price of crude oil dropped across the board, whereas the price of Russian oil declined less sharply. On 5 December, the import ban on Russian oil went into effect, resulting in much less oil being sold in this month. This may have driven up the price and caused it to be more in line with other countries compared to the preceding months.
|Five other top exporters (euro per barrel)||Minimal and maximal oil price other five top exporters (euro per barrel)||Russia (euro per barrel)|
|2021||January||44.41||30.94 - 53.83||44.29|
|2021||February||49.10||43.22 - 56.04||48.49|
|2021||March||55.68||49.18 - 59.75||53.61|
|2021||April||55.20||48.20 - 60.11||51.68|
|2021||May||57.36||50.57 - 62.84||54.02|
|2021||June||59.21||52.13 - 65.01||56.97|
|2021||July||62.48||44.22 - 76.59||58.65|
|2021||August||63.03||54.86 - 68.79||58.75|
|2021||September||63.20||50.01 - 69.47||59.64|
|2021||October||68.61||52.88 - 77.14||68.01|
|2021||November||72.47||61.70 - 79.07||69.88|
|2021||December||67.92||52.65 - 79.97||66.14|
|2022||January||76.48||61.37 - 99.29||72.30|
|2022||February||84.16||59.09 - 96.53||80.09|
|2022||March||102.86||60.99 - 127.98||88.42|
|2022||April||101.04||67.13 - 120.91||78.64|
|2022||May||104.54||74.01 - 116.93||87.43|
|2022||June||117.98||90.61 - 130.91||86.11|
|2022||July||113.62||97.06 - 133.61||83.13|
|2022||August||104.84||89.32 - 122.19||80.57|
|2022||September||97.92||82.77 - 119.38||81.96|
|2022||October||98.54||77.92 - 107.45||73.30|
|2022||November||95.25||70.54 - 107.49||72.98|
|2022||December||82.29||46.61 - 94.28||86.40|
|1)Price of Russian oil up to 5 December 2022 inclusive|
Russian oil may still be imported
Despite the import ban on Russian oil that has been in place since 5 December, it is still possible that Russian oil is being imported. If oil is mixed with oil from other countries, one cannot tell by its composition what the country of origin is.
- News release - Exports to Russia almost 40 percent lower in 2022
- Dossier - Russia-Ukraine